United States Department of Labor
Office of Administrative Law Judges Law Library

Note: The DOT was created by the Employment and Training Administration, and was last updated in 1991. It has been replaced by the O*NET.



761.684-014 to 781.384-018

    This category includes occupations concerned with the use of body members, handtools, and bench machines to fit, grind, carve, mold, paint, sew, assemble, inspect, repair, and similarly work relatively small objects and materials, such as jewelry, phonographs, light bulbs, musical instruments, tires, footwear, pottery, and garments. The work is usually performed at a set position in a mill, plant, or shop, at a bench, worktable, or conveyor. At the more complex levels, workers frequently read blueprints, follow patterns, use a variety of handtools, and assume responsibility for meeting standards. Workers at the less complex levels are required to follow standardized procedures.

761.684-014 JIG BUILDER (metal prod., nec)

    Builds wood jigs, used as guides in welding wire display racks, following sketch or sample: Lays out and marks jig dimensions on plywood stock according to written instructions or measurements taken from sample. Adjusts saw guides and cuts grooves in plywood to hold wires in place for welding, using table saw. Positions and attaches wood stops to plywood at wire crossing points and drills holes in plywood at crossing points to facilitate welding, using drill press and handtools.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

761.684-018 PANEL-LAY-UP WORKER (woodworking)

    Matches and gathers boards of specified grain, color, and width to form panels: Inspects boards in stockpile and selects sides with matching grain and color for panel surface. Assembles pieces on table or conveyor, in sequence, and marks them with crayon for reassembly in gluing machine. Measures width of panel to verify work order requirements, using ruler. May place rejected boards on conveyor for reprocessing. May be designated according to type of panel assembled as Piano-Sounding-Board Matcher (musical inst.).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

761.684-022 PATTERN MARKER II (woodworking) alternate titles: band-saw marker; marker

    Marks outlines of irregularly shaped parts on woodstock to provide cutting guides for machine operators: Arranges specified patterns on stock to obtain maximum number of pieces with most effective utilization of wood grain. Traces patterns with pencil or other marking device. May nail pieces of thin stock together for identical parts to be cut simultaneously. May be designated according to woodstock being marked as Veneer Marker (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

761.684-026 POLISHER (woodworking)

    Holds and moves articles, such as baseball bats, wooden tool handles, handbag frames, and shoe lasts against revolving canvas belt or rotating cloth-covered wheel or disk to smooth and polish their surfaces: Activates polishing apparatus and holds polishing compound stick against belt, wheel, or disk to coat it. Presses and turns articles against belt, wheel or disk, to remove scratches and defects, and to polish surface of article to specified finish. Replaces worn buffs, using wrenches. May be designated according to article polished as Last Polisher (wood prod., nec); Wood Buffer (musical inst.).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

761.684-030 SANDER (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: hand sander; topper

    Cleans, shapes, and smooths parts of smoking pipes: Positions specified grade of sandpaper on sanding machine spindle and turns nut to secure sandpaper. Starts machine and holds part, such as bowl or stem, against rotating disk, using varying pressure, or positions pipe bowl on spindle and holds sandpaper against revolving bowl to clean, shape, or smooth pipe. May be designated according to degree of sanding as Fine Sander (fabrication, nec); Rough Sander (fabrication, nec); or according to part or area sanded as Bit Sander (fabrication, nec); Bottom Sander (fabrication, nec); Bowl Topper (fabrication, nec); Shank Sander (fabrication, nec); or according to sanding objective as Putty Remover (fabrication, nec). May sand shank to fit flush with stem and be designated Flusher (fabrication, nec). May position pipe bowl on spindle and hold sandpaper against revolving bowl to smooth and shape bowl.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

761.684-034 SANDER, PORTABLE MACHINE (woodworking)

    Smooths wood surfaces to facilitate finishing, using portable belt, disk, orbital, or vibrator sanding machine: Attaches sheet, disk or belt of abrasive material to machine rollers or platen, and secures it with thumbscrews or clamps. Starts machine and guides it over surfaces by hand. Inspects and feels stock for smoothness. May remove excess glue from joints, using knife, scraper, or wood chisel. May sand wood surface by hand, using sandpaper.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 80

761.684-038 SHAPER, HAND (furniture) alternate titles: scraper, hand

    Dresses and smooths curved wooden furniture parts by clamping roughly sawed or shaped part in vise and shaping it to specified contours and finish, using tools, such as spokeshave, plane, rasps, and power sander.
GOE: 06.02.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

761.684-042 STOCK PATCHER (ordnance) alternate titles: patcher-wood welder; stock repairer

    Repairs defective or damaged wooden gunstocks and forearms (grips): Trims outline of holes, cracks, chips, and splintered sections to form seat for patch, using punches, chisels, and hammers. Selects wood of matching grain and color and shapes wedges or dowels to form patch, using knives, files, benchsaw, and sanding wheel. Brushes patch with adhesive and positions it in seat. Places patched section between pole plates of heating machine to set adhesive. Trims patch flush with stock surface. Melts stick shellac into scratches, patched section, dents, and blemishes to fill damaged areas, using soldering iron or heated file. Removes excess shellac from repaired area, using sandpaper. May attach specified bakelite cap or ebony tip on stock.
GOE: 06.02.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

761.684-046 STOCK SHAPER (ordnance)

    Scrapes, files, and sands machine-shaped gunstocks to remove excess wood and impart finished appearance to surfaces: Positions and secures stock in vise. Inserts filing jigs into routed recesses and secures them with screws. Scrapes and files wood to fit surfaces flush with jigs and butt-plate and to finish curves and contours of flutes. Smooths areas of stock, using sandpaper and emery cloth. Presses stock against sanding drum to impart smooth finish to stock.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

761.684-050 PANEL CUTTER (furniture)

    Cuts plywood or particleboard to form end panels for display fixtures, using portable router: Reads work order to determine style of panel and type of woodstock to be used. Selects pattern and places pattern on woodstock, such as plywood or particleboard. Clamps pattern and woodstock to workbench. Guides portable router around edge of pattern to cut panel from woodstock. Cuts grooves in specified panels, using shaper.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

761.684-054 TOUCH-UP CARVER (fabrication, nec)

    Carves decorative designs on wood smoking pipes to correct defects, using carving machine or pneumatically powered portable drill: Places designated carving bit in carving machine or drill chuck and tightens bit in chuck, using chuck wrench or pliers. Pushes button to start rotation of carving bit. Holds smoking pipe bowl and shank against bit to recarve designated pattern to specified depth on patched pipe or to correct carving defects.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

761.684-058 WIRE BRUSH OPERATOR (fabrication, nec)

    Cuts pattern on smoking pipe bowl, using rotating wire brush: Places wire brush attachments over wire brush machine shaft and secures brush on shaft, using wrench. Pushes lever to start wire brush rotating. Holds and turns pipe bowl against rotating wire brush, using varying pressure, to cut pattern on specified surfaces of bowl.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

761.687-010 SANDER, HAND (woodworking)

    Smooths surface of wooden articles, such as furniture parts, mirror frames, caskets, and cabinet panels preparatory to finishing, or between finish coats, using sandpaper and steel wool. Feels surface of sanded article for smoothness. May scrape article with chisel or scraper to remove burrs, splinters, and excess glue. May mark defects, such as knotholes, cracks, and splits to facilitate repair of article. May be designated Finish Sander (woodworking); First-Coat Sander (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 79


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with fitting, joining, or interlacing wood products by using bolts, nails, rivets, screws, and adhesives.

762.134-010 SUPERVISOR, COMPONENT ASSEMBLER (mfd. bldgs.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in assembling components for manufactured buildings: Examines completed components to determine whether components, such as cabinets, sink tops, door casings, and closets, conform to specifications. Trains new workers in component assembly techniques. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

762.384-010 GLUED WOOD TESTER (woodworking) alternate titles: tester

    Conducts laboratory tests to determine quality and strength of glued wood products, utilizing knowledge of wood species and glue: Soaks plywood in water for specified time and removes plywood from water to air dry, repeating procedure until glued plywood separates to determine soaking effect upon glue. Glues samples of wood together, places samples in oven, and increases temperature at specified intervals until glued samples break apart to determine heat effect upon glue. Tests tensile strength of glue, using pneumatic testing device to pull glued blocks apart. Determines moisture content of wood by weighing sample before and after baking in electric oven. Compiles test data and records results. Examines and measures stock in various stages of production to detect variations from standards. Prepares graphs and charts to show trends in waste of material and substandard lumber.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

762.484-010 REEL ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Assembles precut wooden pieces to form reels for winding cables or strands: Measures parts, using measuring tape and rule, and assembles them, using hammer. Weighs, marks, and attaches tags to full reels. Rolls reels to stock house. May grease reels to waterproof them.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-010 ASSEMBLER (wood. container)

    Assembles parts of wooden cases for use in carrying industrial tools and equipment: Fastens wooden parts of case together with rivets or nuts and bolts. Drills holes in precut metal strips and screws strips to edges of case. Rivets hardware, such as hinges, fasteners, and metal corners to case to complete assembly.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-014 ASSEMBLER, COMPONENT (mfd. bldgs.; vehicles, nec)

    Assembles manufactured building and travel trailer components, such as sinks, cabinets, closets, counters, doors, and partitions, using hand and power tools: Obtains precut parts and subassemblies specified on parts list. Positions precut parts and subassemblies on worktable according to blueprint specifications or assembly instructions and examines joints to ensure snug fit. Applies glue to parts, using brush or spray gun, and fastens parts together to form component, using staple gun, hammer, or power screwdriver. Positions template on component or measures to locate position for hardware, such as door knobs, rollers, or faucets, and bores holes or cuts grooves for hardware, such as door hinges, pulls, door knobs, or rollers, using power saw and drill. Fastens hardware in place and hangs doors in frames, using screwdriver and drill. Positions and secures sink or lavatory fixtures in specified position, using pipe wrench. May cut precut lumber to alter dimensions to meet specifications, using power saw and tape measure. May bend portion of wooden counter top to form backsplash, using bending machine. May be designated according to component assembled as Cabinet Assembler (mfd. bldgs.; vehicles, nec); Counter Top Assembler (mfd. bldgs.; vehicles, nec); Partition Assembler (mfd. bldgs.; vehicles, nec).
GOE: 06.02.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-018 ASSEMBLY OPERATOR (woodworking)

    Fits parts, such as shuttle eyes, tension devices, plates, and spindles, into wooden shuttles: Smooths interior surfaces of openings in shuttles or spindles, using chisel or cutting machine with rotating knives. Bores holes for final assembly, using boring machine. Positions parts in specified opening and screws or bolts them in place, using handtools. Tests tension devices for resistance.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-022 BASKET MENDER (wood. container)

    Trims and repairs rattan baskets prior to application of protective coating: Trims ends of rattan rods and reeds, using knives and shears. Removes thin hairlike strands of reed by singeing with gas torch. Reweaves defective sections of baskets to repair baskets. Removes and replaces defective reeds and rods. Rejects baskets unsuited for repair.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-026 BOX MAKER (fabrication, nec)

    Assembles wooden boxes from prepared sections or precut boards for use as shipping or burial cases, using either of following methods, using hand or power tools: (1) Places ends of box in form on workbench, and nails side sections and bottom panels to ends, using hammer or pneumatic nailer. Turns unit over, positions top panels on box, nails batten to panels to reinforce top, and tacks top to box. (2) Clamps and fastens precut boards together to form end, side, and bottom sections and nails sections together, using hand clamps, braces, corrugated fasteners, hammer, and pneumatic nailer. Turns unit over, clamps and nails braces to boards to form top, and tacks top to box. Trims and smooths edges and corners of assembled box, using hand plane, drawknife, and sandpaper. Conveys assembled boxes to storage area, using handtruck. May mark box size on ends of boxes. May paint surfaces of boxes, using spray gun.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.684-030 CURTAIN-STRETCHER ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Assembles component parts of adjustable curtain stretchers: Drills holes and slots according to markings on wooden parts. Fits parts together to form frame, bolting slotted parts together to permit size adjustment. Connects frame to prop by inserting removable brace into drilled holes of frame and prop.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.684-034 DOOR ASSEMBLER I (woodworking)

    Assembles prepared machined parts (stiles, rails, panels, and bars) into doors, according to prescribed patterns, using glue, maul, and jig: Spaces glue-discharge pipes to correspond with dowel holes in stiles, using wrench and sample stile. Places stile on edge of glue tank and depresses pedal to fill dowel holes with glue. Drops glued stile horizontally with dowel holes up into jig on floor. Grasps rails and panels, in sequence, from stacks behind glue tank and aligns protruding dowels from each piece into glued holes of stile on floor. Taps pieces with maul to start dowels into holes. Glues and places second stile over protruding dowel pins of rails and panels and drives assembly partially together with maul. Tips door on bottom edge and stacks door vertically against rack for removal to CLAMPER (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-038 EDGE BANDER, HAND (furniture) alternate titles: veneer-edge bander

    Glues veneer bands to edges of case tops and tabletops by hand: Applies glue to veneer strips or edges of top with roller or brush and positions strips on edges. Places top in clamp and closes clamp to hold veneer strips against edges of top until glue is dry. Removes top and trims and smooths joints and edges of veneer with portable laminate trimmer and sandpaper. May cut veneer strips to specified length with handsaw. May use electrically heated or steam-heated clamp to facilitate drying of glue.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.684-042 GRIP ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Assembles gripping units that hold bobbins in wooden shuttles and inserts assembled units in shuttles: Removes burrs from edges of slots inside shuttles, using small knife. Fastens T-shaped shim to bobbin holder (grip) with leather straps and fits grip assembly into slots in shuttle chamber. Inserts tapered rod through length of shuttle and grip assembly to align parts, and screws assembled unit to shuttle. Measures position of unit in shuttle, using gauges, and adjusts unit to specified position, using handtools. Inserts specified bobbin in grip assembly and makes adjustments to obtain specified position and tension of bobbin. Repairs damaged grip units by tapping bent parts with hammer.
GOE: 06.02.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

762.684-046 HARDWARE ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Attaches hinges to wooden bifold doors with power screwdriver, working as member of three-member crew: Pushes cart of matched doors to feed end of conveyor. Removes and places matched pair of doors face to face on their side edges onto conveyor that conveys doors to stop guide under jigs. Places off-set hinges in jigs; and flips switch to activate bars that grasp, lift, and hold doors in position under jigs. Screws hinges to doors, using power screwdriver, to join doors. Depresses foot bar to release joined doors onto conveyor for subsequent packing.
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.684-050 NAILER, HAND (any industry)

    Assembles wooden products, such as boxes, packing cases, kegs, pallets, furniture frames, door and window units, and hogshead subassemblies, using handtools: Positions workpiece on table, floor, easel, or jig, according to verbal instructions, and nails or staples materials together at designated points, using hammer, pneumatic gun, or staple gun. Drives nails in carvings, molding, and scroll work, using hammer, before attaching to furniture. Attaches metal cleats to bottoms of nail kegs to reinforce containers, using hammer and nails. Clinches exposed nail ends and places assembled unit aside for further processing or shipment. May insert bolts in predrilled holes and tighten bolts with wrench. May glue joints before nailing. May record production. May repair containers and be designated Box Repairer (any industry). May be designated according to product assembled as Box Maker, Wood (any industry); Panel Maker (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

762.684-054 SCARF GLUER (millwork-plywood)

    Glues scarfed plywood panels together to form panels of specified length: Spreads glue on scarfed edge of panels, using roller, brush or putty knife. Places panels on worktable, fits glued-scarfed edges together to form joint, and staples corners of panel to hold them together while being pressed. Removes staples from cured panels and sands excess glue from surface of joint, using portable sander. Stacks finished panels on pallets and brands grade and trademark on edge, using electric branding iron. May verify strength of bonded joint, using pneumatic test equipment. May push panels into hot-plate press and close press to cure joint.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

762.684-058 SIDING STAPLER (millwork-plywood)

    Glues and staples wood strips and wedges on edges of plywood panels to make siding panels: Places plywood panels and wood strips near workbench. Examines each panel and rejects those with defects. Positions acceptable panel on workbench with finish surface down. Feeds wood strip through rollers that apply glue to bottom side and glues strip along one surface edge of panel. Positions wood wedge on end of panel and staples strip and wedge to panel, using staple gun. Stacks and ties completed panels in bundles to protect finish surfaces from damage during storage or shipment. Paints edges of bundled panels with weather proofing compound, using spray gun. Cuts rejected panels into strips, using table saw. Fills glue container, adding catalyst to obtain prescribed color. Records production.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.684-062 TRUSS ASSEMBLER (millwork-plywood)

    Assembles precut wooden parts to build trusses and similar supports or wall sections used in building construction: Moves specified precut parts to work area and positions parts in jig by hand or using overhead crane, following supervisor's instructions and blueprint specifications. Places metal reinforcement plates over connecting joints and connects parts at joints, using hammer, screwdriver, or pneumatic staple gun. Verifies dimensions of precut parts and accuracy of assembly, using ruler and gauges.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

762.684-066 WOODEN-FRAME BUILDER (furniture)

    Assembles wood frames for box springs and studio couches, using handtools: Positions precut frame parts, such as sides, ends, and braces in fixture, and glues, staples, and screws them together to fabricate box spring frame, using handtools, hand stapler, and glue applicator. Trims and smooths edges of frame, using saw and planer. Nails, screws, bolts, and glues precut couch framing and attaches legs, arms, and back pieces, using handtools. Nails, screws, or bolts plywood or other material to frame to form bedding box. May cut wood parts, according to specifications, using power tools. May attach hardware, such as caster, hand-pulls, and spring hinges. May staple spring assembly to wooden frame to form box spring unit, using pneumatic staple gun. May be designated according to type of frame assembled as Box-Spring-Frame Builder (furniture); Studio-Couch-Frame Builder (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.685-010 EDGE BANDER, MACHINE (furniture; millwork-plywood)

