United States Department of Labor
Office of Administrative Law Judges Law Library

Note: The DOT was created by the Employment and Training Administration, and was last updated in 1991. It has been replaced by the O*NET.



962.167-010 to 979.687-034

    This category includes occupations concerned with transportation services; packaging and warehousing; utilities; amusement, recreation, and motion picture services; mining; graphic arts; and various miscellaneous activities. Occupations concerned with activities listed above and involving extensive record keeping are found in Category 2. Occupations concerned with hoisting and conveying of logs are included in this category. Other logging occupations are found in Category 4.

962.167-010 MANAGER, SOUND EFFECTS (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: sound-effects supervisor

    Coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing and producing sound effects for radio, film, and video tape productions: Assigns duties to SOUND-EFFECTS TECHNICIAN (radio-tv broad.) and other studio personnel engaged in producing sound effects for various productions. Consults with production management personnel, DIRECTOR, RADIO (radio-tv broad.) or SOUND CUTTER (motion picture), and SCREEN WRITERS (motion picture; radio-tv broad.), to determine special sound effects required for production presentation.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.167-014 PROGRAM ASSISTANT (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: associate director; production assistant; production coordinator; stage manager

    Performs any combination of following or similar duties as directed by DIRECTOR, PROGRAM (radio-tv broad.) 184.167-030 or PRODUCER (radio-tv broad.) 159.117-010 in rehearsal and broadcast of television programs: Distributes copies of script and arranges for rehearsal quarters. Prepares and distributes rehearsal call sheets. Lays out acting areas on stage floor, using tape and following floor plan. Times scenes during rehearsal and calculates overall program timing. Contacts guest and members of cast to verify that makeup has been applied. Verifies that specified films, slides, titles cards, and similar items are ready for broadcast. Directs personnel in rehearsal and broadcast of sign-ons and sign-offs, station breaks, film feature programs, and other programs composed of non-live video elements. Notifies various departments of changes in daily operation schedules. Oversees distribution of studio equipment, such as scenery, cameras, and microphones. Transmits instructions received over telephone headset to performers and others on set, orally or using body gestures. Prepares report of daily on-air activities. ay direct production of sound effects. May prepare rehearsal call sheets, reports, daily on-air activity report, memos, or scripts, using computer.
GOE: 01.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 89

962.167-018 PROPERTY COORDINATOR (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

    Provides stage properties for theatrical production: Purchases or rents properties from merchants and museums or obtains properties from theater or warehouse. Arranges with PROP MAKER (amuse. & rec.; motion picture) for construction of period furniture and properties. Arranges properties on stage for each scene. Clears or directs clearing of properties from stage at conclusion of each scene. Performs minor repairs on props, using handtools. Cleans props or sends to property shop for maintenance. Keeps record of purchases and submits bill and purchase order to designated authority. When accompanying show on tour, packs and unpacks properties. May arrange for transportation of properties.
GOE: 05.02.06 STRENGTH: V GED: R4 M1 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.261-010 PLANETARIUM TECHNICIAN (museums) alternate titles: astro-technician; technical specialist

    Installs, modifies, operates, and maintains sound and projection equipment used in presentation of planetarium classes and shows: Consults with personnel who plan classes and shows to determine feasibility of achieving specified effects, modifications in equipment necessary to create desired effects, and additional equipment or properties to be incorporated into technical equipment layout. Modifies projectors, electro-optic equipment, console controls, and auxiliary instruments, following script or lecture outline, to adjust equipment for producing desired visual effects, basing modifications on knowledge of equipment capabilities, and using handtools, precision instruments, and circuitry diagrams. Selects tapes of musical compositions from planetarium files and records portions of each, as designated in script, to produce tape recording with musical background. Modifies sound system to permit synchronization of recorded commentary and background music with visual presentation. Installs special effect properties, such as models of space ships or slides of ancient interpretations of constellations, in designated positions in dome of theater, and secures properties to control wires or machinery to facilitate manipulation of properties according to script or lecture outline, using handtools. Operates electro-optic, audio, and auxiliary equipment to present show or to complement presentation of class lectures. Repairs and maintains equipment, using handtools and precision calibrating and testing instruments, applying knowledge of electronic circuitry and electro-optics, and following manufacturer's maintenance instructions and diagrams. Constructs and installs permanent or temporary displays, incorporating electromechanical or electronic components, in planetarium's exhibit area.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

962.261-014 STAGE TECHNICIAN (amuse. & rec.)

    Installs rigging, lighting, sound equipment, and scenery, and erects stages for theatrical, musical, and other entertainment events in arenas, stadiums, theaters, studios, and other amusement places: Reads stage layout specifications and blueprints and confers with MANAGER, STAGE (amuse. & rec.) 159.167-018 to determine type and location of sets, props, scenery, lighting, and sound equipment required for specific event. Assembles props provided by production company, constructs additional props, scenery, or stages, and attaches braces that support scenery frames in upright position, using carpenter's handtools and power tools. Climbs ladder or scaffolding to ceiling grid, crawls and balances on beams, inserts ends of cables or ropes through ceiling grid, and attaches cables to scenery, curtains, equipment, support pipes, and counterbalance weights [GRIP (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.) 962.684-014]. Positions lighting fixtures on and around stage area, clamps light fixtures to supports, connects electrical wiring from fixtures to power source and control panel [LIGHTING-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) 962.381-014], positions sound equipment, such as microphones, speakers, and amplifiers, on and around stage area, and connects electrical lines to power source and mixing console [PUBLIC-ADDRESS SERVICER (any industry) 823.261-010], utilizing knowledge of electrical codes and use of electrician's handtools and power tools. Pulls cables that raise and lower scenery, curtains, and equipment [FLYER (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.) 962.687-018] and operates lighting and sound equipment during rehearsals and performances, following audio or visual cues.
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

962.262-010 FILM OR VIDEOTAPE EDITOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: cutter

    Edits motion picture film, television or cable television video tape, and sound tracks: Evaluates and selects scenes in terms of dramatic and entertainment value and story continuity. Trims film segments to specified lengths and reassembles segments in sequence that presents story with maximum effect, or edits video tape, using editing equipment. Reviews assembled film or edited video tape on screen or monitor and makes corrections. Confers with supervisory personnel and others concerning filming of scenes. May specialize in particular field of film or video editing, such as feature, news, sound, sound effects, or music.
GOE: 01.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 88

962.267-010 SIGHT-EFFECTS SPECIALIST (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: electrician, master

    Provides special stage lighting and sight effects for theatrical performances and directs electrical crew engaged in installing and arranging lighting and wiring equipment: Studies work drawings of stage sets showing light details. Confers with producing personnel and studies continuity script to determine lighting of sets and special sight effects desired. Suggests changes and orders special mechanical stage contrivances to obtain mobile or stationary sight effects, such as forests burning, oceans rolling, or other scenic effects. Attaches stereopticon lens on lamp and operates lamp from rear of stage to project pictures of desired effects on scrim (transparent curtain), following cue sheet. Directs crew in setting up and arranging electrical equipment and lights for use on stage and in theater. May originate designs for artistic lighting of sets.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

962.281-010 PROP MAKER (amuse. & rec.; motion picture)

    Fabricates and assembles props, miniatures, and sets for motion pictures and theatrical productions from a variety of materials, using handtools and woodworking and metalworking machines and equipment: Analyzes sketches, blueprints, and verbal instructions to determine type props and other materials needed and equipment required. Measures and marks cutting lines on material, using work aids, such as jigs and fixtures, micrometers, calipers, and templates. Fabricates parts, using machinery, such as drill press, metal and wood lathes, power saws, router, and milling machine. Assembles parts into props, miniatures, and sets, using handtools and equipment, such as screwdrivers, wrenches, hammers, and welding apparatus. Rigs and controls moving or functioning elements of sets that depict action.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.281-014 SOUND-EFFECTS TECHNICIAN (radio-tv broad.)

    Produces artificial sounds that are transmitted and synchronized with production being presented to simulate aural impression of action being broadcasted to listener or viewer. Reproduces recorded sounds from previously prepared phonograph records or tape.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.281-018 SPECIAL EFFECTS SPECIALIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Fabricates, installs, and activates equipment to produce special effects, such as rain, snow, explosions, and other mechanical and electrical effects as required by script for television, motion picture, and theatrical productions: Reads script to determine type of special effects required. Mixes chemicals to produce special effects, following standard formulas. Constructs towers and similar objects used in making effects, using handtools and machine tools. Fabricates parts for special effects from materials, such as wood, metal, plaster, and clay, using handtools and power tools. Installs special effects, using handtools.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.361-010 OPTICAL-EFFECTS LAYOUT PERSON (motion picture) alternate titles: assistant camera operator; optical-effects-line-up person; plotter

    Locates and marks frames of motion picture film to identify film segments for optical effects processing: Reads work order or optical effects specifications sheets to ascertain optical effects specifications and location of subject material on original photography film. Mounts single or multiple rolls of film on spindles of winding device, locates marked start frame of film, and aligns start frame in start position of synchronizer-counter device to locate and identify film frames specified for optical effects. Turns crank on winding device to advance film and observes film passing over viewing light box to detect damage or unclean condition. Cleans film using cleaning solutions and velvet cloth. Repairs minor damage, such as torn sprocket holes, using tape. Periodically stops film when viewing more than one roll simultaneously and compares numbers printed on film edges to ensure synchronization of films. Stops film when counter reading matches number indicated on work order for start of first optical effect. Reviews subject matter within film frame and compares to description on work order to ensure match when work order does not include reference numbers. Marks reference frame of film, using film notcher, tape, or other marking device to indicate optical effect starting point. Marks symbols and numbers on film edge or leader to indicate type of effect and length. Advances film to additional reference frames indicated, and marks designated frames to show reference points within individual optical effects. Prepares count sheet indicating position, length, and type of optical effects required for films which do not have prepared specification sheets. Splices strips of leader material to film, and assembles designated segments of film in specified relationship, using splicing device. May confer with clients regarding optical effects requirements and production problems. May determine artwork requirements and requisition artwork. May review and approve finished optical effects. May load and unload film from camera magazine, and mount and remove magazines from camera. May change subtitle cards when filming subtitles.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

962.362-010 COMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIAN (education)

    Performs a variety of duties involved in producing motion picture film in audio-visual department of educational institution: Selects areas and locations for filming motion pictures according to specifications. Sets up lighting equipment. Selects picture and sound takes to conform film to script. Assists in designing and building sets for film production. Requisitions props. Edits and splices motion picture film. Operates projectors, video tape recorders, and sound recording equipment to inspect and preview film for clients. Packages and ships film.
GOE: 01.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.362-014 LIGHT TECHNICIAN (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: operator, lights; set electrician, assistant chief

    Sets up and controls lighting equipment for television broadcast or motion picture production: Confers with directors and studies script to determine lighting effects required. Sets up spot, flood, incandescent, and mercury vapor lights, reflectors, and other equipment. Switches lights on during broadcast, following script or instructions from directors. akes minor repairs, such as replacing broken cables on equipment. May lead and give directions to workers while performing same duties.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 87

962.381-010 DRAPER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Lays out patterns and cuts fabrics to make drapes, curtains, and items, such as banners, flags, bunting, pennants, and tapestries, for motion-picture or television sets, and hangs items on set: Measures windows or wall areas to be covered and lays out dimensions on fabrics, following specifications. Cuts fabrics and routes cut articles to sewing shop to be sewn. Installs brackets, rods, and similar mountings on sets, using screws, handtools, and power drills, and hangs draperies or other items on mountings.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.381-014 LIGHTING-EQUIPMENT OPERATOR (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: electrician, front

    Controls lighting equipment, such as floodlamps, strip lights, and spotlights from projection room and front or backstage areas of theater to cast spotlight on stage performers: Places spotlights in specified locations in theater and connects wiring for lighting. oves spotlight to follow movements of performers with beam of light, according to instructions on prepared cue sheet. Turns color wheel, causing light to be diffused through varicolored gelatin disks to change color of light. Cleans and adjusts light, replacing carbons or bulbs as needed. May insert varicolored gelatin sheets in frame to assemble color wheel.
GOE: 05.12.16 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.381-018 MINIATURE-SET CONSTRUCTOR (motion picture) alternate titles: miniature-set builder; model-set artist; set-model builder

    Constructs miniature models of motion picture sets used in filming backgrounds, titles, and special effects according to scale. Cuts materials, such as wood, cardboard, or plastic to specified dimensions, using handtools. Fits and glues or tacks cutouts to form three-dimensional set pieces. Builds landscapes, using plaster of paris or modeling clay to represent trees and bushes. Trims and paints completed miniature set.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

962.382-010 RECORDIST (motion picture)

    Controls equipment to record sound originating on motion-picture set, using magnetic film, optical film, and acetate disk recording equipment: Tests and sets up recording mechanism according to specifications. Starts recorder and synchronizes sound with film. Observes operation to ensure that sound is properly recorded. May be designated according to equipment used as Disk Recordist (motion picture); Film Recordist (motion picture).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.382-014 SOUND CUTTER (motion picture) alternate titles: editing-machine operator; editor, sound

    Edits and synchronizes music, dialogue, and sound effects of motion picture film and video tape into single sound-print for film or video-tape production: Loads combination sound-and-picture reproducing machine with picture and sound-track films and video tape. Starts machine, views action through aperture, and listens to sound being reproduced, using earphones. Notes dupe sheet for sound effects to accompany or punctuate action. Determines that sound matches picture or dupe sheet indicates sound-effect insertion. Stops machine at such points and marks symbol on film with grease pencil or notches symbol on video tape, using electronic device. Rewinds prints onto reels by reversing action of machine. Sets reels on rewinder, turns handle until both sound and picture are unwound to points marked by symbol, and splices sound effect into sound print.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.384-010 MICROPHONE-BOOM OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: boom operator

    Moves levers on adjustable boom to position microphone in proximity of performers during filming of motion picture or television broadcasts: Attaches microphone to rubber supports at end of boom and places preamplifier in container attached to boom as directed by SOUND MIXER (motion picture; recording; radio-tv broad.) 194.262-018. Connects microphone wires to preamplifier and preamplifier wires to sound mixing apparatus. Positions microphone so as not to cast shadows or come in view of camera. Moves boom according to script and position of performers.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87

962.664-010 HIGH RIGGER (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

    Installs rigging to raise, lower, or support equipment, such as scenery, lighting equipment, ladders, and nets for theatrical performances on stage or television studio: Climbs ladders, poles, or scaffolding to determine position for rigging and connects, hangs, or attaches cables, ropes, and blocks (pulley) across loft area of stage. Tests rigging to ensure that it is workable. Erects high ladders for acrobatic performances by connecting successive short lengths of ladder to top of erected portion, using clamps, wrenches, and hammers. Installs motors used to move curtains and track on which scenery and curtains move, using handtools and power tools.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.664-014 RECORDING STUDIO SET-UP WORKER (recording)

    Arranges sound recording equipment in studio preparatory to recording session following work order specifications: Reads work order to determine position of equipment and arranges equipment, such as consoles, isolation booths, microphones, tape machines, amplifiers, music stands, and musical instruments, by hand or using handtrucks and dollies. Connects equipment electrical lines to outlets according to oral or written instructions. Dismantles equipment subsequent to recording session and returns items to storage. Maintains storage area and assists in maintaining tape library.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

962.665-010 DUBBING-MACHINE OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Tends film or magnetic tape dubbing machines that play back recordings of music, dialogue, or sound effects to facilitate synchronization of sound motion-picture film action by RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.): Loads reels of film or tape onto machine and passes lead-end over and around sprockets, wheels, tension rollers, and magnetic tape head or over photo-electric cell apertures. Starts machines, unwinds film or tape, and stops machine when mark on tape or film indicates beginning of sound. Switches machine to automatic for control by RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.). Informs RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) that machines are loaded and ready for playback. Removes reels when recordings are finished and rewinds tape or film onto original reel.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

962.684-010 ACROBATIC RIGGER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: rigger

    Erects equipment for aerial and acrobatic acts in shows, such as circus, variety show, and carnivals, working as member of crew: Drills holes in floor of stage or platform, using electric drill, and fastens metal floor plates to hold vertical steel rods. Screws steel rods to holding plates and stretches wire or rope between rods, using handtools. Climbs ladder to attach ropes, swinging trapeze, and other rigging to ceiling area. Fastens rigging and pulleys to hooks or poles in ceiling. Erects net under aerial and highwire acts for safety of performers. Lowers and raises trapezes and nets during performance.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

962.684-014 GRIP (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

    Erects sets and moves scenery on stage for theatrical productions on stage and television studio, using handtools and power tools and equipment: Ties sets upright with lash lines. Hooks stage brace onto set and adjusts brace to straighten and support set. Connects lines to overhead steel work to support hanging units, using handtools and power tools. Fits and hangs painted backdrops and curtains. Inserts weights as specified to counterbalance hanging units. Changes scenery between acts or scenes according to script.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87

962.684-018 MOTOR-POWER CONNECTOR (motion picture)

    Connects sound, camera, and lighting motors of motion-picture apparatus to common power source by means of portable junction box and cables: Selects types and lengths of cable according to type equipment to be connected and accessibility to power source. Maintains connections while camera and sound equipment are in use. May manipulate microphone boom [MICROPHONE-BOOM OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)].
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

962.684-022 PROP ATTENDANT (amuse. & rec.)

    Readies stage, equipment, and seating area of theater prior to performances, and produces special lighting and sound effects during performances, using various equipment and devices: Lifts, places, and repositions special effect props, such as breakaway walls, dry ice in smoke/fog generator, and stage elevators, for use by performers during show. Starts, connects, and tests light and sound equipment, such as microphones, magnetic tape players, amplifiers, and stage lighting system, prior to show. Cleans and prepares stage, seating, and dressing areas prior to show [CLEANER, COMMERCIAL OR INSTITUTIONAL (any industry) 381.687-014]. Pushes buttons, presses and flips switches, and turns valves to achieve special sound and lighting effects and to raise and lower scenery and stage curtain during performance, following sight or sound cues. Hands props to performers and assists performers with costume changes during show. May order makeup supplies and props to replace those used or damaged during shows. Prior to show may test equipment and during show may tend equipment that activates and controls animated characters.
GOE: 05.12.16 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

962.687-010 DOLLY PUSHER (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: assistant camera operator

    Pushes television camera dolly around studio, as directed by CAMERA OPERATOR, TELEVISION (radio-tv broad.), to follow action of scene being broadcast.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

962.687-014 FILM LOADER (motion picture)

    Loads and unloads film magazines, as directed, prior to and following photographing of motion-picture scenes. May perform other duties on set location, such as marking stage floor with chalk to designate actors' and actresses' positions, clapping hinged boards together to designate start of scene, and recording scene number and related information on slate to identify scene.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

962.687-018 FLYER (amuse. & rec.; radio-tv broad.)

    Lowers or raises scenery and curtains by pulling ropes from position above or to one side of stage. Follows prepared cue sheet, bell, or light signals to make required changes during performance.
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

962.687-022 GRIP (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: property handler

    Performs any combination of following tasks in motion picture or television studio or set location: Moves control levers and wheels to guide cranes, booms, and dollies that move cameras and other equipment. Sews canvas and other materials to make and repair tents, tarps, scrims, and backings, using sewing machine. Erects canvas covers to protect camera from rain on location. Cuts gelatin and fiberglass light diffusers to fit metal frame of camera and inserts diffusers into frame. Rigs and dismantles frames, scaffolding, backdrops, prefabricated dressing rooms, camera platforms, and tents for set in studio or on location, using carpenter's handtools. May be designated according to department assigned as Construction Grip (motion picture); Production Grip (motion picture); Sewing Room Grip (motion picture).
GOE: 05.12.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with miscellaneous amusement and recreation occupations.

969.137-010 SUPERVISOR, CIRCUS (amuse. & rec.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cleaning various areas, moving equipment, and erecting tents and rigging in circus, carnival, or other exhibition, performing duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

969.137-014 SUPERVISOR, SHOW OPERATIONS (amuse. & rec.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of performers and technicians in amusement or theme park: Reviews and adjusts performance schedule to ensure number of performances meets anticipated attendance. Arranges shift assignments of performers and technicians. Talks to guests in person or by telephone to answer questions and resolve complaints. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

969.367-010 CUSTODIAN, ATHLETIC EQUIPMENT (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: manager, equipment

    Keeps stock of new and used athletic supplies, such as balls, gloves, bats, shoes, and uniforms, and issues supplies to players: Keeps record of supplies in stock and supplies issued to players. Informs officials when additional supplies are needed. Inspects supplies in stock to detect those requiring repair or cleaning. Repairs torn or damaged supplies or sends supplies out for repair. Issues new or clean supplies to players in exchange for supplies that are worn or dirty. Packs and unpacks supplies for road trips and ensures that arrangements are made for transportation. Accompanies players on trips. Modifies protective supplies, such as adding additional arch supports to shoes, padding uniforms and helmets, or preparing slings for injured players, under specific directions from INSTRUCTOR, SPORTS (amuse. & rec.; education) or ATHLETIC TRAINER (amuse. & rec.; education). May prepare budget estimate for supplies. May purchase supplies. May wash soiled uniforms and other supplies in automatic washing machine or may arrange to have supplies laundered.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

969.381-010 WARDROBE-SPECIALTY WORKER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Makes, repairs, alters, and revamps special wardrobe items and accessories, such as military hats and caps, badges, shoes, belts, and leather pouches, or other leather, suede, and canvas items, working from patterns and diagrams, and using handtools and power sewing machines.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

969.664-010 FIREWORKS DISPLAY SPECIALIST (chemical) alternate titles: setter-off; setter-up

    Assembles and sets off fireworks displays at fairs, expositions, or celebrations, according to picture programs or diagrams: Advises committee as to distance audience should be from setoff site of display, according to wind direction and velocity, considering fallout of sparks and acid, and types of fireworks used. Lays out setoff arrangement. Directs workers to set mortars (pipes used to fire aerial shells) apart from ground display, and places barrier of sandbags, railroad ties, or boxes of gravel between mortars to avoid detonating shells from sparks. Assembles framework and affixes display to framework, using hammer, saw, nails, scissors, and twine. Ties fuses of components to lead fuse to create simultaneous fireworks display. Determines appropriate time for setting off of display, according to environmental conditions.
GOE: 05.10.06 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

969.685-010 SNOWMAKER (amuse. & rec.)

