The rules vary by age and task. Some state child labor laws are inconsistent with the federal child labor provisions of the Fair Labor Standards Act, 29 U.S.C. 212(c), and its implementing regulations at 29 CFR Part 570. Where a state child labor law is less restrictive than the federal law, the federal law applies. Where a state child labor law is more restrictive than the federal law, the state law applies.



Most Jobs

Does the teenager want to wait tables at a restaurant? Bag groceries at the local supermarket? What about a summer job working with a construction contractor? Before the teenager starts a job, please check whether the teenager can work at that job while under the age of 18.



Ranches and Farms

Does the teenager want to work on a ranch or farm, or is interested in other agricultural jobs? Does harvesting blueberries, cutting hay, herding cattle, or being a farmhand interest the child? If so, check the dos and don’ts of working in agriculture work while under the age of 18.



Employer Self-Assessment Tools

These tools can assist employers with the child labor provisions by providing guidance for employers to evaluate their level of compliance.

General Grocery Stores Restaurants



More Resources on this Topic

Explore our young worker toolkit to better understand federal child labor laws.



Common Child Labor Violations



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For answers to general questions about employment laws, workplace issues or other labor topics, please call 1-866-487-9243.

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