    Tends machine that glues veneer bands to edges of case tops, tabletops, and plywood panels, using either of following methods: (1) Pours glue in reservoir of banding machine. Places stack of veneer strips in feed chutes. Adjusts conveyor and trimming saws to width and thickness of panels or tops to be banded. Starts machine and feeds stock into machine that applies glue to edges of stock, pulls veneer strips from feed chute onto edges, dries glue on heated plates, and trims strips flush with edges. Regulates speed of belts that convey stock through machine. Sets temperature control to regulate heat of drying plates. (2) Brushes glue on edges of panels or tops. Adjusts stop on bander machine to width of stock. Sets dial on temperature gauge to heat ram and stop according to thickness of stock. Aligns stock and veneer strips between ram and stop. Depresses pedal to activate ram that presses stock against stop and bonds veneer strips to edges of stock. Places stock on worktable for edge trimming and sanding. May mix glue.
GOE: 06.04.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

762.686-010 EDGE-BANDING-MACHINE OFFBEARER (furniture; millwork-plywood)

    Off bears machine that glues veneer bands to edges of case tops, tabletops, and plywood panels. Stacks banded stock on pallet for movement to storage or further processing.
GOE: 06.04.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-010 BANDER (wood. container)

    Attaches reinforcing metal bands to ends of wood boxes, using $T3strapping tool:$T1 Threads strapping tool with metal band. Positions band around ends of box. Pumps handle of tool to tighten band. Pulls lever on machine to crimp and fasten band with metal clip.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-014 BOX INSPECTOR (wood. container) alternate titles: assembling inspector

    Inspects and repairs wood boxes: Examines partially or completely assembled boxes and crates for defects, such as cracks, nicks, holes, and diagonally driven and protruding nails. Removes diagonally driven nails and drives in protruding nails, using hammer. Smooths rough spots and edges, using sanding block or wire brush. Rejects substandard boxes. May sort assembled boxes according to specified groups.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-018 BOX REPAIRER II (wood. container) alternate titles: box-shook patcher

    Examines box shooks and blanks for cracks, knots, holes, and loose binding wire. Fills defects with cement and wood and staples loose binding wires to sides of boxes.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

762.687-022 CLAMP-JIG ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Assembles and clamps together wooden parts for such products as door frames and furniture parts, using jig equipped with power clamping device: Places precut wooden parts in jig in specified sequence and position, and activates mechanism that clamps parts together. Releases clamp and stacks completed items on skid. May turn crank to adjust width of jig. May brush glue on wooden parts or squirt glue in dowel or tenon holes before assembling parts. May be designated according to product as Hollow-Core Door-Frame Assembler (wood prod., nec); Louver-Door Assembler (wood prod., nec).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

762.687-026 CROSSBAND LAYER (millwork-plywood) alternate titles: core layer, plywood; glue spreader helper

    Stacks glued $T3crossbands$T1 alternately with $T3core stock$T1 to assemble plywood panels for bonding, working as member of team: Grasps glue-coated crossbands as they emerge from glue spreader and places them cross-grained between $T3back sheet,$T1 core stock, and $T3face sheet$T1 placed by VENEER-STOCK LAYER (millwork-plywood) 762.687-066 until specified ply is obtained. Discards broken crossbands. Pushes assembled panels down conveyor to hot-plate press for bonding into plywood. May assist GLUE SPREADER, VENEER (millwork-plywood; wood prod., nec) 569.685-042 to clean rollers of glue spreader. May brush glue on irregularly shaped veneer sheets that will not fit in glue spreader. May assemble 3-ply panels alone, laying back sheet, glued core or inner sheet, and face sheet in sequence, and be designated Plywood Builder (millwork-plywood).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

762.687-030 DOOR CORE ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Assembles hollow-core or solid-core doors in teamwork, using either of following methods: (1) Inserts preassembled hollow or solid door cores between glue rollers that coat both sides with glue, and alternately stacks cores on press dolly between pairs of veneer panels to assemble doors. Positions lock blocks, cross sticks, and corrugated cardboard spacers within frames of hollow cores. Pushes loaded dolly into press. (2) Inserts braces, stiles, rails, and filler boards between glue rollers, and alternately stacks them in position between pairs of veneer panels on elevator platform that automatically descends as each hollow-core door is assembled. Pushes stack of assembled doors from platform rollers onto conveyor rollers for transfer to press.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-034 GLUER (woodworking)

    Applies glue to surfaces of wooden pieces and clamps them together to form larger pieces or complete units, such as panels, tub bottoms, and tennis rackets: Spreads glue on surfaces to be joined, using brush or hand roller, or by drawing wood across roller partially submerged in glue. Assembles and aligns pieces, and fastens them together until glue dries, using bar clamps, hand clamps, vise, or radial-arm clamp carrier. Presses pedal when using clamp carrier to move racks containing clamped units around frame of device and back to working position. May reinforce joints with nails, screws, or brads, using handtools. May mix glue. May be designated according to type of clamping device used as Clamp-Carrier Operator (woodworking). May be designated according to product as Box Gluer (wood. container); Panel Maker (fabrication, nec).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

762.687-038 GLUER-AND-WEDGER (woodworking) alternate titles: wedger-and-gluer

    Glues and shapes fibrous veneer strips to sides and ends of wooden shuttle blanks: Brushes glue on veneer strips and aligns them on sides of shuttle blanks to form even surface. Clamps several veneered shuttle blanks together in rack and hangs racks in drying room. Removes racks and brushes glue on underside of veneer strips at tapered shuttle ends, and hammers wooden wedges around tapered ends of shuttles in rack to shape strips to shuttle form. Returns racks to drying rooms.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-042 HANDLE ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Attaches metal parts, such as webs and ferrules, to wooden tool and implement handles: Positions metal parts on handle, and drills holes for bolts or rivets, using portable power drill. Inserts bolts or rivets in holes, and tightens or fastens them, using handtools or riveting press. May stamp handles with name or size. May pack handles for shipment. May dip or spray handles to color or preserve them. May be designated according to handle assembled as Saw-Handle Assembler (woodworking); Shovel-Handle Assembler (woodworking); Snath-Handle Assembler (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-046 HARDWARE ASSEMBLER (wood. container) alternate titles: box-hinge and lock attacher

    Attaches hardware, such as hinges, latches, or lockplates, to wooden boxes, using either of following methods: (1) Inserts hardware in magnetized holder of ram or die of press. Positions box in jig beneath ram and depresses pedal to press and attach hardware to box. (2) Fits and attaches hardware to grooves on wooden box, using hammer and nails. May be designated according to method used as Box Nailer (wood. container); Hardware Press Operator (wood. container).
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-050 KNOCK-UP ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Glues and drives tenons of precut wood parts into mortises of other parts to assemble wood products, such as window sashes, door frames, boxes, or furniture or cabinet parts: Brushes glue on tenons or into mortises. Places wood parts on worktable according to specified pattern and sequence and drives tenons of parts into mortises of adjacent parts, using mallet. Inserts mullions between stiles and rails of multipane windows and fastens them with glue. Stacks completed items on skid. May insert wedges into mortises to fasten parts together. May operate $T3clamp machine$T1 to squeeze tenons into mortises. May be designated according to product assembled as Door Assembler (woodworking) II; Sash Assembler (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-054 PARTITION ASSEMBLER (wood. container)

    Hammers wood partitions into grooves of other partitions to form sections in bottle boxes. Presses partition clips against top edges of partitions and into box ends to fasten partitions.
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

762.687-058 SCREEN TACKER (woodworking)

    Installs screening in door or window screen frames: Positions roll of screening material on rack and places door or window frame on worktable. Pulls screening material over frame opening, and cuts screen to fit opening, using roller cutter. Forces edge of screen into frame groove, using roller or chisel-like setting tool. Nails molding strip over frame groove or rolls brading cord or spline into groove to secure edge of screen. When rolling in screens, may be designated Screen Roller (woodworking).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-062 SHEET TURNER (millwork-plywood)

    Stacks veneer sheets on table to supply VENEER-STOCK LAYER (millwork-plywood) engaged in assembling plywood panels: Removes $T3back sheets,$T1 $T3face sheets,$T1 and $T3core stock$T1 from pallets and places sheets in separate stacks on table supplying VENEER-STOCK LAYER (millwork-plywood). Turns exterior side of back sheet down and places back sheet on top of face sheet to ensure that exterior of sheets are on outside of finished panels. Slides back and face sheets toward VENEER-STOCK LAYER (millwork-plywood) to facilitate handling of sheets by VENEER-STOCK LAYER (millwork-plywood).
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-066 VENEER-STOCK LAYER (millwork-plywood) alternate titles: face layer

    Stacks veneer sheets alternately with glued $T3crossbands$T1 to assemble plywood panels for bonding, working as member of team: Positions layup board on conveyor against backstop and inserts poles in socket at end to form jig. Places $T3back sheets$T1 on layup board to start assembly of individual panels. Places $T3core stock$T1 between crossbands placed by CROSSBAND LAYER (millwork-plywood) until specified ply is obtained. Places $T3face sheets$T1 on tops of individual panels to complete panels. Pushes assembled panels down conveyor to hotplate press for bonding into plywood. ay turn back and face sheets during assembly of panels to ensure that exterior sides of sheets are on outside of finished panels. May stack chemically treated paper on veneer sheet to make plywood with smooth face sheet suitable for painting or application of wallpaper or cloth.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

762.687-070 WOODENWARE ASSEMBLER (woodworking)

    Assembles wooden articles, such as ladders, stools, benches, and folding chairs from prefabricated parts; and fastens them together with bolts, nails, or screws, using hand or power tools. May place parts in jig and force parts together for assembly, using pneumatic press. May fasten sections together and attach brackets, using riveting machine. May inspect ladders for conformance to plant and government standards. May be designated according to product assembled as Towel-Rack Assembler (woodworking). May read work orders to determine materials required, number of assemblers needed, and time required to complete work order. May adjust pneumatic bench press according to blueprint of wooden article to be manufactured.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with inlaying, installing, molding, weaving, polishing, and related activities concerned with fabricating and repairing furniture.

763.134-010 SUPERVISOR, QUALITY CONTROL (furniture)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in inspecting and repairing finished and unfinished wooden furniture to ensure conformance of furniture to company and customer specifications: Confers with supervisory personnel concerned with assembly of furniture to determine type and quantity of furniture to be processed. Measures wooden parts and assembled furniture articles, using tape measure, ruler, and calipers, to ensure conformance with blueprint specifications. Scans and feels surface of furniture for construction and finishing defects to determine if quality standards are met. Compares color on finished furniture with master color sample to determine if colors match. Records type and quantity of furniture articles processed daily and reports production to office personnel. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

763.134-014 SUPERVISOR, FURNITURE ASSEMBLY (furniture)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in assembling wood furniture: Determines amount, type, and availability of furniture subassemblies and supplies required for furniture assembly. Examines samples of furniture assembled to ensure conformance to specifications, and instructs workers in methods of correcting defects. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

763.380-010 FURNITURE RESTORER (museums) alternate titles: furnishings conservator; coater

    Restores and preserves historical furniture in collection of museum or similar institution, using variety of handtools and power tools and applying knowledge of antique fabrics and wood furniture: Examines furnishings to determine type of material, extent of deterioration or damage, or date of construction to verify authenticity and plan restoration. Sets up and operates variety of woodworking machines to fabricate, repair, reinforce, and replace parts of furniture. Cuts, shapes, and attaches parts according to blueprints or drawings, using handtools. Matches materials for color, grain, and texture. Strips old finish from furnishings, using solvents and abrasives. Fills cracks, depressions, and other blemishes, using plastic wood or lacquer stick. Treats warped or stained surfaces to restore original contour and color. Glues or replaces veneer sections. Smooths surfaces, using power sander or abrasive material. Washes or bleaches furniture surfaces to prepare surface for application of finish. Selects coatings, such as stain, lacquer, or varnish according to type wood, and brushes or sprays material onto surface to protect surface and produce desired appearance. Polishes, sprays, or waxes finished pieces. Removes damaged or deteriorated coverings from upholstered furniture. Repairs, reinforces, or replaces components, such as springs, webbing, and padding. Selects fabric for new covering, using knowledge of period and style of furniture or following instructions of CURATOR (museums) 102.017-010. Tacks, sews, glues, or staples covering to furniture frame to attach upholstery. Refurbishes leather coverings of furnishings, using softeners, solvents, adhesives, stains, or polishes. Replaces damaged coverings with leather pieces of appropriate color, grain, and weight. Stencils, gilds, embosses, or paints designs or borders on restored pieces to reproduce original appearance. May advise curatorial staff on environmental conditions necessary for preservation of furnishings in exhibit and storage areas. ay fabricate replicas of period furniture for use in exhibits. May be designated according to specialty as Finish Specialist (museums); Upholstery Restorer (museums).
GOE: 05.05.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

763.381-010 FURNITURE FINISHER (woodworking) alternate titles: furniture refinisher; recoater; refinisher; wood finisher

    Finishes or refinishes damaged, worn, or used furniture or new high-grade furniture to specified color or finish, utilizing knowledge of wood properties, finishes, and furniture styling: Disassembles article, masks areas adjacent to areas being finished, or removes accessories such as knobs and hinges, using handtools, to prepare article for finishing. Removes old finish from surfaces, using steel wool, sandpaper, or solvent and putty knife. Removes excess solvent with cloth immersed in paint thinner or sal soda. Applies plastic-putty, wood putty, or lacquer-stick to surface, using spatula or knife, to fill nicks, depressions, holes, and cracks. Smooths surface for finishing, using sandpaper or power sander. Selects finish ingredients and mixes them by hand or machine to obtain specified color or shade or to match existing finish. Brushes or sprays successive coats of stain, varnish, shellac, lacquer, or paint on workpiece. Grains wood or paints wood trim, using graining roller, comb, sponge, or brush. Polishes and waxes finished surfaces. May restore wood to natural color, using bleaching acid and neutralizer. May spread graining ink over metal portions of surfaces with cheesecloth to simulate wood-grainlike finish. May finish piano and organ cases and be designated Piano-And-Organ Refinisher (woodworking). May finish mirror and picture frames and be designated according to type of finish applied as Powder Gilder (wood prod., nec); Whitener (wood prod., nec). May finish television receiver cabinets and be designated Television-Cabinet Finisher (woodworking). May finish wooden parts of custom-made firearms and be designated Finisher, Special Stocks (ordnance). May stain and finish surfaces of new furniture pieces to simulate antiques, bringing out highlights and shadings by rubbing surfaces with abrasives or cloth, and be designated Antiquer (furniture).
GOE: 05.05.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

763.381-014 FURNITURE-FINISHER APPRENTICE (woodworking) alternate titles: wood-finisher apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

763.681-010 FRAME REPAIRER (furniture)

    Repairs frames of sofas and chairs damaged during upholstering in furniture plant: Removes upholstery, burlap, or webbing to expose splits or breaks in frames. Glues and secures splits with screws, dowels, or nails, using handtools. Cuts out or chisels away broken parts of frames, using handsaw, portable power saw, or hammer and wood chisel. Cuts replacement parts to fit adjacent parts of frames and glues and dowels replacement parts to frames.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

763.684-010 ASSEMBLY INSPECTOR (furniture) alternate titles: inspector

    Inspects unfinished furniture for surface defects and conformance to company standards: Cleans dust from drawers and external surfaces of furniture, using airhose. Examines surface for defects, such as loose or blistered veneer, cracks, knots, exposed nails, warping, loose joints, splits, dents, or scratches. Feels surface to detect rough spots. Marks defective areas with chalk for resanding or repair. Inspects fit of doors and drawers and tightness of joints. May make minor repairs to furniture, such as nailing drawer slides and drawer stops to case, sanding rough areas, and scraping off excess glue. May record number of units inspected.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 79

763.684-014 CABINET ASSEMBLER (furniture)

    Assembles radio, television, and phonograph cabinets, using handtools: Fits prefabricated wooden parts together. Trims and smooths parts to fit, using handtools and sandpaper. Inserts screws or dowels in predrilled holes, and fastens parts together with screwdriver, glue, and clamps. Installs hardware, such as hinges, catches, and knobs, on assembled cabinet. May cut baffle cloths and plastic screens to specified size and install them in cabinets, using hand or machine cutters, screwdriver, and stapling gun.
GOE: 06.02.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

763.684-018 CANER I (furniture) alternate titles: weaver

    Weaves twine and strips of cane or other flexible material onto furniture frames to form woven seats, backs, or other panels: Cuts strips or twine to length, using knife. Inserts strips or twine through frame holes and interlaces strips within frame openings in horizontal, vertical, and diagonal directions to form woven panels of specified patterns. Pulls strips taut and loops ends of strips in and out of holes to form decorative edges. Staples or tacks twine to frames. May water-soak cane or other material fibers to increase pliability for weaving. May clamp frames in fixtures to hold frames for weaving. May weave strips or twine on tables and wire racks to form decorative edges.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

763.684-022 CANER II (furniture)

    Installs or replaces prewoven panels of cane, willow, or rattan in furniture frames: Cuts damaged panel from furniture frame, using knife. Pries wooden splines from grooves in frame, using chisel. Places frame in water to soften dried glue and adhering panel of cane or willow, and scrapes surfaces clean. Brushes glue into grooves around frame opening and stretches water-soaked panel over opening. Forces edges of panel into grooves, using wedge and mallet or pneumatic press. Brushes glue over panel edges in grooves, and forces splines into grooves flush with surface. Trims excess material, using knife. May cut prewoven panels to size, using pattern and scissors or cutting machine.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

763.684-026 CASE FITTER (furniture) alternate titles: prefitter

    Fits doors, trays, and drawers into unfinished wooden furniture: Trims and shapes edges of uneven or misshaped parts, using chisel, file, sandpaper, and hand plane, or by drawing edges over jointer blade. Pushes thumbtacks into drawer slides to level drawers and to facilitate sliding. Fits prehinged doors to cases and marks and drills holes for insertion of screws, using portable power drill. Attaches doors to cases or sets them aside for painting. Slides drawers in and out to test fit of drawers, and tests doors for ease of opening and closing. May repair, replace, or lubricate defective hardware, using handtools and portable power tools. May be designated according to part fitted as Door Fitter (furniture); Drawer Fitter (furniture).
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

763.684-030 DRAWER LINER (furniture)

    Glues velveteen, felt, or other lining material to bottom or over entire inside of drawers which are used for storage of silver, coins, or other tarnishable articles: Brushes glue evenly on parts to be covered. Positions and smooths precut lining on glue by hand and cuts or trims it as necessary to fit part.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