    Tends artificial snow making equipment of ski resort to produce artificial snow along ski trails: Rides chair lift or drives snow-terrain vehicle along ski trails to reach snow equipment. Attaches hoses from snow equipment to nozzles of above-ground outlets for underground compressed air and water pipelines, using wrenches. Turns outlet valves to adjust compressed air and water mixture to obtain desired snow spray. Returns defective or frozen snow equipment to ski lodge for repair, using snow vehicle. Repositions equipment periodically to direct snowfall to other sections of trail, or closes valves to shut off equipment when snow coverage is completed. Cleans dirt and frozen snow from equipment, using handtools.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

969.687-010 CIRCUS LABORER (amuse. & rec.)

    Performs variety of tasks in cleaning floors and moving equipment for amusement show, such as fair, circus, or carnival, as directed: Cleans and sweeps show area after each performance. Cleans floor after elephants and horses perform. Moves wild animal cages, acrobatic equipment, and carries other properties to show area. Leads horses, elephants, and other animals into show area. Loads and unloads animals and equipment on and off train. May work as member of team to erect and dismantle canvas tents and place seats.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

969.687-014 ICE MAKER, SKATING RINK (amuse. & rec.)

    Prepares floor for use as ice-skating rink and removes ice after use: Sprays floor of rink (which has been chilled by ammonia pipes), using water hose, to obtain ice layer of specified thickness. Skates behind tractor to guide scraper blades that smooth surface of rink. Turns valves to force steam through piping in floor to melt ice. Breaks ice, using chisel, and shovels ice into drain or sump. Mops water. May maintain order among patrons and protect property during skating sessions.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77


    This division includes occupations concerned with handsetting text or display type; making and mounting plates of line or continuous tone illustrations; assembling hand- or machine-set type, plates, and spacing material to make up pages and forms; reproducing type, illustrations, pages, and forms by photoengraving, lithographic process, electrotyping, or stereotyping to make plates for printing presses; copying lettering, lines, or designs, and retouching artwork; etching or engraving printing rollers; developing and printing film and prints; bookbinding; and related graphic arts activities. Occupations concerned with cold type typesetting and word processing are found in Division 20.


    This group includes occupations concerned with copying or altering designs or lettering following layout or other directions; retouching original artwork, including photographic negatives or positives, using brush, spray, airbrush, or pen; drawing lines, such as column rules, on page layouts; and related artwork. Creating layouts and producing original art are included in Division 14.

970.131-014 SUPERVISOR, ARTIST, SUSPECT (government ser.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in forming composite images of persons suspected of criminal activities: Assigns duties to and trains new workers. Participates in activities of ARTIST, SUSPECT (government ser.) 970.361-018 to arrange and enhance set of facial features to form composite images of persons suspected of criminal activities. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

970.137-010 SUPERVISOR, SIGN SHOP (fabrication, nec)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in constructing and painting signs: Reviews work orders and visits future site of sign to determine size of sign, materials needed to construct sign, and media needed to convey requested message. Orders material not already on inventory. Assigns work to PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) 970.381-026; SIGN ERECTOR (fabrication, nec) I 869.381-026; SIGN WRITER, HAND (any industry) 970.281-022; or other workers based upon current work load, priority of work to be completed, and expertise of available workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May prepare periodic department budget based upon knowledge of historic and projected costs of personnel, materials, and replacements and additions to tool and equipment inventory.
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

970.281-010 AIRBRUSH ARTIST (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: photograph restorer

    Restores damaged and faded photographs or colors and shades drawings to simulate photographs, using airbrush: Examines drawing or photographic print to determine coloring, shading, and changes required. Cuts out masking template, using shears, and positions templates on control areas to be sprayed. Mixes ink or paint solutions according to color specifications and spraying consistency desired. Sprays solution over control area to fill in and blend missing parts of photograph or to give depth, perspective, and tone to drawing, using airbrush. Builds up or changes photograph backgrounds to block out undesirable or distracting details, using airbrush. Inks borders and lettering on illustrations and paints in details missing from photographs, using pen, brush, and drafting instruments. Rubs eraser over specified areas and applies white ink to highlight illustrations, using brush or pen. May specialize in mechanical and industrial designs and be designated Airbrush Artist, Technical (profess. & kin.); or in photograph restoring and be designated Airbrush Artist, Photography (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.281-014 DELINEATOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: renderer

    Renders perspective drawings of buildings and manufactured products for display or advertising purposes working from sketches and blueprints and using pencil, pen, charcoal, watercolors, or airbrush. May be designated according to specialization as Architectural Renderer (profess. & kin.); Industrial Renderer (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.281-018 PHOTOGRAPH RETOUCHER (photofinishing) alternate titles: retoucher

    Retouches photographic negatives and prints to accentuate desirable features of subject, using pencils or watercolors and brushes: Examines negative to determine which features should be accented or minimized. Paints negative with retouching medium so that retouching pencil will mark surface of negative. Shades negative with pencil to smooth facial contours, conceal stray hairs, wrinkles, or blemishes, and soften harsh highlights. Brushes watercolors on print to accentuate lights and shadows and produce clear and attractive features.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.281-022 SIGN WRITER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: card writer, hand; show-card writer

    Writes, paints, or prints signs or showcards used for display or other purposes, using brushes. May cut out letters and signs for display purposes from wallboard or cardboard, by hand or machines, such as electrically powered jigsaw or bandsaw.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

970.281-026 SKETCH MAKER, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.) alternate titles: artist, color separation

    Sketches cloth designs onto transparent paper for subsequent transfer to printing rollers by photographic process, using drafting tools and artists' work aids: Studies customer's design to locate one complete repeat of pattern. Lays out reference points on design according to location of pattern repeat and motifs within repeat, using ruler, dividers, and pencil. Places design on lighted drafting table, covers design with sheet of transparent paper, and transfers reference points from design to paper. Holds paper against design with stylus and sketches each color (segments of design) in pattern repeat on separate sheet of paper, using pen, brush, sponge, opaque, india ink, and watercolors. Varies intensity of sketch according to design so that printing rollers will be etched in manner that will produce shades and tones of color. Corrects flaws left in design by artist or designer and alters design to make it practical for printing, employing knowledge of fabrics, colors, and etching and printing techniques. Assembles sketches into composite sketch and compares composite with design to determine if parts of design join together to reproduce complete design. Routes sketches to PHOTOGRAPHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (electron. comp.; print. & pub.) for transfer to film.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.361-010 FORM DESIGNER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: form drafter

    Develops office forms, such as invoices and production sheets, according to clients' specifications, using drafting instruments. Draws and submits initial draft to client. Makes changes according to client's specifications. Prepares final form of approved design for printing.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.361-014 REPEAT CHIEF (print. & pub.) alternate titles: inspector

    Examines and corrects defects in films used to transfer designs onto printing rollers: Examines films to detect pinholes, defective screens, loss of contour, and exposure errors. Paints out pinholes, fills in defective screens, and alters contour of images on film, using brushes and opaque. Returns overexposed or underexposed films to PHOTOGRAPHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (electron. comp.; print. & pub.) for correction. Measures image on film to verify conformance to specifications, using steel tape. Routes acceptable prints to REPEAT-PHOTOCOMPOSING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) for use in composing master film for transferring image to sensitized copper printing rollers. Compares master film with original design and examines repeat joinings (lines along which repeats of design are joined) through magnifying lens to detect repeats that are out of register. Returns unsatisfactory films to REPEAT-PHOTOCOMPOSING MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) for correction of defects.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.361-018 ARTIST, SUSPECT (government ser.)

    Selects set of facial features from inventory, and arranges features to form composite image of persons suspected of criminal activities based on descriptions obtained from victims and witnesses to crimes: Assembles and arranges outlines of features, such as head contours, noses, eyes, lips, chins, and hair lines and styles, to form composite image, according to information provided by witness or victim. Operates photocopy or similar machine to reproduce composite image. Draws moles, scars, and other identifying marks, using pens, pencils, and other artist's work aids, to retouch copy. Alters copy of composite image until witness or victim is satisfied that composite is best possible representation of suspect. Classifies and codes components of image, using established system, to help identify suspect. Searches, or helps witness or victim to search, police photograph records, using classification and coding system, to determine if existing photograph of suspect is available.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

970.381-010 COLORIST, PHOTOGRAPHY (photofinishing) alternate titles: tinter, photograph

    Applies oil colors to portrait photographs to produce natural, lifelike appearance, according to specifications, using cotton swabs and brushes: Dips cotton swab in photographic colors, and applies color onto face of portrait freehand. Wipes excess color from portrait to produce specified shade, using cotton swab. Applies color to shaded spots of face, cheeks, and lips, using cotton-tipped wooden stick, and rubs color to blend with color previously applied. Applies color to eyes, using camel's hair spotting brush. May color scenic or other photographs.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.381-014 DECORATOR, MANNEQUIN (fabrication, nec)

    Paints facial expressions on mannequins according to established standards, using artists' brushes and airbrush: Inspects mannequin heads to detect imperfections, such as scratches, chips, and cracks and discards defective heads. Mixes paint for eyes, brows, lips, and cheeks according to established formulas. Brushes paint on specified areas of mannequin to create lifelike appearance, using sample mannequin as guide. Applies paint to cheeks of mannequin, using airbrush. Measures and cuts eyelash strips, using rule and scissors. Attaches eyelash to mannequin, using pins. Sprays preservative coating on mannequin, using airbrush.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.381-018 LAY-OUT FORMER (business ser.)

    Prepares advertising layout for reproduction according to customer specifications, utilizing knowledge of display techniques: Cuts out and trims photograph, drawing, or color sketch in order to create balanced layout and focus consumer attention on advertisement, using cutting tools and stencils. Mounts layout units on backing material and draws lines to indicate position of units, using pen. Draws functional and decorative borders around layout, using marking and measuring instruments. Positions hand-lettered copy on layout. Writes reproduction instructions outside layout border.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-022 PAINTER, HAND (any industry) alternate titles: artist; decorator; filler-in tinter

    Paints decorative freehand designs on objects, such as pottery, cigarette cases, and lampshades, using handbrushes: Sketches design, using pencil or permanent ink. Grinds colors on pottery tile, using palette knife, to mix colors and oils to desired consistency. Paints freehand or within sketched design, using mixed colors, or applies pure colors, one over another, to produce desired shade, allowing time for drying between applications. May stipple (create designs by dabbing dots on ware). May trace design prior to painting or sketch guidelines for decals and be designated Sketch Liner (pottery & porc.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-026 PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) alternate titles: letterer

    Designs, lays out, and paints letters and designs to create signs, using measuring and drawing instruments, brushes, and handtools: Reads work orders to determine type of sign specified, work procedures, and materials required. Sketches design on paper, using drawing instruments, such as angles, rulers, and shading pencils. Lays out design on plastic, silk, or tin to prepare stencil, or on paper to draw pounce pattern, using measuring and drawing instruments. Sketches or follows pattern to draw design or lettering onto objects, such as billboards and trucks, using stencils and measuring and drawing instruments. Brushes paint, lacquer, enamel, or japan over stencil, or paints details, background, and shading to fill in outline or sketch of sign, using paintbrush or airbrush. When painting window signs, draws outline of sign on outside window, using chalk, or dusts pounce pattern to mark outline and paints inside of window following drawing or outline, using brush. When making gold or silver leaf signs, forms sign by either of following methods: (1) Paints sign, positions leaf over fresh paint, and removes excess leaf after sign has dried, using cotton swab and knife blade. (2) Paints inside of window with watersize (glue), applies leaf, and paints sign in reverse on back of leaf, using paintbrush or airbrush. May cut out letters and apply background coating to construct and prepare signs, using tinning shears. May project layout image on paper and trace outline of design, using projector and electric needle. May specialize in maintenance of signs along railroad right-of-way and be designated Painter, Sign, Maintenance (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-030 RETOUCHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.)

    Touches up photoengraving film reproductions of sketches or photographs to eliminate processing defects and distortions in design, or to create special effects on reproductions, utilizing knowledge of lithographic techniques: Compares film negatives or positives with original to locate portions of image, such as dots and lines that were lost during processing, spots on negatives or positives, and excessively dark or light tone values on film. Paints in lines and dots that were lost during processing, using brush, pen, or sponge and opaque. Scratches out spots and undesirable portions of image, using knife and pin. Paints in additional lines or dots to increase intensity of image on film or scratches out lines or dots to reduce intensity, following colors on original to restore specified tone values. May sketch designs on transparent paper preparatory to transferring to film. May retouch, correct, and create special effects on reproductions of photoengraved materials, using computer graphics system, and be designated Computer-Assisted Retoucher, Photoengraving (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

970.381-034 SPOTTER, PHOTOGRAPHIC (photofinishing)

    Covers or spots out imperfections on photographic prints, using gloved finger, brush, or pencil: Positions print under viewing light or on illuminated table and examines print to detect defects, such as surface blemishes, dust spots, and uneven margins. Selects premixed paint or mixes paint, using color charts, when repairing color prints. Applies paint to defective area of color print, using gloved finger or artists' brush. Shades light areas on black-and-white prints, using pencil. Rubs surface of photograph with cloth to remove debris and reduce gloss. Trims edges of print to enhance appearance, using scissors or paper cutter. Places prints in customer bag and records number per bag or mounts print in specified frame. May retouch film negatives and be designated Negative Spotter (photofinishing).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

970.381-038 STENCIL CUTTER (railroad equip.)

    Designs, lays out, and cuts letters for stenciling railroad cars, according to specifications, using precision measuring and drawing instruments and handtools: Draws letter designs on stencil paper, using rule, triangle, T-square and pen or pencil. Brushes shellac and linseed oil on both sides of stencil paper to stiffen and preserve stencil. Cuts out letters, using knife or stencil-cutting machine. Constructs wood stencil frame, using miter box, saw, and hammer. Tacks stencil onto frame, using hammer or staple gun. May apply protective coating to exterior surfaces of locomotives, fixtures, and buildings, using brush, spray gun, or paint rollers. ay stencil letters on cars, using brush or spray gun and be designated Car Letterer (railroad equip.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.381-042 TYPE COPYIST (machinery mfg.)

    Draws and cuts out type characters of plastic, such as letters, numbers, and logos for use in manufacturing phototypesetting type disks, using drawing and cutting instruments: Searches reference sources to determine availability of characters in type style specified on orders. Reproduces reference copies of new characters required to obtain working copies, using automatic film developer. Places tracing paper over working copies, and traces and draws new characters, using pencil and triangle. Measures width, thickness, and spacing of characters, using optical and other measuring instruments, and pencils in or erases markings of characters as necessary to arrive at specified size and spacing requirements. Places tracing paper with finalized characters in light box, positions plastic sheets over light box, and cuts plastic following character outlines on tracing paper to obtain plastic characters, using cutting tools and metal guides. Records identity of characters on card for filing with reference source and routes characters for further processing.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

970.581-010 MUSIC GRAPHER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: music autographer

    Transcribes music symbols and lyrics from manuscript to sheet music master copy, using pen and ink, ink pad, rules, dies, and straightedge: Draws evenly spaced horizontal lines (staff lines) on master copy, using rule, straightedge, and pen. Reads manuscript to determine word and symbol dies needed. Presses dies in ink pad and transcribes words and symbols to master copy to prepare copy for reproduction.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.661-010 ENGROSSER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: calligrapher; script artist

    Letters formal documents, such as diplomas, testimonials, charters, citations, and appointments, using pen and ink. May design and cut script and display type faces for reproduction purposes. When designing and rendering borders, scrollwork, and initial letters for book or page, may be designated Illuminator (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

970.661-014 LETTERER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: commercial artist, lettering

    Paints or draws precise lettering to be reproduced in advertisements, books, and other printed materials, using lettering pen or brush and determining lettering design from layout sketches and instructions. May design lettering when style of letters is not specified.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.664-010 PAINTER HELPER, SIGN (any industry)

    Assists PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) to lay out and paint letters and designs to make signs, using handtools: Cleans display boards or other display surfaces to remove foreign matter and rough places, using scraper or scouring brush. Beats dust bag against stencil on display area to create pounce pattern. Traces over pounce pattern to prepare outline for PAINTER, SIGN (any industry) to follow, using pencil. Applies coat of base paint to display surface and paints background of display, using brushes and hand rollers. May mix paint according to established formulas. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

970.681-010 BEN-DAY ARTIST (print. & pub.) alternate titles: tint layer

    Applies benday tints (shadings in form of dots of different intensities) to drawings or to zinc or aluminum plates with inked screen or pattern: Positions mask (protective covering) over parts of drawing or plate not to be shaded, or brushes protective coating over those parts as determined by inspection of copy. Applies ink to screen or pattern, places screen or pattern over drawing or plate, and applies pressure to transfer ink from screen, using roller or burnisher. Washes ink and protective coating from parts of drawing not to be shaded.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

970.681-014 COLORER (print. & pub.)

    Colors by hand or sprays designs on cards, calendars, maps, and related articles, using colored inks and pens or airbrush, following instructions or working drawings: Applies color to article by stencil or freehand method, depending on article to be colored. ay mix and blend paints. May paint monograms on stationery and sprinkle metallic powder over paint and be designated Bronzer (print. & pub.). May be designated according to article colored as ap Colorer (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

970.681-018 INKER AND OPAQUER (motion picture)

    Traces drawings prepared by CARTOONIST, MOTION PICTURES (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) and paints tracing to render drawing opaque, using tracing pen and brush: Positions celluloid sheet over original drawing. Traces original in ink on celluloid. Reverses celluloid and brushes thin coat of opaquing paint on reverse side to render drawing opaque.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

970.681-022 MANUGRAPHER (fabrication, nec)

    Traces and paints advertising material on poster paper, using projector, brushes, and drawing instruments: Projects outline of advertisement on paper, using opaque projector, and traces magnified drawing of advertisement, using pencil. Applies paint to drawing according to color chart, using artists' brushes. Prints lettering on advertisement, using T-square, straightedge, and artists' brushes.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

970.681-026 PAINTER, ANIMATED CARTOONS (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Applies premixed color paints on back of inked celluloids to depict animated cartoon characters, using brush: Scans celluloid on which characters have been drawn to determine number codes of paints required. Brushes paint within outline of character, according to number code specified.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

970.681-030 PAINTER, PLATE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: plate colorer

    Paints colors on zinc plates, using brushes and watercolors, following colors in original design, to guide PANTOGRAPHER (print. & pub.) in transferring design to cloth-printing rollers.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with reproducing line or continuous tone copy on metallic printing plates for use in letterpress printing, using photoetching process; mounting and photographing copy; developing latent images on plates; and etching plates to leave raised printing surface. Group also includes occupations concerned with the fabrication and assembly of silk screen stencils, using photoetching process.

971.131-010 SUPERVISOR, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in production of photoengraved printing plates by processes, such as photographing, developing, printing, and etching: Trains workers in techniques of photoengraving processes. Examines finished printing plates to ensure conformance with company standards or customer specifications, using magnifying glass. Requisitions parts, supplies, and materials and submits cost data to management for budget planning. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.131-014 SUPERVISOR, SCREEN MAKING (textile)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing (by photographic process) and repairing screens used in printing textile materials: Confers with other supervisors to coordinate interdepartmental work flow, to determine type new screens to be produced, and estimate costs for repairing used screens. Trains new employees in techniques of photographic screen reproduction and repair or assigns employee to experienced worker for training. Interviews and hires personnel for department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.261-010 ETCHER, HAND (print. & pub.)

    Etches images (designs) on surface of printing rollers coated with photo or acid resist on which images have been transferred photographically or engraved pantographically, utilizing knowledge of colors, fabrics, and etching and printing techniques: Studies design sheet to determine etching requirements based on colors in design, type and weight of fabric, and printing sequence. Lifts roller onto brackets of rinsing vat with aid of ETCHER HELPER, HAND (print. & pub.). Tapes ends of roller with masking tape to limit etching to specified width. Cleans rollers preparatory to etching, using sponge, cleaning chemicals, and water. Transfers roller from rinsing vat to acid vat with aid of ETCHER HELPER, HAND (print. & pub.), using electric hoist. Turns valve to agitate acid solution with compressed air and starts machine to rotate roller in solution. Periodically removes roller from acid bath, measures etch with depth gauge, and moves fingers over surface of roller and scans etching through magnifying lens to detect processing defects, such as pinholes and collapsing ground lines. Processes roller through series of acid baths to increase depth of etch and broaden ground lines without collapsing top (unengraved portion) of design. Verifies depth of etch, using depth gauge. Scratches charcoal into etched cavities to make ground lines stand out and examines engraving to determine whether roller will print with desired effect. Transfers etched roller to cleaning vats, starts machine to spin roller in cleaning solution, and lowers brush to surface of spinning roller to remove acid-resistant coating. Dilutes acid with water to obtain etching chemicals of specified concentration.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

971.381-010 ETCHER APPRENTICE, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.) alternate titles: etcher apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-014 ETCHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (print. & pub.)

