Tenure: January 21, 1961 to September 20, 1962
From New York; son of an immigrant; family from the Ukraine. Worked his way through school; a distinguished labor lawyer, general counsel of the United Steelworkers of America (AFL-CIO).
Appointed by John F. Kennedy. Very active in many fields some called him the "Davy Crockett of the New Frontier." Promoted minority rights, intervened and helped settle aerospace and transportation strikes and the Metropolitan Opera strike. Led the initiative to substantially expand the coverage and raise the level of minimum wages.
Went on to be Supreme Court Justice and then Ambassador to the United Nations.