763.684-034 FINISH PATCHER (furniture) alternate titles: finish cleaner; finish repairer; refinisher; retoucher

    Repairs defects, such as holes, cracks, and scratches, in finish of furniture or furniture stock: Examines each defective article to determine method of repair. Fills holes and cracks with shellac or wax, using heated blade to melt and spread wax and shellac. Removes varnish and smooths cracks and scratches with sandpaper. Applies stain to match furniture surface and varnish to protect surface, using brush or spray gun. Smooths and shapes repaired surface with sandpaper, pumice stone, steel wool, or chisel. Nails, screws, or glues broken or split parts together. Rubs glossy spots with pumice stone and oil, and polishes dull spots with wax to match surrounding finish. Dabs moistened cloth to and presses heated blade against dents and scratches to draw indentations to surface. May chisel out defective sections and replace them with patch matching color and grain.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 79

763.684-038 FURNITURE ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: parts assembler

    Assembles wooden parts or assemblies to form sections, frames, or complete articles of furniture: Trims joints to fit, using handtools. Blows dust from mortises and areas to be glued, using airhose. Spreads glue on surfaces to be joined by drawing wood across roller partially submerged in glue, by using brush dipped in glue, or by using glue-filled squeeze bottle. Knocks connecting parts together with mallet or compresses assembled parts in clamp until glue has dried. Wipes excess glue from joints with rag. Drills holes and drives screws into parts to join parts or to reinforce glued joints, using power drill and screwdriver. Attaches glue blocks, metal braces, corner blocks, drawer guides, tops, molding, shelves, dust bottoms, back panels, or skids with nails, screws, glue, or staples, using handtools and power tools. Inspects and verifies accuracy of assembled article for conformance to specified standards, using square and tape measure. Smooths irregular joints with rasp and sandpaper, and levels chair legs, using circular leveling saw. May drill holes and attach hardware, such as drawer guides, drawer locks, catches, and latches, using power drill and handtools. May slide drawers in and out to test ease of movement, and adjust ill-fitting drawers, using handtools. May be known in establishment according to part or article assembled. May work as member of team along conveyor line.
GOE: 06.02.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 80

763.684-042 HARDWARE ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: mounter; upfitter

    Attaches hardware, such as drawer pulls, locks, latches, or metal ornaments, to finished furniture, using handtools and power screwdriver: Examines drawings or work ticket to ascertain location and type of hardware to be mounted to furniture. Attaches wooden molding, decorative carvings, trim, and hardware to furniture, using nails, screws, adhesive spray gun, handtools, and power screwdriver. Staples plastic tabs on top edges of drawers or brushes liquid paraffin on drawer edges to facilitate ease of opening and closing drawers. Wraps keys, trays, and drawer dividers in paper and places them inside cabinet. Inserts felt-backed metal clips between drawers and furniture case to hold drawers during shipment. ay hang doors by screwing hinges to predrilled holes. May press electric iron against inside panel of furniture case drawers to burn brand name on drawer.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

763.684-046 LAG SCREWER (furniture) alternate titles: pin-machine operator

    Inserts lag bolts in table legs, using pin machine: Inserts lag screw in hole of table leg or in drill of machine. Pushes leg against rotating drill or pulls lever to lower drill onto leg. Verifies depth of screw in leg, using gauge. Stacks legs on handtruck and conveys them to storage or assembly area.
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

763.684-050 LAMINATOR, HAND (furniture)

    Cements precut laminated plastic covering materials to plywood panels to form furniture parts, such as cabinet tops, countertops, tabletops, and desktops: Applies cement to surface of plywood panels, using brush. Glues plastic laminated covering material to plywood panel to form furniture part and smooths surface with rollers. Wipes acetone on edges of covering and panel with rag and solvent to remove excess cement. Examines edges of laminated part to detect ridges, and removes excess material with file or electric hand trimmer. May attach metal molding trim to edges, using glue and handtools. May cut plastic laminated material and plywood to specified size and shape, using handtools and power tools. May clamp laminated plastic in place until glue sets, using clamps or vise. May install laminated plastic tops on furniture and be designated Plastic-Top Installer (furniture). May cover tops of kitchen and bathroom fixtures and be designated Cabinet Assembler (mfd. bldgs.).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

763.684-054 LEATHER TOOLER (furniture)

    Covers wooden table or desk tops with leather: Cuts cardboard pattern to contour of tabletop or desk top and cuts outline of pattern on leather, using knife or shears. Applies adhesive to table or desk top and to leather, and presses leather onto top, shaping and stretching it to remove wrinkles and prevent buckling as adhesive dries. Trims excess leather, using knife. Applies goldleaf or other decorative design to leather, using heated die or printing roller and stencil. May spray lacquer over leather to protect surface of leather.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

763.684-058 PIANO CASE AND BENCH ASSEMBLER (musical inst.)

    Performs any combination of following tasks to assemble piano frames, cases, and benches, using carpenter's handtools, templates, jigs, and woodworking machines: Fits keybeds, shelves, music racks, and other case parts for assembly by sawing, drilling holes, and sanding material to fit, using handtools, bandsaw, jig, drill press, and sandpaper. Applies glue to side pieces and back frame parts with brush and positions material in clamp for drying, or gives material to GLUING-MACHINE OPERATOR, ELECTRONIC (woodworking) for gluing and clamping. Installs additional pieces, such as pedalboard, toe rails, music racks, keycover rod, hardware, and decorative items, using handtools, work aids, and portable power tools. May be designated according to item assembled as Bottom Board And Truss Leg Installer (musical inst.); Key-Bed Installer (musical inst.); Piano Bench Assembler (musical inst.); Side Gluer (musical inst.); Top Case Assembler (musical inst.).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

763.684-062 PLASTIC-TOP ASSEMBLER (furniture)

    Stacks sheets of glue-coated plywood, fiberboard, and plastic, in specified sequence for pressing into laminated tops for furniture, such as dressers, tables, and desks. Builds tops for matched sets, by matching color, type of finish, and grain pattern of face sheets. May tend cold press to compress stack [HYDRAULIC-PRESS OPERATOR (millwork-plywood)].
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

763.684-066 SLOT ROUTER (furniture)

    Cuts (routes) slots for attaching molding on tabletops, using portable power router: Pushes tabletop from pallet onto worktable. Reads work order to ascertain dimensions and position of slot. Selects and inserts router tool in chuck of router, using wrench. Adjusts guide stop and base plate for depth and position of slot, using rule, and secures item in place, using wing nuts. Positions router on tabletop with guide against edge and starts router. Moves router around periphery of tabletop to cut slot. Pushes slotted tabletop onto rollers of conveyor. Cleans work area.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

763.684-070 STOCK-PARTS INSPECTOR (furniture) alternate titles: inspector and patch worker; parts inspector; putty-and-patch worker

    Inspects furniture parts for defects and repairs defective parts: Examines furniture parts, such as table and cabinet tops, end panels, and furniture legs for knot holes, cracks, splits, scratches, raised veneer, and defective sanding. Selects filler to match color, type, and species of stock piece, and fills cracks, holes, and dents with filler, using putty knife. Places electric iron on repaired wood defect to dry filler. Smooths rough places with sandpaper and hand plane. Verifies pieces inspected against cutting orders. Orders replacement parts, indicating number of pieces needed, pattern number, and dimensions. May cut out defects, using portable electric saw or knife, and glue patch for patch strips in cutout area. May fill splits with glue and clamp stock for specified time to allow glue to dry.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

763.684-074 TABLE-TOP TILE SETTER (brick & tile)

    Covers tabletops with mosaic tile squares to form decorative design: Glues cardboard pattern to top of table. Places template over pattern and marks off design, using pencil. Cuts out marked-off portion, using handknife. Applies glue to surface of mosaic tile and tabletop. Sets multicolored squares in position to form prescribed design and color pattern.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

763.684-078 WICKER WORKER (furniture)

    Fabricates wicker furniture from peeled and softened rattan, reed, or willow sticks: Clamps or secures frame pieces in fixtures. Heats frame pieces and other sticks with blowtorch, and bends them to desired shape. Fastens sticks together with bolts, nails, and screws. Weaves wickers in, through, and around frame, cutting off and concealing or weaving together loose ends to finish edges. Winds wickers around joints to strengthen and conceal them. May be designated according to material used as Rattan Worker (furniture); Reed Worker (furniture); Willow Worker (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

763.687-010 BLOW-OFF WORKER (furniture)

    Cleans outside surfaces and inside drawers of furniture, using airhose and cloth, to remove dust, dirt, and chips preparatory to spray finishing.
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

763.687-014 CHAIR INSPECTOR AND LEVELER (furniture)

    Inspects wooden chairs or stools for defects in construction or finish to ensure conformance with manufacturing standards: Places chair, stool, or frame on bench to determine if item stands level. Slides uneven items over circular saw flush with top of bench to cut excess length from legs. Inspects wooden surfaces for defects in finish, such as cracks, splits, and protruding splinters, and marks defects with chalk or crayon. Stacks defective chairs or stools in designated area. May repair defects in finish, using stain stick. May assemble wooden furniture parts.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

763.687-018 DISTRESSER (furniture)

    Marks surface of furniture with crayon or strikes surface with rough edged object, such as chain, broken bottle, or rock, to distress (simulate antique) furniture finish: Reads work ticket to ascertain items to be distressed or receives oral instructions from supervisor. Swings chain against surface of furniture to cause dents in surface. Taps surface with wooden hammer containing protruding nails to produce pattern of holes in surface. Scrapes pointed end of metal rod across surface to produce random scratches. Marks surface with crayon to produce desired antique finish. May apply stain to wood furniture to produce antique effect.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

763.687-022 DRAWER WAXER (furniture)

    Applies wax to drawer slides and unexposed sprayed surfaces of drawer, using brush or cloth. May sand inside of drawer with portable sanding machine or sandpaper-covered wood block.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

763.687-026 FINISHED-STOCK INSPECTOR (furniture) alternate titles: final inspector

    Inspects completed furniture for defects in finish, construction, or upholstery, to ensure conformance with manufacturing standards: Verifies color, pattern, and grade of upholstery, using ticket specifications and shop orders. Inspects upholstery cover for rips in fabric or seams. Feels upholstery padding to determine if padding conforms to specified degree of firmness. Examines wooden surfaces for defects in assembly, wood, or finish. arks defects with tape. Removes wrinkles, using hand steamer and soil marks, using cleaning fluid. May stamp or mark furniture to indicate acception or rejection. May repair minor defects in finish, using heated blade, wax, lacquer, and stain stick. May be designated according to inspection performed as Finish Inspector (furniture); or product inspected as Chair Inspector (furniture); Radio-And-Television-Cabinet Inspector (furniture); Sofa Inspector (furniture).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 80

763.687-030 CANE CUTTER (furniture)

    Cuts cane and rattan for use in furniture manufacture: Places rolls of cane on holding device, and pulls cane to mark on work surface according to length specified; or positions rattan on work surface to cut ends for mitering. Pulls lever to lower blade and cut cane or rattan, according to instructions. Stacks cane and rattan for further processing.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 86


    This group includes occupations concerned with laying out stock and shaping, assembling, and smoothing barrels, casks, and similar containers.

764.134-010 SUPERVISOR, COOPERAGE SHOP (wood. container)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in fabricating or repairing kegs, barrels, or hogsheads: Assigns duties to workers and coordinates activities with other supervisors to maintain production schedule. Patrols work area to observe functioning of machines and directs workers in adjusting machines that fail to meet production standards. Examines finished product to determine whether product meets company specifications. Trains new workers. May purchase wood from supplier for use in producing staves and maintain records of transactions. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to process supervised as Supervisor, Barrel Assembly (wood. container); Supervisor, Heading (wood. container); Supervisor, Stave Finishing (wood. container).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

764.387-010 HEAD INSPECTOR (wood. container) alternate titles: quality-control-inspector, heading

    Examines finished heading and barrelheads for defects to verify conformance to specifications: Measures finished heading and barrelheads, using tape measure and circular gauge, and inspects them for defects, such as knots, wormholes, and defective jointing, to determine and grade quality of work. Applies chemical to jointed edges of heading to determine sap line in heading, using cloth applicator. Sets aside defective heads for repair. Records results of examination and amount of wood used in heading, and submits quality control report to supervisor. May inspect and mark centers of heading blanks prior to sawing and be designated Head-Inspector-And-Center Marker (wood. container).
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

764.387-014 MATERIAL INSPECTOR (wood. container) alternate titles: stave grader; stave inspector

    Examines sample of staves in shipment to determine price to be paid for shipment: Takes sampling of staves from freight car. Examines staves for defects, such as cracks, warpage, knots, and excessive sap content. Separates and grades staves according to number and type of defects found. Marks grade on staves, using pencil. Inspects bilge, if staves have been jointed, and measures length and width of staves, using tape measure. Computes total usable width of staves in car and prices entire carload based on grading and calculations. May record price paid for staves and quantity purchased. May supervise workers engaged in operation of dry kiln.
GOE: 05.07.06 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

764.684-010 BARREL BRANDER (wood. container)

    Burns initials or trademark of manufacturer on staves or heads of barrel (or keg): Lays barrel horizontally on carriage of brander and turns handwheel, raising carriage and forcing barrel against hot iron. Turns handwheel to rotate barrel in carriage and bring another stave in contact with iron. Lowers carriage and removes barrels when specified number of staves have been branded. May use hand-operated, gasoline-fired branding iron. May heat irons bearing single letter or mark and apply irons to barrels. May stamp consecutive numbers on barrel staves to facilitate reassembly by customers.
GOE: 06.04.37 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.684-014 BARREL CHARRER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel burner; charrer; charring-room worker, barrel

    Burns interior of headless barrel (or keg) to prepare it for aging whiskey: Fits charring rings in each end of barrel to protect surface in which croze is to be cut. Fires gas burner or fire pot containing wood scraps and shavings, and places barrel over flame. Covers top end of barrel with metal plate and allows burning to continue for specified period, according to depth of char desired. Removes plate and quenches burning interior with wet mop or spray from hose. May use device equipped with lever to lower metal hood or exhaust chimney onto top end of barrel to create draft during charring and timer that automatically raises hood or chimney when specified charring time has elapsed. May burn one side of whiskey barrelhead in oven or over fire pot and be designated Head Charrer (wood. container).
GOE: 06.04.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

764.684-018 BARREL RAISER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel maker; keg raiser; raiser; setter-up; setting-up-and-windlass-machine operator

    Assembles wooden barrel shells in raising stand. Places staves inside truss hoop and forming rings to form barrel shell. Loops cable of windlass around top of barrel and moves leg control to draw staves together. Slips truss ring on top of barrel shell and presses pedal to release cable. Removes shell from raising stand. May insert truss and forming rings in raising stand. May place barrels on heat tunnel conveyor.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

764.684-022 COOPER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel repairer; shop cooper

    Replaces staves, heads, and hoops, using windlass and handtools to repair barrels: Loops cable of windlass around top of barrel and turns handle to compress staves and loosen hoops. Removes defective stave and inserts and aligns new stave, using wooden mallet. Shapes top edge of stave to conform with others, using saw to trim and spokeshave to bevel inside and outside edges. Cuts croze, using hand crozer. Replaces and tightens hoops. Removes head hoop, using cooper's hammer, and pries out head, using prybar. Inserts edge of new head in croze of staves and forces head into place by hand or using mallet. Replaces head hoop. May rebuild entire barrel. May loosen hoops and force caulking between staves to repair leaking stave joints. May plug knotholes and wormholes with wooden plugs. ay tend machine that compresses barrel shell to facilitate removal of forming rings and placement of temporary truss hoops. May build new barrels, buckets, casks, kegs, and tubs, using handtools, and be designated according to type built as Slack Cooper (wood. container); Tight Cooper (wood. container).
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 78

764.684-026 HOGSHEAD COOPER I (wood. container) alternate titles: cask maker

    Repairs collapsible mats (staves wired or banded together) for reuse as tobacco containers: Examines hogshead mat to determine extent of damage. Removes damaged or broken staves, hinges, wire hoops, or metal bands from hogshead mat, using hammer, crowbar, pliers, or portable circular saw. Positions and nails precut staves or stave patches into hogshead mats, using staple gun or hammer. Straightens or replaces precut wire hoops or metal bands. Threads wire hoop through wire hinge or metal band into metal hinge and secures hinge to hoop or band, using hammer. Nails hoops or bands to staves, using staple gun or hammer. May replace defective cleats (blocks made of wood or metal), using handtools.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.684-030 TANK ASSEMBLER (wood. container) alternate titles: tank cooper;

    Assembles boards, staves, and rods to form tanks: Arranges boards in shape of bottom and marks identification on each board to facilitate assembling. Marks location of dowel holes in boards or staves and drills holes. Drives croze of staves on bottoms with hammer until tank is completed. Places and tightens washers, rods, and nuts on rectangular tanks to make boards secure. Inspects tank for quality, smoothing uneven joints with drawknife. Marks identification on staves and disassembles tanks to prepare them for shipment. May place metal hoops around staves to withstand pressure. May be designated according to shape or section of tank assembled as Circular-Tank Cooper (wood. container); Rectangular-Tank Cooper (wood. container); Tank-Bottom Assembler (wood. container); Tank-Stave Assembler (wood. container).
GOE: 06.02.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

764.687-010 AIR-AND-WATER FILLER (wood. container) alternate titles: air-and-water-tester

    Injects compressed air and water into barrels preparatory to inspection by BARREL INSPECTOR, TIGHT (wood. container): Drives rubber valve into bunghole, using hammer. Inserts nozzle into valve and pulls lever to inject air and water into barrel until specified pressure is attained within barrel as determined by automatic cutoff. Removes nozzle from barrel and sets barrel aside for inspection. May taper bunghole prior to insertion of valve and nozzle, using reaming machine. May inject air or water only and be designated Air Filler (wood. container); Barrel Waterer (wood. container).
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-014 ASSEMBLER, FAUCETS (wood. container)

    Assembles wooden parts to make faucets for wine and beer kegs and barrels. Brushes glue on faucet parts and fits parts together. Hammers spigot in faucet, using mallet.
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-018 BARREL DRAINER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel-bung-remover and dumper