    Etches metal photographic plates to produce photoengraved printing plates, using etching machines, handtools, and chemicals: Mixes caustic or acid solutions according to type metal plate being etched. Brushes protective (resist) solution on back and edges of metal plate to protect plate during etching process. Brushes protective (resist) powder over photographic emulsion on plate to protect printing design. Bakes plate to adhere powder to design, using gas heating plate. Mounts plate in etching machine and starts machine that sprays acid or caustic solution against plate to etch (eat away) areas not protected by resist solution or powder. Removes and measures plate to determine depth of etching, using depth gauge, and remounts plate in machine when etching has not attained specified depth. Washes and scrubs etched plates to remove resist solutions and photographic emulsion, using brush and caustic solution. Dries plates, using chamois cloth. Matches colors with original artwork of multicolor photographic plates to produce balanced color valves, applying knowledge of photographic printing process. May weigh plates before and after etching to determine amounts of etching solutions to be added to machine, using scales. May be designated according to type of plate etched as Copper Etcher (print. & pub.); Zinc Etcher (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-022 PHOTOENGRAVER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: engraving operator; photolith operator

    Photographs copy, develops negatives, and prepares photosensitized metal plates, such as copper, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium for use in printing, using photography and developing equipment and engravers' handtools: Positions copy on copy board of darkroom camera and exposes film to copy. Fastens scoured metal plate to $T3whirling machine$T1 table or suspension hooks, pours photosensitizing solution on plate, and starts machine which rotates plate to distribute and dry solution evenly over plate surface. Exposes negative and plate to bright light in vacuum type printing frame to transfer image onto plate. Rolls ink onto exposed plate and washes unexposed and unfixed emulsion from plate, using running water and cotton pad to expose bare metal. Places developed plate in acid bath or etching machine to erode unprotected metal to specified depth. Mounts etched plates on wood blocks, using hammer and nails or on metal base, using thermosetting adhesive to raise printing surface type to specified height. Removes excess metal from nonprinting areas of cut, using routing machine [ROUTER (print. & pub.)]. Cuts mortises in mounted plates, using power drill and jigsaw, for insertion of type or other cuts. Modifies and repairs finished plates, using engravers' handtools, etching brush, and acid. May be designated according to type of plate made as Plate Maker, Zinc (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-026 PHOTOENGRAVER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-030 PHOTOENGRAVING FINISHER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: plate finisher, photoengraving

    Blocks out, re-etches, or intensifies designs to refine or repair copper, zinc, aluminum, and magnesium photoengraved printing plates according to copy and specifications, using artist's brushes and hand engraving and burnishing tools: Applies chalk to engraved surface and examines cut under magnifying glass to detect damaged halftone dots and evaluate quality of etching against copy. Outlines images, cuts border, blocks out backgrounds, and raises halftone dots, using engraving tools. Burnishes high halftone dots to correct defects in printing quality and contrast of cut, using burnishing tools. Repairs breaks in type, using handtools. May re-etch or re-engrave photographic plates to correct color tone valves or to intensify designs, using etching machine or engraver's handtools. May make proofs of completed monochrome and multicolor plates [PROOF-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-034 PHOTOENGRAVING PRINTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: proof-plate maker; stripper and printer

    Exposes film or glass negatives or positives to artificial light to transfer image onto photosensitive metal plates used for printing, applying knowledge of photographic and layout techniques, using photographic equipment, handtools, and cutting machines: Washes plate to remove foreign matter, using brush, abrasive, and running water. Pours photosensitive solution onto face of plate and distributes solution evenly, using $T3whirling machine.$T1 Positions sensitized plate in contact with photographic negative under vacuum frame and directs lights through negative for specified time to print image on sensitized coating of plate. Rolls ink onto face of plate or immerses plate in developing solution and washes with water to remove coating which has not been affected by light. Dusts ink-developed plates with protective powder and heats plates over gas flame to produce surface resistant to etching acid. Surprints line negatives over halftone print to introduce type or other solid matter and combines several subjects stripped to separate flats by successive printing onto plate in register. Cuts metal plates to size, using squaring shear, circle saw, or bandsaw. May mix chemicals. May strip negatives [STRIPPER (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-038 PHOTOENGRAVING PROOFER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: prover

    Proves printing quality and register of photoengraved printing plates, using hand or power driven flatbed or cylinder press, and prepares data sheet on color matching or ink modification to improve printing quality and register according to copy or customer specifications: Clamps plates to press, applies ink to rollers, and positions guides, grippers, and fingers to guide paper through press. Wraps packing sheets and tympan around cylinder to form cushion. Cuts and pastes overlays under tympan sheet to increase impression of low areas. Depresses pedal to open grippers, inserts blank sheet, and turns crank or starts motor to print set of proofs for progressive proof book for both black and white and color plates. Prepares data on color matching and ink modification to guide pressman. Examines proofs to determine printing quality of dots and lines, using magnifier, and marks corrections, such as reetching and additional finishing. May be designated according to work proofed as Proofer, Black And White (print. & pub.); Proofer, Color (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-040 PHOTOENGRAVING-PROOFER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: proofer apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-046 SCREEN MAKER, TEXTILE (textile)

    Prepares stencils used in screen printing of textile materials: Assembles prefabricated parts to construct silk screen frame, using handtools and wing nuts. Clamps frame and silk screen material in stretching machine and activates machine that stretches screen material over frame. Glues screen to frame and cuts excess material from around frame, using glue applicator and scissors. Coats screen with photosensitive emulsion, using brush. Positions negative on glass bed of photoprint machine and centers screen over negative. Activates photoprint machine that exposes screen and negative to high intensity light to develop pattern on screen. Washes unexposed emulsion from screen, using water and hose. Applies resist coating to screen to protect pattern, using brush, and removes resist coating from open areas of pattern, using suction machine.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

971.381-050 STRIPPER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: negative assembler; negative turner

    Strips photographic negative from film base and mounts negative on glass plate or platemaking $T3flat$T1 to be used in preparing photoengraving plates, using art layout, blueprint, and handtools: Examines negative to detect defective areas, using lighted viewing table. Spots or blocks out defective areas, using opaque and brush. Pours rubber solution and collodion over film base to toughen negative. Dries base, using blotter, and cuts negative to size, using knife and straightedge. Immerses glass or film base in acid bath to loosen negative. Strips negative from base. Mounts and aligns negative on glass plate or platemaking flat, according to art layout, blueprint, and color register. Rubs negative to remove excess water and to ensure adhesion to plate, using blotter. May control equipment to produce photographic negatives preparatory to stripping. May be designated according to type of negative stripped as Stripper, Black And White (print. & pub.); Stripper, Color (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.381-054 STRIPPER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: negative-turner apprentice; stripper-and-opaquer apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.382-014 PHOTOGRAPHER, PHOTOENGRAVING (electron. comp.; print. & pub.) alternate titles: contact-frame operator; engraving photographer

    Sets up and operates camera to photograph drawings, sketches, or other material to produce negatives for transfer to printing plates, rollers, or printed circuit boards: Mounts copy on holder, aligning centerline on copy with centerline on holder. Studies copy and order sheet to determine photographic techniques required to transfer desired effect onto film, according to plate or roller dimensions, type of design, colors in design, and engraving requirements. Computes camera settings required to reproduce sketch to specified scale according to dimensions of printing plates or rollers. Focuses camera, compensating for difference in size and distortions in copy. Measures opening in back of camera to verify settings, using steel tape. Positions film on vacuum board, closes board against back of camera, and locks board in position. Arranges arc lamps for even distribution of light and exposes film for specified length of time. Removes exposed film from camera and develops film in series of developing, rinsing, and fixing baths, or using automatic film processing equipment. Compares developed film with design to determine whether desired effect has been reproduced. Hangs film on line to dry. When producing negatives for halftone printing, inserts screen in front of film to reduce copy to dots for reproduction. When producing multicolor prints, fits color filters over lens. May process sensitized metal plates for subsequent etching [PHOTOENGRAVING PRINTER (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

971.382-018 REPEAT-PHOTOCOMPOSING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: composer

    Operates photocomposing machine to repeat designs on film for transfer to sensitized copper rollers used in printing such products as wallpaper and oilcloth: Sketches design layout on worksheet according to sequence in which design is to be repeated around roller. Computes machine setting required to repeat design on film as laid out on worksheet, using standard formulas and tables. Mounts positive print on negative frame, aligning centerline on print with centerline on frame, and tapes print in position. Masks area around print with black paper. Centers film on backboard of machine and tapes film in position. Lifts backboard against negative frame and locks in position. Moves negative frame in position for exposing film to first repeat of design, following computations on worksheet. Starts compressor that creates vacuum between negative frame and backboard, drawing backboard against negative frame. Exposes film to light through positive print for specified time, transferring image from print to film. Repeats process until design has been repeated along vertical and horizontal plane of film a specified number of times. Removes exposed film from machine and processes film through series of chemical baths to develop, fix, and rinse film. Examines developed film for exposure errors and misalignment of repeated designs. Agitates film in chemical solution to etch out overexposed film. Discards unusable film. Hangs developed film on line to dry.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

971.684-010 BLOCKER II (print. & pub.) alternate titles: film masker; film painter; negative checker

    Examines photographic negatives for defects and paints over defects preparatory to transferring images to sensitized zinc plates or copper rollers, using measuring instruments, brushes, and handtools: Spreads negatives over illuminated table and marks register points on negatives, using straightedge, triangle, and scriber. Examines negatives to detect pinholes and to locate line along which design will be fitted around sensitized rollers or mounted on zinc plates. Masks (blocks out) pinholes and extra images on film, using brushes and opaque. Scratches out undesirable spots and lines, using knife or pin. Compares masked films with original design to verify conformance to specifications. May lay out and print customer's legend on films. May correct spelling, punctuation, and grammatical errors on negative proofs, using standard proofreading symbols.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

971.684-014 STAGER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: roller painter

    Paints out specified portions of etched design on printing rollers to prevent further etching or paints around images on printing rollers to cover pinholes and scratches, using brushes and acid-resistant paint.
GOE: 05.12.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

971.685-010 ROLLER-PRINT TENDER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: roller printer

    Tends equipment to transfer design images from master film to copper printing rollers: Marks register points on ends of rollers, using straightedge and scriber. Inserts mandrel through roller and lifts roller onto brackets of sensitizing machine, using hoist. Starts machine that rotates roller. Turns valve to spray roller with water and cleans coated roller, using cloth, cleaning solution, and pumice. Dries rollers, using paper towel. Fills spray gun with sensitizing solution and turns valve to spray solution onto rotating roller. Transfers sensitized roller to copy machine, using electric hoist. Positions master film over roller and aligns register points on film with register points on roller. Covers master film with sheet of transparent film and engages ends of transparent film in machine drive. Tapes master film to transparent film, using masking tape. Lifts ultraviolet light frame into position over roller and starts machine that rotates sensitized roller and film, exposing sensitized roller to images on film. Transfers exposed roller to developing bath, using electric hoist. Turns roller in developing solution for specified time to dissolve sensitized coating from areas of roller that were exposed to light through film. Transfers developed roller to dye bath and turns roller in bath to dye unexposed area of roller. Transfers dyed roller to wash vat and rinses excess dye from roller. Dries roller, using cloth.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

971.687-010 ETCHER HELPER, HAND (print. & pub.)

    Assists ETCHER, HAND (print. & pub.) in etching designs on copper printing rollers: Trucks rollers from storage area to etching room. Inserts mandrel through roller and screws collar onto mandrel to hold roller in position. Assists ETCHER, HAND (print. & pub.) in lifting rollers onto machine brackets and in transferring rollers from one vat to another. Turns crank on mandrel to rotate rollers in rinsing and etching vats. Cleans solvent and acid-resistant coating from etched rollers by rubbing with sawdust or using absorbent cloth. Removes mandrel from etched rollers and trucks rollers to mending bench. Drains vats of spent etching solutions and performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with reproducing line or continuous tone copy on metallic printing plates for use in lithographic printing using lithographic process; photographing, scanning and assembling copy to produce film; and exposing and developing latent images on plate.

972.137-010 SUPERVISOR, PREPRESS (print. & pub.) alternate titles: supervisor, prep

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photography, image assembly, platemaking, and other prepress activities in preparation for offset lithographic printing: Examines work to ensure conformity to job specifications and company standards. Maintains inventory of supplies and materials, such as film, layout sheets, and plates. Oversees maintenance and repair of machines and equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May perform minor maintenance and repair of machines and equipment. May be designated according to department supervised as Camera Supervisor (print. & pub.); Scanner Supervisor (print. & pub.); Supervisor, Offset-Plate Preparation (print. & pub.); Supervisor, Stripping (print. & pub.); Systems Manager (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.281-010 DOT ETCHER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: color corrector; lithographer retoucher; process artist; tone artist

    Increases or reduces size of photographic dots by chemical or photomechanical methods to make color corrections on halftone negatives or positives to be used in preparation of lithographic printing plates: Examines film on light table to determine specified color and color balance, using magnifying glass or densitometer. Compares proof print of color separation negative or positive with customer's original sample or copy and standard color chart to determine accuracy of reproduction. Identifies and marks color discrepancies on print and film. Prepares dyes or other chemical solutions according to standard formulas and applies solution to inaccurately colored areas of film to correct color by chemical method. Blocks out or modifies color shades of film, using template, brushes, and opaque. Prepares photographic masks to protect areas of film not needing correction, using contact frame and automatic film processor or by manually cutting masking material, to correct color by photomechanical method. Determines extent of correction and exposure length needed based on experience or predetermined exposure and color charts. Places masks over separation negatives or positives and exposes film for specified time, using contact frame and automatic film processor to reduce size of photographic dots to increase or reduce color. Applies opaque to defective areas of film to block out blemishes and pinholes.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.281-018 DOT ETCHER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lithographic retoucher apprentice; tone-artist apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

972.281-022 STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC I (print. & pub.) alternate titles: color stripper; commercial stripper; image assembler; process stripper

    Plans composition of $T3film flat$T1 according to customer's requirements, applying knowledge of film assembly; pieces together and positions negative or positive film on layout sheets; and makes composite film, using precision measuring instruments, artist's work aids and photographic equipment, to assemble multi- or single-color film flat used in production of lithographic printing plates: Examines materials received with order, such as pasteup, artwork, film, prints, or customer's instructions, to determine size and dimensions, number of colors on job, and camera work needed, such as number of base negatives, halftones, color separations (film for each primary color), and $T3screen tints$T1. Determines proportions needed to reduce or enlarge photographs and graphics to fit in designated areas of film flat and prevent color overlap, using calculator or proportion scale. Receives base negatives, halftones, and color separations from PHOTOGRAPHER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) 972.382-014 and SCANNER OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 972.282-010 to be used in composition of film flat. Touches up negatives to conceal pinholes and other imperfections, using artist's brush and opaque material, or examines positive film, using magnifier, and repairs broken lines and incomplete and missing half-tone dots, using needle and crayon pencil. Tapes layout sheet or grid to illuminated table and positions masking sheet and transparent plastic sheet over layout grid to prepare for positioning of film. Positions film negatives or positives on masking sheet or transparent plastic sheet according to predetermined reference marks on layout sheet and inserts illustrations, halftones, or four-color process negatives in windows of base negatives or complementary flats (flats that will be exposed onto same plate), using tape, triangles, straightedges, dividers, and magnifiers. Selects and inserts screen tints in film flat, using knowledge of dot percentages required to obtain specific colors. Cuts out masks, using razor blade, artist's knife, or mask cutting tool, and arranges negatives in order, to prepare for contact printing, plate exposure, or proof making. Aligns multiple negatives and masks over unexposed film in vacuum frame and activates light source to make negatives or positives for final film of each color. Determines or approves plans and page sequences to lay out job for specific printing press. Pieces together and aligns negatives or positives on masking sheet or transparent plastic sheet, applying knowledge acquired from experience in film assembly to assure register and fit with all units of color, to assemble film flat. Inverts assembled film flat on table and cuts windows behind image areas of negatives or positives, using razor blade or artist's knife, to allow exposure to plate or film. Routes completed negative or positive flat to proofing area for preparation of positive or negative proof. Examines proof returned by customer and makes corrections or remakes film to meet customer's specifications. Routes completed negative or positive flat to LITHOGRAPHIC PLATEMAKER (print. & pub.) 972.381-010 for preparation of positive or negative lithographic printing plate. May draw ruled lines and borders around negatives or positives, using scribing tools. May make proof from film flat to determine accuracy of flat.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.282-010 SCANNER OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: electronic scanner operator; laser-beam-color-scanner operator

    Analyzes original copy (material to be reproduced) and operates electronic scanner to produce color-separated positive or negative films for use in production of lithographic printing plates: Analyzes original copy to evaluate color density, gradation highlights, middle tones, and shadows, using densitometer and knowledge of light and color. Types on scanner keyboard or touches mouse to symbols on scanner video display unit to input software, or turns knobs or punches buttons to set scanner to specific color density, size, screen ruling, and exposure adjustments. Loads film into film holder, places holder in exposing chamber and starts automatic vacuum system mechanism that loads and secures film on scanner drum. Activates scanner to produce positive or negative films for each primary color and black in original copy. Unloads exposed film from scanner and places film in automatic processor to develop image on film. Inspects developed film for specified results and quality, using magnifying glass and scope, and forwards acceptable negatives or positives to STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022, PROOFER, PREPRESS (print. & pub.) 972.381-034, or customer. Performs tests to determine exposure adjustments on scanner and adjusts scanner controls until specified results are obtained. May position color transparency, negative, or reflection copy on scanning drum and mount drum and head on scanner.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.282-018 ELECTRONIC MASKING SYSTEM OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: electronic plotting system operator

    Operates computerized masking system to produce stripping masks used in production of offset lithographic printing plates: Positions artist's layout (comprehensive) on digitizing table of electronic masking system to prepare for data entry in system memory. Studies layout sheet to determine shapes of windows drawn on layout sheet. Selects options on menu of electronic masking system, such as shape, dimensions of designs to be drawn, register marks, and retrieval of stored designs. Touches symbol of option selected on menu with mouse (hand held input device) and presses button on mouse to activate option. Touches reference points of designs on layout sheet, using mouse, and presses button of mouse to enter coordinates of design in system memory. Views monitors for feedback and error prompts, for visual representations of work in progress, and for numerical information such as width of line and last point plotted. Presses button to transfer data from system memory to disk. Loads drafting unit with masking material to prepare for plotting and scoring of programmed figures or loads film into plotting drum to prepare for photographic mask exposure. Presses button to activate vacuum to hold masking material in place and to activate drafting unit that scores masking material with programmed figures or activates plotting drum to make photographic mask exposure. Removes scored masking material from drafting table, places material on light table and peels scored figures from masking material, using needle and tape, or removes film from plotting drum and puts film in automatic film processor, to create masks to be used by STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022. May operate electronic plotting system to draw artwork positions on pasteup.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

972.284-010 FILM FLAT INSPECTOR (print. & pub.)

    Inspects $T3film flats$T1 for quality, content, and positioning of elements at printing establishment: Places film flats and companion materials, such as artwork, pasteups, layouts, film, and corrected proofs, on light table and examines materials, using magnifying glass to view details in materials. Examines film flat label for identifying information, such as date and job number. Compares film flat to companion materials, using knowledge of film assembly, and measures film flat with ruler to verify conformance to specifications, such as positioning of pages in rotation for folding, trim marks, colors on pages, window sizes, and size, colors, and positioning of elements, such as halftones, screen tints, and type. Examines film flats for defects, such as holes or scratches on film, overlapping or unaligned elements, and incorrect dot percentages in halftones. Returns film flat to STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022 for corrections, or repairs defects, such as pinholes or incomplete and missing halftone dots, with opaque material or needle and crayon pencil.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.381-010 LITHOGRAPHIC PLATEMAKER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: platemaker

    Exposes sensitized metal plate to positive or negative film, using vacuum frame, to produce offset lithographic printing plates: Punches holes in light-sensitive plate with register punch and inserts register pins in holes to prepare plate for contact with positive or negative film. Places plate on bed of vacuum frame and inserts positives or negatives on register pins to align positives or negatives with each other and with plate. Places masking paper on areas of plate not covered by positives or negatives to prevent exposure of those areas. Lowers top of vacuum frame onto plate and film assembly and activates vacuum to maintain contact between negative or positive film and plate. Sets timer to activate ultraviolet light that exposes plate to positives or negatives. Removes plate and film assembly from vacuum frame and places exposed plate in automatic processor to develop image and dry plate. Performs tests to determine time required for exposure by exposing plates and comparing exposure to gray scale (scale used to measure tone ranges). May replenish chemical solutions in automatic plate processor to maintain processor in working order. May expose plates, using step-and-repeat machines. May make proofs.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

972.381-014 LITHOGRAPHIC-PLATE-MAKER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lithographic-press-plate-maker apprentice, photomechanical

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

972.381-018 SKETCH MAKER II (print. & pub.)

