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Wage and Hour Division (WHD)

Minimum Wages for Tipped Employees

January 1, 2018

Historical Tables



Purple - State requires employers to pay workers full state minimum wage before tips
 

State requires employers to pay tipped employees full state minimum wage before tips.

Green - State requires employers to pay workers above federal tipped minimum wage
 

State requires employers to pay tipped employees a minimum cash wage above the minimum cash wage required under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act ($2.13/hour).

blue - State requires employers to pay workers as low as federal tipped minimum wage ($2.13/hr.)
 

State minimum cash wage payment is the same as that required under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act ($2.13/hour).



Table of Minimum Hourly Wages for Tipped Employees, by State

Jurisdiction

Basic Combined Cash & Tip Minimum Wage Rate

Maximum Tip Credit Against Minimum Wage

Minimum Cash Wage 1

Definition of Tipped Employee by Minimum Tips received (monthly unless otherwise specified)

FEDERAL: Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA)

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $30

State requires employers to pay tipped employees full state minimum wage before tips

Alaska

 

 

$9.84

 

California

 

 

 

$10.50


$11.00

 

Applicable to employers with 25 employees or less

Applicable to employers with 26 employees or more

Guam

 

 

$8.25

 

Minnesota:

       

Large employer 2

 

 

$9.65

 

Small employer 2

 

 

$7.87

 

Montana:

       

Business with gross annual sales over $110,000

 

 

$8.30

 

Business not covered by the Fair Labor Standards Act with gross annual sales of$110,000 or less.

 

 

$4.00

 

Nevada10

With no health insurance benefits provided by employer and received by employee

 

 

$8.25

 

With health insurance benefits provided by employer and received by employee

 

 

$7.25

 

Oregon

 

 

$10.25

 

Washington

 

 

$11.50

 

State requires employers to pay tipped employees a minimum cash wage above the minimum cash wage required under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act ($2.13/hour)

Arizona

$10.50

$3.00

$7.50

Not specified

Arkansas

$8.50

$5.87

$2.63

More than $20

Colorado

$10.20

$3.02

$7.18

More than $30

Connecticut

$10.10

 

 

At least $10 weekly for full-time employees or $2.00 daily for part-time in hotels and restaurants. Not specified for other industries.

Hotel, restaurant

 

36.8% ($3.72)

$6.38

 

Bartenders who customarily receive tips

 

18.5% ($1.87)

$8.23

 

Delaware

$8.25

$6.02

$2.23

More than $30

District of Columbia*

$12.50

$9.17

$3.33

Not specified

Florida

$8.25

$3.02

$5.23

 

Hawaii*

$10.10

$0.75

$9.35

More than $20

*Hawaii: Tip Credit in Hawaii is permissible if the combined amount the employee receives from the employer and in tips is at least $7.00 more than the applicable minimum wage.

Idaho

$7.25

$3.90

$3.35

More than $30

Illinois

$8.25

40% of the applicable minimum wage ($3.30)

$4.95

$20

Iowa

$7.25

$2.90

$4.35

$30 or more

Maine

$10.00

$5.00

$5.00

More than $30

Maryland

$9.25

$5.62

$3.63

More than $30

Massachusetts

$11.00

$7.25

$3.75

More than $20

Michigan

$9.25

$5.73

$3.52

Not specified

Missouri

$7.85

50% ($3.92)

$3.93

Not specified

New Hampshire

$7.25

55% of the applicable minimum wage ($3.99)

45% of the applicable minimum wage ($3.26)

More than $30

New York

$10.40

 

 

 

Tipped Food Service Workers

 

$7.50

$2.90

 

Tipped Service Employees

 

$8.65

$1.75

 

Different rates apply to tipped food and service employees in New York City, Long Island, and Westchester. Please see the state’s website for more information on these and other related requirements, https://www.governor.ny.gov/news/governor-cuomo-unveils-5th-proposal-2018-state-state-examine-eliminating-minimum-wage-tip.

