The H-2B nonimmigrant program permits employers to temporarily hire nonimmigrants to perform nonagricultural labor or services in the United States. The employment must be of a temporary nature for a limited period of time such as a one-time occurrence, seasonal need, peakload need or intermittent need. The H-2B program requires the employer to attest to the Department of Labor that it will offer a wage that equals or exceeds the highest of the prevailing wage, applicable Federal minimum wage, the State minimum wage, or local minimum wage to the H-2B nonimmigrant worker for the occupation in the area of intended employment during the entire period of the approved H-2B labor certification. The H-2B program also establishes certain recruitment and displacement standards in order to protect similarly employed U.S. workers.
The Wage and Hour Division has been delegated enforcement responsibility by the Department of Homeland Security effective January 18, 2009, to ensure H-2B workers are employed in compliance with H-2B labor certification requirements. The Wage and Hour Division may impose administrative remedies such as wage payments and civil money penalties against employers who violate certain H-2B provisions.
- The Department of Labor Appropriations Act, 2016, Division H, Title I of Public Law 114-113 ("2016 DOL Appropriations Act"), provides that the Department of Labor ("Department") may not use any funds to enforce the definition of corresponding employment found in 20 CFR 655.5 or the three-fourths guarantee rule definition found in 20 CFR 655.20, or any reference thereto. See Sec. 113. This appropriations rider has been included in the continuing resolutions that have passed throughout FY2017 and FY2018, and the Department remains prohibited from enforcing these provisions, or any reference thereto. However, the 2016 DOL Appropriations Act and continuing resolutions did not vacate these regulatory provisions, and they remain in effect, thus imposing a legal duty on H-2B employers, even though the Department will not use any funds to enforce them until such time as the rider may be lifted.
- On April 29, 2015, in response to recent court decisions that have created significant uncertainty around the H-2B temporary foreign nonagricultural worker program, the U.S. Departments of Labor and Homeland Security announced an interim final rule to reinstate and make improvements to the program and a final rule to establish the prevailing wage methodology for that program.
These rules strengthen protections for U.S. workers, providing that they have a fair shot at finding and applying for jobs for which employers are seeking H-2B workers, while also providing that employers can access foreign workers on a temporary basis when U.S. workers are not available. The rules include several provisions to expand recruitment of U.S. workers, including more real-time recruitment efforts, requiring employers to offer work to former U.S. employees first, and establishing a national electronic job registry. They strengthen worker protections with respect to wages, working conditions, and benefits that must be offered to H-2B and U.S. workers covered by these regulations. They also establish the prevailing wage methodology for the H-2B program, reinstating the use of employer-provided surveys to set the prevailing wage in certain limited situations. More information is available at the Interim Final Rule Website.
- On April 13, 2022 the Wage and Hour Division published a revision to Field Operations Handbook chapter 46 concerning the enforcement of the H-2B visa program provisions of the Immigration and Nationality Act to reflect enforcement guidance for the 2015 Interim Final Rule.
- Field Assistance Bulletin for Enforcing Provisions Applicable to H-2B Workers certified prior to January 18, 2009
- Field Assistance Bulletin for Travel and Visa Expenses of H-2B Workers Under the FLSA
- H-2B Certification for Temporary Nonagricultural Work
- H-2B Workers Rights Card for U.S. Workers (PDF)
- H-2B Worker Rights Card - English Version (PDF)
- H-2B Worker Rights Card - Spanish Version (PDF)
- Requirements to Participate in the H-2B Program
- H-2B Temporary Nonimmigrant Worker Visa Program Enforcement (PowerPoint)
- Fact Sheet #78 (TEXT) — General Overview of the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78A (TEXT) — Corresponding Employment Under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78B (TEXT) — Recruiting Requirements under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78C (TEXT) — Wage Requirements under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78D (TEXT) — Deductions and Prohibited Fees under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78E (TEXT) — Job Hours and the Three-Fourths Guarantee
- Fact Sheet #78F (TEXT) — Inbound and Outbound Transportation Expenses, and Visa and Other Related Fees under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78G (TEXT) — Disclosure of the Job Order and Notice of Worker Rights under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78H (TEXT) — Retaliation Prohibited under the H-2B Temporary Visa Program
- Fact Sheet #78I (TEXT) — Record Retention Requirements under the H-2B Program
- Fact Sheet #78J (TEXT) — Employer Obligations Under the Temporary H-2B Visa Cap Increase for the Period April 1, 2022 to September 30, 2022
- Fact Sheet #78K (TEXT) — Employer Obligations Under the Temporary H-2B Visa Cap Increase for Fiscal Year 2023
- Employee Rights Under the H-2B Program Poster (PDF)
- Key Protections for H-2B Workers (PDF)
- H-2B Workers and COVID-19 (PDF)
Nonimmigrant Worker Related Agency Links
- Department of Homeland Security/U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services
- Department of Labor/Office of Foreign Labor Certification
- Department of State
Civil Money Penalty Inflation Adjustments
Starting in 2016, agencies across the federal government must adjust their penalties for inflation each year. Below is a table that reflects the adjustments that have occurred for penalties under this statute. For more information on the penalty adjustments, go here.
|Type of Violation||Statutory Citation||CFR Citation||Maximum Civil Monetary Penalty on or before 1/15/2023||Maximum Civil Monetary Penalty on or after 1/16/2023|
|Violation of any provisions of section 503.16 related to wages, impermissible deductions or prohibited fees and expenses (equal to the difference between the amount that should have been paid and the amount that actually was paid to such worker(s)).||8 USC 1184(c)(14)||29 CFR 503.23(b)||$13,885||$14,960|
|Violation related to termination by layoff or otherwise or refusal to employ any worker in violation of section 503.16(r), (t), or (v), within the periods described in those sections (equal to the wages that would have been earned but for the layoff or failure to hire).||8 USC 1184(c)(14)||29 CFR 503.23(c)||$13,885||$14,960|
|Any other violation that meets the standards described in section 503.19.||8 USC 1184(c)(14)||29 CFR 503.23(d)||$13,885||$14,960|