On March 14, 2022 a district court in the Eastern District of Texas vacated the Department’s Delay Rule, Independent Contractor Status Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): Delay of Effective Date, 86 FR 12535 (Mar. 4, 2021), and the Withdrawal Rule, Independent Contractor Status Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA): Withdrawal, 86 FR 24303 (May 6, 2021). The district court further stated that the Independent Contractor Rule, Independent Contractor Status Under the Fair Labor Standards Act, 86 FR 1168 (Jan. 7, 2021), became effective as of March 8, 2021, the rule’s original effective date, and remains in effect.
On October 13, 2022, the U.S. Department of Labor published a Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) that proposes to revise the Department’s guidance on how to determine who is an employee or independent contractor under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA). The NPRM proposes to rescind the rule, Independent Contractor Status Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (2021 IC Rule), that was published on January 7, 2021, and replace it with an analysis for determining employee or independent contractor status that is more consistent with the FLSA as interpreted by longstanding judicial precedent. The Department believes that its proposed rule would reduce the risk that employees are misclassified as independent contractors, while providing added certainty for businesses that engage (or wish to engage) with individuals who are in business for themselves. More information about the rule can be found here.
A worker is entitled to minimum wage and overtime pay protections under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) when there is an employment relationship between the worker and an employer and there is coverage under the FLSA. The Wage and Hour Division is responsible for determining whether an employee has been misclassified as an independent contractor and has been denied critical benefits and labor standards protections.
Pay and Misclassification
- Myths About Misclassification
- Get the Facts on Misclassification Under the FLSA (Spanish)
- Fact Sheet 13: Am I an Employee?: Employment Relationship Under the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (Spanish)
- Elaws: Independent Contractors
- Know Your Rights Video Series: Misclassification as an Independent Contractor
Memoranda of Understanding with Federal and State Agencies on Misclassification
Federal Taxes and Misclassification
- IRS Independent Contractor or Employee? (Publication 1779)