Equally Valued. Equally Qualified. Equally Served.

Women veterans, who make up 10% of veterans and less than 2% of women, have traditionally been underrepresented in research.

The purpose of Women Veterans Research:

  • Make statistical analyses and other research easily accessible.
  • Inform policy decisions and the national narrative on women veterans.
  • Serve as a repository of both statistical analysis and links to applicable external research.

Search the DOL Resource Library

The DOL Resource Library serves as a repository of the Department of Labor. All our findings are under the Resource Topic Women Veterans Research and are categorized by the Resource Tags listed below. One finding can have multiple Resource Tags. See all the findings pertaining to Women Veterans Research in the DOL Resource Library.

Or select a Resource Tag for a more targeted search

Latest Findings


Working Women Data and Statistics, Department of Labor Women’s Bureau 

Published Date: January 7, 2022

This webpage provides the most recent statistics on women in the labor force, including occupations, earnings, and labor force participation by location or presence of children. It also includes charts showing labor force participation, unemployment rates, and educational attainment of women veterans, as compared to male veterans or women nonveterans. 

Psychosocial Risk Factors for Transitions Into Housing Instability Among Women Veterans

Published Date: March 1, 2021

Preventing and ending homelessness for women veterans, a priority of the Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), can be aided by identifying factors that increase their risk for housing instability. This study relied on data from the Veterans Health Administration’s universal screen for housing instability from Fiscal Year 2013 to 2016, and administrative data from electronic medical records. Using logistic regression, we compared 2 groups of women veterans: those who consistently had stable housing and those who transitioned to unstable housing after a period of housing stability.

Women Warriors Initiative Report

Published Date: March 1, 2021

Previous Wounded Warrior Project® (WWP) research found that women warriors experience military sexual trauma (MST), anxiety, and depression at higher rates than male warriors. To gain a deeper understanding of these issues, WWP developed the Women Warriors Initiative to better understand, empower, and advocate for these women warriors who have served our nation.

Read more Women Veterans Research findings in the DOL Resource Library.

Annual Unemployment Rates
Bar graph of unemployment numbers by gender ending February 2023

March 2022 - February 2023 Averaged
Women Veterans 2.5%,
Women Nonveterans 3.5%,
Male Veterans 2.7%,
Male Nonveterans 3.6%. 
*12-month moving average generated using unpublished data tables obtained from the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics: Table 1. Employment status of persons by veteran status, age, race, Hispanic or Latino ethnicity, and sex, not seasonally adjusted. (Source: bls.gov [Current Population Survey])
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics

Serving Women Veterans: NVTI PodcastsFour professional women standing side by side
In this episode of the NVTI Podcast Series, four veteran women share their personal journeys along with advice for veteran service providers. 
NVTI Podcasts, Episode 9

Supporting Women Veterans
At DOL VETS, we provide the same services and support to women veterans as we do for their male counterparts. In recent years, 15-17% of the veterans who were served through the Jobs for Veterans State Grants (JVSG) program and who retained employment six months later were women! Meanwhile, only 13% of veterans in the workforce are women.

Lessen the Gender Wage Gap
An exploratory analysis even showed that women veterans using these services experienced less of a gender wage gap than women nonveterans using comparable services. Veterans receive priority of service for all DOL funded employment programs, and veterans with significant barriers to employment may receive more intensive case management.
Veteran and Non-Veteran Job Seekers [PDF]