    Sketches, photographs, and etches cloth designs on zinc plates in form that can be transferred to printing rollers by mechanical pantograph process, using precision measuring and drawing instruments, camera, and etching chemicals: Studies design and production sheet to determine number of times design will be repeated around roller, size of sketch, and number of plates required to complete sketch. Lays out reference lines on design according to location of one complete repeat of pattern and number of plates required to sketch pattern, using straightedge and pencil. Draws reference lines on zinc plates, using dividers, straightedge, and pencil. Places design under weighted door of camera and moves camera up graduated scale to enlarge pattern to specifications. Positions zinc plate on table beneath camera and aligns reference lines on plate with reference lines of reflected design. Traces around reflected outline of design, using diamond stylus, leaving specified spacing between colors to compensate for color, type of cloth, and etching process. Corrects flaws left in design by designer or artist, and reproduces design so that it will be practical for printing. Immerses sketched plate in acid solution to etch (deepen) lines of design. Washes etched plates, using water and brush. Records number of times design will be repeated around roller, number and size of plates in design, and spacings left between colors on production sheet.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.381-022 STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC II (print. & pub.) alternate titles: book stripper; stripper, black and white; stripper-opaquer

    Positions negative or positive film on layout sheets to assemble single or multiple color $T3film flats$T1 used in production of lithographic printing plates, according to customer specifications, using precision measuring instruments and artist's work aids: Touches up negatives to conceal pinholes and other imperfections, using artist's brush and opaque material or examines positive film, using magnifier, and repairs broken lines and incomplete and missing halftone dots, using needle and crayon pencil. Tapes layout sheet or grid to illuminated table and positions masking sheet and transparent plastic sheet over layout sheet to prepare for positioning of film. Positions film negatives or positives on masking sheet or transparent plastic sheet according to predetermined reference marks on layout sheet and inserts halftones, $T3screen tints$T1 or four-color process negatives in windows of base negatives or complementary flats (flats to be exposed onto same plate), using tape, triangles, straightedges, dividers, and magnifiers. Inverts assembled film flat on table and cuts windows behind image areas of negatives or positives, using razor blade or artist's knife to allow exposure to plate or film. Routes completed negative or positive flat to platemaking department for preparation of positive or negative lithographic printing plate or proof. May select screen tints to be inserted in film flat, using knowledge of dot percentages required to obtain specific colors. May draw ruled lines and borders around negatives or positives, using scribing tools.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.381-026 TRANSFERRER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: press-plate maker

    Transfers images, by hand, from photographic negatives to zinc plates for printing by lithographic process: Covers surface of grained plates with coating of photosensitive chemicals, using brush, and allows plate to dry. Mounts negative and plate in camera and activates camera that exposes sensitized plate to strong artificial light through photographic negative for specified period of time, thus reproducing (transferring) image from negative to plate.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

972.381-030 PASTE-UP ARTIST (print. & pub.) alternate titles: keyliner; mechanical artist

    Assembles typeset copy and artwork into pasteup for printing reproduction: Measures and marks board according to GRAPHIC DESIGNER (profess. & kin.) 141.061-018 or artist's layout to indicate position of artwork, typeset copy, page edges, folds, and colors, using ruler and drafting instruments. Measures artwork and layout space of artwork on pasteup and compares measurements, using ruler and proportion wheel, to determine proportions needed to make reduced or enlarged photographic prints for pasteup. Cuts and trims typeset copy and artwork to specified size, applies adhesive, and aligns artwork and typeset copy on board, following position marks, and removes excess adhesive from board, using scissors, artist's knife, and drafting instruments. Tapes transparent plastic overlay to board, positions and applies copy to plastic, and applies masking film to artwork layout space on overlay to create clear space on negative where artwork can be added later by STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I 972.281-022. Indicates crop marks and enlargement or reduction measurements on photographs with grease pencil to prepare photographs for STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I, and covers photographs with tissue paper to protect photographs. Tapes tracing paper to board to protect artwork and copy, and writes specifications on tracing paper to provide information to PHOTOGRAPHER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) 972.382-014; STRIPPER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) I; and OFFSET-PRESS OPERATOR (print. & pub.) I 651.382-042. May make negatives or prints of artwork, using photographic equipment, to prepare artwork for pasteup. May operate phototypesetter to prepare typeset copy for pasteup. May operate electronic plotter to draw artwork positions on pasteup.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.381-034 PROOFER, PREPRESS (print. & pub.)

    Makes single or multicolored prepress proofs of text and graphics, performing any combination of following duties: Places base material and color coated sheet or light sensitive film into laminating machine that transfers pigment from sheet or laminates light sensitive film to base. Exposes base to corresponding color-separated negative or positive film, using vacuum frame, and places color coated base in automatic processor that develops and reveals color image on base, or places light sensitive base into corresponding color bin of automatic toner machine that deposits powdered ink pigment onto image. Registers succeeding color negatives or positives over base, using magnifier or register device system, and repeats process to produce multicolor proof. Exposes film to proofing paper to make single-color proof. Exposes film to colored base material to produce overlay of each color, and assembles and aligns individual overlays on top of one another to form multicolor overlay proof. Compares test exposures to quality control color guides to determine data for exposure settings. Measures density levels of colors or color guides on proofs, using densitometer, and compares readings to set standards. Mixes powdered ink pigments, using ink matching book and measuring and mixing tools, to create nonstandard colors, and applies ink pigments to base by hand. Immerses exposed materials in chemical baths to hand-develop proofing materials. Method used to make proof is determined by brand of equipment and quality of proof required.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 89

972.381-038 PASTE-UP ARTIST APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.382-010 PHOTOGRAPHER APPRENTICE, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) alternate titles: copy-camera-operator apprentice; lithographer apprentice; photolithographer apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.382-014 PHOTOGRAPHER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lithographic-camera operator; photolithographer; photolithographic process worker; process-camera operator

    Sets up and operates horizontal or vertical process camera to photograph illustrations and printed material and produce film used in preparation of lithographic printing plates: Mounts material to be photographed on copyboard of camera, and adjusts camera settings to enlarge or reduce size of copy to be reproduced. Selects and places screen over high contrast film in camera to reproduce image with dot pattern for halftone printing. Places color filters between lens and film to produce four-color separations. Performs exposure tests to determine line, halftone, and color reproduction exposure lengths for various photographic factors, such as type of camera, screens, films, and light intensity. Measures degrees of darkness (density) of continuous tone images to be photographed, using densitometer, and enters readings into exposure control system of process camera to set exposure time for halftone images. Adjusts lens and copyboard for reduction or enlargement of copy and focus, adjusts lights, and exposes high contrast film for predetermined period of time. Places film in automatic film processor that develops, fixes, washes, and dries film. ay immerse film in series of chemical baths to develop image on film and hang film on rack to dry for manual method of processing film. May measure original layouts and determine proportions needed to make reduced or enlarged photographic prints for pasteup.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

972.382-018 PHOTO MASK MAKER, ELECTRON-BEAM (electron. comp.) alternate titles: electron-beam operator

    Operates computer-controlled electron-beam exposure equipment to transfer circuit pattern onto photoresist-coated photo mask plates for subsequent use in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Loads disk or tape of pattern information into equipment, and positions unexposed photo mask plate in vacuum chamber of equipment. Types commands to enter exposure specifications and production instructions and activate equipment that directs electron beam at specified locations on coated photo mask plate to expose photoresist. Develops and etches exposed photo mask plate, using automatic developing and etching equipment. Inspects pattern on photo mask plate for conformance to specifications, using microscope and specialized inspection devices.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

972.382-022 PHOTO MASK TECHNICIAN, ELECTRON-BEAM (electron. comp.)

    Generates computer tape or disk of processing instructions for use in electron-beam fabrication of photo masks used in integrated circuit (IC) manufacture, using computer graphics system and software and applying knowledge of photo mask layout: Reviews work order and specification manuals to determine data required to lay out array (arrangement of integrated circuit layer patterns) for reproduction onto photo mask. Enters commands into computer, using keyboard, to retrieve from data file and display on display screen existing array format information. Calculates additional array information required, such as array center and coordinates, number of rows and columns in array, and location of test patterns in array, following specification manual and work order instructions. Locates file (computer tape) relating to specified IC layer and loads tape into computer tape drive. Enters specified commands into computer, using keyboard to retrieve IC layer pattern from file and display pattern on array format on computer display screen. Positions IC layer patterns and test patterns within array format on display screen, using knowledge of photo mask layout and computer graphics. Enters electron-beam exposure instructions into computer and keys in commands to transfer array data and exposure instructions onto computer disk or tape for use by PHOTO MASK MAKER, ELECTRON-BEAM (electron. comp.) 972.382-018. May enter commands into computer, using keyboard, to transfer IC layer patterns onto hard copy (plots), using plotter peripheral equipment. May inspect plots of IC layer patterns for layout errors.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

972.384-014 PLATEMAKER, SEMICONDUCTOR PACKAGES (electron. comp.)

    Prints and develops printing plates used in printing symbols and numbers on semiconductor packages: Types identifying symbols and numbers on paper or rubs transfer sheet to transfer symbols and numbers onto paper. Places paper containing identification information on camera grid. Places specified lens on camera holder and presses buttons and turns handles to adjust camera focus. Mounts film in guide slot of camera and pushes button to expose film to identify information. Removes exposed film from camera and places film in developer that automatically develops and dries negative. Inserts negative (containing image of identification information) and sheet of polymer into exposure machine. Activates machine to expose negative polymer sheet to print negative image on polymer and form printing plate. Removes polymer plate and places plate in envelope. Maintains production records and machines. May place semiconductor packages in oven to set or dry printing. May immerse printed packages in chemical solution to test durability of printing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

972.681-010 MUSIC ENGRAVER (print. & pub.)

    Engraves words and music on zinc plates used to print sheet music, following original manuscripts: Rules staff lines on plate, allowing for even margins. Stamps letters, words, and musical symbols in specified position on plate, using metal dies and hammer. Taps and scrapes engraved plates to smooth surface and prepare plates for use in printing presses, using ball peen hammers and hand scrapers.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

972.682-010 PLATE GRAINER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: plate preparer; zinc-plate grainer

    Operates plate graining machine to roughen (grain) faces of flexible sheets of zinc or aluminum metal for use in offset-photolithographic printing: Operates power shear to cut sheets of aluminum and zinc to size, and clamps them to bed of graining machine tub (tray). Operates hydraulic lifting and tilting mechanism attached to machine to load and unload machine with specified amount of steel or wooden balls, water, and abrasive. Washes sediment from plates with water hose at end of graining cycle and places on conveyor for further washing under water jets and drying under heating unit. Examines each plate with magnifier at inspection table for uniformity, size, and structure of grain. Stacks plates in shipping crate. Rolls out and hammers used plates to remove gripper marks, dents, and bent corners. Lubricates machine and replaces worn bearings. May grain plates by wet or dry sandblasting. May feed plates through graining machine having reel-type nylon brush which roughens surface with abrasive and water. May grain plates with glass marbles.
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.682-014 PLATE-GRAINER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: stone-and-plate-preparer apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

972.687-010 PLATE INSPECTOR (print. & pub.)

    Inspects offset lithographic printing plates for quality and content at printing establishment: Visually examines plates for defects, such as spaces, spots, broken type, and crooked or overlapping halftones, and views film and $T3film flat$T1 used to produce plates to determine cause of defect. Compares halftones and $T3screen tints$T1 on plates to film flat, using magnifier, to detect overdevelopment or underdevelopment of plates. Measures plates with ruler and compares measurements and appearance of plates to prepress proofs to verify accuracy of positioning and presence of artwork and type for each color. Applies correcting solutions to plates or notifies supervisor of defects and suspected causes. Delivers plates meeting establishment criteria and companion materials, such as artwork, proofs, pasteups, film, and film flats, to press for printing.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 89


    This group includes occupations concerned with setting and distributing type by hand; making up and tearing down forms, including handset and machine-set type, mounted plates, and spacing material; locking forms; and pulling proofs. Occupations concerned with typesetting by word processing methods are found in Group 203.

973.137-010 SUPERVISOR, COMPOSING-ROOM (print. & pub.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in setting type by hand and machine for printing books, magazines, newspapers, catalogs, and pamphlets. Inspects typesetting operations to verify conformance with work order specifications. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

973.381-010 COMPOSITOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: typesetter; typographer

    Sets type by hand and machine, and assembles type and cuts in galley for printing articles, headings, and other printed matter, determining type size, style, and compositional pattern from work order: Measures copy with line gauge to determine length of line. Sets composing stick to line length indicated on line gauge. Selects type from type case and sets it in compositional sequence, reading from copy. Inserts spacers between words or units to balance and justify lines. Transfers type from stick to galley when setup is complete. Inserts leads, slugs, or lines of quads between lines to adjust length of setup. Prepares proof copy of setup, using proof press. Examines proof for errors, corrects setup, and forwards it to imposing stone or bank. Cleans type after use and distributes it to specified boxes in type case. May set type to print copy that is unaccompanied by specifications, using knowledge of composition and printing processes. May be designated Job Compositor (print. & pub.) when setting type in commercial printing establishments or Ad Compositor (print. & pub.) when assembling type and cuts for display advertisements.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-014 COMPOSITOR APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: typesetter apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-018 JOB PRINTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: country printer; printer

    Sets type according to copy and operates cylinder or automatic platen press to print complete job order: Selects type from type case and inserts type in printer's stick to reproduce material in copy. Inserts spacers between words and leads between lines. Slides type from stick into galley. Removes assembled type from galley and places type on composing stone. Places chase over type, inserts quoins, and locks chase to hold type. Lays form (type in locked chase) on bed of proof press, inks type, fastens sheet of paper to press roller, and pulls roller over form to make proof copy. Reads proof for errors and clarity of impression. Corrects errors by resetting type and improves impression by tapping face of type with hammer. Positions form (type in locked chase) on bed of press and tightens clamps, using wrench. Fills ink fountain and moves lever to adjust flow of ink. Sets feed guides according to size and thickness of paper. Runs proofsheet through press and examines sheet for clarity of impression. Pushes button to start press, examines printed sheets, and adjusts press when printing is defective. Cleans ink rollers at end of run.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-022 JOB-PRINTER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.) alternate titles: country-printer apprentice; printer's devil

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-026 MAKE-UP ARRANGER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: stone hand

    Arranges, groups, and locks galley setups of type, cuts, and headings in chases, according to dummy makeup sheet, for direct printing, reproduction proofs, or fabrication of stereotype and electrotype plates: Positions chase on imposing stone and transfers type and cuts from galley to chase, arranging type forms and units as specified on makeup sheet. Inserts lead or wooden strips between forms and units to maintain spacing during printing. Places quoins between type matter and chase frame and turns quoin key or setscrews in chase frame to lock type in place. May refile type in storage cabinets or dump type in remelt box subsequent to printing. May cut wood or lead strips to size to fabricate spacing inserts, using power saw.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.381-030 PROOFSHEET CORRECTOR (print. & pub.)

    Replaces slugs in set type to correct errors indicated on proofsheet preparatory to printing of final copy: Arranges galleys of linotype slugs (takes) in sequence on correction table. Compares corrected type slugs against proof to detect errors. Compares guide symbols on proof with galley symbol, and reads portion of proof and galley text to locate positions for insertion of corrected slugs. Removes incorrect portion and manually inserts corrections. Cuts slugs to size to achieve specified fit, using electric saw. Keeps tabular material in specified sequence when correcting type line errors or adding new lines. Stores proofs in designated drawers and in sequence for specified period and disposes of obsolete proofs. Removes unwanted portions of lines from previously published editions, inserts new or corrected lines, and rearranges balance of slugs for next edition.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

973.681-010 GALLEY STRIPPER (print. & pub.)

    Prepares page layouts, arranges, and mounts galleys of type, illustrations, sketches, and folios to be used in preparing printed material, using drafting and cutting instruments: Measures and marks paper according to artist's layout, customer specifications, and instructions of supervisor to determine position of type and other material, using rules and drafting instruments. Cuts out and removes errors in galley, using cutting instruments, and strips in corrections or alterations, using tape. Cuts out illustrations, type matter, and other material, using scissors or knife, and arranges and fits material or positions material for emphasis on paper according to layout marks.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with reproducing printing surface of units of type, line or halftone plates, or full pages, using an electrochemical process that plates a mold of type surface with copper, chrome, or other metal to form a shell, backed with type metal; or by making a matrix of type and casting a curved or flat plate in stereotype metal; routing or planing cast plate to specified thickness; and mounting plates for printing.


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparation of duplicate electrotype and stereotype printing plates: Examines items, such as plastic molds, proof prints, stereotype casting molds, and finished printing plates to ensure conformance to company standards or customer specifications. Requisitions parts, supplies, and materials. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.381-010 ELECTROTYPER (print. & pub.)

    Fabricates and finishes duplicate electrotype printing plates, according to specifications, using handtools, electroplating equipment, and metal casting, trimming, and forming machines: Forms plastic mold of composed type and cuts, using sheet-molding fiber and hydraulic press. Sprays mold with silver solution and immerses mold in plating tank. Separates mold from plated shell and fills back of shell with molten lead to form plate, using pouring ladle or casting machine. Removes excess metal from edges and back of plate, using power shear and milling machines. Examines plate to detect imperfect formation of halftone dots, lines, and type, using magnifier, and corrects defects, using engraver's handtools, punches, and hammer. Mounts finished plates on wood or metal blocks for flatbed presses or curves plate for cylinder presses, using hammer, nails, bonding press, or plate-curving machine. Removes excess metal from nonprinting areas of plate surface, using radial or cylindrical routing machine. May operate proof press to obtain proof of plate reproduction and registration. May revise plates to customer's specifications. May be known according to task performed as Electrotype Caster (print. & pub.); Electrotype Molder (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.381-014 ELECTROTYPER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.382-010 STEREOTYPER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.382-014 STEREOTYPER (print. & pub.)

    Operates machines to press face of composed type and plates into wood-fiber mat to form stereotype casting mold, pour molten metal into mold, and finish castings by cutting, shaving, and trimming to form plates for printing: Drills matching holes in series of mounted color plates to be duplicated and inserts pilot pins in base to register all plates to key plate for mat molding. Lays sheet of mat paper on form or plates, covers assembly with molding blanket and protective sheet, and pushes assembly to self-feeding rollers of mat-rolling machine or into cavity of hydraulic press. Adjusts time, temperature, and pressure controls to form and dry mold. Cuts and pastes pieces of paper felt or cardboard in large nonprinting areas of mat to prevent collapse during casting of plate. Aligns and notches mats of series with key color mat (mold), using matching machine with monocolor magnifier attachment. Aligns notches with pins of trimming machine and pushes lever to trim three edges of mat simultaneously. Lays mat on casting box platen and arranges steel bars on three sides of mat to confine molten type metal. Pours metal into casting box by hand or operates automatic stereotype plate-casting machine. Trims plates to specified size [PLATE FINISHER (print. & pub.)]. Coats curved plates with nickel [PLATER (electroplating)]. ay register series of color plates and mats by transparent acetate overlay process. May be designated according to task performed as Stereotype Caster (print. & pub.); Stereotype Molder (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

974.682-010 BLOCKER, METAL BASE (print. & pub.)

    Operates machines to cast blocks of type metal, mill blocks to specified size, and bond blocks to printing plates: Fills melting pot of stereotype casting machine with bars of metal alloy and sets thermostatic control. Tightens clamps on casting box cover and raises casting box to vertical position. Moves lever on melting pot to open pouring gate or ladles molten metal into honeycomb mold in casting box. Removes cast metal block from casting box after it has cooled and cuts to size on trim saw. Operates block leveling machine to mill block surface to specified height. Cuts sheet of thermoplastic bond film to size. Inserts film between plate back and block top and places assembly on sliding table of heat press. Makes proof of cut on transparent plastic sheet to verify color register, using proof press. Marks plates for filing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with photographing flat copy; enlarging or reducing copy by projection printing; contact printing; developing and fixing negatives, positives, and prints; developing and printing still or motion-picture black-and-white or color film; toning, dodging, or otherwise controlling resulting prints; and mixing photographic chemicals.

