Authors' Biographies

Authors' Biographies*

RICHARD B. MORRIS, editor of and contributor to this book, is Gouverneur Morris Professor Emeritus of History at Columbia University, where he has taught for many years, and is current president of the American Historical Association. Professor Morris has lectured abroad, serving as Fulbright Research Professor at the Sorbonne, Distinguished Professor at the John F. Kennedy Institute at the Free University of Berlin, and held the Paley and Truman Foundation Lectureships at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem. He has served on the American Revolution Bicentennial Commission and is currently chairman of the New York State Bicentennial Coordinating Council. Professor Morris has had a longtime commitment to the field of labor history. His Government and Labor in Early America, published in 1946, represented a major reexamination of the history of American labor prior to trade unionism. In addition, he has served for some fifteen years as chairman of the Editorial Board of Labor History. Professor Morris has also worked in the field of American legal history, American diplomatic history, and the history of the American Revolution. His Peacemakers: The Great Powers and American Independence was awarded the Bancroft Prize in 1966. He has recently published John Jay, The Making of a Revolutionary, 1745-1780, and is editor of the Encyclopedia of American History, the Bicentennial Edition of which was published in 1976.

EDWARD PESSEN, author of Chapter 2, is Distinguished Professor of History at Baruch College and the Graduate School and University Center of the City University of New York. Before joining the Infantry in World War II, he worked during the Great Depression as a welder and a metal worker and for a time was a shop steward in the IBEW. His first book, Most Uncommon Jacksonians: The Radical Leaders of the Early Labor Movement, was nominated for the Pulitzer Prize in 1968. He has written and edited six additional books, while co-authoring or contributing to twenty-nine others. His Riches, Class, and Power before Civil War was a National Book Award finalist in 1974. His more than fifty articles have appeared in the American Historical Review, the Journal of American History, the Journal of Urban History, Labor History, the Political Science Quarterly, Dissent, The Nation, The New York Times, the South Atlantic Quarterly, and other scholarly journals.

DAVID MONTGOMERY, author of Chapter 3, is a Professor of History at the University of Pittsburgh. After serving in the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, from which he was discharged as a Staff Sergeant, he studied Political Science at Swarthmore College and graduated with Highest Honors in 1950. For the next ten years he worked as a machinist in New York City and St. Paul, Minnesota, and was active in the United Electrical Workers, the International Association of Machinists, and the Teamsters, as at various times a shop steward, legislative committee member, and local executive board member. While working nights at his trade, he entered graduate school in history at the University of Minnesota in 1959 and received his Ph.D. from that institution in 1962. He is the author of Beyond Equality: Labor and the Radical Republicans, 1862-1872 and numerous articles on the history of American workers, which have appeared in Labor History, the Journal of Social History, and Radical America.

PHILIP TAFT, author of Chapter 4, is Professor Emeritus at Brown University where he taught from 1937 until his retirement in 1968. He has held visiting professorships at Harvard University, Columbia University, the University of Wisconsin, the University of Michigan, the University of Hawaii, and others. He is the author of numerous books in the field of labor and had been a contributor to the American Economic Review, the Journal of Political Economy, Labor History, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, Harvard Business Review, America, and other periodicals and publications. He has held positions with the Social Security Board and the Resettlement Administration in Washington, D.C. He was a chairman of the New England Trucking Panel of the War Labor Board from 1942-45. Since 1949 he has been a consultant to the Rhode Island Department of Employment Security and was president of the Industrial Relations Research Association in 1961. He is a member of the Board of Directors of Labor History and was a Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1949. He is the recipient of a John Simon Guggenheim Fellowship in this Bicentennial year.

IRVING BERNSTEIN, author of Chapter 5, received his B.A. from the University of Rochester in 1937, his M.A. from Harvard in 1938, and his Ph.D. from Harvard in 1948. He was a Fellow at the Brookings Institution from 1940-41. He is now Professor of Political Science and Research Associate, Institute of Industrial Relations, University of California, Los Angeles. His early career included positions as an industrial economist at the Bureau of Labor Statistics from 1941-42, a position as hearing officer, National War Labor Board from 1942-43, military service from 1943-45 primarily with the Research and Analysis Branch, Office of Strategic Services, and as chief of the Materials Section, U.S. Conciliation Service from 1946-47. He was also director, Case Analysis Division and chairman, San Francisco Regional Wage Stabilization Board from 1951-52, and has served as arbitrator in numerous labor disputes since 1948. This year he is president of the Industrial Relations Research Association. He is the author of Turbulent Years: A History of the American Worker, The Lean Years: A History of the American Worker, Arbitration of Wages, The New Deal Collective Bargaining Policy, The Economics of Television Film Production and Distribution, Hollywood at the Crossroads: An Economic Study of the Motion Picture Industry, and editor-in-chief and contributor to Emergency Disputes and National Policy.

JACK BARBASH, author of Chapter 6, is affiliated with the Department of Economics at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. He has been on the faculty since 1957 specializing in industrial relations research, teaching, and consulting. Before that time he served for twenty years as an economist for the National Labor Relations Board, the War Production Board, and U.S. Department of Labor and as staff director for the U.S. Senate Subcommittee on Labor and Labor-Management Relations. In addition, he has served as an economist for labor unions and as research and education director of the AFL-CIO Industrial Union Department. Professor Barbash is the author of nine books, some of which deal with unions. His latest are Trade Unions and National Economic Policy (1972) and Work in the Changing Society (1975). He has also contributed articles to the American Economic Review, Industrial and Labor Relations Review, the British Journal of Industrial Relations and Industrial Relations Research Association, and numerous other journals and publications and presented papers for annual meetings and for research volumes.

JOHN T. DUNLOP, author of the Bargaining Table, served as the nation's fourteenth Secretary of Labor from March 1975 until February 1976. A member of the Harvard University economics faculty since 1938, Dr. Dunlop was chairman of the Harvard Department of Economics from 1961 to 1966 and dean of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences from 1970 to 1973. He is Lamont University Professor presently on leave of absence from Harvard. Dr. Dunlop is the author of a number of books and articles on industrial relations, economics and other subjects and has contributed to numerous other books, articles, and professional journals. He is a member of the National Academy of Arbitrators, the American Academy of Arts and Sciences, and the American Philosophical Society. He was a John Simon Guggenheim Fellow (1952-53), president of the Industrial Relations Research Association (1960), and is currently president of the International Industrial Relations Research Association (1973).

NOTE: These biographies are reproduced exactly as they appeared in The American Worker in 1976 and have not been updated.