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Blassingame, John W. The Slave Community. New York: Oxford University Press, 1972.

Fogel, Robert W. and Engerman, Stanley L. Time on the Cross, The Economics of American Negro Slavery. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1974.

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Herrick, Cheesman A. White Servitude in Pennsylvania Philadelphia: J. J. McVey, 1926.

Jernegan, Marcus W. Laboring and Dependent Classes in Colonial America 1607‑1783. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1931.

Jordan, Winthrop D. White Over Black, American Attitudes Toward the Negro, 1550‑1812. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1968.

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Lemisch, Jesse. "Listening to the 'Inarticulate': William Widger's Dream and the Loyalties of American Revolutionary Seamen in British Prisons." Journal of Social History, 4, (1971), 333‑356.

Lemonxao, James T. and Nash, Gary B. "The Distribution of Wealth in Eighteenth Century America: A Century of Changes in Chester County, Pennsylvania, 1693‑1802." Journal of Social History, 2, (1968‑69), 9‑12.

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McCormac, Eugene I. White Servitude in Maryland, 1634‑1820. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1904.

Mohl, Raymond A. Poverty in New York, 1783‑1825. New York: Oxford University Press, 1931.

Morris, Richard B., ed. The Era of the American Revolution. New York: Columbia University Press, 1939.

Morris, Richard B. Government and Labor in Early America. New York: Columbia University Press, 1946.

Morris, Richard B. "The Measure of Bondage in the Slave States." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 41, (1954), 219‑240.

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Smith, Abbot Emerson. Colonists in Bondage: White Servitude and Convict Labor in America, 1607‑1776. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1947.

Smith, Warren B. White Servitude in Colonial South Carolina. Columbia: University of South Carolina Press, 1961.

Starobin, Robert S. Industrial Slavery in the Old South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

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Arky, Louis. "The Mechanics' Union of Trade Associations and the Formation of the Philadelphia Working Men's Move­ment." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biography, 76, (1952), 142‑176.

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Commons, John R., ed. A Documentary History of American Industrial Society. 10 Vols. Cleveland: A. H. Clark, 1910.

Commons, John R., et al. History of Labour in the United States. Vols. I and II. New York: Macmillan, 1918.

Dew, Charles B. "Disciplining Slave Ironworkers in the Ante­bellum South: Coercion, Conciliation and Accommodation." American Historical Review, 79, (1974), 393‑418.

Faler, Paul. "Cultural Aspects of the Industrial Revolution; Lynn, Massachusetts Shoemakers and Industrial Morality, 1826‑1860." Labor History, 15, (1974), 367‑394.

Gitelman, Howard M. "The Waltham System and the Coming of the Irish." Labor History, 8, (1967), 227‑253.

Grossman, Jonathan. William Sylvis, Pioneer of American Labor: A Study of the Labor Movement During the Era of the Civil War. New York: Columbia University Press, 1945.

Gutman, Herbert G. "Work, Culture and Society in Industri­alizing America, 1815‑1919." American History Review, 78, (1973), 531‑588.

Hugins, Walter. Jacksonian Democracy and the Working Class. Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1960.

Josephson, Hannah. The Golden Threads. New York: Duell, Sloan & Pearce, 1949.

Laurie, Bruce. " 'Nothing on Impulse': Life Styles of Phila­delphia Artisans, 1820‑1860." Labor History, 15, (1974), 337‑366.

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Lebergott, Stanley. Trends in the American Economy in the 19th Century. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1960.

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Morris, Richard B. "Labor Controls in Maryland in the 19th Century." Journal of Southern History, 14, (1948), 385‑400.

Morris, Richard B. "The Measure of Bondage in the Slave States." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 41, (1954), 219‑240.

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Pessen, Edward. Jacksonian America. Homewood: Dorsey Press, 1969.

Pessen, Edward. Most Uncommon Jacksonians: The Radical Leaders of the Early Labor Movement. Albany: State Univer­sity of New York Press, 1967.

Pessen, Edward. "The Working Men's Movement of the Jack­sonian Era." Mississippi Valley Historical Review, 43, (1956), 428‑443.

Pessen, Edward. "The Working Men's Party Revisited." Labor History, 4, (1963), 203‑226.

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Shlakman, Vera. Economic History of a Factory Town: A Study of Chicopee, Massachusetts. Northampton: Smith Col­lege, Department of History, 1934.

Starobin, Robert S. Industrial Slavery in the Old South. New York: Oxford University Press, 1970.

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Sullivan, William A. The Industrial Worker in Pennsylvania 1800‑1840. Harrisburg: Pennsylvania Historical and Mu­seum Commission, 1955.

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Ware, Caroline. The Early New England Cotton Manufactures. Boston: Hart, Schaffner & Mark, 1931.