976.131-010 LABORATORY CHIEF (photofinishing) alternate titles: laboratory manager; photographic-laboratory supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in developing photographic prints from negatives, copying and enlarging prints, and in production of lantern slides, and airbrushing and retouching prints: Inspects finished film and prints for sharpness, color balance, and brilliance. Directs workers in care and setting up of field laboratory equipment. Requisitions and distributes materials and supplies. Assists workers in performance of tasks, such as airbrushing and retouching photographic prints. May set up and adjust laboratory equipment. May assist in classification of pictures as confidential or restricted before their release from laboratory. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May supervise and coordinate crew engaged in developing, printing, enlarging, and finishing prints in portable truck-drawn photographic laboratory and be designated Trailer Chief (photofinishing).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

976.131-014 SUPERVISOR, FILM PROCESSING (motion picture; photofinishing; radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: film technician; laboratory contact supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in developing exposed black-and-white and color motion picture film. Examines samples of developed film for defects, such as scratches, cracks, and contours. Directs workers to make machine adjustments to correct defects. Monitors gauges of developing solution tanks to ensure adherence to specifications. Sets up or corrects set-up of photographic processing machines. Collects and submits film strips and processing solutions to quality control department for analysis. Mends film breaks, replaces film reels, and performs minor repair work on machines, using handtools. Notifies maintenance supervisor when major repair is required. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in microfilm reproduction activities, including laboratory processing, computer output microfilming, optical character recognition and microfiche duplicating: Advises customer agencies of services available, equipment needs, and microfilming costs. Operates and repairs microfilming equipment as required to provide continuing service. Provides advice and counsel to units of local government and private agencies with respect to technical and procedural aspects of microfilming. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.131-022 SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (photofinishing)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting, testing, and processing photographic materials and conducts tests to establish and maintain quality standards: Instructs workers in use of equipment and procedures and tours department to evaluate quality of work. Performs tests on film strips to determine photographic density, using densitometer, and records readings on chart to plot changes from established norms. Computes setup time factors for printing equipment to determine optional settings for color and density, using mathematical formulas, and sets up or notifies other workers to set up equipment accordingly. Authorizes adjustments when workers report significant change in temperature readings of equipment. Inspects equipment to detect mechanical malfunctioning and confers with maintenance personnel to authorize and schedule repairs. Advises management on adaptability of new processes or purchase of new equipment. Studies production records, company operational reports, customer comments, and manufacturers' recommendations for use and operation of photographic equipment to establish quality control standards. Prepares reports, such as budget of operational expenses, stock inventories, and personnel evaluation and submits reports to management. Confers with administrative and technical personnel to coordinate interdepartmental workflow. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.131-026 SUPERVISOR, TYPE PHOTOGRAPHY (machinery mfg.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photographing, developing, printing, examining, measuring, and sorting type characters used in production of phototypesetting type disks: Schedules daily production activities, utilizing computerized production control system, and assigns work to staff based on priorities, knowledge of worker capability, and capacity of machines and equipment. Observes workflow to ensure schedules are maintained. Examines production operations at each station to ensure adherence to specifications and quality standards, using comparator-profile projector and rules. Confers with staff to resolve production problems and provide technical assistance. Interviews job applicants and trains new staff. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

976.132-010 SUPERVISOR, FILM PROCESSING (photofinishing)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photofinishing operations, such as preparing photographic negatives and paper, and developing, sorting, and checking prints: Trains new workers and demonstrates new techniques to improve skills of experienced workers. Flips switches and turns controls on master panelboard to start photographic processing equipment, admit solutions to processing tanks, and to adjust solution temperature and flow rate. Monitors operation of machinery and equipment to detect defective parts. Repairs defects, such as loose nuts and bolts, and notifies maintenance department when major repairs are required. ay perform duties of subordinates to maintain production or to replace absent worker. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.134-010 SUPERVISOR, CUTTING AND SPLICING (motion picture; photofinishing)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in numbering, cutting, assembling, splicing, and inspecting negative slide or motion picture film: Trains new workers in techniques, such as cutting out censored or defective scenes from film strip, assembling and splicing film strips together, and printing footage numbers on film rolls. Inserts film strip in splicing machine to test sealing unit and adjusts temperature controls of machine to obtain permanent seal without burning film. Inserts film strips in stapling machine to ascertain that film is secured in prescribed manner. Examines assembled film over bench lamp to detect cutting and splicing errors and to verify edited arrangement of picture sequence according to work order and editorial instructions. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.137-014 SUPERVISOR, FINISHING DEPARTMENT (photofinishing) alternate titles: checking department supervisor; finishing department supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting, checking, spotting, mounting, pricing, and packaging film negatives and prints to prepare orders for shipment: Plans and conducts training programs for new workers and to improve skills of experienced workers. Inspects work in progress to verify consistency of workers' decisions with company standards. Inspects equipment, makes minor adjustments, and confers with maintenance personnel to schedule major repairs. Reviews price listings of merchandise and indicates price changes on listings according to instructions from management. Requisitions supplies according to worker requirements and records of supplies on hand. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May perform duties of subordinates to prevent production lag.
GOE: 05.09.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.267-010 QUALITY-CONTROL TECHNICIAN (photofinishing)

    Examines photographic prints, processed film, cameras and other photographic equipment for defects or faulty operation to determine course of action required to satisfy customer complaints: Reviews unresolved requests for adjustment of complaints and reads customer comments to determine basis of complaint and plan of action needed to resolve complaint. Spreads negatives and prints on illuminated worktable and uses magnifying glass to detect defects, such as incorrect coloring, shading, or cutting. Determines cause of defect and type correction required based on knowledge of photo processing and finishing techniques. Prepares memorandum to processing department and confers with SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (photofinishing) to suggest remedies to prevent subsequent errors in processing. Contacts customer to explain causes for defects and confers with sales-service personnel to resolve technical questions and to demonstrate correct usage of photographic equipment. Prepares reports indicating complaints handled and dispositions made.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.360-010 PRINT CONTROLLER (photofinishing)

    Sets up and adjusts photographic print developing equipment according to density, color, and size of prints: Positions film in densitometer, reads dials, and records findings on plot sheet to locate defects in density and color balance. Confers with SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (photofinishing) to determine adjustments required to bring print machine into balance. Runs test film strip through print machine to evaluate machine exposure. Removes cover from control panel of print machine to gain access to control shafts and adjustment knobs, using wrench. Plugs electric timer into printer to determine time elapsed during printing operation. Starts equipment, observes timer, and adjusts shafts and knobs to attain specified process settings, using handtools. Locks control shafts of printer into position subsequent to final adjustment to prevent shifting in color or density balance during printing. Keeps record of adjustments made for departmental use.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.361-010 REPRODUCTION TECHNICIAN (any industry) alternate titles: copy-camera operator; photolith operator; vacuum-frame operator

    Duplicates printed material on sensitized paper, cloth, or film according to customer specifications, using photographic equipment and handtools: Reads work order and confers with supervisor to determine processes, techniques, equipment, and materials required. Places original on sensitized material in vacuum frame. Mounts camera on tripod or stand and loads prescribed type and size film in camera. Sets camera controls to regulate exposure time according to line density of original and type of sensitized material. Activates camera to expose sensitized material, imprinting original on material. Develops exposed material [DEVELOPER (photofinishing) 976.681-010]. Examines developed reprint for defects, such as broken lines, spots, and blurs, and touches up defects, using chemicals, inks, brushes, and pens. May enlarge reprints [PROJECTION PRINTER (photofinishing) 976.381-018]. May reprint original in sections and piece sections together.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.362-010 FILM INSPECTOR (photofinishing) alternate titles: quality-control projectionist; reel-film inspector

    Operates motion picture projector to inspect home movie film and visually examines slides for defects to determine need for reprocessing and repair: Randomly selects specified number of home movie reels and inserts reels in magazine of projector. Threads film through projector onto take-up reel. Starts projector and adjusts lens to focus image on screen. Examines projected image to detect defective exposure or color density and presence of scratches or foreign matter. Records findings on quality control sheet and notifies processing department personnel regarding need for machine adjustments or customer regarding defective camera lens. Measures width of film to determine accuracy of slitting, using precision measuring instrument, and notifies slitting department personnel when width is not within specified tolerances. Examines specified number of randomly selected photographic slides to detect scratches or defects in color density, accuracy, and exposure. Records type defect and reprocessing required on quality control form and routes form and defective slides to processing department. Conveys acceptable reels and slides to packaging department. Collects daily reports from production personnel, totals production figures, and calculates production averages to determine whether quotas have been met.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77


    Sets up and operates computerized photofinishing equipment to produce color photographic prints from negatives: Develops test film strip and prints test photographic prints from negative at specified intervals, using film processing and printing equipment, to ensure photofinishing equipment functions according to processing standards. Tests film strip and prints for conformance to color density values, using densitometer. Plots and records reading on charts and compares results with standards to ascertain color balance deviation and need for program changes, following processing control manual. Keys program changes into computer and posts changes in processing log to maintain record of changes. Measures and mixes specified chemicals and transfers solutions to reservoirs of photofinishing equipment. Reads customer photofinishing order to ascertain film type, number of prints desired, and delivery date and to determine machine settings and lens requirement for printing photos. Replaces lens and negative carrier in printer according to film type to be processed. Adjusts controls to regulate frame and paper size. Scans computer display unit to ensure specified program mode is operational and inputs code changes. Keys in billing information according to film type and number of exposures to be printed. Positions negatives in frame of carrier and depresses pedal to actuate printing action. Examines prints for variations from standards and keys in computer changes to maintain computer programming of color values in printing operation. Removes customer sales slip from billing unit and attaches slip to envelope containing customer film and prints.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

976.381-010 FILM LABORATORY TECHNICIAN I (motion picture)

    Evaluates motion picture film to determine characteristics, such as sensitivity to light, density, and exposure time required for printing, using sensitometer, densitometer, and timer lights: Threads film strip through sensitometer, exposes film to light, and reads gauges to determine film's sensitivity to light. Threads film strip through densitometer and exposes film to light to determine density of film. Computes amount of light intensity needed to compensate for density of film, using standardized formulas. Exposes film strip to progressively timed lights to compare effects of various exposure times. Examines developed film strip to determine optimal exposure time and light intensity required for printing. Records test data and routes to FILM DEVELOPER (motion picture; photofinishing) and FILM PRINTER (motion picture). May be designated according to specialty as Densitometrist (motion picture); Sensitometrist (motion picture); Timer (motion picture).
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.381-014 MICROFICHE DUPLICATOR (business ser.)

    Prepares microfiche duplicates of microfilm, using contact printer and developing machine: Cuts roll of exposed microfilm to specified lengths, using paper cutter. Aligns film strips in lighted vacuum box and tapes strips together to assemble master print. Inserts master print and sensitized paper into vacuum frame of printer, sets timer, and activates printer to transfer image from master print to paper, producing microfiche print. Feeds print into machine that develops and fixes image by heat-ammonia process [BLUEPRINTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) 979.682-014]. Positions print on lighted table and examines print to detect imperfections, using magnifier. Affixes identification label to microfiche print.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.381-018 PROJECTION PRINTER (photofinishing) alternate titles: photograph enlarger; projection-camera operator

    Produces enlarged or reduced photographic prints from original negative or positive, using projection printer: Sorts orders according to type, size, and processing requirements. Examines negative for contrast to determine grade of sensitized paper required for print. Places sensitized paper on easel and adjusts sliding arms of easel to outline specified area on paper, or threads paper through guides onto takeup spool and secures with tape. Places negative in holder and slides holder beneath light. Raises or lowers carriage of printer to focus image within outlined area on paper. Selects lens assembly according to size and type of negative to be printed and positions lens in holder. Adjusts lens opening, sets exposure timer, and starts machine. Varies contrast by shading darker image areas with hand or sheet of paper (dodging). Develops exposed paper [DEVELOPER (photofinishing)]. Examines developed prints to detect color deficiencies, scratches, and dust specks, and retouches print to remove defects, using paints, pencils, brush, and cloth. Computes customer charges and maintains production record.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.381-022 TEMPLATE REPRODUCTION TECHNICIAN (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: tooling reproduction technician

    Reproduces images of engineering drawings, tracings, stencils, layouts, templates, and other work aids onto base materials to produce working patterns used in manufacturing aircraft parts, using photographic and x-ray reproduction cameras, contact printers, and related equipment: Reads work order to determine nature of material to be copied, enlargement or reduction required, and equipment to be used. Sets up, operates, and adjusts photographic and reduction equipment to produce pattern negatives and to reproduce image from negative onto emulsion-treated or sensitized base material. Mixes developing and processing solutions, and immerses exposed materials in developing, processing, and rinsing solutions to produce image, manually or using material handling devices. Visually inspects image for quality. Cuts base material to specified dimensions, using power shear. May operate equipment to wash and dry processed materials. May operate photographic equipment to reproduce pattern on transparent plastic film. May laminate sensitized material onto base material.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

976.382-010 CAMERA OPERATOR, TITLE (motion picture)

    Photographs title cards bearing foreign-language titles and dialogue on standard motion picture film for use with films for export: Sets title card on photographing rack. Switches on mercury light. Mounts rolls of film in camera and adjusts and focuses lens. Photographs title cards, removes film from camera, and forwards it for developing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

976.382-014 COLOR-PRINTER OPERATOR (photofinishing)

    Controls equipment to produce color prints from negatives: Reads customer instructions to determine processing requirement. Loads roll or magazine of printing paper into color printing equipment. Examines color negative to determine equipment control settings for production of prints meeting acceptable color-fidelity standards. Sets controls in accordance with examination, loads negative into machine, and starts machine to produce specified number of prints. Removes printed photographic paper from machine and places paper in film bag for further processing or in developing machine. Inspects finished prints for defects, such as dust and smudges, and removes defects, using brush, cloth, and cleaning fluid. Inserts processed negatives and prints into envelope for return to customer.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 87

976.382-018 FILM DEVELOPER (motion picture; photofinishing) alternate titles: developer operator

    Operates machine to develop still or motion-picture film: Pulls reel of motion-picture film or rack of film strips through trapdoor into darkroom. Examines film to determine type processing required, utilizing knowledge of film developing techniques. Feels edges of film to detect tears and repairs film, using hand stapler. Mounts film in guide slot of developing machine according to length of time required for processing and pulls lever to lower film into processing position. Flips switch to start machine that transports film through series of solutions and into drying cabinet to develop and dry film. Observes film passing through machine to determine density of image and adjusts machine controls to shorten or lengthen path of film through solutions according to observation. May be designated according to type film developed as Negative Developer (motion picture; photofinishing); Positive Developer (motion picture; photofinishing).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

976.382-022 PHOTOSTAT OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: photocopy operator

    Sets up and operates photostat machine to duplicate printed material, such as manuscripts: Places roll of sensitized paper in machine. Measures length and width of material to be copied, using rule. Computes percentage of enlargement or reproduction necessary, using chart or percentage scale. Mounts material on easel beneath lens, turns on light, and moves controls to focus lens on material. Estimates exposure time, according to size of lens aperture, grade of sensitized paper, and intensity of light. Places filter over lens to make color separation when copying color work. Sets automatic timer and starts exposure. Rolls exposed section of sensitized paper into developer tank inside machine and presses lever to cut section from roll. Turns crank to transfer print to pan of hypo (fixing fluid) attached to machine. Examines print for sharpness of line. Rinses developed print in water and places print in heated drying cabinet, between blotters, or on heated cylinders of roll-dryer. Trims excess margin from dried print, using cutting blade.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.382-030 PHOTOGRAPHIC ALIGNER, SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: aligner

    Operates photographic equipment to align and expose mask circuit pattern with photoresist-coated semiconductor wafer to produce image of circuit pattern on wafer surface: Inserts mask into aligning equipment. Places wafer in wafer holders, such as chuck or conveyor, using tweezers or vacuum wand, to load aligning equipment. Presses buttons to position wafers underneath microscope and aligning head. Observes wafer through microscope and turns knobs to align mask with index points on wafer. Presses button to activate wafer exposing cycle. aintains production records.
GOE: 06.02.18 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 86


    Operates step-and-repeat camera and film developer to reduce electronic drawings to specified size and to repeat pattern on photographic (photo mask) plates used in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Positions and aligns electronic drawing and photographic plates in holding fixtures of camera. Turns adjustment knobs to attain specified focus. Sets control panel dials according to specifications, or loads preprogrammed tape into computerized control panel, and activates camera. Feeds film into automatic machine that develops, fixes, washes, and dries film, or moves film from tank to tank in developing unit, using tongs or tweezers and utilizing knowledge of film development techniques to develop film. Records process information in production log. May inspect electronic drawing or exposed plate.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

976.382-038 PHOTO MASK PATTERN GENERATOR (electron. comp.) alternate titles: pattern generator operator

    Operates pattern-generating machine to transfer integrated circuit pattern onto surface of $T3reticle$T1 for use by PHOTO MASK PROCESSOR (electron. comp.) 976.384-014 in production of photo mask plates used in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Reads specifications to determine production data and enters data into pattern-generating machine, using keyboard. Loads digitizer tape into machine reader to control exposure process. Positions unexposed photoresist coated reticle on projection stage of machine and adjusts focus. Types commands to activate machine that exposes photoresist on reticle to circuit pattern. Tends developing and etching equipment to develop and etch pattern on reticle. Inspects reticle for defects, using microscope.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 86

976.384-010 PHOTO TECHNICIAN (electron. comp.)

    Prints and develops film of circuit designs for use in fabricating printed circuit boards (PCB's), using photographic equipment and knowledge of photographic processing: Reads work order to determine photographic techniques required. Aligns artwork developed from circuitry blueprint and other specifications with duplicating film on darkroom light table, following prescribed procedures. Tapes materials to table or closes table lid and depresses control to activate vacuum device that holds work in alignment during processing. Adjusts camera settings for reduction or enlargement of image, according to work order specifications, and sets or activates timer that controls exposure time of film. Feeds exposed film into machine that develops, fixes, washes, and dries film [PRINT DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing) 976.685-026]. Examines film to verify that reproduced image meets quality standards. May touch up artwork or developed film, using tape, knife, brush, or pen. May submerse exposed film in series of baths to develop and fix image, and dry film, using squeegee and electric dryer. May print and develop circuit image on diazo film, using automatic equipment, and be designated Diazo Technician (electron. comp.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 86

976.384-014 PHOTO MASK PROCESSOR (electron. comp.)

    Prints and develops working photo mask plates from master plate for subsequent use in fabrication of semiconductor devices: Reads work order to determine process specifications. Loads unexposed plates and master plate in holding fixture of printing machine. Adjusts controls and activates machine that exposes blank plates to image on master plate. Develops exposed plates, using developing equipment, chemicals, and dryer. Cleans developing equipment periodically and refills chemicals in developing sinks. Cleans master plate at specified intervals, using cleaning and rinsing solutions and ultrasonic equipment.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 88

976.385-010 MICROFILM PROCESSOR (business ser.)

    Tends machine that automatically processes microfilm and examines processed film to ensure that quality of microfiche meets established standards: Loads film into magazine of camera under darkroom conditions, attaches magazine to camera, and splices end of film to leader in machine to facilitate threading film, using splicing tape. Flips switches and turns valves to activate machine components and functions, such as blower, squeegee, water flow into processor, and rate of processing chemical replenishment. Monitors machine warning lights to detect processing malfunctions, such as break in film or leader, and takes action to correct malfunction, using knowledge of machine operation. Records film processing information, such as film type, developing speed, and rate of chemical replenishment to maintain film log. Examines processed film to ensure numerical order and clarity of microfiche, using film winder, light table, and magnifier. arks defective microfiche section of film and lists identifying number of sections on identification sheet to indicate refilming required. Measures optical density of random film section to ensure standard processing, using densitometer. Places film on cutter, aligns markings on cutter and film, and moves cutting instrument across film to separate individual microfiche sections of film. Discards defective microfiche and places acceptable microfiche in envelope for further processing. Mixes processing chemicals to maintain supply, following specified formula, using mixing machine. Processes sample film and measures density of film to enable MICROFILM-CAMERA OPERATOR (business ser.) 976.682-022 to determine exposure settings for new batches of film.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

976.487-010 PHOTOGRAPH FINISHER (photofinishing) alternate titles: print finisher

    Performs any combination of following tasks to dry, trim, and mount photographic prints: Places washed print on conveyor leading to heated rotating cylinder that dries and flattens print. Trims print edges, using paper cutter or scissors. Inserts print in specified frame or mounts print on material, such as paper, cardboard, or fabric, using cement or hand operated press. Inserts print and corresponding negative in customer envelope. Computes price of order, according to size and number of prints, and marks price on customer envelope. May cut film lengthwise to separate individual print rolls, using slitting machine.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.564-010 DETAILER, SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPHS (photofinishing)

    Performs variety of tasks to prepare and disseminate school photographs: Reads photographer's work orders and records information, such as number of prints and type finish specified, as guide for processing film. Assigns control number to each order. Records customer charges on worksheet and submits to accounting department for billing. Sorts and bags film according to processing required. Cuts prints to prepare composite for group photographs, using chopping block, die, and mallet. Assembles composite and mails to picture service for processing of negative. Routes composite negative to printing section and records cost of composite service. Feeds specified photographs in gluing machine that automatically applies adhesive backing to photographs. Confers with photographers to discuss school programs available, costs, and shipping dates. Confers with customers to resolve complaints regarding missing or defective photographs. Cuts out, arranges, and pastes letters, numbers, and pictures to design advertising circulars. Maintains records indicating orders received, unit prices charged, and department earnings.
GOE: 07.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.567-010 FILM-REPLACEMENT ORDERER (motion picture)

    Orders replacement footage for defective motion-picture negative film: Ascertains reel number of film, footage of film to be replaced, and intensity of light required for printing replacement. Transcribes this information on replacement ticket and delivers ticket to FILM PRINTER (motion picture).
GOE: 07.07.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.665-010 TAKE-DOWN SORTER (photofinishing)

    Sorts and examines processed photographic film, repairs defective film, and tends drying cabinet that dries film: Flips switch to activate exhaust fan of drier, reads temperature gauge, and adjusts heat controls to maintain specified temperature in drier. Notifies supervisor or darkroom personnel concerning need for machine adjustments or solution changes if excessive amounts of film damage occurs. Monitors drying operation to detect dirty, twisted, or torn film in drier and removes defective film from drier. Washes film in negative cleaner to clean, soften, and straighten film and mends torn film, using tape, sealing solution, and scissors. Feels surface of film in drier to determine dryness and removes film from drier when completely dry. Examines film for clearness of image to determine printability and matches numbered label attached to film with number on customer envelope to avoid missorts. Sorts film into bins or attaches film to hooks according to size and type processing required. May compute customer charges, using pricelist.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.667-010 PHOTOGRAPHER HELPER (any industry)

    Assists PHOTOGRAPHER, STILL (profess. & kin.) in taking and developing photographs: Arranges lights and screens, sets up camera at proper angle, and moves objects to secure desired background for photographs as directed. Assists in darkroom duties, such as mixing chemical solutions and developing films. May label photographs. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.681-010 DEVELOPER (photofinishing) alternate titles: darkroom worker; doper; hand developer

    Develops exposed photographic film or sensitized paper in series of chemical and water baths to produce negative or positive prints: Mixes developing and fixing solutions, following formula. Immerses exposed film or photographic paper in developer solution to bring out latent image. Immerses negative or paper in stop-bath to arrest developer action, in hyposolution to fix image, and in water to remove chemicals. Dries prints or negatives, using sponge or squeegee, or places them in mechanical air drier. May produce color photographs, negatives, and slides, using color reproduction processes, and be designated Color-Laboratory Technician (photofinishing).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.682-010 FILM PRINTER (motion picture) alternate titles: daily release and dupe printer; positive printer operator

    Sets up and operates motion picture film printing machine to produce positive images and soundtrack from negative film: Reads work orders to determine type film to be printed and type printing aperture required. Installs specified printing aperture in machine. ounts rolls of positive and negative film on machine spindles and threads film through guide rollers, tension bars, picture and sound apertures and onto winding reel to synchronize negative and positive films for printing. Starts machine to pass films through printing apertures and produce positive images and soundtrack. Examines film passing through machine and turns lever of rheostat to adjust intensity of printing light according to control card specifications, or installs punched tape in machine that controls light and color densities during printing operation. Packages films in labeled containers subsequent to printing. May operate printer equipped with negative viewer and evaluate scene frames to select frames with specified photographic characteristics preparatory to printing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.682-014 PRINTER OPERATOR, BLACK-AND-WHITE (photofinishing) alternate titles: photograph printer

    Operates printer to produce black-and-white photographic prints from negatives: Mounts roll of sensitized paper on spindle of printer and threads paper through guides, rollers, and onto take-up spindle. Prepares batch identification sheet, positions sheet in printer, and activates printer to transfer information from sheet to sensitized paper. Prints identification number on customer envelope, using stamping machine. Removes negative strip or single negative from envelope and cleans negatives to remove dust particles, using air blower or gloved finger. Inserts negative in printer and examines image to determine whether picture setting is in or out-of-doors. Activates printer and adjusts control knobs to produce photographic prints of required shading and density. Places printed roll in envelope and seals envelope to prevent exposure to light.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.682-018 RECTIFICATION PRINTER (any industry)

    Operates rectification printer to remove aerial photograph distortions caused by variations in axis and tilt of airplane in relation to earth's surface: Positions roll of negative film in holder so that first negative is over lens in printer. Places print paper on easel of printer. Turns screws to regulate vertical and horizontal axis of printer and distance of printer from easel, following chart of axis, tilt, and scale settings received with film. Adjusts shutter speed and lens opening, according to kind of negative film and print paper used. Exposes negative and paper to light to print photograph.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.682-022 MICROFILM-CAMERA OPERATOR (business ser.)

