The Field Operations Handbook (FOH) is an operations manual that provides Wage and Hour Division (WHD) investigators and staff with interpretations of statutory provisions, procedures for conducting investigations, and general administrative guidance. The FOH was developed by the WHD under the general authority to administer laws that the agency is charged with enforcing. The FOH reflects policies established through changes in legislation, regulations, significant court decisions, and the decisions and opinions of the WHD Administrator. It is not used as a device for establishing interpretative policy.

The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) is publishing this FOH on the internet pursuant to its obligation under FOIA to make available administrative staff manuals and instructions to staff that affect members of the public, 5 U.S.C. 552(a)(2), and as a public service to provide public access to information regarding DOL programs. It is important to note that there will often be a delay between the publication of changes in legislation, regulations, significant court decisions, and the decisions or opinions of the WHD Administrator and the modification of these pages. Therefore, these pages may not reflect current legislation, regulations, significant court decisions, and decisions and opinions of the WHD Administrator and no express or implied guarantees are indicated. The Federal Register and the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) remain the official resources for regulatory information published by the DOL. Any errors in the FOH should be brought to the attention of the WHD.

As part of an FOH modernization project, technical revisions that did not affect the substance of the FOH were made to the entire FOH in 2016. Accordingly those chapters were published with the same substantive content at an earlier time. As a result of FOH modernization, FOH chapters are now in a digital-native format and will no longer be page-based. Therefore, FOH headers, which previously provided historical revision information, will be removed as subsequent revisions are incorporated. Revision information will be tracked in two places: 1) revision information for revisions published after the 2016 FOH modernization revision are tracked within each chapter’s content with a notation below any revised subsection indicating the effective date of new modifications to that subsection; and 2) revision information on revisions published prior to the 2016 FOH modernization revision can be found at the link below each chapter title (coming soon).

Chapter 10: FLSA Coverage: Employment Relationship, Statutory Exclusions, Geographical Limits - [HTML

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
10 TOC - 10b24(a) 10/20/1993 Revision 596
  10b24(b) - 10b31, line 10 06/12/1998 Revision 633
  10b31, line 11 - 10d 10/20/1993 Revision 596
  10e 05/16/2002 Revision 648

Chapter 11: Individual Coverage: FLSA - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
11 (all) 04/22/1994 Revision 606

Chapter 12: Enterprise Coverage - FLSA - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
12 (all) 06/22/1990 Revision 581

Chapter 13: Coverage of the Public Contracts Act - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
13 (all) 06/22/1990 Revision 581

Chapter 14: The McNamara-O'Hara Service Contract Act - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
14 (all) 10/25/2010 Revision 660

Chapter 15: Davis-Bacon and Related Acts and Contract Work Hours and Safety Standards Act - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
15 (all) 10/25/2010 Revision 660

Chapter 16: Title III: Consumer Credit Protection Act (Wage Garnishment) - [HTML]

 
Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
16 (all) 02/09/2001 Revision 644

Chapter 20: Agriculture: Related and Seasonal Exemptions - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
20 TOC - 20b06 07/06/1990 Revision 583
  20b07 07/13/2012 Insert 1859
  20c - 20w01 07/06/1990 Revision 583

Chapter 21: Retail or Service Establishment Exemptions from Sections 6 and 7 - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
21 TOC - 21cs00 07/12/1990 Revision 584
  21cs01 - 21ct01(a), line 2 05/13/1994 Revision 609
  21ct01(a), line 3 - 21k09 07/12/1990 Revision 584

Chapter 22: Executive, Administrative, Professional, Computer, and Outside Sales Exemptions: FLSA Section 13(a)(1) (29 USC 213(a)(1)) - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
22 (all) 11/29/2010 Revision 661

Chapter 23: Newspaper and Other Communication Exemptions  - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
23 TOC 09/26/1983 Revision 510
  23a 02/02/1973 Revision 327
  23b 09/16/1977 Revision 409
  23c 02/02/1973 Revision 327
  23d 06/15/1983 Revision 507

Chapter 24: Transportation Exemptions - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
24 TOC: 24a - 24d 02/26/1999 Revision 639
  TOC: 24e - 24i 05/13/1982 Revision 492
  TOC: 24j - 24l 08/24/1979 Revision 449
  24a - 24b 05/13/1982 Revision 492
  24c - 24c02(a), line 12/first paragraph 06/25/1981 Revision 475
  24c02(a)(1) - 24c11 02/26/1999 Revision 639
  24d 06/25/1981 Revision 475
  24e - 24f 05/13/1982 Revision 492
  24g - 24g07(a)(7) 12/12/1974 Revision 356
  24g07(a)(8) - 24g10, line 1 06/20/1974 Revision 348
  24g10, line 2 - 24g11 11/11/1977 Revision 412
  24h 08/29/1974 Revision 355
  24i - 24j 06/20/1974 Revision 348
  24k 02/02/1973 Revision 327
  24l - 24l13(d) 06/06/1974 Revision 346
  24l13(e) - 24l14 12/07/1984 Revision 522