    Empties water from barrel that has been inspected by BARREL INSPECTOR, TIGHT (wood. container) or weighed, by rolling barrel onto stand and pulling bung from hole by hand, or using bung puller.
GOE: 06.04.40 STRENGTH: H GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

764.687-022 BARREL INSPECTOR, TIGHT (wood. container) alternate titles: air tester; barrel tester and drainer; final inspector; final tester; keg inspector

    Examines heads and staves of tight barrels or kegs, containing water and compressed air, to determine if they are liquid tight: Rolls and tumbles barrel to spread water over interior of barrel. Examines barrel for faulty stave joints, leaks, loose or defective hoops, and material defects, such as streaks, cross grains, wormholes, and knotholes, in stave and heading material. Marks defects with chalk and rolls barrel to COOPER (wood. container). May make minor repairs to barrel, such as plugging wormholes, knotholes, and small leaks.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

764.687-026 BARREL LINER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel coater

    Coats interior of tight barrels and kegs with sealing material, such as hot paraffin and pitch, to prevent leakage and contact of stored liquid with wood: Melts sealer in heating tank. Places bunghole of barrel over vertical spout of tank and pulls lever to open compressed-air valve that forces melted sealer into barrel, or pours dipperful of melted sealer into bunghole and tumbles, rolls, and shakes barrel to coat and seal inner surface of barrel. Drains excess sealer from barrel into drain trough. Scrapes sealer from bunghole with piece of steel and replaces bung. Scrapes hardened sealer from drain trough.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-030 BARREL MARKER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel roller

    Lays out and marks position of center hoops on barrel for BARREL ASSEMBLER (wood. container): Pushes marker (bung attached to center of metal strap, length of which is desired distance between center hoops) into bunghole of barrel with strap parallel to stave into which bunghole is cut. Marks barrel with chalk at each end of strap to locate position of center hoops. Removes marker from bunghole and rolls barrel to position near hooping machine.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-034 BARREL-CHARRER HELPER (wood. container) alternate titles: charrer helper; charring-room-worker helper, barrel

    Assists BARREL CHARRER (wood. container) in burning interior of headless barrels (or kegs) to prepare them for aging whiskey. Performs duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.18 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-038 BARREL-RAISER HELPER (wood. container) alternate titles: raiser helper; setting-up-and-windlass-machine-operator helper

    Assists BARREL RAISER (wood. container) in assembling wooden barrel shells. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-042 BUNG DRIVER (wood. container)

    Covers bunghole of barrel with burlap cloth and hammers bung and cloth into hole to prevent dirt from entering barrel before it is filled.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

764.687-046 CHANNEL INSTALLER (wood. container)

    Fits metal channel around heading of hogshead. Taps channel with mallet to force channel over edges of heading.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-050 COOPER HELPER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel-repairer helper; hand-cooper helper

    Assists COOPER (wood. container) in repairing barrels. Performs duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.12.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-054 CULLER (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel-stave inspector; stave inspector and culler; stave matcher

    Examines barrel staves after jointing: Examines $T3bilge of stave$T1 and rejects those not conforming to specification. Examines and rejects staves containing defects, such as knots, wormholes, and checks. Ties accepted staves into bundles, or arranges and fits staves by width between stops of matching rack until total number of staves equals desired barrel circumference. May grade staves for quality of work and record production and results of examination.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

764.687-058 HEADER (wood. container) alternate titles: header-up; head setter

    Installs circular head in croze (groove) of slack or tight barrel: Loosens temporary head loop on barrel by striking hoop, using hammer. Picks up head with spiked tool and fits head into croze of barrel. Draws staves around head, using windlass machine or other equipment. Replaces temporary head hoop with regular head hoop. Taps hoop lightly with hammer to tighten it around barrel and sets barrel aside.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-062 HEADING MATCHER AND ASSEMBLER (wood. container) alternate titles: doweler; heading pinner

    Inserts dowels in pieces of barrel-heading material and assembles pieces to form blank from which barrelhead is cut: Selects, inspects, and arranges specified number of heading material according to size, using gauge, to produce tight fit of barrel when assembled. Hammers dowels into one edge of each piece, using hammer, and lays strip of $T3flagging$T1 along doweled edges. Fits dowels into dowel holes and hammers pieces together to assemble head blank. Stacks assembled heading blanks on floor or on conveyor for movement to next work station.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

764.687-066 HEADING REPAIRER (wood. container)

    Repairs tight barrelhead, using either of following methods: (1) Separates sections of barrelhead with chisel, inserts strips of $T3flagging$T1 between sections, and hammers them together to enlarge barrelhead to fit croze of barrel. (2) Removes section of head, replaces it with wider board, and sends head to TURNING-MACHINE OPERATOR (wood. container) 667.685-066 for processing.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

764.687-070 HOGSHEAD COOPER II (wood. container) alternate titles: patented-hogshead assembler

    Assembles patented hogsheads from prefabricated mats (staves wired together), hoops, and headings, performing any combination of following duties: Stands mat on ends to form cylinder or positions mat around circular form. Inserts tie wire between loops of mats and twists tie wire to fasten ends together, using wire twisters; or fastens mat together by aligning hinges attached to hoops and inserting metal pin through hinge. Positions heading in hogshead shell. Encircles bottom edge of hogshead with metal band and inserts ends of band through $T3pinch cleat$T1 into jaws of $T3strapping tool.$T1 Pumps handle of tool to tighten band around hogshead and crimp pinch cleat over end of band. Breaks or cuts surplus ends of metal band, using hatchet, and hammers nails through holes in band to secure bands to staves.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-074 HOGSHEAD COOPER III (wood. container) alternate titles: hogshead builder

    Assembles precut staves and metal bands to form hogshead shells: Places staves in cradle of circular frame until lower portion of hogshead is formed. Inserts liner ring to support staves and places staves over ring to complete hogshead shell. Pulls lever to tighten frame bands around staves and hammers stave ends even. Braces open ends of hogshead shell with wooden boards and positions metal hoops around both ends of shell. Tightens hoop, using hoop puller, and nails hoops to staves. Releases levers, removes braces, and rolls shell to succeeding station. Works as member of team to assemble hogshead shells. May assemble and nail together precut boards or nail shaped parts to shell to form bottom of hogshead [NAILER, HAND (any industry)]. May fasten wire hoops around hogshead to secure staves [HOGSHEAD HOOPER (wood. container)].
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-078 HOGSHEAD HOOPER (wood. container) alternate titles: hooper

    Fastens precut lengths of wire (hoops) around hogshead to secure staves: Places wooden board in open end of hogshead to brace staves at opening. Encircles hogshead with wire lengths and inserts wire ends into wire tightener or wire twister. Pumps lever of tightener or turns twister to tighten wire around hogshead and to fasten wire ends together. Bends wire ends under wire hoop and hammers wire flat or cuts wire ends, using wire cutter. Removes brace from open end of hogshead and rolls hogshead to succeeding work station. ay staple hoop to staves, using pneumatic staple gun.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-082 HOGSHEAD MAT ASSEMBLER (wood. container)

    Assembles precut staves, cleats (wooden blocks), and metal bands to form hogshead mats: Places cleats in jig on worktable and spaces staves on cleats, using metal disks as spacing guides. Positions metal band across staves and inserts pins in preriveted hinges on ends of band to secure band to jig. Hammers nails through holes in band to secure staves to band. Drills hole in stave through hole in hinge leaf, using portable electric drill, to facilitate bolting mats together to form hogshead shell. Pulls pins from band hinges to release mat from jig. Stacks mats on floor.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-086 HOGSHEAD MAT INSPECTOR (wood. container)

    Inspects hogshead mats (prefabricated staves banded together) for nailing defects: Positions mat on worktable and inspects mat for nailing defects. Removes misdriven nails and hammers nails through band into stave. Bolts hinges to mats to complete mat assembly, using socket wrench.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

764.687-090 LEAK HUNTER (beverage) alternate titles: couper; patcher; repairer

    Inspects barrels filled with beer or whiskey to detect and repair leaking barrels: Walks between rows of stacked barrels and examines each barrel for leaks. Caulks holes or seams, using wicking (twisted cotton), wooden plugs, or strips of adhesive canvas. Records serial number of barrel repaired and date. May examine barrels of beer in shipping area to detect leakage and push leaking barrels aside for removal to dumping area.
GOE: 05.12.12 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-094 LEVELER I (wood. container) alternate titles: barrel leveler

    Taps ends of barrel staves against metal truss, using hammer, or lifts barrel (or keg) and drops it end down on floor to align ends of staves and to smooth and round barrel shell. May hammer truss hoops on barrel.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

764.687-098 PLUGGER (wood. container)

    Hammers wooden plugs in small holes in barrel and places iron hoops over barrel for BARREL ASSEMBLER (wood. container).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with fabricating and repairing wood products.

769.130-010 SUPERVISOR, FABRICATION (wood prod., nec)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting, fitting, and joining preshaped molding to form picture frames: Demonstrates machine functions, work methods, and techniques to train workers, such as machine cutters, drillers, bevelers, spray or automatic spraying machine painters, and hand or machine assemblers in duties. Examines parts or finished articles for defects to maintain qualitative standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in receiving, storing, and issuing dimensional woodstock; sanding stock; and assembling stock parts to form furniture components: Computes stock requirements, based on inventory and production schedules, and requisitions material needed. Inspects stock in process for dimensional accuracy and quality of construction to ensure adherence to company standards. Demonstrates new or more efficient work methods to workers. Observes sanding and assembling operations and reassigns personnel to alleviate detected bottlenecks. Trains new workers. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in manufacture of stocks, guards, and other wooden parts of rifles and machine guns and in construction of wooden shipping boxes. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

769.137-014 SUPERVISOR, ASSEMBLY (woodworking)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in assembling wooden parts or assemblies to form sections, frames, or completed articles, using knowledge of wood products and assembly processes: Analyzes work orders to determine production schedules. Determines amounts of woodstock and other materials required for assembly, based on production schedules, and requisitions materials from storage area. Prepares work tickets and gives oral instructions to workers pertaining to type of assemblies to be processed. Inspects parts, assemblies, or completed articles to verify conformance to company standards. Trains new workers in methods of assembly. Confers with supervisors in other departments to coordinate flow of materials and products into and out of department. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to method of assembly as Supervisor, Gluing (woodworking).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78

769.381-010 COMPO CASTER (wood prod., nec) alternate titles: ornamenter, hand

    Compounds and casts ornamenting putty (compo) into designs and glues designs to picture moldings: Measures glue, resin, linseed oil, and water into separate gluepots and weighs them. Melts glue and resin and combines ingredients into one pot. Inspects mixture to ascertain viscosity and pours it into tube that contains whiting (powdered chalk). Stirs, kneads, and shapes putty into loaf. Presses loaf into mold with hand and thumbs. Clamps board over filled mold and places it in press. Pushes button or turns handwheel to activate and release press. Removes casting, trims design, and places it on table to harden. Brushes glue on back of hardened ornament and lays it in place on blank picture molding.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

769.387-010 WOODWORK-SALVAGE INSPECTOR (ordnance) alternate titles: salvage inspector, wood parts

    Examines rejected wooden parts of small arms weapons to determine salvageability: Inspects parts to determine whether cause of damage resulted from defective wooden stock, machine malfunction, or faulty assembly. Routes salvageable parts to repair department. Records findings in salvage report.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

769.664-010 SHAKER REPAIRER (grain-feed mills)

    Repairs shaker tables and reel frames used in processing corn products: Places frame on worktable, assisted by another worker. Examines screen surface to detect weak spots and holes. Removes old bolting cloth, using tack pullers and pincers. Cuts new cloth piece, stretches it over panel, and tacks it in place. May tack strip of bias tape over edges to hold cloth securely. Repairs damaged wood frames and builds new ones, using handtools. Remounts reel frames on reels, using wrench and screwdriver. Replaces shaker tables on supporting springs.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.684-010 BASKET ASSEMBLER II (wood. container)

    Performs any combination of following tasks in fabrication of reed and wicker baskets: Cuts out premarked basket bottoms from flakeboard sheet, using bandsaw. Drills specified number of rod holes around edge of each bottom, using gauge and drillpress. Dips end of presized birch dowels into glue pot and inserts rods into holes of bottoms to form basket frames for WEAVER (wood. container). Bevels ends of soaked reed handle, using knife, and attaches handle to woven basket by inserting ends through woven sides, at specified points, to base of basket. Immerses basket into glue drum to bind woven reed and leaf material to rods and give luster to finished basket.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.684-014 BASKET PATCHER (wood. container)

    Inspects and repairs defective baskets and basket covers, using handtools: Examines basket or covers for defects, such as knotholes, split or misaligned staves, and unstapled parts. Places basket or cover over form or on table to facilitate repair. Loosens, tightens, bends, or replaces basket or cover parts, using hammer and nails. Stacks repaired baskets and covers on floor to conserve space.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.684-018 BENDER, HAND (woodworking)

    Bends pliable wooden parts by hand after steaming: Places stock in vat of boiling water. Removes stock from vat when pliable and places part in form. Presses stock around form and clamps free end of stock to form. Places form containing stock on handtruck and transfers them to kiln to dry and set in permanent shape.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.684-022 FINAL INSPECTOR, SHUTTLE (woodworking)

    Inspects completely assembled wooden shuttles for imperfections: Examines wood and fiber (veneered) surfaces and measures dimensions of shuttles [SHUTTLE INSPECTOR (woodworking)]. Ascertains that metal tips are securely attached to tapered shuttle ends, that eyeholes are aligned, and that bobbin-grips and other parts of shuttle are positioned as specified. Tightens loose screws, using handtools. May imprint trade name on shuttles, using stamping machine.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

769.684-026 OIL DIPPER (woodworking)

    Oils and polishes wooden shuttles and saws openings for insertion of shuttle eyes: Places shuttles in wire basket and lowers basket into tank, using hoist. Turns valves to fill tank with heated oil, drain tank, and dry oil-coated shuttles. Inspects shuttles to ensure specified oiling and buffs surfaces of oiled shuttle, using leather-covered wheel. Cuts eye openings in shuttle shoulders, using jigsaw.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

769.684-030 PATCHER (woodworking) alternate titles: patch setter

    Repairs defects in surfaces of finished lumber, wood doors, veneer sheets, and plywood panels to improve appearance and increase market value, performing any combination of following tasks: Examines material to be repaired to determine type of repair needed. Mixes specified amounts of colored putties or patching compound with paint thinner to obtain workable consistency and fills defects, such as cracks, splits, and crevices with mixture, using putty knife. Cuts defective sections from material, using portable router or saw. Glues and sets shims, or trims and inserts wood patches in locations where defects have been cut out, using glue and hammer. Brushes water on dents and raises grain in dent with hot iron. Smooths patched areas, using hand sander. Stacks patched material on conveyor for movement to next processing station. May press patch into position and cure glue, using electronic-heat press. May be designated according to product repaired as Door Patcher (woodworking); Plywood Patcher (millwork-plywood).
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

769.684-034 REELER (woodworking)

    Fabricates and repairs wooden reels for winding wire: Cuts lumber according to templates, using portable saw. Bolts or screws pieces together to assemble reel and reel heads and installs steel axle core in reel, using handtools and power tools. Paints reels with spray gun and stencils specifications on sides of reel. Repairs reels or dismantles reels for scrap or salvage.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.684-038 REPAIRER, ASSEMBLED WOOD PRODUCTS (woodworking)

    Repairs surface defects of wood products, such as sashes, doors, furniture, cabinet work, mirror frames, and picture frames to prepare them for finishing, gilding, painting, or packaging: Visually inspects workpiece for rough edges, surface nicks, dents, nail holes, cracks, open seams, veneer blisters, glue, dirt, or inspector's marks. Trims and smooths rough edges and surfaces, and removes scratches, dirt, and glue, using knife, scraper, sandpaper, and portable electric sander. Applies moisture and heat to remove dents, using wet sponge and electric iron. Fills cracks, seams, depressions, and nail holes with filler, such as putty. Touches up defects and filler, using stain, paint, or touchup crayons. Lifts and glues loose veneer to surface. May cut out damaged or blistered veneer or molding and trim, fit, and glue matching piece in place. May reglue defective joints [GLUER (woodworking) 762.687-034]. May be designated by product repaired as Repairer, Mirror And Picture Frame (wood prod., nec); Repairer, Sash And Door (wood prod., nec); Repairer, Wood Furniture (furniture).
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 79

769.684-042 SAMPLE MAKER, VENEER (millwork-plywood)

    Cuts and glues veneer samples on display boards for use by sales personnel and furniture manufacture customers: Selects samples of veneer strips from various wood species. Cuts samples to specified uniform size, using handsaw and tape measure. Pastes label containing identifying information, such as species, grade, and marketing data, on each sample. Positions and glues samples on wooden display board to provide rigidity and facilitate handling and storage of display boards.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

769.684-046 SHUTTLE INSPECTOR (woodworking)

    Inspects wooden shuttles before attachment of parts for defects in material and work quality: Measures exterior and interior dimensions of shuttles, using calipers, gauges, squares, and rulers, to ensure conformance to specifications. Examines surfaces of shuttles for defects, such as knots, splits, and scratches, and returns defective shuttles for repairs. May attach metal shuttle tips to wooden shuttles.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

769.684-050 STOCK-PARTS FABRICATOR (ship-boat mfg.)