Ware, Norman. The Industrial Worker 1840‑1860. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1924.

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Bernstein, Samuel. The First International in America. New York: Augustus M. Kelley, 1962.

Berthoff, Rowland. "The Social Order of the Anthracite Region, 1825‑1902." Pennsylvania Magazine of History and Biog­raphy , 79, (1965).

Bisno, Abraham. Abraham Bisno, Union Pioneer. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

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Brecher, Jeremy. Strike! San Francisco: Straight Arrow Books, 1972.

Broehl, Wayne. The Molly Maguires. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1964.

Cahan, Abraham. The Rise of David Levinsky. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1917.

Commons, John R., et al. History of Labour in the United States. Vols. I and II. New York: Macmillan, 1962.

David, Henry. The History of the Haymarket Affair. New York: Russell & Russell, 1936.

Fitch, John A. The Steel Workers. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1911.

Foner, Philip S. History of the Labor Movement in the United States. New York: International Publishers, 1955.

Foner, Philip S. Organized Labor and the Black Worker, 1619‑1973. New York: Praeger Publishers, 1974.

Galster, Augusta E. The Labor Movement in the Shoe Industry, with Special Reference to Philadelphia. New York: Ronald Press, 1924.

Ginger, Ray. The Binding Cross: A Biography of Eugene Victor Debs. New Brunswick: Rutgers University Press, 1949.

Gompers, Samuel. Seventy Years of Life and Labor. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1925.

Gould, E.R.L. The Social Condition of Labor. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1893.

Greene, Victor R. The Slavic Community on Strike: Immigrant Labor in Pennsylvania Anthracite. Notre Dame: University of Notre Dame Press, 1968.

Grob, Gerald N. Workers and Utopia: A Study of Ideological Conflict in the American Labor Movement, 1865‑1900. Evanston: Northwestern University Press, 1961.

Gutman, Herbert C., ed. Work, Culture and Society in Indus­trializing America. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976.

Handlin, Oscar. The Uprooted: The Epic Story of the Great Migrations That Made the American People. Boston: Little, Brown & Co., 1951.

Harvey, Katherine A. The Best‑Dressed Miners: Life and Labor in the Maryland Coal Region, 1835‑1910. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1969.

Hutchinson, E.P. Immigrants and Their Children, 1850‑1950. New York: John Wiley & Sons, 1956.

Jacobson, Julius, ed. The Negro and the American Labor Movement. New York: Doubleday & Co., 1968.

Kirkland, Edward C. Dream and Thought in the Business Com­munity. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1956.

Kirkland, Edward C. Industry Comes of Age: Business, Labor and Public Policy, 1860‑1897. New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1961. ‑

Kleinberg, Susan J. "Technology and Women's Work: The Lives of Working Class Women in Pittsburgh, 1870‑1900." Labor History, 17, (1976), 58‑72.

Kleppner, Paul. The Cross of Culture: A Social Analysis of Midwestern Politics, 1850‑1900. New York: Free Press, 1970.

Laurie, Bruce, Herschberg, Theodore and Alter, George. "Immigrants and Social History: The Philadelphia Exper­ience, 1850‑1880." Journal of Social History, 9, (1976), 219‑267.

Lebergott, Stanley. Manpower in Economic Growth. New York: McGraw‑Hill, 1964.

McLauren, Melton A. Paternalism and Protest: Southern Cotton Mill Workers and Organized Labor, 1875‑1905. Westport: Greenwood Publishing Corp., 1971.

McNeill, George E., ed. The Labor Movement: The Problem of To‑Day. New York: M.W. Hazen, 1887.

Moller, Herbert, ed. Population Movements in Modern European History. New York: Macmillan, 1964.

Montgomery, David. Beyond Equality: Labor and the Radical Republicans, 1862‑1872. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1967.

Nee, Victor and DeBarry, Brett. Longtime Californ'. New York: Pantheon Press, 1972.

North, Douglass C. Growth and Welfare in the American Past: A New Economic History. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice‑Hall, 1966.

Ozanne, Robert. A Century of Labor‑Management Relations at McCormick and International Harvester. Madison: Univer­sity of Wisconsin Press, 1967.

Powderly, Terence V. Thirty Years of Labor, 1859‑1889. Columbus: Excelsior Publishing House, 1889.

Quint, Howard. The Forging of American Socialism. Indian­apolis: Bobbs‑Merrill, 1953.

Report of the Committee of the Senate upon the Relations between Labor and Capital. Washington: Government Print­ing Office, 1885.

Saxton, Alexander. The Indispensable Enemy: Labor and the Anti‑Chinese Movement in California. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971.

Spero, Sterling D. and, Harris, Abram L. The Black Worker: The Negro and the Labor Movement. New York: Columbia University Press, 1931.