Chapter 25: Other Exemptions - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
25 TOC 04/15/1994 Revision 607
  25a 08/29/1974 Revision 355
  (25b: reserved) N/A    
  25c 02/02/1973 Revision 327
  25d 06/06/1974 Revision 346
  25e - 25f 06/20/1974 Revision 348
  (25g: reserved) N/A    
  25h 01/04/1973 Revision 324
  25i 06/06/1974 Revision 346
  25j 04/15/1994 Revision 607
  25k 04/15/1975 Revision 362
  25l 06/24/1975 Revision 368
  25m - 25n 05/16/1974 Revision 343
  25o 09/23/1975 Revision 375
  25p 08/14/1974 Insert 1302

Chapter 30: Records, Minimum Wage, and Payment of Wages - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
30 TOC 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  30a - 30b05(c)(3)c. 12/09/1988 Revision 563
  30b05(c)(3)d. - 30b06 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  30b07-30c13(b) 12/09/1988 Revision 563
  30c13(c) - 30c13(f), line 10/first paragraph 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  30c13(f), line 11/second paragraph - 30c14 12/09/1988 Revision 563
  30c15 - 30c16 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  30d 06/20/2012 Revision 668
  30e - 30f 12/09/1988 Revision 563

Chapter 31: Hours Worked - [HTML]

 
Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
31 TOC - 31a 12/15/2000 Revision 643
  31b - 31b22, line 13 09/19/1996 Revision 625
  31b22, line 14 - 31b23 12/15/2000 Revision 643
  31c - 31c00 05/29/1968 Revision 180
  31c01 - 31c02 03/06/1981 Insert 1608
  31c03 - 31c04 05/29/1968 Revision 180
  31c05 08/08/1988 Insert 1763
  31c06 - 31c08 05/29/1968 Revision 180
  31c09 07/31/1969 Insert 1077
  31c10 05/22/1995 Insert 1835
  31d 05/30/1986 Revision 545

Chapter 32: Overtime - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
32 TOC 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  32a - 32b00 08/30/1976 Revision 387
  32b01 - 32b03 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  32b04 03/24/1967 Revision 138
  32b05 - 32c01(a)(1), line 3 10/09/1967 Revision 157
  32c01(a)(1), line 4 - 32c05 03/24/1967 Revision 138
  32d - 32d04(a) 07/19/1971 Revision 293
  32d04(b) - 32d05(ab) 02/11/1972 Revision 304
  32d05(ac) - 32d07 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  32d08 - 32d09 03/24/1967 Revision 138
  32d10 03/17/1978 Insert 1485
  32e - 32e01(a)(3)a. 03/24/1967 Revision 138
  32e01(a)(3)b. - 32e04 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  32f 03/24/1967 Revision 138
  32g - 32g03(a), line 3 02/26/1969 Revision 195
  32g03(a), line 4 - 32g07(a)(2), line 2 07/03/1967 Revision 148
  32g07(a)(2), line 3 - 32g09 02/28/1986 Revision 541
  32h - 32h05 11/14/1966 Revision 135
  32h06 - 32i01(d) 03/24/1967 Revision 138
  32i01(e) - 32j17 06/30/2000 Revision 641
  32j18 06/20/2012 Revision 668
  32k - 32l 06/30/2000 Revision 641

Chapter 33: Child Labor: FLSA - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
33 TOC - 33d 09/22/2011 Revision 665
  33e - 33f03(g)(5) 02/01/2012 Revision 666
  33f03(g)(6) - 33f03(h)(8) 09/22/2011 Revision 665
  33f03(h)(9) - 33f04 02/01/2012 Revision 666
  33g - 33h 09/22/2011 Revision 665

Chapter 36: Field Sanitation and Temporary Labor Camp Standards in Agriculture under the Occupational Safety and Health Act - [HTML]

 
Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
36 (all) 06/28/2013 Revision 671

Chapter 39: The Family and Medical Leave Act (FMLA) - [HTML]

 
Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
39 TOC - 39c04 03/01/2013 Revision 670
  39d - 39d01(d) 02/19/2015 Insert 1863
  39d01(e) - 39d03(c)(4) 03/01/2013 Revision 670
  39d03(c)(5) - 39d03(d)(2)b., line 3 of second paragraph 02/19/2015 Insert 1863
  39d03(d)(2)b., line 4 of second paragraph - 39o02(c) 03/01/2013 Revision 670

Chapter 46: Enforcement of H-2B - [HTML]

 
Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
46 (all) 06/20/2012 Revision 669

Chapter 64: Employment of Workers with Disabilities at Subminimum Wages under Section 14(c) - [HTML]

Chapter Sections Date Last Modified (Revision Date) Update Type Update Number
64 TOC - 64i01(e) 04/26/2001 Revision 646
  64i01(f) - 64j00(e)(2)d., line 3 02/28/2003 Revision 649
  64j00(e)(2)d., line 4 - 64k02 04/26/2001 Revision 646

Other Interpretive Guidance

Last Updated: 08/31/2017