The U.S. Department of Labor's Office of Disability Employment Policy (ODEP) relies on disability statistics to further research and policy initiatives to increase employment opportunities for people with disabilities. Keeping track of data employment and unemployment, as well as people who are not in the labor force, is critical to developing new policies that help increase the employment rate among this population.
The Current Population Survey (CPS), sponsored by the U.S. Census Bureau and the Bureau of Labor Statistics (BLS), is the primary source of labor force statistics for the population of the United States. It provides comprehensive data on employment and unemployment rates, persons not in the labor force, hours of work, earnings and other demographic and workforce characteristics. These data provide citizens and policymakers with reliable, accurate information on a topic of vital importance to America's economy.
According to BLS, 19.1% of persons with a disability were employed in 2018. By contrast, the employment-population ratio for people without a disability was 65.9%.
U.S. Department of Labor Disability Statistics Resources
- Persons with a Disability: Labor Force Characteristics Summary
- BLS Monthly Data on Employment Status of the Civilian Population by Sex, Age and Disability Status
- Frequently Asked Questions about Disability Data
- Persons with a Disability: Labor Force Characteristics
- Occupational Requirements Survey
Other Disability Statistics Resources
- Cornell University’s Online Resource for U.S. Disability Statistics
- U.S. Census Bureau
- Americans with Disabilities: 2010
- Annual Disability Statistics Compendium
- How Disability Data Are Collected
- Selected Data from Social Security's Disability Program
- Disability and Health Data System
- Annual Statistical Report on the Social Security Disability Insurance Program