    Operates microfilm unit camera to film documents: Selects and inserts format disk, turns knobs and flips switches to set controls of unit operation, such as exposure time, margin space, and camera action, according to format instructions. Selects specified camera lens according to document reduction ratios desired on film and slides lens into position on unit. Loads film into camera and splices film to device that facilitates movement of film through unit, using splicing tape. Positions documents on unit feed belt, depresses pedal to activate camera, and observes control panel to monitor unit operation. Replaces film or realigns documents according to signal lights on control panel. Observes colors on printed documents to determine exposure settings based on predetermined standards, and adjusts unit controls to obtain desired effects. Removes film from unit and wraps film in light-resistant bag for further processing. Completes film identification sheet that indicates indexing numbers of microfilm and attaches sheet to bag for reference by MICROFILM PROCESSOR (business ser.) 976.385-010. May work in darkroom and develop exposed film through chemical processing.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

976.684-010 DENSITY CONTROL PUNCHER (motion picture)

    Punches symbols in perforated tape or notches in negative film which control color and light density changes during printing of motion picture film, using electric tape puncher, film footage counter, and hand notcher: Punches density control symbols in tape according to timing specifications, using tape puncher. Feeds tape through viewing machine and observes light, color, and film footage recordings to verify accuracy of punched symbols. Mounts roll of filter tape or reel of negative film on bench spindle and threads material through footage counter onto takeup spindle. Turns crank to wind material through footage counter and observes footage recording or negative image to determine where density changes are required. Stops counter at point where density change is indicated and cuts filter tape, using cutting machine or notches film, using hand notcher. Routes tape and film to printing department. Maintains production records. May be designated according to method used as Matte Cutter (motion picture); Negative Notcher (motion picture).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.684-014 FILM LABORATORY TECHNICIAN (motion picture; photofinishing)

    Performs any combination of following tasks to process motion picture film: Mixes specified chemicals according to formula to prepare solutions for use in processing film. Cuts and arranges film and splices film together according to written instructions or edited test print, using splicer. Compares film with edited print to detect irregularities in detail and color. Projects film on screen to detect defects in printing and developing, such as blurs, scratches, and perforations, using motion picture projector. Approves film for release, rejects defective film, or routes film to specified department for further processing. May be designated according to specialty as Film Inspector (motion picture); Film Splicer (motion picture).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.684-018 MOUNTER, HAND (photofinishing)

    Cuts and mounts photographic film transparencies, using film cutter and heat-sealing press: Positions film roll on spindle of cutting machine and threads end of film into rack or along track in front of lighted screen, and under cutter knives. Inspects film for defects, such as blank or black film and double exposures. Aligns exposure separation line with cutter knives and depresses pedal to cut film along line. Positions cut film in center of mount and folds edges of mount over film. Inserts mount in heating press that automatically numbers, seals, and ejects mount into tray. Packs mounts in boxes for shipment.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.684-022 PRINT WASHER (photofinishing)

    Washes and dries photographic prints, using print-washing pan, blotter, and wringer: Places developed prints in print-washing pan and activates mechanism that rotates pan to wash prints. Immerses prints in chemical solution subsequent to washing cycle to increase flexibility of prints. Dries prints, using blotter, or positions prints on metal plates, and dries prints, using wringer. Inserts prints in rack on open-faced frames to complete drying process. May examine prints for stains and other defects and return defective prints to developing room. May remove excess water from washed prints to prevent watermarks, using sponge or squeegee.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.684-026 SPLICER (photofinishing)

    Joins strips of undeveloped film and winds film onto reels for subsequent processing, using splicing device and bench winder: Places one roll of film on spindle and another at end of splicer. Positions ends of each roll in splicing device. Depresses pedal to trim ends and form joint, or perforates film, using hand punch. Depresses pedal to drive staples into ends of film, pushes switch to lower heat-sealing head over film ends, or applies adhesive tape over joint to splice film ends. Removes film from splicing device and winds film on reel, using bench winder. Places film in container. May cut 16 mm. film into 8 mm. strips before splicing and be designated Slitter, Processed Film (photofinishing).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.684-030 CONTACT PRINTER, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARDS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: exposure machine operator; imager; photo printer; photoresist printer

    Prints circuit image on photoresist film-laminated panels for use in fabricating printed circuit boards (PCB's), using contact printer: Aligns (registers) one or more circuit negative films with film-laminated circuit board panel in drawer of contact printer vacuum frame. Activates printer controls to create vacuum and secure negative film against circuit board panel. Activates printer to expose negative and panel film to ultraviolet light and transfer circuit image onto panel film. Lifts drawer cover and removes PCB panel and negative. May measure light intensity of contact printer, using exposure meter, tapes, or radiometer, and adjust exposure time according to specifications. May secure negative and panel in vacuum frame, using jig or tape. May examine printed panels for defects in printed circuit. May feed circuit board panels into machine that develops exposed circuit pattern on panels. May tend equipment that laminates photoresist film to circuit board panels. May print circuit pattern on dry photoresist film for use in manufacturing double-sided and flexible PCB's and be designated Contact Printer, Dry Film (electron. comp.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

976.684-034 CONTACT PRINTER, PHOTORESIST (inst. & app.; optical goods) alternate titles: reticle printer

    Prints reticles or patterns on optical lenses, metal films, and other materials used in optical instruments, using printing equipment: Cleans material surfaces to facilitate adherence of photoresist solution, using solvents and pumice. Pours, brushes, or sprays photoresist solution onto material or dips material into photoresist tank to apply coating. Places material into drier to set photoresist. Positions material in vacuum printer, using handtools, such as tweezers and vacuum probe. Positions and aligns reticle pattern or mask over top of material, using binocular microscope, and activates vacuum to hold assembly in alignment. Sets printer time controls for specified exposure period and activates printer that exposes photoresist to light to print pattern onto material. Develops photoresist image on material, using developing solution, and places printed material into drier. May etch printed material, using etching equipment, or fill surfaces to specified thickness, using vacuum deposition equipment, to create reticle or pattern on material. May prepare photo masks for reticle-making process, using photographic equipment. May strip photoresist from material after etching or filling.
GOE: 05.05.11 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

976.684-038 CONTACT WORKER, LITHOGRAPHY (print. & pub.)

    Combines multiple photographic film images onto single film to assist in film assembly (stripping) process for lithographic printing: Aligns negative or positive film image over unexposed film (duplicating or contact) and places film assembly into or on top of vacuum frame. Lowers top of frame or places vinyl sheeting over film and activates vacuum to maintain contact between original and unexposed film. Sets time controls and activates high intensity light source that exposes film to specified amount of time and light. Removes negative or positive and places exposed film in automatic processor that develops image on film.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

976.685-010 CUTTER (photofinishing) alternate titles: film cutter; print cutter

    Tends automatic or semiautomatic machines that cut processed film or prints into single or multiple units: Examines film or print roll to determine size, number of cuts required, and type machine to use. Turns setscrews to adjust machine guides to roll width and sets density meter on automatic machine to coincide with sensitized marks on roll that control release of cutting blade. Threads roll through machine guides and starts machine that automatically cuts roll into individual or multiple units or depresses pedal of semiautomatic machine to cut roll. Cuts rolls of nonstandard width, using scissors or hand operated paper cutter. Inserts units in customer envelope. Keeps production records.
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.685-014 DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing) alternate titles: continuous process machine operator; film machine operator

    Tends machine that develops sheets, strips, or continuous roll of film preparatory to printing: Pulls film through trapdoor into darkroom. Strips paper backing from film and attaches identifying label. Feels edges of film to detect tears and repairs film, using stapler. Reads work order or feels film for size or notches to determine type of process and developing time required. Positions racks of film on machine chain links according to developing time required or threads leader of continuous roll through machine preparatory to processing. Activates machine that automatically transports film through series of chemical baths to develop, fix, harden, bleach, and wash film. Listens for sounds that indicate machine malfunctioning and notifies supervisor or maintenance personnel when repairs are needed. May run test strip through machine for inspection by supervisor and add chemicals to or adjust machine as directed. May tend equipment that develops, fixes image, and dries x-ray plates and be designated X-Ray-Developing-Machine Operator (medical ser.).
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 89

976.685-018 FILM LABORATORY TECHNICIAN II (motion picture)

    Performs one or combination of following tasks to process motion picture film: Tends machine that automatically develops exposed film. Tends machine that dries film. Rewinds film by hand or tends machine that automatically inspects, cleans, counts footage, and rewinds reels of film. Numbers film by hand or tends machine that numbers film for identification purposes. Tends machine that brushes wax on splices to strengthen film at junctures and applies wax to sprocket holes of film to facilitate passage through projector. Removes damaged film sections or repairs defective sections, using handtools. May be designated according to specialty as Developing-Machine Tender (motion picture); Drying-Machine Tender (motion picture); Film Numberer (motion picture); Rewinder (motion picture); Waxer Tender (motion picture).
GOE: 05.12.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.685-022 MOUNTER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing)

    Tends automatic-mounting press that cuts film into individual transparencies, and inserts and seals transparencies in mounting frames: Loads mounting frames into machine and depresses lever to lock frames into feed position. Compares identifying labels to ensure numbers on film reel and customer envelope match. Records customer charges on envelope according to standard price listing. Mounts film reel on machine spindle and trims rough edges of film, using scissors. Threads film through machine guides and activates machine that automatically cuts film and mounts transparencies. Observes movement of film through machine to detect jamming and adjusts machine guides, using screwdriver. Notifies supervisor of major machine malfunction.
GOE: 06.04.20 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

976.685-026 PRINT DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing)

    Tends one or more machines that automatically develop, fix, wash, and dry photographic prints: Threads leaders (paper strips) around rollers, through processing tanks and dryer, around polished drum, and onto takeup reel. Turns valves to fill tanks with premixed solutions, such as developer, dyes, stop-baths, fixers, bleaches, and washes. Moves thermostatic control to keep steam-heated drum at specified temperature. Splices sensitized paper to leaders, using tape. Starts machine and throws switches to synchronize drive speeds of processing and drying units. Compares processed prints with color standard and reports variations to control department. Adds specified amounts of chemicals to renew solutions. Maintains production records.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.685-030 UTILITY WORKER, FILM PROCESSING (photofinishing)

    Performs variety of tasks to assist or substitute for other workers in photofinishing laboratory: Sorts prints according to size and order number to facilitate handling. Tends automatic cutting machine that cuts roll into individual prints [CUTTER (photofinishing)]. Tends automatic film developing machine that develops and fixes image on film [DEVELOPER, AUTOMATIC (photofinishing)]. Removes prints from print developer rinse tray and tends drum-type drier that dries prints. Prepares daily production sheet, noting quantity and kind of work performed.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

976.685-034 DEVELOPER, PRINTED CIRCUIT BOARD PANELS (electron. comp.)

    Tends equipment that develops photoresist image on panels of printed circuit boards (PCB's): Mixes specified amount of chemical solution and pours chemicals into equipment developing tank. Turns valves to admit specified amount of water into equipment reservoirs. Starts equipment and monitors conveyor systems, temperature gauges, and pumps. Adjusts controls to maintain specified temperature levels and speed of conveyor. Removes plastic protective film from upper and lower surfaces of photoresist laminated PCB panels. Places panels on conveyor that feeds panels into equipment that automatically develops photoresist circuit image on exposed photoresist film, dissolves unexposed photoresist film, and rinses and dries panels. Removes panels from conveyor and visually examines panels to detect development processing defects. Notifies supervisor of defective panels and equipment malfunctions.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 89

976.685-038 PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESSOR, SEMICONDUCTOR WAFERS (electron. comp.) alternate titles: resist coater-developer

    Tends photographic processing machines that coat semiconductor wafers with solutions, such as photoresist and developing chemicals: Places wafers in containers, such as boats, magazines, cassettes or chuck, using vacuum wand or tweezers. Loads wafer containers in photographic processing machine, such as photoresist coater or developer. Pushes buttons and turns knobs to start automatic coating cycle. Removes container of coated wafers from machine. Cleans and maintains machines. Maintains production records. May immerse wafers in baths of developing chemicals. May place coated wafers in oven to set and dry wafers. May enter production information into computer, using computer terminal keyboard. May immerse wafers in chemical baths to etch excess photoresist or to clean wafers. May visually inspect wafers to identify defects, such as misalignment, excess photoresist, and scratches.
GOE: 06.04.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

976.687-010 EDITOR, SCHOOL PHOTOGRAPH (photofinishing)

    Compares negatives of several poses of an individual and selects best copy to be used in printing group or individual school photographs: Mounts reel of negative film in holding device or positions negatives on illuminated worktable to examine film images and determine degree of printability. Selects best copy of negatives viewed, considering factors, such as lighting, density, pose, and whether subjects eyes are open. Cuts out selected negative, using scissors and inserts negative into transparent holder to prevent damage. Attaches approved negative to card indicating work order number and processing instructions and routes negative to printing department. Discards unselected negatives.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

976.687-014 PHOTO CHECKER AND ASSEMBLER (photofinishing) alternate titles: checker; inspector

    Inspects, assembles, and packs mounted or unmounted negatives, color film transparencies, and photographic prints: Examines items for natural color shading, density, sharpness of image, or identifying numbers, using lighted viewing screen. Marks defective prints, using grease pencil and standardized symbols to indicate nature of defect and corrective action required in reprinting. Removes defects, such as dust and smudges from prints, using brush, cloth, and cleaning fluid. Packages and labels satisfactory prints and negatives. aintains daily production records. May cut negatives and prints from roll, using cutting machine. ay be designated according to type of print inspected as Color-Print Inspector (photofinishing); Full-Roll Inspector (photofinishing); Mounting Inspector (photofinishing); Reversal-Print Inspector (photofinishing); May inspect prints for tears, dirt, scum, or other surface defects preparatory to mounting and be designated Take-Down Inspector (photofinishing).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

976.687-018 PHOTOFINISHING LABORATORY WORKER (photofinishing) alternate titles: film numberer; film sorter; pricer-bagger; proof sorter; racker; reprint sorter; sorter-packer

    Performs any combination of following tasks to prepare and disseminate negatives, positives, and prints in photofinishing laboratory: Reads instructions written on orders, and examines contents of orders to ascertain size, type, and number of pieces. Sorts orders according to size and type processing required. Pastes identifying label on customer order envelopes and transfer bags to ensure matching of orders subsequent to processing. Removes finished work from transfer bags subsequent to processing and computes customer charges according to pricelist. Inserts order in bag or envelope, and staples bag together or seals envelope. Pastes address label on bag or envelope. Conveys orders between departments. Distributes supplies to other photofinishing workers. Maintains records of orders sorted and packaged.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 87

976.687-022 PRINT INSPECTOR (photofinishing)

    Inspects photographic prints for defects, using film winder: ounts roll of prints on spindle of film winder and tapes free end of film to crankshaft. Turns crank and inspects prints for defects as film winds onto crankshaft. Compares colors with standard image to ensure that prints meet specifications. Marks defective prints with code number, using chemical pencil, to indicate nature and degree of correction required.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 87


    This group includes occupations concerned with gathering pages, forms, folios, and tip-ins, and assembling them into pamphlets or books; trimming, gluing, and affixing endsheets, coverboards, or cover material; and applying decorations and lettering to fabricate books by hand, using handtools, presses, and other bench equipment. Occupations concerned with bookbinding machines are found in Group 653.

977.381-010 BOOKBINDER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: bookmaker

    Cuts, assembles, glues, and sews components to bind books, according to specification, using automatic and manually operated machines, handtools, and equipment: Folds printed sheets to form signatures (pages) and assembles signatures in numerical order to form book body. Attaches endpapers to top and bottom of book body. Sews signatures and endpapers together along spine of book body, using sewing machine, or glues endpapers and signatures together along spine, using brush or glue machine. Compresses sewed or glued signatures to reduce book to required thickness, using handpress or smashing machine. Trims edges of book to size, using cutting or book trimming machine or hand cutter. Inserts book body in device that forms back edge of book into convex shape and produces grooves to facilitate attachment of cover. Applies glue to back of book, using brush or glue machine, and attaches cloth backing and headband. Applies color to edges of signatures, using brush, pad, or atomizer. Cuts binder board to specified dimension, using board shears, hand cutter, or cutting machine. Cuts cover material, such as leather or cloth, to specified dimensions and fits and glues material to binder board manually or by machine. Glues outside endpapers to cover. Places bound book in press that exerts pressure on cover until glue dries. May imprint and emboss lettering, designs, or numbers on cover, using gold, silver, or colored foil and stamping machine. May pack, weigh, and stack books on pallet for shipment. May specialize in repairing and rebinding damaged or worn books for resale or reuse.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

977.381-014 BOOKBINDER APPRENTICE (print. & pub.)

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

977.684-010 BOOK REPAIRER (any industry) alternate titles: book mender

    Repairs damaged or worn books for resale or reuse, using handtools: Erases disfigurations from pages. Cuts damaged pages, linings, or covers from book body, using knife. Trims pages, using knife or paper cutter. Positions and pastes repaired or new pages, linings, or covers to book body. Clamps book in press for specified time to bond edges. May operate sewing machine to sew pages into book body. May imprint or emboss lettering on cover, using stamping machine.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

977.684-014 INLAYER (print. & pub.)

    Inserts or inlays pieces of leather, cloth, or paper in artistic formal patterns in surfaces of covered bookcases to form inlaid (mosaic) bindings: Cuts out sections in bookcase cover, using pattern and knife or scissors. Positions and glues mosaic pieces in cutout sections. Usually works from patterns.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

977.684-018 PRESSER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: caser-in; joint creaser; book paster

    Folds prefabricated bookcases (separately made bindings) over book bodies and compresses assembled book in press to secure cases to bodies: Folds upper half of case over top sheet of book body; stretches case tight over back of book and holds book in place on lower half of case. Presses case down on book body; centers book in case with fingers. Stacks enfolded books in press and places pressboards at intervals in stack. Turns handwheel or depresses pedal to lower press head and clamp stack. Retains books in press until glue or paste has dried. Reverses handwheel or pushes lever to raise press head, removes books, and stacks books for finishing. May coat book bodies with paste, using brush, or position books over blade of machine and press button to lower book body between saturated rollers to coat body with paste prior to positioning case over book body and be designated Caser (print. & pub.). May position enfolded books singly on press and press button to lower heated ram to crease and recrease joints on backbone of book. May wipe glue from endpapers, using cloth.
GOE: 06.02.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 89

977.684-022 STITCHER, HAND (print. & pub.)

    Sews gathered and collated signatures by hand to form book preparatory to binding: Stretches holding cords over workbench frame. Positions signatures in frame according to numbered sequence and attaches signatures to holding cords, using needle and thread. Wraps cloth tape around frame to compress signatures and sews signatures together to form book. Routes book to binding department.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

977.684-026 BENCH WORKER, BINDING (print. & pub.)

    Examines, marks, measures, and prepares damaged, worn, and softbound publications for rebinding, following specifications: Reads job order for special instructions. Stacks publications on table and counts books or journals to ensure order is complete as listed on shipping or job slip. Removes cover and endpapers from book body or journal, using hands or scissors. Fans pages of publication and inspects publication for duplicate pages, incorrect numbering, and incorrect placement of pages. Removes advertisements, address cards, or coupons from publication as specified. Cuts and removes thread from spine of books, using scissors. Pulls staples, sensors, or spiral bindings from journals or other publications, using handtool. Measures and records book or journal dimensions on bindery slip. Locates, folds, and trims excess border from maps or other foldouts, using scissors. Inserts specified colored paper markers between pages to identify book body with foldouts or narrow edges for BOOK TRIMMER (print. & pub.) 640.685-010. May pull endpapers and reinforcing spine strip for attachment to book body. May remove dirt from cover, using cloth and cleaning solvent. May prepare and route slip and book case to printing or laminating area. May repair cover, using tape or glue. May operate machine to emboss name and address on nonmetallic plates [EMBOSSING-MACHINE OPERATOR (clerical) I 208.582-014].
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 89

977.687-010 COLLATOR, HAND (print. & pub.)