Thomas, Brinley. Migration and Economic Growth: A Study of Great Britain and the Atlantic Economy. Cambridge: University Press, 1954.

U.S. Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957. Washington. Government Printing Office, 1960.

Van Tine, Warren R. The Making of a Labor Bureaucrat: Union Leadership in the United States, 1870‑1920. Amherst: University of Massachusetts Press, 1973.

Ware, Noman. The Labor Movement in the United States, 1860‑1895. New York: Appleton, 1929.

Worthman, Paul B. "Black Workers and Labor Unions in Birmingham, Alabama, 1897‑1904." Labor History, 10, (1969).

Yearly, Clifton K., Jr. Britons in American Labor. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1957.

Yellen, Samuel. American Labor Struggles. New York: Har­court, Brace & Co., 1936.


Adkins v. Childrens Hospital, 226 United States 525 (1923).

American Steel Foundries v. Tri‑Central Trades Council, 27 United States 184 (1921).

Angel, Paul. Bloody Williamson. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1952.

Bailey v. Drexel Furniture Company, 259 United States 20 (1922).

Baltimore and Ohio Railroad Co. v. International Commerce Commission, 221 United States 621 (1911).

Bedford Cut Stone Co. v. Journeymen Stone Cutters' Associ­ation, 275 United States 37 (1927).

Bing, Alexander. War Time Strikes and Their Adjustment. New York: E. P. Dutton, 1921.

Bonnet, Clarence E. Employer Associations in the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1928.

Buck's Stove and Range Co. v. American Federation of Labor, 221 United States 418 (1911), 223 United States 604 (1914).

Bunting v. Oregon, 243 United States 426 (1916).

Connell, Robert J. The Anthracite Coal Strike of 1902. Wash­ington: Catholic University Press, 1957.

Coppage v. Kansas, 236 United States 1 (1915).

Douglas, Paul H. Real Wages in the United States, 1890­-1926. New York: Houghton Mifflin, 1930.

Duplex Printing Press Co. v. Deering, 254 United States 469 (1921).

Foster, William Z. The Great Steel Strike. New York: B.V. Huebsch, 1920.

Grant, Luke. The National Erectors Association and the In­ternational Association of Bridge and Iron Workers. Wash­ington: Chicago, Barnard & Miller Print, 1915.

Harding, Alfred. The Revolt of the Actors. New York: William Morrow, 1929.

Hawkins v. Blakley, 243 United States 212 (1917).

Hitchman Coal and Coke Co. v. Mitchell, 245 United States 245 (1917).

Hoagland, Henry. Wage Bargaining on the Vessels of the Great Lakes. Urbana: University of Illinois Press, 1917.

Holden v. Hardy, 169 United States 336 (1898).

Hoxie, Robert. Trade Unionism in the United States. New York: Macmillan, 1928.

Jensen, Vernon H. Heritage of Conflict. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1950.

Lane, Winthrop D. Civil War in West Virginia. New York: B. V. Huebsch, 1921.

Leiserson, William M. Adjusting Immigrant and Industry. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1924.

Levine, Louis. The Women's Garment Workers. New York: B. V. Huebsch, 1924.

Lochner v. New York, 198 United States 45 (1904).

Mountain Timber v. Washington, 243 United States 238 (1917).

New York Railroad Co. v. White, 243 United States 188 (1917).

Perlman, Selig and Taft, Philip. History of Labor in the United States, 1896‑1932. New York: Macmillan, 1935.

Rastall, Benjamin. "The Labor History of the Cripple Creek District." University of Wisconsin Press Bulletin, 198, (1908).

Rees, Albert. Real Earnings in Manufacturing. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1961.

Report of the Industrial Commission on the Chicago Labor Disputes of 1900. Vol. III. Washington: Government Print­ing Office, 1902.

Taft, Philip. The A. F. of L. in the Time of Gompers. New York: Harper & Brothers, 1957.

Taft, Philip. Organized Labor in American History. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

Taft, Philip. "On the Origins of Business Unionism." Indus­trial and Labor Relations Review, October, 1963.

Texas v. New Orleans Railroad Co. v. Brotherhood, 281 United States 543 (1930).

United States Commission of Industrial Relations. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1915.

Washington, Booker T. "The Negro and the Labor Unions."' Atlantic Monthly, June, 1913.

West, George P. "Report on the Colorado Strike." Committee on Industrial Relations, Washington, 1915.

Wilson v. New, 243 United States (1817).

Witte, Edwin W. The Government in Labor Disputes. New York: McGraw‑Hill, 1932.

Wolman, Leo. Ebb and Flow in Trade Unionism. New York: National Bureau of Economic Research, 1936.


Altmeyer, Arthur J. The Formative Years of Social Security. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1966.