    Lays out, cuts, and laminates woodstock for boat components such as bulkheads and doors: Traces outline of component part on plywood stock, using pattern and marking devices. Cuts part from stock along lines scribed from pattern, using portable jigsaw. Cuts grooves in part to accommodate interpanel wiring, using portable router, and positions precut electrical wiring in grooves. Applies contact cement to plastic laminate sheet and component part, using glue roller. Positions and glues sheet on part and presses out air bubbles, using roller. Trims edges of laminate sheet to shape of component part, using portable router.
GOE: 06.02.25 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

769.684-054 WEAVER (wood. container) alternate titles: basket maker; wicker worker

    Weaves baskets of specified size and shape by interlacing paper strips, willow, rattan, or other materials: Removes precut rattan stakes (rods) from soaking tank and glues or staples rods into solid or woven bottom of basket. Places completed bottom in form that conforms to shape of basket to be woven. Weaves reeds through rods to form sides of basket. Interlaces ends of rods or weaves reed strips through upper portion of rods to form braid around top of basket, using handtools. May make solid bottom boards, using bandsaw, drill press, and carpenter's handtools. Cuts off excess ends of rods, using cutting shears. May interlace reeds through stakes, secured in screw blocks, to form parts of basket, such as woven bottom. ay design baskets. May be designated according to type of basket woven as Hamper Maker (wood. container); Market-Basket Maker (wood. container) II; or according to material used as Rattan Worker (wood. container); Willow Worker (wood. container).
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

769.684-058 REPAIRER, VENEER SHEET (furniture)

    Repairs defects in decorative veneer sheets and tapes veneer border to sheets: Holds veneer sheets against light and examines sheets for defects, such as splits, holes, thin spots, and untaped veneer strips. Moistens tape, using sponge, and presses tape to veneer splits to pull splits together, using flat pressing tool. Cuts and inserts splinters or sections of veneer in holes of sheet, using knife, sponge, and tape; or applies wood putty to opening in sheets, using putty knife. Sands wood particles that overlap veneer joints, using sandpaper and wood block. Positions and tapes shaped veneer borders around perimeter of veneer sheets to add decorative appearance.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

769.685-010 PANEL EDGE SEALER (millwork-plywood) alternate titles: edge plugger

    Tends machine that automatically applies putty to side edges of plywood panels to seal crevices; and seals crevices in end edges of panels, using putty gun: Injects putty into crevices in end edges of panels stacked on handtruck, using putty gun, and pushes handtruck into position over feeder mechanism of edge-sealing machine. Adjusts automatic feeding and discharge elements of machine according to panel thickness, using wrench. Starts machine that feeds panels between injection heads, that apply putty to edges of panels to seal crevices, and mechanism that stacks processed panels at discharge end of machine. onitors operation of machine and adjusts control mechanism, using wrench, to ensure specified application of putty and stacking of panels. Brushes excess putty from edges of panel with handbrush. Transfers pump from empty to full barrel of putty to replenish supply for machine. Removes and cleans putty heads, using wrench and cleaning solution.
GOE: 06.04.21 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-010 BASKET GRADER (wood. container)

    Inspects finished baskets for defects, such as splits in wood, discoloration, warping, and rot. Discards imperfect baskets and stacks accepted ones in tiers to conserve space and to ensure that baskets conform to size standards. Ties each tier with twine and transfers baskets to storage area.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-014 BOBBIN INSPECTOR (woodworking)

    Examines and rejects finished wooden bobbins with imperfections, such as splinters, cracks, rough finish, and defective spindle holes.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-018 CANOE INSPECTOR, FINAL (ship-boat mfg.)

    Inspects canoes and rowboats prior to painting for flaws in work and blemishes in aluminum or wood. Vacuums interior of boat. May partially submerge canoes under pressure in water to test for water tightness.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

769.687-022 FRAME TRIMMER II (wood prod., nec) alternate titles: filler and sander

    Sands wooden mirror or picture frames with sandpaper preparatory to finishing and staining to remove nicks or rough edges. Spreads putty over nail holes, using spatula or knife. May touch up marred or discolored spots with matching color paint.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-026 INSPECTOR (woodworking)

    Inspects dimensional woodstock, wooden furniture, or wood products, such as doors, panels, window sashes, and window screen frames for defects and conformance to machining specifications: Visually examines and feels surface of woodstock or products to detect defects, such as mismatched veneer, dents, splits, blemishes, loose and uneven joints, holes, and faulty sanding. Verifies conformance of woodstock or products to dimensional specifications, using ruler, caliper, gauges, and square. Records quantity of material approved and rejected on inspection report. May sand uneven areas, using sandpaper, and fill dents and cracks, using filler and putty knife.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

769.687-030 INSPECTOR, PICTURE FRAMES (wood prod., nec)

    Inspects wood picture frames for conformance to specifications: Examines frames for defects, such as defective shading, splinters, and uneven corners. Knocks uneven corners of frame together, using stick. Removes sides of frame containing defects, and passes side to designated worker for reprocessing. Records production.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

769.687-034 PLUG SORTER (woodworking)

    Picks out split, broken, or knotty cedar plugs, used to fill holes resulting from removal of spikes in railroad ties or telephone poles, as they pass on conveyor.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-038 PUTTY MIXER AND APPLIER (wood. container)

    Mixes oil, drier, and water with whiting (powdered chalk) to make putty. Fills holes in wood with putty, using putty knife.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

769.687-042 SORTER II (wood prod., nec) alternate titles: cork sorter

    Examines, grades, and sorts corks according to degree of porosity and number and size of cracks.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-046 VENEER MATCHER (millwork-plywood) alternate titles: splicer matcher

    Matches precut veneer strips according to grain, pattern, and shade to form face sheet of specified size: Lays strips of veneer on table and inspects them for defects. Stacks rejected strips aside for removal. Arranges suitable pieces in order of similar grain, pattern, and shade to form face sheet of specified minimum width. Numbers strips in sequence for assembly and stacks them on pallet. May trim end pieces to size, using knife. May assemble strips into flitches in matched pattern sequence for assembly. May match and tape together veneer sheets for use in furniture manufacture and be designated Veneer Matcher (furniture).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

769.687-050 VENEER-STOCK GRADER (wood. container)

    Inspects veneer stock, used in making slat baskets and wirebound boxes, and removes defective stock containing splits, knots, or other surface flaws. Sorts and stacks material on table or in bins according to size and intended use. May distribute stock to assembly workers.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

769.687-054 WOODWORKING-SHOP HAND (woodworking) alternate titles: mill laborer; woodworking-shop laborer

    Performs any combination of following duties to facilitate cutting, finishing, storing, cleaning, and shipping wood products, and inspects products prior to shipment: Stacks lumber or wood products on floor or in bins to supply machine operators or assemblers, or in kiln cars, yard, or shed for storage or seasoning. Places sticks between lumber to permit air circulation, and binds stacks together during seasoning. Hammers shaped steel bands into timbers and railroad ties to prevent splitting during seasoning and inserts bolts or metal dowels through split timbers to hold parts together. Dismantles crates and removes nails and other metal from wooden parts to salvage material, using handtools. Applies filler, putty, or other material, using brush, putty knife, and fingers to fill wood pores, holes, cracks, or other indentations. Removes paint, lacquer, and other finishes from wood products, using solvent, steel wool, brush, and cloths, and sands rough spots, using sandpaper or sanding machine, to prepare surfaces for finishing. Traces patterns on lumber stock as guide for machine operator. Attaches articles to wires, cord, or hooks preparatory to dipping. Dips article into vats to coat them with paint, asphalt, or other ingredients. Marks furniture surfaces with crayon or rough-edged object to simulate antique finish. Brushes surfaces with glue preparatory to covering surfaces with leather, paper, or other materials. Nails together lumber for cutting, and places lumber on machine table. Examines materials and products for defects, finish, and grade, and accuracy of dimension and matching panels, using measuring instruments. Stamps grade on product and weighs and records units processed and inspected. Changes cutterheads and blades, adjusts belts, and performs other duties as instructed to facilitate setting up woodworking machines. Loads and unloads materials from railroad cars, trucks and barges by hand, using handtruck or industrial truck to move material to designated areas. Cleans cars and trucks and lines them with paper preparatory to loading.
GOE: 06.04.25 STRENGTH: V GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 81

769.687-058 BRIAR-WOOD SORTER (fabrication, nec)

    Sorts briar-wood blocks used in making pipe stummels, using metal gauge: Removes briar-wood block from bin and compares block with metal gauge to determine size classification of block. Tosses block into specified burlap bag, according to shape and dimensions of block. Discards scrap briar-wood.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86


    This division includes occupations concerned with handcraft and related activities involving specialized handtools and power tools used in grading, cutting, and polishing precious or semiprecious stones, including natural or synthetic gems, jewel bearings, and diamond wiredrawing dies; cutting and polishing ornamental and structural stone; forming, decorating, and finishing porcelain, pottery, tiles, and other ceramic products; molding, shaping, and decorating artistic and laboratory glassware, pressed lenses, and other handmade glass products; and producing commercial or industrial abrasives.


    This group includes occupations concerned with precious and semiprecious, natural and synthetic, ornamental and industrial stones, gems, jewel bearings, and diamond dies.

770.131-010 JEWEL SUPERVISOR (clock & watch)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in fabricating watch jewels from raw stock. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

770.131-014 SUPERVISOR, DIAMOND FINISHING (jewelry-silver.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in girdling, brilliandeering, and lopping diamonds, and marks defects on diamonds to be removed by cutter: Examines rough diamonds with magnifying glass to detect defects in color, quality, and physical structure. Outlines defects to be removed by diamond cutter, using ink pen. Distributes cut diamonds to workers for finishing process. Trains new workers in job duties. May cleave (split) diamonds to remove imperfections. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

770.261-010 BRILLIANDEER-LOPPER (jewelry-silver.)

    Cuts and polishes facets, table, and culet on diamonds, using table-mounted polishing plate: Mixes bort (diamond dust and oil), starts motor that spins plate, applies bort to plate with fingers, and presses leather strap against plate to work bort into surface. Positions diamond in cup of dop and aligns dop in holding device to set angle of diamond for cutting. Lowers diamond onto spinning plate, exercising core to prevent damaging diamond. Positions holding device between guide pins on table or holds device in hands and regulates pressure of diamond against spinning plate with hand or metal weight. Examines diamond frequently to ensure that angle and position of cuts are within specified limits. Measures cuts, using loupe and gauges, and feels diamond to determine that cuts are with grain. Removes and replaces polishing plate as necessary, using wrench. May saw diamonds, using bench lathe. ay cut and polish facets, tables, and culets on girdled diamonds and be designated Blocker (jewelry-silver.). May be designated according to section of diamond cut as Bezel Cutter (jewelry-silver.); Pavilion Cutter (jewelry-silver.).
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.261-014 GIRDLER (jewelry-silver.)

    Laps girdle on rough diamonds, using diamond girdling lathe, and utilizing knowledge of diamond finishing techniques: Examines diamond to determine site, width, and shape of stone to be girdled and selects flat or hollow tipped dop, depending on surface of diamond. Screws dop onto end of heating rod, heats dop over gas flame, places cement on tip of dop, and presses diamond onto cement in position to facilitate girdling. Selects two dop-mounted diamonds and screws one onto lathe and one onto $T3girdling stick.$T1 Starts lathe and works irregular shaped sides of stick diamond against lathe diamond to remove points and lap girdles on diamonds. Examines diamonds during girdling, using loupe or magnifying glass, to determine that girdles are shaped to specifications. Heats dop to soften cement and removes diamond from dop. Lubricates, dismantles, and cleans lathe and motor, and replaces motor belt as required.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.267-010 DIAMOND EXPERT (jewelry-silver.)

    Examines rough diamonds with magnifying glass to detect defects in color, quality, and physical structure. Marks sections of stone with india ink to outline defects to be removed by diamond sawyers. May appraise diamonds for customers.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

770.281-010 DIAMOND SELECTOR (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: diamond assorter; diamond grader

    Selects diamonds according to type and size, for use in cutting tools and ring mountings: Studies grade, quality, color (skin), and physical structure of rough or finished diamonds. Sorts stones according to quality and type, using magnifying glass or loupe. Determines size of stone, using measuring gauge or sizing plate, and sorts diamonds of same size into containers. May weigh stones, using diamond weighing scale, to verify weight.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

770.281-014 GEM CUTTER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: cutter; lapidary; stonecutter

    Cuts, shapes, and polishes precious and synthetic gems: Positions rough stone in holder and holds stone against edge of revolving saw or lapidary slitter impregnated with diamond dust to cut and slit stone. Removes cut stone and places it in lapidary stick. Selects shaping wheel and applies abrasive compound. Holds lapidary stick against revolving shaping wheel and lapidary disk to further shape stone and grind facets. Examines stone for accuracy of cut, using magnifying glass. Polishes stone, using felt or canvas-covered polishing wheel, and polishing compounds, such as tripoli or rouge. May use mechanical facet-cutting device. May cut and polish diamonds for industrial purposes and be designated Industrial-Diamond Polisher (jewelry-silver.).
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.381-010 BEAD MAKER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: glass-bead maker; glass blower

    Makes glass beads and decorative jewelry findings, such as petals and leaves: Melts end of solid glass rod, using gas burner. Picks up small globule of molten glass on end of metal wire and twirls wire until sphere is formed to make solid bead, or rolls globule of glass in groove of block of hard wood to form bead of correct diameter and contour. To make solid decorative findings, flattens globule into disk with spatula, and shapes disk by twisting and elongating it with pliers, or shapes disk in specially setup embossing dies in handpress. To make hollow glass articles, picks up globule of molten glass with blowpipe and inflates it to size of sample article by blowing into pipe or inflates globule to half-size of finished article and places it in metal mold, inflating it fully so that glass will assume shape of mold cavity. Cools and solidifies glass article by holding it over jet of compressed air, or dips article into water to cool and solidify glass. May shape heated rods into novelty items, such as fish, boats, and pins, and be designated Glass-Novelty Maker (glass prod.).
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

770.381-014 DIAMOND CLEAVER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: cleaver; splitter

    Splits rough diamonds along premarked lines to remove imperfections, such as internal spots and flaws, and to obtain optimum value from stones: Positions diamond in holder and presses diamond-studded tool along premarked lines to make incision for splitting. Places steel blade in incision and taps blade with jeweler's hammer to split stone.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.381-018 DIAMOND DRILLER (machine tools) alternate titles: driller, fine-diamond dies

    Drills minute channels in industrial diamonds for use in wire-drawing dies, using drill, lathe, and handtools: Positions diamond in chuck of lathe equipped with diamond-charged wire (drilling point) or forms wax cup around diamond by hand, fills cup with diamond dust mixture, and inserts steel needle into lathe to act as drilling tool. Regulates speed of revolutions and reciprocating action of drilling mechanism. Advances cutting point of drill according to specifications covering depth and contour of channel, working to tolerance of 0.0001 inch. Examines depth and shape of channel with microscope and regrinds point of drill. Drills backout (hole drilled from opposite side of stone to meet channel) to prevent chipping surface of stone. Laps inner wall of channel by means of machine that revolves stone as rotating wire or needle rocks back and forth in channel, working to hole diameter tolerance of 0.0000018 inch. Tests accuracy of die hole by pulling specified length of wire through die and measuring its resistance in Wheatstone bridge having readings translated into wire diameter or by taking a series of readings along length of wire with electronic micrometer. Secures stone in metal mounting, using molten solder. May drill cavity (spot) in face of stone to hold diamond dust mixture, by pressing pointed end of diamond chip against revolving stone, using pliers. May be designated according to operation performed as Finisher, Fine-Diamond Dies (machine tools).
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.381-022 DIAMOND-DIE POLISHER (machine tools) alternate titles: die cutter, diamond; die polisher

    Laps and polishes bores of diamond wire drawing dies to specified dimensions: Positions die in holding device of machine. Inserts steel needle in machine spindle, positions needle inside bore of die and starts machine which rotates needle in bore. Dabs progressively finer diamond-dust paste or solution on needle during lapping operation. Pulls specified gauge wire through bore and measures wire with micrometer to verify bore dimension. Inspects bore of die for cracks and other defects, using magnifying glass or microscope. Replaces worn needles and sharpens points on grinder. May insert and press hand lapping tool in bore of rotating die. May drill initial bore, using diamond drills.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.381-026 JEWEL BLOCKER AND SAWYER (clock & watch) alternate titles: jewel sawyer

    Cuts boules (raw stock from which jewels are fashioned) into small squares by successive blocking and sawing operations: Secures boule on block with melted sealing wax preparatory to sawing. Cuts boules into half moons (boule cross sections), using saw equipped with diamond-impregnated circular copper blade. Turns indexing handle to move saw blade for successive cuts. Blocks half moons and saws them into strips. Blocks and saws strips into squares. Trues blades after diamond dust has been pressed into cutting rim in hydraulic press, by peening on flat metal surface until metal is so distributed throughout blade that blade does not snake (shimmy) when turning.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.381-030 JEWEL-BEARING MAKER (clock & watch)

    Grinds, drills, and finishes sapphire jewel bearings for use in precision instruments, such as compasses, meters, and chronometers: Grinds and faces sapphire blanks to flatten surfaces, and turns edges, to form bearings of specified size and thickness. Drills and finishes holes in centers of bearings.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

770.381-034 OLIVING-MACHINE OPERATOR (clock & watch) alternate titles: jewel-oliving-machine operator

    Grinds olive-shaped contour to bearing surface of olive-jewel hole: Fits wire strung with jewels, and on which wire diamond dust is spread, in holding bow. Holds bow so that jewel is rotated between shaped rotating wheels of machine while rocking bow back and forth so that action of wire on rotating jewel will wear away sides of hole to olive shape. Repeats bowing operation on rest of jewels on string. Inspects jewels for shape of olive and measures hole size with graduated, tapered needle.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.381-038 SAPPHIRE-STYLUS GRINDER (comm. equip.)