    Arranges and stacks printed or unprinted sheets on worktable according to size, weight, color, or number sequence: Picks up one sheet from each stack to assemble complete set. Taps batch of sets on worktable or feeds sets into jogging machine to straighten and align sheets. Applies glue to top edges of sets, using brush or roller. Separates individual sets from glued stacks, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with graphic arts, such as engraving, roller making, silk screen printing, and other graphic arts and related activities.


    Supervises and coordinates activities of BLUEPRINTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry), PHOTOSTAT OPERATOR (any industry), FILE CLERK (clerical) I and other workers engaged in producing and filing blueprints, vandyke and ozalid prints, and photostats in an industrial plant or commercial photocopy laboratory: Sets up blueprint and photostat machines. Trains workers in operation of machines. Inspects finished prints for sharpness, density of line, and size. Consults with customers concerning work details, such as sizes of prints and prices. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title. May supervise workers engaged in making photostats only and be designated Supervisor, Photostat (any industry).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.130-014 SUPERVISOR, PRINTING-SHOP (print. & pub.) alternate titles: lead printer

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in photographing and assembling images, making plates, setting type, operating printing presses and related machines and equipment, and assembling and stitching pamphlets, leaflets, and books: Inspects film assembly, platemaking, printing, and binding operations to verify conformance to job order specifications. May repair printing presses, type-setting machines, and assembling and stitching equipment. May supervise workers in printing department of establishment and be designated Supervisor, Printing Department (print. & pub.). Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

979.131-010 SUPERVISOR, PUBLICATIONS PRODUCTION (print. & pub.) alternate titles: supervisor, layout

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparation and layout of printed material: Studies editorial matter to determine most effective form of presentation and number and type of illustrations required, in accordance with specifications of customer or editorial personnel and accepted standards of composition, limitations of equipment, and available funds. Prepares mockup of pages for use by other workers in setting type and making up pages. Marks copy to incorporate printing instructions and editorial changes, utilizing standard printing symbols. Routes artwork to reproduction department or outside contractor for retouching, photographing, and platemaking. Routes editorial material to composing room for typesetting. Reviews finished material for format, accuracy, and general appearance. Submits proofs for final review and routes corrected copy to pressroom for printing. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May plan technical drawings to supplement copy.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.131-014 SUPERVISOR, ROLLER SHOP (textile)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting and repairing cloth printing rollers: Confers with technical and supervisory personnel in print department and analyzes customer orders and pattern sketches to determine specifications for printing rollers to be ordered and to plan department work schedule. Orders new and replacement printing rollers. Inspects new printing rollers for defects and rejects damaged rollers. Issues repair list and instructions for storing and transporting rollers to ROLLER INSPECTOR (textile). Confers with and assists ROLLER REPAIRER (textile) to repair defective rollers. Confers with engravers to resolve engraving problems. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in fabricating and assembling silk screens and in handprinting, utilizing silk screen method: Trains workers in performance of tasks, such as screen cutting by hand, photographic screen making, and screen printing. Examines screens for imperfections and compares screens with customer artwork to verify conformance to specifications. Compares paint colors with artwork, color swatches, or samples to verify correct color choice and to ascertain paint compatibility with stock to be printed. Examines sample print to verify specified register of colors and shifts register marks on silk screen frame or brushes block-out lacquer on defective areas of screen to correct color register. Requisitions materials and supplies. Confers with other unit supervisors to coordinate interdepartmental workflow. May fabricate and assemble silk screens and sandblast stencils. May supervise workers engaged in sandblasting decorative designs on material. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.132-010 SHIFT SUPERVISOR, FILM PROCESSING (print. & pub.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in production of computer tapes containing pattern design data or film positives or negatives of pattern designs for use in photoengraving processes: Analyzes work order and confers with supervisory personnel to determine most feasible method required to produce negative or positive film or computer tape of customer pattern design. Develops work procedures for producing customer design in accordance with computer limitations and customer specifications. Computes $T3mathematical model$T1 for pattern designs adaptable to mathematical solution. Inspects film positives and negatives to verify conformance to specifications. May operate scanner, computer, display console, and color design console. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

979.137-010 SUPERVISOR, FINISHING ROOM (print. & pub.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in finishing and assembling maps, charts, and globes. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.137-014 SUPERVISOR, INSPECTING (paper goods)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting and packaging screen-printed wallpaper: Examines substandard wallpaper to determine repair procedures and corrective action required to prevent recurrence of defect. Rejects unsalvageable wallpaper. Compiles record of rejected wallpaper and reports probable causes to management for remedial action. Trains workers in inspecting and packaging procedures. Requisitions supplies and materials. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.137-018 SUPERVISOR, PRODUCTION (paper goods)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in handprinting and flocking wallcovering, utilizing silk screen method: Monitors production activities and discusses methods and techniques with workers to improve performance. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    Develops dye formulas according to customer specifications and supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in screen printing cloth samples by hand: Analyzes customer artwork and color card to determine number and type colors specified. Compares specified colors with standard color swatches to match colors and records mixing formulas from selected swatches. Monitors color weighing and mixing activities to ensure adherence with formula specifications. Observes cloth printing activities to ensure product conformance with standards. Examines printed samples for color penetration, off-center print, and to verify customer color specifications. Revises dye formulas to match shades desired by customer. Records data, such as customer name, pattern number, colors, and quantity desired and forwards data to production department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.137-026 SUPERVISOR, TYPE-DISK QUALITY CONTROL (machinery mfg.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in printing, developing, and examining type character proofsheets used to verify accuracy of phototypesetting type disks: Schedules production activities, such as printing, developing, and proofing of copy used to verify accuracy of type characters on disks, applying knowledge of processing techniques and production requirements. Periodically examines proofs or type characters on disks, using magnifier, to ensure conformity to product specifications and quality standards. Interviews and hires job applicants, initiates training, and assigns new workers to work with experienced workers to continue on-the-job training. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

979.281-010 DIE MAKER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: die cutter; die engraver

    Engraves designs onto steel dies used to produce textile printing rollers, using engravers' handtools and machines: Measures dimensions of pattern to be engraved in die, using ruler. Operates engine lathe to turn steel roller down to size according to dimensions of pattern and copper printing roller. Sketches design on steel roller (die) utilizing one of following alternate methods: (1) Lays out reference points on design according to location of one complete pattern repeat, using ruler, dividers, and pencil. Covers design with transparent film and transfers reference points to film, using scriber and magnifying lens. Sketches design colors onto separate sheets of film, using brushes and ink. Examines design to detect errors in scribing and color quality and corrects or alters design, employing knowledge of colors, fabrics to be printed, and engraving and printing techniques. Immerses steel roller in electroplating solution to coat roller with copper. Wraps film around roller, allowing ink in design to react with copper coating to transfer design from film to roller. (2) Computes machine settings required to reproduce straight-line designs on roller, using mathematical tables and formulas. Plots machine settings on graph paper. Mounts steel roller in index-dividing machine and adjusts tracing carriage of machine according to computations on graph paper. Lowers tracing-carriage scriber to surface of roller and moves levers of machine to sketch vertical and horizontal lines on roller. Mounts sketched rollers in fixture on worktable and engraves outline of design following sketch lines, using gravers' tools. Cuts or stipples in ground lines as specified, using gravers' and stippling tools. Prints proof print of engraved design on wax paper to verify accuracy of etchings on roller. Removes scratches from and polishes roller die, using polishing lathe. Punches indentations into edges of die to facilitate transfer of design from die to $T3mill,$T1 using hammer and punch. Controls furnace to harden and temper dies.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.281-014 ENGRAVER, BLOCK (print. & pub.) alternate titles: artist, woodblock; block cutter; engraver, wood; wood-cut engraver; wood-type finisher

    Carves designs and lettering in wooden blocks or rollers used to print articles, such as cloth, greeting cards, and posters following sketch or photograph, using gravers handtools and machines: Traces or draws design on wooden block or roller, using pencil, ruler, dividers, or pantograph. Cuts design in block or roller, using wood-carving and engraving tools and power router. Rounds and bevels top edges, smooths sides and base, and cuts sharp angles, ridges, and joints to produce detail in printing and to finish type, using file and knife. Carves separate block for each color of multicolor pattern. May design pattern for use in cloth printing. May carve lettering and designs freehand. May cut and bend metal strips to conform to contours of design, using files, pliers, and pincers, and force strips into grooves of block to produce raised printing surface. May operate copy camera to produce negative from photograph or drawing of design [REPRODUCTION TECHNICIAN (any industry) 976.361-010].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.281-018 ENGRAVER, PICTURE (print. & pub.)

    Engraves metal dies to represent portraits, landscapes, figures, and ornamental engravings used to make plates to print bonds, stamps, currency, diplomas, and other paper documents, following models and oral instructions: Traces model of drawing on gelatin sheet, using magnifying glasses and graver. Makes wax impression of tracing, transfers tracing to polished metal die, and stains design with weak acid solution. Engraves or etches lines, dots, and dashes in specified depths, widths, spacings, and directions to portray features, such as drapery, foliage, or flesh by either one or combination of following methods: (1) Draws design through transparent, acid-resistant background on metal plate, using tempered steel point, and washes design with acid that etches lines and other markings in metal surface to produce representations of images, such as wood, stone, foliage, and sky. (2) Cuts or carves lines of design in surface of metal die, using graver. Repeats cuts to obtain required depth for portrayal of images, such as flesh, hair, drapery, and clothing. Makes proof of engraved design, examines proof print, and reworks engraving as required. May engrave lettering on plates and be designated Engraver, Letter (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.282-010 ELECTRONIC PREPRESS SYSTEM OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: console operator; electronic imaging system operator; system operator

    Operates prepress system to electronically assemble images into pages and to retouch and make color corrections to page elements to be used in production of lithographic printing plates or gravure cylinders: Enters digitized data, such as artist's layout, color separations, text, page dimensions, and layout instructions, into electronic prepress system computer memory, using components of system such as scanner, camera, keyboard, or mouse, or loads floppy disks or tapes containing information into system. Studies layout or other instructions to determine work to be done and sequence of operations. Views monitors for visual representation of work in progress and for instructions and feedback throughout process. Activates options, such as masking or text processing; enters data, such as background color, shapes, and coordinates of images; and retrieves data from system memory to assemble elements on pages. Retrieves images from system memory; activates options, such as masking, pixel (picture element) editing, airbrushing, or image retouching; and enters data, such as coordinates of images and color specifications, into system to retouch and make color corrections. Saves completed work on floppy disks or magnetic tape. May create special effects, such as vignettes, mosaics, and image combining. May be designated according to area of specialization and be known as Electronic Color Correction Operator (print. & pub.); Electronic Page Makeup System Operator (print. & pub.); Pagination System Operator (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

979.360-010 SCREEN-PRINTING-EQUIPMENT SETTER (paper goods)

    Sets up and adjusts silk screen printing equipment used to hand print multicolored designs on wallpaper: Adjusts feed rollers and spindle reel to specified tension, using wrench. Compares ink prepared for printing run with master color swatch to confirm accuracy of match. Examines printing screen for sharpness of stencil design and feels screen to verify specified tension on frame. Measures distance between printing guide marker on table and center of screen and adjusts distance as required to ensure specified color print registration. Starts drying oven and sets thermostat to temperature specified for printing run. Observes test run or manipulates equipment to produce test print. Examines print for defects and adjusts equipment to correct defective printing as required. Monitors production activities to ensure standard quality of printing. Trains workers in use of printing equipment.
GOE: 06.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.361-010 DOCUMENT RESTORER (profess. & kin.)

    Restores and preserves documents for libraries, archives, and private and public historical societies: Cleans document, using cleaning compounds to remove dirt and stains, and removes foreign matter, such as rusted clips, pins, rotted bands, and adhesives. Tests document to determine if ink is fast, and to what extent map colors will fade. Immerses document in deacidification baths to remove acidity from paper and ink. Places document on rack to dry. Reinspects document for presence of foreign matter. Dampens document, places it between absorbent boards, and places boards in screw press to evenly distribute moisture content in document, and flatten all wrinkles and creases. Seals document in cellulose acetate film and places document in laminating machine to be laminated. Removes document and hones, presses, and trims it to specified size. Places document in cover, folder, or binder.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.362-010 INSTANT PRINT OPERATOR (print. & pub.) alternate titles: offset-duplicating machine operator, instant print; press operator, instant print shop; quick print operator

    Operates offset-duplicating machine, photocopier, and related machines and equipment to produce copies of original materials for customers in instant print shop: Accepts printing orders from customers and computes and quotes prices to customers. Reads job orders to determine quantity of materials to be printed, and stock and ink specifications. Adjusts settings and operates camera plate maker to produce plastic or paper plates for use in offset duplicating. Operates offset duplicating machine to reproduce single or multicolor copies of text, drawings, graphs, or similar materials [OFFSET-DUPLICATING-MACHINE OPERATOR (print. & pub.) 651.682-014]. Operates copier to produce photocopies of single color or small run jobs [PHOTOCOPYING-MACHINE OPERATOR (clerical) 207.685-014]. Examines proof copy to assure accurate reproduction of color, centering of print, and conformance of copy to layout specifications. Operates auxiliary machines such as collator, pad and tablet making machine, stapler, and paper punching, folding, cutting, and perforating machines to assemble materials. May operate computerized typesetting machine to set type for printing. May assemble typeset copy and artwork into pasteup for printing reproduction. May receive payment from customers and box or wrap printed materials.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 88

979.380-010 PANTOGRAPH SETTER (print. & pub.)

    Sets up pantograph machines to transfer designs in reduced form from zinc plates to varnished cloth-printing rollers: Inserts mandrel through roller and lifts roller onto headstocks on machine carriage, using electric hoist. Aligns centerline on zinc plate with centerline on machine table and tacks plate to table. Moves pantograph tracing arm through series of reference points on zinc plate and moves dimension levers backward or forward to adjust pantograph for specified reduction in scale of design. Tightens levers in position, using handtools. Positions diamond point on machine crossbar, moves tracing arm through reference points on zinc plate, and depresses pedal to mark corresponding marks on varnished roller. Aligns succeeding diamond point with marks on roller. Repeats procedure until diamond point has been spaced on crossbar for each side-repeat of pattern. Tightens diamond points in position, using pliers. Turns thumbscrew on diamond frame (holder) to raise diamond points equal distance from varnished roller. Weighs diamond points on miniature scales and adds or removes washers to compensate for differences in weight. Moves tracing arm through series of reference points on zinc plate, depresses pedal to mark corresponding crosses on roller, and examines marks on roller to verify alignment of diamond points. Determines ground setting according to weight of fabric, type of design, and colors in design. Records ground setting, length of roller, width of engraving, and circumference of roller on production sheet.
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.381-010 ENGRAVER I (print. & pub.) alternate titles: pantograph operator

    Engraves lettering or designs in copper or steel printing plates, using pantograph engraving machine: Rubs blank plate with emery or charcoal and oil to polish surface. Clamps blank plate in position under diamond cutting point and master plate under tracing point of pantograph. Starts electric motor that revolves cutting point and lowers engraving control bar, simultaneously moving bar sideways until tracing point enters desired figure on master plate. Moves bar so that tracing point follows figure on master plate, reproducing figure on blank plate. Loosens thumbscrews and changes position of pantograph bar to reproduce figures larger or smaller than those on master plate. May be designated according to type of plate used as Engraver, Copperplate (print. & pub.); Engraver, Steel Plate (print. & pub.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.381-014 LINE-UP EXAMINER (print. & pub.)

    Examines proof sheets to detect errors in position and alignment of type, page elements, margins, trim, and fold areas: Positions proof sheet on glass top of lighted, line-up table. Moves geared straightedges into position over proof copy to verify alignment of printed material, page, position, and folio continuity. Compares colors on proof sheet with standard color key to verify specified color register. Records degree and direction plates or type must be shifted to correct alignment, or marks corrective information on proof sheet. Draws trim, stitch, and fold lines for bindery processes and plate trim lines for stereotype and electrotype plate fabrication, using straightedge and printer's line gauge.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.381-026 ROLLER REPAIRER (textile) alternate titles: engraved-roller inspector; roller inspector and mender

    Examines engraved cloth-printing rollers for processing defects and repairs defects, using handtools: Lifts roller into brackets on table or turning device with aid of another worker and portable hoist. Examines rollers for defects, such as pinholes and scratches. Compares customer's design and printed proof to detect missed engravings, extra engravings, and uneven joining of design on circumference of roller, and examines roller to verify defects. Dusts engraved design with chalk and examines roller to determine whether engraving is too full or too dense to print desired effects on cloth. Plugs pinholes, extra engravings, and over-engraved areas with copper wire plugs, and forces plugs in place, using ball peen hammer and punch. Smooths rough spots, using file and removes scratches from roller surface, using burnishing tool. Traces outline of missed engraving on wax paper and transfers outline to roller, using scriber. Engraves additional lines or designs on roller surface freehand or following outline to fill in gaps in design or missing engravings, using gravers and magnifying lens. Rejects unrepairable rollers. Cleans and polishes rollers, using water, polishing paste, and cloth. May inspect rollers only and be designated Roller Inspector (textile).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.381-030 SIDEROGRAPHER (print. & pub.)

    Reproduces original engravings on metal plates used to print banknotes, bonds, and other securities, using gravers' handtools and machines: Cuts around designs on roller die to remove undesirable parts of assembled die, using graver, and assembles die from several rollers on which parts of design have been engraved. Lays out construction lines on steel plate, using trammel point, dividers, steel scribers, and gauge, to align subjects to be transferred. Scrapes and burnishes plate surface to remove imperfections, aligns plate on transfer press bed, and positions engraved steel roll on plate, using magnifying glass to verify accuracy. Depresses lever that embeds engraved design on roll into steel plate. Examines transferred design and repeats process until exact reproduction is made. May reproduce design in soft steel rolls.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.381-034 SKETCH MAKER I (print. & pub.)

    Traces designs on wood-printing blocks or rollers preparatory to engraving by ENGRAVER, BLOCK (print. & pub.), using stylus, ink, and burnishing tool: Places drawing of design over wax paper and traces design, using stylus. Pours ink over wax paper to fill depressions made by stylus and wipes away excess ink. Wraps inked paper around wood-printing roller or positions paper on printing block. Rubs back of paper, using burnishing tool (spoonlike instrument) to transfer inked design to roller or block. May print proof impression of design from etched printing rollers onto wax paper to verify accuracy of etchings and be designated Impression Printer (print. & pub.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

979.381-038 STENCIL MAKER (carpet & rug)

    Lays out and cuts stencils used to print multicolor designs on rugs, using opaque projector, knife, pencil, and brushes: Draws pencil copy of symmetrical design on tracing paper according to specified dimensions. Projects and enlarges scale drawing of nonsymmetrical design on tracing paper, using opaque projector, and reproduces enlargement, using pencil. Lays out shape of each stencil on drawing and traces shape onto stencil paper. Cuts stencil from paper, using knife. Brushes shellac onto stencils and attaches stencils to frames, using handtools. May attach wires to brace frames. Prepares proof copy and inspects for accuracy of design reproduction. May mix paints to obtain specified colors for printing.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.382-010 CLAMPER (print. & pub.)

    Operates clamp (rotary press) to transfer designs from engraved dies to $T3mills$T1 used in transferring designs to copper printing rollers: Positions die in fixtures on bed of clamp. Mounts mill over die and turns handwheel to lower head of clamp against journals of mill, forcing mill against die. Rotates die specified number of times equal to number of times design is to repeat around circumference of mill. Examines impression of design on mill and determines from gap left between ends of impression amount reduction required in circumference of mill. Starts machine that turns die against mill to produce indentations on mill. Spreads acid-resistant wax over surface of mill and gradually increases pressure on head of clamp as die turns against mill, working wax away from area of mill corresponding to unengraved area of die. Removes mill from clamp and spins mill in acid bath to etch waxfree area of mill, leaving waxed area of mill in relief. Offsets head of clamp and works die against mill to round off end of design and make surface of mill oval to facilitate transfer of design from mill to surface of copper printing roller. Examines raised design on mill through magnifying lens to verify sharpness of lines. Inserts mill in heat-treating pot, fills pot with carbon-activated bonemeal, and places pot in electric furnace. Turns thermostat to set temperature of furnace according to type of steel. Removes mill from furnace at end of heating cycle, using tongs, and dips mill into brine solution to harden and temper steel. Cleans mill with wire brush. May operate engine lathe to reduce diameter of mill or to turn raised indentations off ends of mill [ENGINE-LATHE SET-UP OPERATOR (machine shop)].
GOE: 05.05.13 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.382-014 ENGRAVER, MACHINE (print. & pub.)