North Dakota

$7.25

33% of the applicable minimum wage ($2.39)

$4.86

More than $30

Ohio 5

Employers with annual gross receipts of $305,000 or more

$8.30

$4.15

$4.15

More than $30

Oklahoma 6

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

Not specified

Pennsylvania

$7.25

$4.42

$2.83

More than $30

Rhode Island

$10.10

$6.21

$3.89

Not specified

South Dakota

$8.85

50% ($4.425) 3

$4.325

More than $35

Vermont
An employee of a hotel, motel, tourist place, or restaurant who customarily and regularly receives more than $120.00 per month in tips for direct and personal customer service.

$10.50

$5.25

$5.25

More than $120
 

Virgin Islands

$9.50

$5.70

40% ($3.80)

Not specified

Wisconsin 8

$7.25

$4.92

$2.33

Not specified

West Virginia 7

$8.75

70% ($6.13)

$2.62

Not specified

State minimum cash wage payment is the same as that required under the federal Fair Labor Standards Act ($2.13/hr.) 

Alabama 9

 

 

$2.13

 

Georgia 9

 

 

$2.13

 

Indiana

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

Not specified

Kansas

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $20

Kentucky

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $20

Louisiana 9

 

 

$2.13

 

Mississippi 9

 

 

$2.13

 

Nebraska

$9.00

$6.87

$2.13

Not specified

New Jersey

$8.60

$6.47

$2.13

Not specified

New Mexico

  $7.50

  $5.37

$2.13

More than $30

North Carolina 4

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $20

Puerto Rico

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $30

South Carolina 9

 

 

$2.13

 

Tennessee 9

 

 

$2.13

 

Texas

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $20

Utah

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

More than $30

Virginia

$7.25

$5.12

$2.13

Not specified

Wyoming

$5.15

$3.02

$2.13

More than $30


Some states set subminimum rates for minors and/or students or exempt them from coverage, or have a training wage for new hires. Some local governments set minimum wage rates higher than their respective state minimum wage. Such differential provisions are not displayed in this table.

FOOTNOTES

1 Other additional deductions are permitted, for example for meals and lodging, except as noted in footnote 8.

2 Minnesota. Effective August 1, 2014, a large employer means an enterprise whose gross volume of sales made or business done is not less than $500,000. A small employer means an enterprise whose gross volume of sales made or business done is less than $500,000.

3 In New Jersey, in specific situations where the employer can prove to the satisfaction of the Department of Labor and Workforce Development that the tips actually received exceed the creditable amount, a higher tip credit may be taken.

4 North Carolina. Tip credit is not permitted unless the employer obtains from each employee, either monthly or each pay period, a signed certification of the amount of tips received.

5 Ohio. For employees of employers with gross annual sales of less than $305,000, the state minimum wage is $7.25 per hour. For these employees, the state wage is tied to the federal minimum wage of $7.25 per hour which requires an act of Congress and the President's signature to change.

6 Oklahoma. For employers with fewer than 10 full-time employees at any one location who have gross annual sales of $100,000 or less, the basic minimum rate is $2.00 per hour.

7 West Virginia. The state minimum wage law applies only to employers with six or more employees and to state agencies.

8 Wisconsin. $2.13 per hour may be paid to employees who are not yet 20 years old and who have been in employment status with a particular employer for 90 or fewer consecutive calendar days from the date of initial employment.

9 The following states do not have state minimum wage laws: Alabama, Louisiana, Mississippi, South Carolina, and Tennessee. Georgia has a state minimum wage law, but it does not apply to tipped employees.

10 Nevada. The state minimum wage rates may be increased annually based upon changes in the cost of living index, which would in turn increase the minimum cash wage for tipped employees.

Prepared By:

Division of Communications
Wage and Hour Division
U.S. Department of Labor

This document was last revised January 1, 2018.

The Wage and Hour Division tries to ensure that the information on this page is accurate but individuals should consult the relevant state labor office for official information.