    Grinds sapphire stylus to specified shape for use in machine that records sound on wax or plastic master plate, using abrasive cutting wheel.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.381-042 SPOTTER (machine tools)

    Locates and marks specified drilling position on surfaces of diamonds used as dies: Places diamond under microscope and moves it at various angles until clear channel through gem can be seen. Forms indentation in diamond surface to mark spot for drilling, using diamond chips held in pliers. Drills starting hole of minute dimensions, using electrically powered hand drill.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.382-010 LATHE OPERATOR (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: sawyer

    Operates lathe type saw to saw rough diamonds along premarked lines preparatory to shaping operation, using bench lathes: Attaches sawing wheel (bronze plate) to lathe and applies abrasive compound. Positions stone in cement holder of lathe, starts lathe, and presses diamond against revolving wheel to groove stone along premarked lines. Adjusts arm of lathe to apply pressure required to saw diamond. Periodically examines sawing operation to ensure standard production.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

770.382-014 PHONOGRAPH-NEEDLE-TIP MAKER (comm. equip.) alternate titles: grinder, needle tip; needle grinder; single-pointed operator

    Sets up and operates grinding machines to grind and polishes precious-stone tips of phonograph needles to specified point and finish: Mounts tip in holding shank, using tweezers, chemical dropper, and soldering iron. Sets up grinding wheel, dresses wheel with dressing tool, mounts shank containing tip in spindle or chuck, and grinds tip to form specified point, observing grinding under microscope or through loupe or viewing lens. Polishes tip on buffing wheel. May hold mounted tip against preset grinding wheel to do preliminary grinding. May examine finished tip for accuracy, using shadowgraph.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.582-010 FACER (clock & watch)

    Operates lathe to polish faces of jewel bearings: Affixes boxwood lap (polishing disk) impregnated with diamond dust to faceplate of lathe. Starts lathe and moves bearing against revolving lap, using pointed stick to facilitate handling jewel bearing. Inspects polished bearings to ensure conformance with standard, using magnifying glass.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.682-010 JEWEL-BEARING BROACHER (clock & watch) alternate titles: broacher; pinner, jewel bearing

    Operates lathe to finish holes drilled in partially processed jewel bearings: Inserts bearings in lathe chuck. Dips brass wire (broach) in diamond dust, inserts it into bearing hole, and rubs away high spots, working within tolerances of 0.0001 inch. Inspects holes with magnifying glass and measures them with gauges and micrometers. Bevels edges of holes.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.682-014 JEWEL-BEARING DRILLER (clock & watch)

    Operates bench lathes to drill holes of specified size in jewel bearings: Sharpens diamond drill, using diamond cutter and other tools. Mounts chuck in lathe and inserts shaped and ground sapphire bearing between jaws of chuck, using tweezers. Starts lathe and holds drill against center of bearing, cutting halfway through. Reverses bearing in chuck and drills through center of bearing from other side until holes meet.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.682-018 JEWEL-BEARING FACER (clock & watch) alternate titles: flat-grinder operator

    Operates lathe to grind jewel bearings to specified thickness: Mounts fixture in chuck of lathe and inserts jewel bearing into recess of fixture, using tweezers. Mounts grinding disk impregnated with diamond dust on opposite faceplate of lathe. anipulates controls to bring bearing into contact with grinding disk and to govern grinding process, working to tolerances of 0.0005 inch. Examines bearings, using measuring instruments, such as gauges and micrometers, to ensure conformance with specifications.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.682-022 JEWEL-BEARING TURNER (clock & watch)

    Operates lathe to turn edges of partially processed jewel bearings: Chips edges of ground sapphires to approach disk shape, using chisel and hammer. ounts bearing in chuck of lathe. Starts lathe and presses diamond cutter against circumference of bearing. Examines shaped bearing, using magnifying glass and dial micrometers, to ensure conformance with specifications.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.682-026 JEWEL-HOLE DRILLER (clock & watch)

    Operates battery of horizontal, multispindle, drilling machines to drill center holes in round jewel bearing blanks: Puts molten shellac on end of work spindle and centers jewel on spindles, using small, hand centering tool. Fits drill bits in soft shellac in drill head. Trues up (aligns) bit by holding bit lightly with tweezers to detect any play indicative of poor alignment; straightens bit by moving its tip slightly to eliminate play. Inserts work spindle, applies diamond dust with wire to drilling point, and removes jewel when spindle spring opens and thus indicates hole is drilled. Inspects holes for size by manually turning them on standard bit used as gauge.
GOE: 06.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

770.684-010 JEWEL GRINDER II (clock & watch) alternate titles: grinder, outside diameter

    Grinds outside diameter (periphery) of watch jewels to size, using diamond-bonded wheel under water jet: Fits wire filled with jewels in small holding tool (shaped similar to small bucksaw) and turns adjusting screw to pull wire taut. Positions rubber holding wheel so distance between grinding wheels is identical to specified outside diameter of jewels. Holds jewels against grinder, moving holder back and forth until jewels are ground sufficiently to pass between wheels. Measures jewel diameter with precision jaw gauge and regrinds if necessary.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

770.684-014 JEWEL-HOLE CORNERER (clock & watch)

    Smooths hole corners on flat side of bar jewels: Dips tapered point of cornering tool in mixture of diamond dust and oil. Secures jewel by putting tool point into jewel hole, and holding jewel on revolving rubber disk until action of cornering tool and dust shape corner in revolving jewel.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

770.684-018 ROUGH OPENER, JEWEL HOLE (clock & watch) alternate titles: jewel-hole rough opener

    Opens (enlarges) holes in jewels by drawing tapered wire through holes by hand: Strings inch-long row of jewels on wire. Inserts row in space between holders in center of holding tool and pulls wire back and forth through center openings to wear away inside diameter. Applies diamond dust to wire to act as abrasive and speed enlarging. Unwinds tapered wire gradually from spool and feeds larger portion of wire through jewels as opening operation proceeds.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

770.685-010 FLAT SURFACER, JEWEL (clock & watch) alternate titles: jewel polisher

    Tends $T3lapping$T1 machine that polishes flat surfaces (ends) of round jewel bearings: Blocks in molten shellac in circular row near outside edge of flat, circular steel block. Sets blocks, usually four or five at once, in holding chuck and turns screw press to force blocked jewels against diamond dusted revolving lap. Observes polishing to detect signs of overheating and removes hot block for cooling before shellac melts and jewels are damaged by being turned on edge. Examines finish of jewels for appearance with loupe and verifies thickness with upright dial gauge.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

770.685-014 JEWEL GRINDER I (clock & watch)

    Tends centerless grinding machine that fashions round jewels from square blanks: Positions and aligns row of square jewels on edge in trough. Brushes bead of honey on row of jewels, places row on rest of grinder, and secures row in place with spring device that applies pressure against each end of row. Starts grinder that rotates and grinds jewels, which are held in place in triangular area formed by grinding wheel, driving wheel, and rest. Measures outside diameter of round jewels for size on jaw gauge.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

770.685-018 JEWEL-BEARING GRINDER (clock & watch)

    Tends lathe that grinds sapphire jewel-bearing blanks flat on both sides: Applies diamond dust to surface of grinding disk (lap). Mounts lap in revolving chuck. Inserts single bearings into cavity at base of holder (rod) and holds bearings against revolving lap to grind them on one side. Mounts several bearings on metal disk coated with adhesive material, and holds disk against lap to grind other side of bearing.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.685-022 JEWEL-BEARING POLISHER (clock & watch)

    Tends lathe that polishes internal surfaces of holes in jewel bearings: Inserts jewel bearing into chuck of lathe. Starts lathe and polishes surfaces by inserting splint coated with ground diamond dust into hole of bearing. Cleans hole with splint dipped in benzene. Inspects hole under magnifying glass to ensure that polished surfaces conform to standard.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77


    Tends machine that shapes and smooths outside (lead-in) corner of bar jewels: Blocks jewels with melted shellac on circular metal block. Places block in spindle of machine and positions work against brush. Turns on power and allows machine to run until, from experience and by touching block to estimate its temperature (heated by friction), worker knows jewels are shaped and smoothed. Inspects jewels under loupe to determine if corner is properly finished.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

770.685-030 JEWEL-CUPPING-MACHINE OPERATOR (clock & watch)

    Tends cupping machine that cuts and polishes oilcups in jewel bearings: Depresses pedal to open chuck, inserts jewel with tweezers, and releases pedal to clamp jewel in place. Lowers head holding diamond and borax broaching tool to working position, starts machine, and loads other machines. Removes finished jewel when machine automatically stops. Examines cupped jewels for correctness of cut. Verifies dimensions of recess on upright gauge.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

770.685-034 TURNER, MACHINE (clock & watch)

    Tends grinding machine that grinds sapphire squares to disk shape, for use as jewel bearings: Glues specified number of sapphire squares together to form stack. Positions stack between abrasive and rubber rolls of grinding machine and starts machine that grinds sapphires to disk shape. May operate similar machine equipped with diamond-dust-coated wheel to smooth edges of sapphire disk.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.687-010 ARTIFICIAL-PEARL MAKER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: pearl dipper; pearl maker

    Dips glass beads in solution of pearl lacquer to make pearls: Sticks beads on pins or toothpicks and mounts them on wooden blocks. Sets blocks in device that dips beads in solution. Cuts pearls off pins with knife. May finish pearls by applying glue, stringing on thread, and linking together.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

770.687-014 DIAMOND SIZER AND SORTER (clock & watch; jewelry-silver.)

    Sorts diamonds according to size for use in watches and jewelry, using sieve, loupe, and precision measuring instruments: Reads work orders to determine sizes required to fit mountings. Measures diamonds, using gauge and loupe, or sorts diamonds, using sieve of specified diameter, to segregate sizes required. Places diamonds of specified size in containers. May size and sort jewels other than diamonds and be designated Jewel Sorter (clock & watch).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.687-018 JEWEL GAUGER (clock & watch)

    Measures inside and outside diameters of watch jewels and segregates jewels according to size: Gauges inside diameter of jewel hole by slipping jewel on graduated, tapered needle. Places jewel in precision jaw gauge and measures its outside diameter. Segregates jewels according to size and rejects those jewels failing to meet tolerances as fine as 0.0001 inch. May measure hole size of jewel bearings, using go-not-go gauge. May be designated according to measurements made as Jewel-Diameter Gauger (clock & watch); Jewel-Hole Gauger (clock & watch).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.687-022 JEWEL INSPECTOR (clock & watch) alternate titles: inspector, jewels

    Examines watch jewels for defects, such as cracks, rough cuts and cups, misshapen holes, and chips, using microscope: Places quantity of jewels on glass table, which is lighted from beneath, and positions each jewel individually beneath microscope with tweezers. Turns jewel to view all surfaces. Segregates rejects according to type of defect.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M3 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

770.687-026 JEWEL STRINGER (clock & watch)

    Strings watch jewels on wire for further processing, using tweezers and loupe. Strings jewel settings, right side up, on wire for transfer to feeding tubes of automatic shaving press.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

770.687-030 PULVERIZER (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: cracker; enamel cracker; enamel pulverizer

    Pulverizes pieces of enamel to be used in decorating jewelry settings, using mortar and pestle: Places lumps of enamel crystals in mortar and crushes them by striking pestle with hammer. Pours pulverized material through sieve. Recrushes those pieces that do not pass through sieve.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

770.687-034 ROCK BREAKER (retail trade; stonework)

    Breaks rocks into small pieces for use in fabricating novelties, such as mineral specimen cards, ash trays, book ends, and paperweights, using hammer.
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with cutting, shaping, and finishing granite, slate, marble, and other types of stone.

771.137-010 SUPERVISOR, SLATE SPLITTING (stonework)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in splitting slate for use as flagstone, caping, window sills, and flooring: Examines quarried slabs and indicates thickness for workers to split stone for maximum utilization. Measures thickness of split stone to verify conformance to standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

771.281-010 STENCIL CUTTER (stonework) alternate titles: blaster; rubber cutter; shape carver

    Lays out inscriptions and decorative designs on stenciling material applied to stone and cuts out stencil preparatory to sandblasting: Applies stenciling material to stone surface by spreading cement over surface of stone and positioning material on stone, stripping cloth from adhesive surface of material and positioning adhesive surface on stone. Aligns pattern on stencil, using rule and square, and marks over pattern with straightedge to transfer carbon lettering and design to stenciling material. Cuts out lettering and designs along marks to expose stone surface for sandblasting, using stencil knife. Trims and smooths edges of stencil to ensure detailed reproduction of intricate designs.
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

771.281-014 STONE CARVER (stonework) alternate titles: hand carver; sculptor

    Carves designs and figures in full and bas-relief on stone, employing knowledge of stone-carving techniques and sense of artistry to produce carving consistent with designer's plans: Analyzes artistic objects or graphic materials, such as models, sketches, or blueprints; visualizes finished product; and plans carving technique. Lays out figures or designs on stone surface by freehand sketching, marking over tracing paper, and transferring dimensions from sketches or blueprints, using rule, straightedge, square, compass, calipers, and chalk, or scriber. Selects chisels and pneumatic tools and determines sequence of their use according to intricacy of design or figure. Roughs out design freehand or by chipping along marks on stone, using mallet and chisel or pneumatic tool. Shapes, trims, or touches up roughed out design with appropriate tool to finish carving. Periodically compares carving with sketches, blueprints, or model and verifies dimensions of carving, using calipers, rule, straightedge, and square. Moves fingers over surface of carving to verify smoothness of finish. May smooth surface of carving with rubbing stone. May be designated according to type of work as onument Carver (stonework); or according to kind of stone carved as Granite Carver (stonework); Marble Carver (stonework).
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

771.381-010 STONECUTTER APPRENTICE, HAND (stonework) alternate titles: granite cutter apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

771.381-014 STONECUTTER, HAND (stonework) alternate titles: chisel worker; stone dresser; stoneworker

    Cuts, shapes, and finishes rough blocks of building or monumental stone according to diagrams or patterns: Traces around pattern or transfers dimensions from diagrams to stone, using rule, straightedge, compass, square, and chalk or scriber. Selects surfacing tools according to finish specified or step in finishing process. Chips fragments of stone away from marks on stone, working surface of stone down to specified finish. Verifies progress of finishing to ensure adherence to specifications, using straightedge, level, plumb, and square. May dress surface of stone with bushhammer. May cut decorative designs in stone surface. May cut moldings or grooves in stone that cannot be reached by machine. May drill holes in stone. May be designated according to product as Building Stonecutter (stonework); Curbing Stonecutter (stonework); Monument Stonecutter (stonework).
GOE: 05.05.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

771.384-010 COPER, HAND (stonework) alternate titles: cutter; marble coper

    Cuts rough-sawed slabs of stone, using pneumatic hammer, into blocks used for capping (coping) of brick or stone walls: Measures and marks slab according to specifications, using square, rule, straightedge, chalk, or crayon. Selects cutting chisel and inserts it into pneumatic hammer. Chips slab along markings with pneumatic hammer to form breaking groove. Inserts coping tool in groove and taps it to break stone, using hammer or mallet. May turn slab and cut groove in opposite side to facilitate breaking. May smooth edges of broken stones, using chisels and mallet. May smooth edges of broken stones, using grinder.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

771.484-010 BEVELER (stonework)

    Bevels and smooths edges of marble or slate slabs, using handtools: Positions slabs on workbench. Marks width of bevel on slab edges, using rule, square, straightedge, and scribe. Removes excess slab material along edge markings to produce bevel of specified angle, using rasp. Smooths beveled edges with fine file. May finish smoothed edges, using sandpaper.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

771.684-010 ROCK SPLITTER (stonework) alternate titles: block maker; driller

    Splits rough dimension stone into smaller units, such as paving blocks, ashlar, or rubble, using airhammer, wedges, and shims: Scans stone to determine rift and grain lines of splitting, usually at right angles to each other. Chips rough edges from stone, using chipping hammer. May be designated according to product made as Paving-Block Cutter (stonework) II. May split rough slabs of slat into sheets for use as coping, flooring, and roofing and be designated Slate Splitter (stonework).
GOE: 05.12.07 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with such handmade products as art glassware, laboratory apparatus, and tableware. Occupations concerned with such machine mass-produced products as bottles and light-bulb blanks are included in Group 575.

772.281-010 GLASS BLOWER, LABORATORY APPARATUS (glass products; inst. & app.) alternate titles: glass technologist

    Develops specifications for glass component parts and apparatus, such as test tubes, retorts, and flasks, used in medical and laboratory products, and blows and shapes glass to required dimensions, applying knowledge of glass technology and glass blowing techniques: Develops sketch into blueprint specifications, correlates product design, and determines type of glass to use to fabricate product, utilizing knowledge of factors, such as effects of heat, vacuum, and corrosive chemicals. Heats glass tubing to pliable stage, using gas flame. Blows tubing into specified form, using compressed air or own breath. Shapes, bends, or joins sections of blown glass tubing, using flaring, pressing, and flattening handtools, and stop cork. Inspects and measures product to verify conformance to specifications, using instruments, such as micrometers, calipers, magnifier, and ruler. May anneal product, using annealing oven. May cut glass tubing to specified size and polish tube edges, using hand cutting and polishing wheels. May operate lathe grinder [GLASS GRINDER, LABORATORY APPARATUS (glass products; inst. & app.) 775.382-010] to grind stopcocks and joints to modify glass products. May operate glass blowing lathe [GLASS BLOWING LATHE OPERATOR (glass products) 772.482-010] to join and shape glass tubing.
GOE: 05.05.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 90

772.381-010 GLASS BENDER (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: glass blower; glass-tube bender

    Heats and bends glass tubes to form scroll of electric neon signs according to pattern: Tacks asbestos pattern onto workbench. Cuts length of tubing required to form letters, using file. Holds tube over gas burner at point to be bent, rotating tube to heat it uniformly. Places rubber hose over end of tubing. Blows into hose to prevent glass from collapsing and bends tube by hand. Superimposes bent tubing on asbestos pattern to ensure accuracy. When letter or scroll has been formed, places electrode in each end of tube and heats with gas burner to fuse in place. Paints or tapes portions of tubing to separate letters. Repairs broken scroll by replacing with new sections of tubing. May charge tubing with gas [NEON-TUBE PUMPER (fabrication, nec)].
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

772.381-014 PATTERNMAKER (fabrication, nec)

    Lays out pattern of neon sign lettering for use in fabricating scroll, using sketch: Fastens sheet of paper to worktable and blocks in letters, using drafting instruments and pencils. Transcribes letters from sketch to pattern, and outlines sign borders. Superimposes full scale drawing of sign on pattern and perforates pattern along pencil lines, using stylus or perforating tool. Places perforated pattern on asbestos sheet, and dusts pattern with powdered charcoal to form outline on asbestos sheet. Darkens outline with pencil.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

772.381-018 WARE FINISHER (glass mfg.) alternate titles: glassware finisher

    Finishes hand pressed or blown glassware by forming and attaching lips, handles, and pedestals: Cuts required gob (lump) from molten glass, using shears. Forms gob into handle, using wooden paddles to shape handle. Drops gob into hand-press mold to form pedestal. Presses handle and pedestal to glassware to attach them. Shapes handle and forms lips by rubbing and pressing with carbon stick. Smooths pedestal, using wooden buffer. ay be known by article attached as Foot Caster (glass mfg.).
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

772.381-022 GLASS BLOWER (glass mfg.) alternate titles: blower; gaffer

    Shapes gather (gob of molten glass) into glassware by blowing through blowpipe: Receives blowpipe from GATHERER (glass mfg.) 575.684-026 and examines gather on blowpipe for imperfections, utilizing knowledge of molten glass characteristics. Blows through pipe to inflate gather while rotating pipe to prevent sagging and to obtain desired shape, or blows and rotates gather in mold or on board to obtain final shape. May dip end of blowpipe into molten glass to collect gather on head of pipe. May strike neck of finished article to separate article from blow pipe. May pull gather with tongs to aid in shaping. ay use compressed air to inflate gather. May be designated according to article blown as Bottle Blower (glass mfg.).
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 79

772.482-010 GLASS-BLOWING-LATHE OPERATOR (glass products)

    Operates glassblowing lathe to join and shape glass or plastic tubing, according to blueprints and work orders: Selects, inserts, and clamps specified mandrels in head and tailstock of lathe, using wrenches. Turns knobs to adjust rotation speed. Inserts and clamps tube and other glass parts of various lengths, shapes, and diameters to be joined in chucks, using mallet and wrenches. Lights fixed jets and hand torches and turns gas valves to adjust height and color of flames and obtain specified temperature. Turns handwheels to move head and tailstock and bring workpieces in contact with flames. Blows through hose connected to center of chuck to shape glass or maintain air pressure within tube. Selects and manipulates spatula, hand torches and tips, and glass rods to shape, seal, splice, imbed, and weld rotating parts according to specifications. Uses hand torch and fixed jets to anneal joined or shaped areas. Turns handwheels to move head and tailstock and stretch or separate heated stock to specifications. May manually move glass tube over flame and blow it into specified shape.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

772.684-010 DEFECT REPAIRER, GLASSWARE (glass mfg.)