Bernstein, Irving. The Lean Years. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1960.

Bernstein, Irving. The New Deal Collective Bargaining Policy. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1950.

Bernstein, Irving. Turbulent Years. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1970.

Brown, Josephine C. Public Relief, 1929‑1939. New York: Holt, 1940.

Charles, Searle F. Minister of Relief, Harry Hopkins and the Depression. Syracuse: Syracuse University Press, 1963.

Derber, Milton and Young, Edwin, eds. Labor and the New Deal. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1957.

Douglas, Paul A. Social Security in the United States. New York: Whittlesey House, 1936.

Epstein, Abraham. Insecurity: A Challenge to America. New York: Smith & Haas, 1933.

Galenson, Walter. The CIO Challenge to the AFL: A History of the American Labor Movement, 1935‑1941. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1960.

Howard, Donald S. The WPA and Federal Relief Policy. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1943.

Lubove, Roy. The Struggle for Social Security, 1900‑1935. Cambridge: Harvard University Press, 1968.

MacMahon, Arthur W., Millet, John D., and Ogden, Gladys. The Administration of Federal Work Relief. Chicago: Pub­lic Administration Service, 1941.

Morris, James 0. Conflict Within the AFL: A Study of Craft Versus Industrial Unionism, 1901‑1938. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1958.

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Schlesinger, Arthur M., Jr. The Coming of the New Deal. Boston: Houghton Mifflin, 1959.

Seidman, Joel. American Labor from Defense to Reconversion. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1953.

Taft, Philip. The A.F.L. From the Death of Gompers to the Merger. New York: Harper, 1959.

Terkel, Studs. Hard Times, An Oral History of the Great De­pression. New York: Pantheon Press, 1970.

U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census. Historical Statistics of the United States, Colonial Times to 1957. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1960.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Re­port on the Work of the National Defense Mediation Board, March 19, 1941 ‑ January 12, 1942. Bulletin 714. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1948.

United States National War Labor Board. The Termination Report of the National War Labor Board: Industrial Disputes and Wage Stabilization in Wartime. 3 Vols. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1948.

Witte, Edwin E. The Development of the Social Security Act. Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 1962.


Ashenfelter, Orley and Rees, Albert, eds. Discrimination in Labor Markets. Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1973.

Ashford, Nicholas A. Crisis in the Work Place. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1976.

Barbash, Jack. American Unions: Government, Structure and Politics. New York: Random House, 1967.

Barbash, Jack. "'The Strike Wave." The New Leader, March 30, 1946.

Bok, Derek C. and Dunlop, John T. Labor and the American Community. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1970.

Cormier, Frank and Eaton, William J. Reuther. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice‑Hall, 1970.

Cox, Archibald. Law and the National Labor Policy. Los Angeles: University of California Press, 1960.

Dunlop, John T., ed. Automation and Technological Change. Englewood Cliffs: Prentice‑Hall, 1962.

Estey, Marten S., Taft, Philip and Wagner, Martin, eds. Reg­ulating Government. New York: Harper & Row, 1964.

Fleming, R.W. The Labor Arbitration Process. Urbana: Univer­sity of Illinois Press, 1965.

Goldberg, Arthur J. AFL‑CIO, Labor United. New York: McGraw‑Hill, 1956.

Goulden, Joseph C. Meany. New York: Atheneum, 1972.

Hutchinson, John. The Imperfect Union. New York: E.P. Dutton & Co., 1970.

Kuhn, James W. Bargaining in Grievance Settlement. New York: Columbia University Press, 1961.

Raskin, A.H. "Shanker's Great Leap." The New York Times Magazine, September 9, 1973.

Rowan, Richard, ed. Collective Bargaining Survival in the 1970's. Philadelphia: Wharton School, University of Pennsyl­vania, 1973.

Shapiro, Fred C. "How Jerry Wurf Walks on Water." The New York Times Magazine, April 11, 1976.

Slichter, Sumner, Healy, James J. and Livernash, Robert E. The Impact of Collective Bargaining on Management. Washington: Brookings Institution, 1960.

Spero, Sterling and Capozzola, John M. The Urban Community and Its Unionized Bureaucracies. New York: Dunelleu, 1973.

Taft, Philip. Corruption and Racketeering in the Labor Move­ment. Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1970.

Taylor, Ronald B. Chavez and the Farm Workers. Boston: Beacon Press, 1975.

U.S. Department of Health, Education and Welfare. Work in America. Cambridge: MIT Press, 1973.

U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Di­rectory of National Unions and Employee Associations, 1973. Washington: Government Printing Office, 1974.

Zagora, Sam, ed. Public Workers and Public Unions. Engle­wood Cliffs: Prentice Hall (Spectrum), 1972.