    Sets up and operates engraving machine to transfer designs from $T3mills$T1 to copper printing rollers used in color-printing cloth: Lifts printing roller into position on machine with aid of another worker. Places $T3truing I$T1 roller in fixture on head of machine and lowers machine head until truing roller rests on surface of printing roller. Starts machine to rotate truing roller against printing roller and turns setscrews until truing roller rotates without horizontal motion to align head of machine with printing roller. Divides $T3register wheel$T1 on machine into divisions, according to number of times design is to be repeated around printing roller, and marks divisions on wheel, using chalk. Inserts stud in specified slot on register wheel, replaces truing roller with mill, and moves $T3pitch finger$T1 against stop on head of machine to set mill in register for engraving. Lowers mill to surface of printing roller, releases catch on weight lever to apply pressure on mill, and rotates mill one revolution to transfer one repeat of pattern to roller. Repeats procedure until design has been repeated around circumference of printing roller. Examines impression of design on roller to detect repeats of pattern that are out of register. Replaces mill with burnishing roller and works burnishing roller against printing roller to erase defective impressions. Increases pressure on mill if design is in register and starts machine that works mill against printing roller to increase depth of impression. Measures depth of engraving, using depth gauge. Measures width of embossed design on mill, using divider, and converts measurement into number of teeth on side-shift gear, using conversion tables. Releases pressure on mill and turns gear specified number of teeth to move mill into position for engraving design adjacent to first impression and repeats procedure as above until design has been engraved across length of roller. Engages dog in teeth of gear and pitches design in register. Repeats procedure until design has been engraved across length of roller. Mounts engraved roller on mandrel of polishing lathe and operates lathe to remove burrs and smooth roller [PRINTING-ROLLER POLISHER (machine shop)].
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: V GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

979.382-018 PRINTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: graphic arts technician; printer, small print shop

    Reproduces and assembles graphic arts materials, performing any combination of following duties in small printing shop or printing department of establishment: Sets up and operates various types of cameras to produce plastic or paper plates, or negatives for later use in preparation of aluminum plates for reproduction in offset lithographic process. Touches up negatives, using opaque material, positions negatives on masking sheet, and cuts exposure windows in masking sheet to assemble $T3film flats$T1 for reproduction. Places masked negative on aluminum plate, and exposes plate to negative under high intensity (ultraviolet) lamp to transfer image to plate, using vacuum frame. Places exposed plate in automatic processor or immerses plate in chemical solutions to develop image on plate. Operates offset-duplicating machine or small printing press to reproduce single or multicolor copies of line, drawings, graphs, or similar materials. Inspects printed material to verify specified color and clarity of print. Sets up and operates bindery equipment to cut, assemble, staple, or bind materials. Maintains machinery and equipment in operating condition.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 88

979.382-022 PANTOGRAPHER (print. & pub.)

    Operates pantograph machine to transfer design in reduced form from zinc plate to varnished printing rollers: Moves stylus on tracing carriage through series of reference points on zinc plate, depresses pedal to lower diamond points to surface of roller, and observes alignment of diamond points with marks on roller to verify machine setup. Sets ground point into slot on ground wheel according to instructions on design sheet. Moves lever to lock tracing carriage in position for inscribing ground lines on surface of varnished roller. Rotates ground wheel to advance tracing carriage specified distance, depresses pedal to lower diamond points to roller surface, and moves stylus back and forth within outline on zinc plate to inscribe oblique ground lines on roller. Releases tracing carriage and guides stylus around outline on zinc plate to transfer outline to roller. Engages register point in appropriate slot on $T3register wheel$T1 and adjusts dimension levers, using handtools to set up machine for inscribing subsequent repeats of pattern around circumference of roller. Transfers portions of design represented by different colors onto separate rollers. Paints over pinholes, scratches, and reference points left on roller by PANTOGRAPH SETTER (print. & pub.), using brush and acid resistant paint. Marks register point on end of roller, using hammer and punch.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

979.382-026 COMPUTER TYPESETTER-KEYLINER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: desktop publisher

    Lays out pages, selects size and style of type, and enters text and graphics into computer to produce printed materials, such as advertisements, brochures, newsletters, and forms, applying knowledge of graphic arts techniques and typesetting and using computer: Reviews layout and customer order. Enters text into computer, using input device such as mouse, keyboard, scanner, or modem. Scans artwork, using optical scanner which changes image into computer-readable form. Enters commands to position text and illustrations on page grid of computer monitor. Creates spaces between letters, columns, and lines, applying knowledge of typesetting, and enters commands, using input device. Arranges page according to aesthetic standards, layout specifications of GRAPHIC DESIGNER (profess. & kin.) 141.061-018, and applying knowledge of layout (keylining) and computer software. Prints paper or film copies of completed material. May alter illustration to enlarge, reduce, or clarify image. May operate stat camera to produce photostat. May operate automatic film developer to process photographs. May assemble art work into pasteup and perform keylining manually [PASTE-UP ARTIST (print. & pub.) 972.381-030].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 90

979.384-010 SCREEN MAKER, PHOTOGRAPHIC PROCESS (any industry)

    Fabricates stencils for screen printing, applying knowledge of photochemical processing, using photographic equipment: Coats screen with photosensitive emulsion, using brush. Places and secures artwork and screen in frame of vacuum printer. Adjusts printer controls and activates printer to transfer image onto screen and form stencil. Washes unexposed emulsion from screen, using water and hose. Hangs screen in rack or places screen in oven to dry. May fabricate stencil by adhering film with specified image to screen, using vacuum frame. May insert screen in frame, using handtools and tension meters [PRINTING SCREEN ASSEMBLER (electron. comp.) 979.684-042]. May measure and mix ingredients used in photochemical process, according to standard formulas. May scrub screen for reuse, using solvents, brush, and hose. May pour ink or other printing material onto screen and move squeegee across screen to test screen or to screen print objects [SCREEN PRINTER (any industry) 979.684-034].
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 88

979.581-010 ENGRAVER, RUBBER (print. & pub.)

    Engraves rubber plates used in printing designs and lettering on fabric or other materials, using knife, mechanical drawing tools and handtools: Cuts strip of engraving gum (two- or three-ply rubber, cemented to cloth backing) from roll, using knife. Positions design over strip and traces outline or draws letters, using pencil and mechanical drawing tools, leaving impression in surface of strip. Cuts around impression with knife to one-ply depth and pulls cut rubber from strip, leaving raised design or lettering. Prepares additional rubber plates for jobs requiring colors by omitting different portions of design or lettering from each plate. Punches hole on either side of plate and inserts and clinches grommet around hole, using setting tool and hammer, for use in fastening plate to press.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.667-010 INSPECTOR, SCREEN PRINTING (print. & pub.)

    Inspects stencils, silk screens, materials, and printed products at various stages of production to ensure conformance to specifications, applying knowledge of screen printing techniques: Reviews job order and examines customer artwork and material to be printed, such as vinyl, wood, glass, or paper products, to evaluate suitability of material for silk screen printing. Inspects stencils for conformance to customers specifications and company standards and returns unsatisfactory stencils to cutter for modifications. Examines sample of screen printing prepared from stencil to verify print is complete and color is applied in conformity with customer's requirements. Feels surface of screen print for smoothness. Discusses corrections to silk screen process with screen printer. Inspects final product to verify quality. Records inspection results on job order or quality control form.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

979.681-010 LETTERER (machinery mfg.) alternate titles: raiser; sketcher

    Copies outline of type from lead type proof to furnish pattern for processing steel type: Places lead type under projectoscope that magnifies it. Traces outline of letter. Draws letter in detail, using drawing board, pencil, and paper.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.681-014 PRINTER (glass products)

    Prints specified design on paper for use in etching glassware, using printing plate and artist's handtools: Warms printing plate and ink on electric heater preparatory to printing. Spreads ink on plate, using spatula and positions plate on paper. Rubs paper against plate to transfer design from plate to paper. Examines print for clarity and lays prints on worktable to dry. Cuts plate to produce new designs following outline on plate, using scriber. Applies acid to etch design into plate.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.681-018 ROLLER ENGRAVER, HAND (print. & pub.)

    Engraves designs into copper textile printing rollers, using graver, punches, hammer, and sketches: Presses sketch on roller to produce impression of design. Cuts grooves of specified depth and uniformity into roller following lines of design impression. Refers to sketch to ensure that lines of only one printing color are engraved into each roller. May inspect design for defective engraving and reengrave roller to meet specifications. May engrave designs, using engraving machine [ENGRAVER, MACHINE (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.681-022 SILK-SCREEN CUTTER (any industry) alternate titles: film cutter; silk-screen maker; stencil cutter

    Cuts stencils by hand for use in silk screen printing: Superimposes transparent gelatinous film or shellacked onionskin paper on design or lettering to be reproduced, and cuts outline of design, using knife. Irons stencil on silk or fine copper mesh screen to transfer film or shellac onto screen. Cuts additional stencils for each color to be printed in design. ay draw design directly on screen and fill in surfaces around design with glue, lacquer, or paper. ay print designs [SCREEN PRINTER (any industry)]. May cut stencils for use in making computer circuit plug boards and be designated Silk-Screen-Layout Drafter (any industry).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.682-010 BLOCKER I (print. & pub.) alternate titles: mounter

    Operates machines to mount finished stereotype and eletrotype printing plates on wood, synthetic, or metal blocks, and to trim, square, and smooth edges of mounted plates: Places plates face up on flat metal surface and taps plates with hammer and wooden block to straighten irregularities due to warping or bending. Cuts blocks to size on power saw. Lays plates on adhesive-coated block or inserts sheet of thermosetting bonding film between plate and block and places assembly on sliding table of heat press. Places bearers (steel bars) around assembled cut and covers assembly with heat resistant blanket to prevent mechanical damage to plate. Adjusts controls to regulate pressure and temperature of press. Pushes sliding table with plate into press cavity (oven) and depresses lever to apply pressure for specified time. Nails plate to block, using hammer or nailing machine. Operates machines, such as trim saw, rotary trimming machine, block planer, and block leveling machine to trim, square, and smooth edges of mounted plates and reduce blocks and mounted plates to type-high thickness. Adjusts microgauges, guides, and cutting blades of machines to produce specified cuts and verifies dimensions of blocks and mounted plates, using try square, snap gauge, and dial indicator type gauge. Patches plates with solder and sweats electrotypes to metal base, using electric soldering equipment. Cuts notches and mortises in mounted plates, using drill press and jig saw, to make openings for inserting type on other plates. May mount plates with double-coated pressure-sensitive tape and tap with woodblock and hammer to form bond. ay operate routing machine to cut excess metal from nonprinting areas of electrotype, stereotype, and photoengraved printing plates [ROUTER (print. & pub.)].
GOE: 06.02.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

979.682-014 BLUEPRINTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: ammonia-print operator; blue-line operator; blueprint maker; diazo machine operator; whiteprinting-machine operator

    Operates machine to make copies (blueprints) of printed material, such as documents or drawings: Examines negative of original for translucency. Selects sensitized paper according to color of line specified, and positions original over paper. Moves controls to regulate light intensity and exposure time, according to translucency of original and type of sensitized paper. Slides original and sensitized paper into printer to expose and develop print. Examines finished print for specified color, intensity, and sharpness of line. Pushes button to supply machine with ammonia, or manually pours ammonia into printer. May cover original negative with translucent sensitized paper and color filter to prepare autopositive (negative) of original. May be known according to trade name of printer operated.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 81

979.682-022 ROLLER VARNISHER (print. & pub.)

    Operates machine to coat unengraved copper rollers or to top engraved copper rollers with acid-resistant varnish preparatory to inscribing design: Mounts roller on mandrel of machine, using electric hoist, and starts machine to rotate roller. Cleans roller, using rag or brush, detergents, and water. Dries roller, using paper towel or leather squeegee. Varnishes roller, using either of following methods: (1) Holds rubber varnishing roller against rotating copper roller and pours varnish between rollers. Guides varnishing roller back and forth over length of copper roller to distribute varnish evenly over surface of roller. Inserts steam pipe through varnished roller and circulates steam through roller to smooth out pinholes and harden varnish. (2) Holds rubber topping roller against rotating steel (dummy) roller and pours varnish between rollers. Moves topping roller back and forth over dummy roller to work varnish into topping roller. Transfers topping roller to engraved roller as varnish becomes tacky and guides topping roller back and forth over engraved roller to top roller with varnish, leaving engravings exposed. Tops varnish coating with acid-resistant ink. Examines engravings on topped roller to detect ink smears or cavities filled with ink. Cleans and retops defective roller. Trucks varnished or topped rollers to storage area.
GOE: 06.02.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.682-026 ROUTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: printing-plate router

    Operates routing machine with free moving head to cut excess metal from nonprinting areas of electrotype, stereotype, and photoengraved printing plates: Clamps plate face onto routing machine table. Selects cutter bit and installs bit in chuck of routing spindle. Depresses pedal to start machine and moves hand guides to control direction of rotating cutter bit along outlines of design or letters set off by chemically darkened etching. Depresses pedal to raise cutter bit to avoid cutting printing areas of plate. Bevels edges of plates to form nailing surface for mounting plates to wood or synthetic blocks, using router or beveling machine. Mounts curved plates on saddle device in order to cut metal from nonprinting areas. May mount finished printing plates on wood, synthetic, or metal blocks to raise them to printing height, by hand or using automatic plate-mounting equipment [BLOCKER (print. & pub.) I].
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.684-010 CARBON PRINTER (print. & pub.)

    Transfers image onto polished surface of copper cylinder to be used in rotogravure process, using photographic equipment: Places sensitized carbon tissue in frame over setup form of matter to be reproduced, and exposes assembly to arc light. Removes tissue after exposure, trims to size, and affixes it to surface of cylinder. May mix chemicals to prepare sensitizing solution and immerse tissue in solution to produce sensitized coating on tissue.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.684-014 ENGRAVER II (print. & pub.)

    Cuts letters and designs in linoleum and mounts cut articles on blocks for use in printing posters, using drawing and cutting instruments: Traces pattern of design and letters in reverse on linoleum, using ruler, pencil, and drawing instruments. Cuts around drawn pattern leaving raised design or letters, using cutting tools. Glues pattern to wooden block.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

979.684-018 LEGEND MAKER (fabrication, nec)

    Arranges and mounts precut letters, numbers, symbols, and logos on paper backing to produce word groupings for signs and displays: Reads work order to determine wording of sign or display. Cuts transparent backing paper to specified size and positions and secures paper to graph grid on drafting table. Removes precut letters, numbers, symbols, or logos from strips or sheets, using knife, and positions them on pressure sensitive paper according to copy, following graph grid. Tapes letters to paper, using transparent tape. Removes completed graphic from table and cuts graphic to size according to customer specifications, using knife.
GOE: 06.04.26 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-022 MAP-AND-CHART MOUNTER (print. & pub.) alternate titles: bookmaker, map; finisher, map and chart

    Performs any combination of following tasks to mount maps and charts according to oral or written specifications: Glues muslin or board backing to paper maps and charts, by hand or using mounting machine. Tends machine that automatically applies reinforcing tape to edges of unmounted charts and maps. Attaches spring roller and draw rod to roll-type maps and charts. Cuts maps into sections of specified size, using knife or razor. Spaces sections on muslin, according to specifications, and glues sections to muslin to assemble fold-mounted maps. Attaches brackets to corners of wooden strips to assemble map-mounting frame. Secures map or chart to frame, using glazier's points, screws, or tape. Inserts fold-mounted maps into binders, punches eyelet holes in binder, using hand press, and inserts and crimps eyelets to secure maps in binder, using hammer.
GOE: 06.02.26 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

979.684-026 PRINT-SHOP HELPER (print. & pub.)

    Assists workers engaged in setting type, operating printing presses, and making plates, performing any combination of following duties: Moves material and supplies to and from various work areas. Assists in making ready and adjusting presses for production runs. Keeps presses supplied with paper stock. Cleans presses, printing plates, and type setups after use. Covers dampening rolls with wool or felt. Counts, stacks, and wraps finished printed material. Cleans electrotype shells prior to casting, and removes excess metal from edges or backs of cast printing plates, using metal trimming and shaving machines. Trims stereotype matrices to size and dries them between steam or flame-heated plates. Immerses cast plates in copper and chrome plating solutions. Nails wooden blocks to backs of prepared plates to bring plates to printing level. May set type by hand following copy. May be designated according to work involved as Electrotyper Helper (print. & pub.); Photoengraving Helper (print. & pub.); Stereotyper Helper (print. & pub.). Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-030 SCREEN PRINTER (textile) alternate titles: silk-screen printer

    Prints designs on textiles, such as cloth, towels, bath cloths, sheets, and pillowcases, using screen and squeegee: Sets register guides along edge of printing table at intervals specified for pattern repeat. Pours color paste onto screen and positions screen against guides over cloth. Draws squeegee across screen to press color paste through open portion of screen and print design. Repeats process with different screen for each color in design. Washes screens with water or solvent to remove color paste.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-034 SCREEN PRINTER (any industry) alternate titles: decorator; letterer; screener; silk-screen operator; silk-screen painter

    Prints lettering and designs on objects, such as posters, targets, instrument dials, furniture, glass, and toys, using screen printing device: Positions object against guides on setup board or holding fixture of screening device and lowers screen. Pours paint into screen frame or dips squeegee in paint and draws squeegee across screen to transfer design to object. Cleans screen with solvent at end of run and when using different colors. May mix paints according to standard formulas. May affix decals to parts and assemblies, using roller. May examine printed object for defects. May fabricate silk screen stencil, using photographic equipment. May be designated according to object printed as Target-Face Maker (toy-sport equip.). May tend semiautomatic machine that advances wallpaper under printing screen and be designated Wallpaper Printer (paper goods) II. May screen print electrode material onto substrate used in electronic components, such as ceramic capacitors and film resistors, and be known as Silk-Screen Printer (electron. comp.). May screen print solder mask or nomenclature on printed circuit boards and be designated Screen Printer, Printed Circuit Boards (electron. comp.).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

979.684-038 SILK-SCREEN REPAIRER (any industry)

    Repairs silk screens used in printing articles, such as glass, textile products, furniture, and toys, using handtools: Examines screens over lighted inspection table to detect holes in gelatin emulsion. Brushes blocking solution over holes. Measures alignment of design on article printed, using calipers, and adjusts registration guides and tightens screen in frame to correct misalignment.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.684-042 PRINTING SCREEN ASSEMBLER (electron. comp.) alternate titles: screen stretcher

    Stretches and fastens screening material to metal frames to make printing screens, using either of following methods: (1) Positions frame in holding fixture of stretcher. Places specified length of screening material, such as silk, polyester, or metal mesh, over frame and secures edges of material in clamps of stretcher. Turns ratchet wheels on stretcher to stretch and straighten screening material. Examines and feels screening material to determine tension. Places tension measuring instrument on screening material to measure tension according to specifications. Glues screening material to frame and removes frame from stretcher. Trims excess material from frame, using knife. (2) Clamps specified length of screening material to screen frame. Tightens screws of frame to stretch and straighten screening material according to sequence diagram, using handtool. Examines screen for defects, such as runs or torn areas.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

979.685-010 SILK-SCREEN PRINTER, MACHINE (any industry) alternate titles: screen printer

    Tends silk screen machine that prints designs, patterns, lettering, or other images on assorted materials and products, such as glassware, ceramics, metal, plastic, or electronic components: Bolts framed silk screen onto machine, and installs and adjusts workpiece holding fixture, stops, and guides, using handtools, ruler, and workpiece pattern. Attaches squeegee to pneumatic drive mechanism, using wrench, and connects air line to mechanism. Regulates air pressure and manipulates squeegee to adjust pressure and angle of sweep. Applies printing compound to screen, using spatula or brush. Places workpiece in or on holding fixture, presses button to lower screen, and depresses pedal or pushes button to activate squeegee. Observes silk screen and workpiece to detect printing defects caused by ripped screen and applies glue to rip to repair screen. Cleans silk screen, using brush and solvent. May thin printing compound, using specified thinner. May tend firing oven to dry printed workpiece. May sharpen squeegee on sanding machine. May transfer image of original artwork to screen, using vacuum printer. May be designated according to type of machine tended as Decorating-Machine Tender (glass mfg.); Squeegee-Machine Tender (glass mfg.); or Stenciling-Machine Tender (glass mfg.; glass products). May tend machine that screen-prints circuit pattern and nomenclature on printed circuit board (PCB) panels used in fabricating PCB's and be designated Screen-Printing-Machine Tender, Printed Circuit Boards (electron. comp.)
GOE: 06.04.09 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 89

979.687-010 EXAMINER (print. & pub.)

    Inspects engraved letterheads, envelopes, cards, and stationery to detect defects in engraving and flaws in paper. Informs supervisor of defective engraving rollers and paper.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

979.687-014 PHOTOSTAT-OPERATOR HELPER (any industry)

    Performs any combination of following tasks to assist PHOTOSTAT OPERATOR (any industry): Pegs or clamps material to be duplicated on copy-board of photostat machine and removes material subsequent to duplication. Pours developing and fixing solutions into machine tanks. Washes prints subsequent to duplication and places prints in drying cabinet. Trims edges of prints, using paper cutter or scissors. Records type, size, and number of prints duplicated. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

979.687-018 PLATE GAUGER (print. & pub.)

    Examines and repairs engraved printing plates, using plate gauge, cement, and tissue paper: Visually examines plates for defects, such as scratches, broken corners, or broken type. Measures plates to verify specified printing height of type-face, line-engraving, half-tone, and color printing areas. Builds up low spots on plate, using tissue paper and cement. Records type of defect on back of plate and routes plate to repair room.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

979.687-022 SCREEN PRINTER HELPER (any industry)

    Assists SCREEN PRINTER (any industry) in printing lettering and designs on articles, performing duties as described under HELPER (any industry) aster Title.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

979.687-026 TYPE-COPY EXAMINER (machinery mfg.)

    Examines proofsheets for irregularities in type characters indicative of defects in phototypesetting type disks: Examines each character on proofsheet for breaks, irregular spacing, improper alignment, and eccentricity, using magnifying glass. Circles characters that do not conform to standards, using red pencil. Files approved proofsheets and forwards proofsheets failing to meet standards to SUPERVISOR, TYPE-DISK QUALITY CONTROL (machinery mfg.) 979.137-026. May attach identification labels or adhesive-backed paper to phototypesetting type disk components.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

979.687-030 INSPECTOR, FURNITURE DECALS (furniture)

    Inspects silk screened decals used in furniture decoration for defects: Inspects sheets of decals for defects, such as smears, misalignments, uneven color, or torn paper. Counts acceptable decals and records totals on production records. Arranges stacks of decal sheets in order and cuts stacks, using power shear. Positions rubberbands around stacks of decals and places stacks in storage bins.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

979.687-034 GENERAL WORKER, LITHOGRAPHIC (print. & pub.)

    Assists apprentices and journey workers, as assigned by supervisors, in prepress, press, and bindery departments within offset lithographic printing establishment, performing duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.19 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 1 DLU: 89