    Repairs forming defects in glassware, using acetylene torch and molds: Ignites torch and moves flame over defective area to soften glass for reworking. Inserts softened glassware in mold for reshaping and removes glassware from mold after reshaping. Examines finished glassware to ensure defect is repaired.
GOE: 05.09.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

772.684-014 HOT-WIRE GLASS-TUBE CUTTER (glass products)

    Holds and rotates glass tubing against hot wire to cut tubing to specified length: Sets guide at specified distance, using rule and wrench. Turns on electric current to heat wire. Places glass tube against guide and hot wire. Turns tubing to heat glass. Places hot glass under stream of cold water, causing it to break along heated line.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

772.684-018 WARM-IN WORKER (glass mfg.)

    Reheats blown or pressed glassware in furnace to fire-polish glassware and make it malleable for further processing: Clamps snap (long-handled pincers) on hot glassware, grasps snap, and inserts glassware into furnace opening (glory hole). Rotates ware to heat it evenly to ensure retention of its molded shape. Withdraws ware from furnace when it is heated to an orange-red color. May remove or add clay to furnace opening to enlarge or reduce its size to accommodate glassware being processed. May adjust fans to control ventilation that blows fire blast back into furnace and cools snap handle.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

772.684-022 WATCH-CRYSTAL MOLDER (glass products)

    Molds glass and plastic watch crystals: Places glass or plastic blank on mold of specified shape and size. Heats glass with hand torch or softens plastic in oven until it conforms to contour of mold. Holds crystal against revolving wheel to polish surface. May cut glass or plastic blanks. May grind edges of crystal.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

772.687-010 GLASS-WORKER, PRESSED OR BLOWN (glass mfg.) alternate titles: glass technologist

    Performs any combination of following tasks to produce pressed or blown glassware from molten glass: Balances gather (gob of molten glass) on blowpipe, and blows through and simultaneously rotates blowpipe to maintain gather in globular form for blocking, redipping, or final shaping. Moves controls that open hinged molds to receive gather for shaping by press or attaches blower head to opening of blank-filled mold and turns valve to admit compressed air that shapes blank to mold contour. Removes glassware from mold, using pincers or fork, or catches ware from inverted molds on paddle (tray) and carries ware to reheating furnace, glazing machine, or lehr. Strikes glassware with metal bar to break (crack off) ware from blowpipe. Removes excess glass from ware, using bar, hand cutter, flame, or saw. Inspects glassware for defects, such as cracks, chips, and malformations.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

772.687-014 SPOTTER (glass mfg.)

    Locates and marks apex of curvature of formed glassware to provide index point for cutting operations: Holds flat edge of glassware on illuminated bullseyed board. Locates shadow of mold indentation and positions marking pencil on glassware until pencil shadow falls in center of indentation shadow. Marks center of indentation on glassware to indicate apex of curvature. Inspects glassware for visible defects.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with such coloring and decorating tasks as printing designs on brick, tile, and related products, and arranging tiles into designs for use as table tops, flooring, and similar purposes.

773.131-010 PASTER SUPERVISOR (brick & tile)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in arranging mosaic tile on pattern boards and pasting backing on arrangements, setting up and operating automatic tile-gluing machine, inspecting sheets of tile for defects, and packing tile in cartons. Trains new workers. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

773.381-010 TILE DECORATOR (brick & tile) alternate titles: decorator

    Prints lettering or designs on unglazed tile, using silk screen process: Reads job order and examines drawing of design to determine method of making stencil. Cuts stencil by hand or photographs design on film. Selects colored glaze and thins it, using glaze thinner and stirring sticks. Prints design on tile, using silk screen process. Catalogs and stores screens for future orders. May trace, transfer, stamp, or stipple designs on tile, using brushes, stamps, sponges, stencils, or decalcomanias. May load tile in kiln and sort and grade fired tile.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

773.487-010 CLAY-STAIN MIXER (brick & tile)

    Mixes powdered stains for coloring clay used to make mosaic tiles, following charts and formulas: Reads formula to determine materials required, and scans chart to determine ratio of stain to tonnage of clay. Calculates quantity of materials needed, and weighs dry ingredients. Pours ingredients into container and writes identifying information on container. Adds stain to clay during blending process.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

773.684-010 COLORER (brick & tile) alternate titles: hand decorator; top-tile decorator

    Applies colored glazes to tile following stamped or outlined design: Reads job order for work procedure and examines color sketches to determine colors to be applied. Fills bulb of applicator with specified glaze color. Applies glaze to design following color scheme on sketches. Cleans used applicator bulbs. May spray glaze onto tile, using spray gun. May apply liquid gold to tile, using china painting brush.
GOE: 01.06.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

773.684-014 PASTER (brick & tile) alternate titles: tile paster

    Arranges tiles into designs for such use as flooring or sink tops and pastes paper on tile to preserve arrangement of design: Inserts individual colored tiles in slots in form-board following sample design. Pastes sheet of paper on top of tile arrangement. Places sheets of tiles in cartons.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

773.687-010 PASTING INSPECTOR (brick & tile)

    Inspects mosaic tiles pasted on backing sheets for defects: Inspects tiles pasted on sheets for defects, such as coloring shades and chipped or cracked tile. Examines layout to determine that specified tile arrangement and color scheme have been carried out. Examines backing to determine that specified backing was used, tiles are firmly pasted onto backing, and spacing and position of tiles is uniform. Maintains department production records.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with forming, decorating, and finishing pottery and porcelain ware.

774.130-010 SUPERVISOR, CLAY SHOP (pottery & porc.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in forming, inspecting, and finishing pottery and porcelain ware: Directs workers in casting, jiggering, and finishing ware. Sets up machine units, installs dies and shaping tools, and adjusts and sets controls of forming machines and equipment. Adjusts controls on drying ovens to regulate temperature and drying time for ceramic ware. Demonstrates to workers techniques in handling ware to avoid breakage; recognizing and evaluating extent of defects, such as cracks, chips, and pinholes, refinishing defective ware; use of grading and color charts in sorting ware; and rubbing ware surfaces with abrasives to remove rough spots. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

774.381-010 THROWER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: clay thrower; pot maker

    Molds plastic clay into such ware as vases, urns, saggers, and pitchers, as clay revolves on potter's wheel: Positions ball of clay in center of potter's wheel and starts motor, or pumps treadle with foot to revolve wheel. Presses thumbs down into center of revolving clay to form hollow. Presses on inside and outside of emerging clay cylinder with hands and fingers, gradually raising and shaping clay to desired form and size. Constantly adjusts speed of wheel to conform with changing tenacity (firmness) of clay as piece enlarges and walls become thinner, judging degrees of change by feel. Smooths surfaces of finished piece, using rubber scrapers and wet sponge. Verifies size and form, using calipers and templates. Pulls wire held taut between both hands through base of article and wheel to separate finished piece, or removes piece from wheel to dry. May form saggers only and be known as Sagger Former (pottery & porc.).
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

774.382-010 POTTERY-MACHINE OPERATOR (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: jigger operator; pot maker

    Operates pug mill, jigger machine, and drying chamber, that form, dry, and finish ceramic ware, such as bowls, cups, plates, and saucers: Adjusts and sets controls of pug mill that mixes, extrudes, cuts, and deposits clay charges in or over molds as specified. Installs shaping tool in head of jiggering unit, using handtools. Sets controls to regulate temperature of drying chamber. Installs trimming tools and abrasives on arms of ware-finishing unit, using handtools. Starts machine unit and conveyors and observes lights and gauges on panelboard to verify operational efficiency. Examines finished ware for defects and measures dimensions, using rule and thickness gauge. Adjusts pressures, temperatures, and trimming tool settings as required. May operate jigger machine only and be designated Potter (pottery & porc.). May form urns and planters, using jolly, and be designated Jollier (pottery & porc.).
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

774.384-010 INSPECTOR II (pottery & porc.)

    Examines ceramic and porcelain products at various stages of manufacture for defects and adherence to standards: Examines ware surfaces for defects, such as pin marks, glaze runs, chips, cracks, mold marks, and deformities. Marks correctable defects with pencil, or finishes ware, using trimming tools, abrasives, and sponges. Feels edges (rims) and surfaces of ware with finger tips to detect rough spots. Smooths rough spots, using pumice stone or wet sponge and abrasive powder. Mixes ceramic and porcelain ingredients and examines mixture for foreign matter. May verify measurements of metal dies for machine forming presses, using calipers, gauges, and micrometers. Maintains records of test results, and prepares analysis of defect causes based on test results. May measure viscosity and specific gravity of mixed ceramic, porcelain, and glaze batches, using viscometer and volume device. May test durability of ware at prescribed temperatures, using electric oven. May conduct chipping test, using impact tester.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 82

774.684-010 BISQUE CLEANER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: bisque finisher; bisque grader; grinder; scourer; scraper

    Cleans and finishes bisque ware by hand preparatory to glazing: Examines ware for visible defects. Fills cracks, pinholes, and scratches with liquid clay, using brush. Grinds down rough spots with abrasive stones, smooths ware surfaces with sandpaper, and cleans ware with airhose. Holds surface of earthenware against sanding wheel to remove warps, grog (clay fragments), and scratches. Verifies dimensional accuracy of ware to ensure correct fit of lids on such items as compotes and teapots, using templates. Discards substandard pieces.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

774.684-014 DIPPER (pottery & porc.)

    Dips bisque ware, ceramic tile, or greenware in solution to cover article with protective glaze: Grasps article with tongs or fingers and dips it in tub of glaze solution. Twists and turns article to spread glaze over surface and shakes off excess. Sets article on rack to dry. Rubs glaze over missed areas, using fingers. May pour glaze on ceramic tile or hold tile against roller to apply glaze. May clean edges of ceramic tile, using wire brush.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

774.684-018 FINISHER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: fettler; shaper; sponger

    Trims and smooths edges and surfaces of greenware preparatory to bisque firing: Trims excess clay from ware. Positions circular pieces, such as plates and cups, in center of whirler. Starts whirler revolving and moves various-shaped knives over ware surface, following contours of piece, to remove rough spots and mold marks. Smooths ware surfaces, using abrasive cloth, felt, and moist sponge. May be designated according to type of ware finished as Flatwork Finisher (pottery & porc.). May finish handles preparatory to joining them to such ware as cups and be designated Handle Finisher (pottery & porc.).
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 81

774.684-022 HANDLER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: handle sticker; sticker

    Attaches handles and knobs to cups and other greenware preparatory to bisque firing: Trims ends of handle to fit ware. Dips ends of handle in slip (semiliquid clay) and presses handle onto clay piece in position specified. Trims and smooths joint, using handtools and wet sponge. May finish ware before attaching handles [FINISHER (pottery & porc.)].
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

774.684-026 PLASTER-DIE MAKER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: ram-die maker

    Casts plaster dies for hydraulic ram press that forms pottery ware: Places wire mesh over die face of master model and presses or taps mesh with wooden mallet to contour of model. Wires nonmetallic conduit to wire mesh. Removes wire mesh assembly and sponges soap solution on model surface to separate die halves after casting. Lowers steel die rings over outside rim of each half of model and places wire mesh assembly over model face. Wires assembly to die rings. Mixes hydrostone (powdered plaster) with water and pours mixture into each half of model to top of die ring. Separates die from model and attaches airhose to die to remove water from dies. Sponges remaining moisture from dies. Places finished dies in storage rack.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

774.684-030 SAGGER MAKER (pottery & porc.)

    Pounds clay over mold or frame to shape sagger sides and bottom, using maul: Lays pliable clay in circular or rectangular frame and pounds to shape to form of frame, using maul. Hammers slabs of clay over iron frame and cuts into strips to form sides, using knife. Folds strips around drum or wooden mold placed on prepared bottom to form sagger sides. Wets ends of strip and applies hand pressure to join. Plucks spare clay off bottom to fasten to sides, using wooden plucking tool. Smooths surface, using knife and wooden paddle and removes mold. Places sagger in drying room.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

774.684-034 STICKER-ON (nonmet. min.)

    Attaches clay arms to clay figurines by wetting shoulders of figurine with sponge, and dipping tops of arms into wet clay and pressing them onto shoulders. Washes off excess clay to smooth joints, using syringe. Removes clay from between fingers of figurine, using hooked tool.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

774.684-038 TURNER (pottery & porc.)

    Shapes green (unfired) clayware, using lathe: Positions clayware on lathe, starts machine, and guides edge of handtool against revolving ware until clay object is trimmed to specified shape and size. May verify accuracy of shape and dimensions of object, using calipers and templates.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

774.684-042 WARE DRESSER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: back grinder; back polisher

    Dresses and polishes glazed and decorated ware and segregates ware into standard grades: Chips pin marks from bottom of ware with dressing iron. Grinds down dressed spots and other defects, such as glaze droplets, kiln dirt, and color spots, using grinding wheel. Polishes dressed ware, using power buffer. Verifies shape and dimensional accuracy of ware, using templates. Segregates pieces into standard grades according to number and type of defects in form, color, and uniformity of glaze coverage.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

774.684-046 PATCHER (pottery & porc.)

    Fills holes and attaches parts to greenware ceramic figures prior to firing: Breaks off pieces of clay of matching color used to patch greenware, and fills holes formed during casting. Applies water to clay, and shapes clay to contour of greenware, using handtools. Forms holes in greenware at designated locations to vent steam created during firing. Applies wet clay to designated locations on greenware, and attaches clay parts, such as heads, arms, legs, or musical instruments, to complete greenware figures. Smooths clay used to attach parts to figure. Inserts wire in specified greenware to form legs and feet, and adjusts wires to level greenware. Counts greenware and records total on forms for production records. Places greenware on trays, covers greenware with towels or sponge pads, and places trays on racks to await further processing.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

774.687-010 BISQUE GRADER (pottery & porc.)

    Sorts, selects, inspects, and stamps bisque ware; and fills orders: Sorts ware according to size. Taps pieces with trimming iron to detect cracks and selects sound pieces for underglaze decoration. Rejects cracked and malformed pieces. May sort ware into first and second grades. Stamps trademark or other inscription on bottom of ware with rubber stamp.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

774.687-014 LACER (nonmet. min.)

    Attaches lace decorations to clay figurines prior to baking: Cuts specified length of lace with scissors, dips it in clay, and presses it lightly onto figure, arranging it with pointed stick.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

774.687-018 PRINT INSPECTOR (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: decorator inspector

    Inspects printed decoration on pottery and porcelain ware: Compares printed decoration and quality of work of ware with sample and discards misprinted ware. Returns salvageable pieces for rework. Rubs ware with abrasive stone or wet sponge to remove paint spots.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

774.687-022 WARE CLEANER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: finisher

    Smooths surface of pressed, cast, or glaze-dipped clay products to remove flash, cracks, and loose material, using fingers, pick knife, sponge, or sandpaper: Trims soft flash or picks loose clay from indentations of cast or pressed clay products, using pick knife and wet sponge. Smooths hardened surface, using sandpaper. Wipes fingers over glazed surfaces to distribute glaze evenly over checks and cracks prior to firing. Wipes excess glaze solution from dipped article, using rags, wet sponge, or suction device.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

774.687-026 TESTER (pottery & porc.)

    Tests toilet bowls for compliance with company standards, using any of following methods: (1) Positions water tank suspended from overhead rail over water inlet of toilets, and pulls lever to lower water tank gasket onto water inlet of bowls preparatory to flushing. Places rags in bowls and pulls handle of water tank to force water into bowls and flush rags through flush channels. Removes rags caught on obstructions or rough surfaces, using plunger. Marks bowls requiring smoothing of flush channels, using grease pencil. (2) Tips bowls, inserts tip of squeeze bottle containing dye into specified hole in base of bowls, and squirts dye into opening to detect leaks in bowls. Marks bowls to indicate leaks. (3) Places level in several directions across rim of bowls and observes bubble of level to determine levelness of bowls. Marks bowls to indicate need for further grinding of bowl base. Removes defective bowls from conveyor line for further processing. When using dye to test bowls, may be designated Dye Tester (pottery & porc.); or when flush testing, may be designated Flush Tester (pottery & porc.).
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86


    This group includes occupations concerned with grinding, filing, polishing, frosting, etching, cleaning, and similar working of sand, stone, clay, and glass products.

