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Wage and Hour Division
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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

Child Labor


The federal child labor provisions, authorized by the Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) of 1938, also known as the child labor laws, were enacted to ensure that when young people work, the work is safe and does not jeopardize their health, well-being or educational opportunities. These provisions also provide limited exemptions.

General Guidance

  • YouthRules! — Describes the requirements of the child labor laws as they relate to teens, parents, educators and employers.
  • Child Labor Bulletin No. 101 — Describes the occupational requirements for nonagricultural employment.
  • Child Labor Bulletin No. 102 — Describes the occupational and hours limitations for agricultural employment for minors.
  • State Child Labor Laws — Links to state employment laws which also regulate the employment of young workers.

Fact Sheets and FAQs



Interpretive Guidance

Applicable Laws and Regulations

  • Law
    • The FLSA — Establishes the child labor provisions for the employment of young workers.
  • Regulations
    • 29 CFR Part 570 — Regulations of the child labor provisions under the FLSA.

Rulemaking Resources

  • NIOSH Hazardous Orders
    • Former Administrator McCutchen’s Response to NIOSH Recommendations
    • SiloSmashers Determination of the Costs and Benefits of Implementing NIOSH Recommendations Relating to Child Labor Hazardous Orders


Child Labor CMP Assessment Amounts