775.130-010 SUPERVISOR, FINISHING (glass mfg.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in grinding and polishing pressed or blown glassware: Inspects products for defects and adherence to specifications. Directs or assists workers in machine setup and operating techniques. Requisitions materials and supplies. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to department supervised as Supervisor, Crack-Off (glass mfg.); Supervisor, Grinding (glass mfg.); Supervisor, Polishing (glass mfg.).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

775.131-010 SUPERVISOR, CONCRETE-STONE FINISHING (concrete prod.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in repairing, etching, and polishing ornamental stone-faced or plain surfaced concrete products. Demonstrates methods of troweling, dry brushing, and acid etching. Inspects work for quality, quantity, and size. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

775.134-010 CUTTING SUPERVISOR (glass products)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting flat glass or mirrors to customer specifications. Cuts and finishes plywood patterns according to blueprints for use by GLASS CUTTER (any industry). Trains new workers in glass cutting techniques. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

775.281-010 SURFACE-PLATE FINISHER (stonework)

    Inspects surface of stone plates to determine areas requiring lapping, and levels stone surface to specified tolerance for use as surface plates: Builds bed of timbers on floor beneath head of lapping machine. Positions stone on timbers, using hoist. Aligns stone with arm of lapping machine and levels stone on timbers, using wedges, blocks, and spirit level. Moves straightedge over stone to detect uneven areas on stone surface. Wets stone surface, using hose, and applies abrasive to stone, using brush. Selects lapping block (metal or stone) according to uniformity of stone surface or step in finishing process. Lifts block onto stone, using hoist. Secures block to arm of lapping machine, using wrench. Starts machine and presses buttons to guide spinning block over uneven areas of stone surface. Moves tolerance dial indicator through specified patterns on stone and observes dial to detect tolerance deviations. Changes lapping blocks according to readings from tolerance dial indicator and laps surface down to level finish. Laps stone by hand to level surface to specified tolerance. Sights through convex lens of collimator at specified positions on stone surface to determine whether surface plate has been finished within prescribed limitations of accuracy and determine tolerance deviation of plate's surface. Prepares graph of collimator readings, indicating tolerance deviation at any point on surface of plate. Drills adapter holes in surface plate to facilitate attachment of measuring instruments, using diamond drill.
GOE: 05.05.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

775.381-010 ENGRAVER (glass products) alternate titles: flower cutter; glassware engraver; miter cutter; wheel engraver

    Engraves monograms, coats of arms, and ornamental designs on glass and glassware, using copper, steel, or stone wheels: Traces or sketches design on glass or glassware, using stencil and china-marking pencil, chalk, or brush pen. Mounts wheel of specified size and miter on lathe. Pours water in pans beneath abrasive cutting wheel to cool wheel and prevent dust when grinding glass. Starts lathe and holds glass or glassware against outer edge of wheel, twisting and turning article so that wheel will grind glass according to marked design. May originate and suggest designs to customer or management. May dress and shape cutting wheels by holding dressing stone against rotating wheel. May brush or smear abrasive on cutting wheel. May polish engravings, using felt and cork wheels. May be designated according to type of wheel used as Steel-Wheel Engraver (glass prod.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

775.381-014 GLASS DECORATOR (glass mfg.; glass products)

    Etches or cuts artistic designs in glass articles, such as bowls, vases, and stemware, using acid solutions, sandblasting equipment, and design patterns, using any of following methods: (1) Dips glass in molten wax to coat ware with wax. Places perforated pattern against waxed ware and sprays ink through pattern to transfer design to wax. Exposes glassware surface to be etched, using stylus to remove wax. Immerses waxed ware in hydrofloric acid to etch design on glass surface, and immerses ware in hot water to remove wax. (2) Masks glassware with tape, places pattern against taped glassware, and sprays ink through pattern to transfer design to ware. Cuts away inked sections of tape, using knife to expose glassware surface. Sandblasts exposed area of glass, using spray gun, to cut design in surface. Peels off tape after sandblasting design. (3) Places template against glassware surface and sprays with sand to cut design in glassware surface. May etch design on inside, rather than outside, of article. May draw freehand designs on masked glassware. May be designated according to method used as Glass Etcher (glass mfg.; glass prod.); Sandblaster, Glass (glass mfg.; glass prod.).
GOE: 01.06.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

775.382-010 GLASS GRINDER, LABORATORY APPARATUS (glass products; inst. & app.)

    Operates lathe grinder to grind glass laboratory apparatus and component parts to specified dimensions: Installs holding device, such as chuck or faceplate, on headstock spindle. Positions and secures workpiece in holding device, and installs abrasive wheel in tailstock. Starts machine and turns handwheel to feed abrasive wheel against workpiece or engages automatic feed. Inspects and measures workpiece to verify conformance to specifications, using calipers and gauges.
GOE: 06.02.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 90

775.584-010 GLASS CALIBRATOR (glass products) alternate titles: engraver

    Measures, marks, and etches units on side of glass tube (pipettes) or similar measuring devices, using calibrating device and solution of hydrofluoric acid: Fills tube with specified quantity of mercury and marks meniscus of mercury with special pen. Covers tube with wax. Positions tube in calibrating device, aligns needle guide with calibrated ruler, and turns locknut to hold guide in place so that exact measurement can be marked, starting from meniscus. Turns handwheel that moves needle in back-and-forth motion to remove wax and expose glass to be etched with acid. Realigns needle guide to next unit to be marked and continues sequence until tube is calibrated. Removes tube from calibrating device and dips it into solution of hydrofluoric acid so that acid will permanently etch area of glass not covered with wax. Rinses tube in cold water to remove excess acid and in hot water to remove wax.
GOE: 06.02.31 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

775.664-010 STONE POLISHER, HAND (stonework) alternate titles: buffer; polisher, hand; stone finisher; stone rubber

    Grinds and polishes stone to smooth or lustrous finish, using portable grinding and polishing tool: Selects abrasive wheel according to type of stone, finish specified, or step in finishing process, and attaches wheel to tool, using wrench. Wets stone surface, using hose, and guides rotating wheel over stone to smooth surface. Washes grit from stone, using hose. Moves hand over stone surface to detect uneven areas. Spreads emery powder or other polishing compound on stone, attaches buffing wheel on tool, and guides wheel over stone to polish surface. Rubs stone surfaces that cannot be finished by machine or portable tool with abrasive blocks to smooth or polish stone. When surfacing marble, fills cracks or imperfections in stone with wax that matches color of stone. May be designated according to type of stone polished as Granite Polisher, Hand (stonework); Marble Polisher, Hand (stonework).
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

775.684-010 BEVELER (glass mfg.; glass products)

    Bevels edges of pattern (irregularly shaped) glass, using grinding wheels: Turns valve to start flow of water through abrasive compound onto grinding wheel. Holds and turns glass against rotating wheel to grind rough bevel. Observes glass to determine when bevel of specified width, depth, and angle has been obtained. Rinses glass in tub or sprays with water to remove abrasive residue. Holds and turns rough-beveled glass against rotating smoothing wheel. Observes and feels glass to determine when standard degree of smoothness has been obtained. May polish beveled surface, using polishing wheel. May dress grinding wheels with honing block or stone. May repair defects in machine beveled edges [POLISHER (glass mfg.; glass products)]. May be designated according to work performed as Rougher (glass products); Smoother (glass products).
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

775.684-014 EDGER, HAND (glass mfg.; glass products)

    $T3Pencil edges$T1 seam or smooths edges of rectangular or pattern (irregularly shaped) glass, using grinding wheel: Installs grinding wheels on spindle of machine according to width of glass or mirror edge, using wrench. Starts flow of coolant onto grinding wheel. Holds and turns edge of glass or mirror against grooved rotating wheel to pencil-edge, seam, or smooth edges or corners. Examines edge to determine when standard degree of smoothness has been obtained. May be designated according to type grinding wheel used as Diamond-Wheel Edger (glass products).
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.684-018 EDGER, TOUCH-UP (glass products)

    Removes imperfections, found by inspector, such as scratches and chips, from mirror edges, using grinding wheel. Examines and feels edge of mirror to determine if defects have been removed. Wipes mirror with gloved hand to remove inspector's mark.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

775.684-022 GLASS CUTTER (any industry) alternate titles: cutter; pattern cutter; straight cutter

    Cuts flat glass and mirrors to specified size and shape, using patterns, straightedge, tape measure, and glass cutting tools: Positions pattern on glass or measures dimensions and marks cutting lines, using glass cutting tool. Scribes around pattern or along straightedge, using cutting tool. Breaks away excess glass by hand or with notched tool or glass pinchers. May smooth rough edges, using belt sander.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 82

775.684-026 GLASS FINISHER (glass products)

    Cuts and finishes plate glass to make variety of glass products: Lays out pattern on plate glass and cuts it, using glasscutter. Holds glass against series of rotating grinding and polishing wheels to bevel and polish edges. Sprays silver solution on glass to provide mirrored surface, using spray gun. Assembles glass pieces to make various novelties. May lay out design or monogram on glass and sandblast surface within guidelines, using sandblasting tool.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

775.684-030 GLASS GRINDER (glass products)

    Grinds glass or plastic blanks to specified dimensions for use as watch crystals: Holds blank against rotating abrasive wheel to grind edge. Polishes edges of blank, using felt and pumice stones. Verifies dimensions of crystal with calipers or gauges, or fits crystal into watchcase. May glue crystal into case.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

775.684-034 GLASS GRINDER (glass mfg.)

    Removes rough edges and surface convexities from formed glassware, using belt or disk grinder: Turns valves to regulate flow of abrasive compound and water on metal disk or to regulate flow of water on grinding wheel or belt grinder. Presses and turns edges and surfaces of glass or glassware against revolving grinding tools to remove rough and uneven areas. May measure glassware for conformance to specifications, using steel tape, template, and fixed gauges. May grind glass container mouth with mating glass stopper to ensure fit and be designated Stopper Grinder (glass mfg.).
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.684-038 GLASS POLISHER (glass mfg.) alternate titles: glass buffer; glass smoother

    Inspects sheet glass for flaws and polishes surface to remove less extensive defects, using electric hand buffer: Examines surface and edges of glass sheets for chips, cracks, or roughness. Starts electric hand buffer, equipped with sand and pumice grinding wheels, and passes it over surface to remove flaws. Imparts final polish to glass, using buffer equipped with cloth or felt buffing wheels.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

775.684-042 GLASS SANDER, BELT (glass products) alternate titles: belt seamer; sander

    $T3Seams$T1 edges of glass, using belt sander: Selects abrasive belt according to type of finish specified and installs belt on pulleys of machine. Turns screw to tighten and center belt on pulleys. Turns valve to start water spray on wet-belt machine or pushes switch to start exhaust on dry-belt machine. Holds glass edges against revolving belt to obtain finish. Places large glass on rollers or table for support while seaming. Feels edge of glass to verify smoothness. Wipes glass clean, using cloth, and places glass on skid.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.684-046 LEVEL-VIAL MARKER (cutlery-hrdwr.) alternate titles: glass marker

    Cuts bubble guidelines in glass vials used as levels in tools and instruments, using bench grinder: Positions glass vial in fixture and guides it against rotating abrasive disk to cut lines.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

775.684-050 MARK-UP DESIGNER (glass mfg.)

    Lays out and cuts stencils and traces designs on glassware for etching or grinding: Sketches design on cardboard with drafting instruments, following blueprints. Cuts out designs along lines, using razor blade or knife. Positions stencil on glass and brushes stenciling ink over stencil to transfer design onto glass or positions glass over stencil and traces design on glass with china-marking pencil or brush pen. Draws freehand design on glass when limited number of one design is to be etched or ground. May immerse glassware in acid bath before tracing design.
GOE: 06.02.31 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

775.684-054 PATCH SANDER (stonework)

    Sands repaired areas of sandstone table and counter tops, using portable sander and sandpaper: Moves portable sander equipped with abrasive disk across patched area of stone top down to level of stone. Feels and examines sanded area to detect rough areas and sands patched sections, using sandpaper. Replaces abrasive disk on portable sander, using wrench.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.684-058 POLISHER (glass mfg.; glass products)

    Polishes edges or surfaces of flat glass, using polishing wheels: Pours polishing compound into hopper of automatic feeder or applies compound to polishing wheel with brush. Holds and turns glass edge or engraved or beveled surface against white (cork) polishing wheel for rough polishing. Presses glass edge, or scratched, engraved, or beveled surface against felt polishing wheel for final polishing or to remove scratches. Wipes polished area and examines glass for smoothness. May be designated according to area polished as Edge Polisher (glass products); Engravings Polisher (glass products); Scratch Polisher (glass products).
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

775.684-062 WATCH-CRYSTAL EDGE GRINDER (glass products) alternate titles: edge grinder, machine

    Grinds edges of watch-crystal blanks, using abrasive wheel: Places blank on die of specified size and clamps die and blank in chuck. Starts grinding wheel and adjusts flow of water on wheel. Holds blank against wheel and grinds it until die is stopped by guide. Rotates blank and die until all edges are ground.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77


    Tends automatic cutting machine that cuts designs in glassware. Depresses pedal to raise holding fixture and places glassware in fixture. Pushes button to index fixture to cutting stations which cut designs in glassware. Removes finished glassware and places it in tray.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.687-010 FINISHER (nonmet. min.)

    Finishes surfaces of plaster castings, such as lamp bases, statues, figurines, and architectural ornaments, by patching holes in chipped places, using spatula. Removes excess plaster, using scraping tool, and smooths surface of casting with damp sponge, steelwool, or sandpaper. Attaches member parts, such as horns, to figurines, using fresh plaster to moisten surface and pressing parts onto figurine. May deepen defect or mar surface of article to impart antiqued appearance.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.687-014 GLASS DRILLER (glass mfg.)

    Drills premarked holes in glass lampshades for attachment of frames or fixtures, using electric hand drill.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

775.687-018 GLASS-CUTTER HELPER (any industry)

    Assists GLASS CUTTER (any industry) in cutting and handling glass or mirrors: Carries glass or mirrors to worktable and places cutting tools on table. Removes excess glass from working area. Measures layout dimensions, using tape measure, and counts cut glass or mirrors to verify measurements and quantity cut. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

775.687-022 GOLD BURNISHER (pottery & porc.)

    Rubs hollowware with burnishing brush or polishing cloth to polish gold band or trim. Mounts flatware on rotating spindle and applies pressure to ware surface with burnishing brush to polish it. Examines and discards defective pieces. May rub surface of ware with rag or steelwool to remove excess paint and produce antiqued appearance.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with such activities as blending, coating, cutting, gluing, and forming asbestos and polishing products, abrasives, and related materials.

776.487-010 GRINDING-WHEEL INSPECTOR (nonmet. min.)

    Inspects and tests finished grinding wheels for adherence to specifications: Inserts spindle in wheel, and mounts spindle on tripod. Spins wheel and examines it for defects, such as heavy spots, uneven faces, and cracks. Measures diameter and width of wheel, using calipers and tape measure. Mounts wheel on machine that spins it at specified number of revolutions per minute to test it for cracks and soft spots. Weighs wheels on balance scale and stacks them in pile according to grade and weight. Marks defective wheels to be refinished or discarded. May record number, size, and type of wheels inspected.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

776.667-010 INSPECTOR (nonmet. min.) alternate titles: inspector, brake lining

    Inspects asbestos brake linings for defects: Examines linings for cracks, blisters, and other imperfections to ensure adherence to specifications. easures width and thickness of linings to ensure attainment of specified tolerances, using calipers or other measuring devices. Discusses discrepancies with machine operators or supervisory personnel and keeps record of rejects. May determine resistance of lining stock to surface abrasion, using hardness testing device.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

776.684-010 BELT MAKER (nonmet. min.) alternate titles: sleeve maker; sleeve wheel maker

    Cuts and glues sandpaper to form cylindrical sleeves or endless belts for sanding drums or machines: Inserts paper of specified width and grit in bench fixture and cuts it to length, using knife and guide bar. Presses ends of paper against grinding wheel to remove grit and form smooth margin for lapping and gluing. Spreads glue on ends and overlaps them to form cylindrical sleeves or endless belts. Presses glued ends in lever press to set glue.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

776.684-014 POLISHING-WHEEL SETTER (any industry) alternate titles: wheel setter

    Replaces worn abrasive surface on leather or felt polishing wheels, canvas belts, and metal or fiber disks, and balances wheels: Immerses wheel or disk in solution to soften glue. Mounts wheel on electrically driven, pedestal-mounted spindle, using wrench, and holds pumice stone against rotating wheel to remove compacted abrasive. Rubs fingers over wheel surface to detect abrasive fragments. Brushes binding agent on wheel or disk. Rolls wheel in tray of abrasive powder or sprinkles powder over disk to cover surface with abrasive. Pounds wheel or disk with wooden block to force abrasive into binding agent. Centers wheel on static balancer to locate placement for lead weight to balance wheel. Removes lead weight from heavy side of wheel or nails counterweight to opposite side to balance wheel.
GOE: 05.10.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

776.687-010 BELT-MAKER HELPER (nonmet. min.)

    Assists in forming and packaging abrasive belts, performing any combination of following tasks: Brushes adhesive onto splice lap area of end of abrasive-coated strip and holds end of strip in position on press bed. Helps to wind abrasive belts into compact coil, by hand, and wraps coil in moistureproof plastic film, places plastic-wrapped coils in boxes, and seals boxes with tape. Inserts metal spindle through core of roll of abrasive-coated material, hooks overhead hoist chains to ends and moves roll along rail from storage to work area. Presses hoist control button to lower roll, positioning spindle on rack.
GOE: 06.04.38 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with building clay or plaster models and patterns of one-of-a-kind or mass-produced products made of metallic or plaster materials; and making molds used in casting or forming such items as three-dimensional maps, trophies, or jewelry.

777.081-010 MODELER (brick & tile)

    Molds from plaster of paris original models for special designs in decorative tile, such as fountains and waterspouts, sculpturing model by cutting, scraping, and finishing. May construct wooden molds for use in casting original clay models, using carpenter's handtools, or may supervise CARPENTER, MOLD (brick & tile; concrete prod.) in preparing wooden molds from original models.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

777.131-010 SUPERVISOR, MOLD SHOP (pottery & porc.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in casting plaster dies and block, case, and production molds used to form ceramic pottery ware: Examines design sketches and production schedules to determine type of plaster models to be formed and quantities of production dies and molds to be cast. Inspects completed products for accuracy of dimensions, fitting, and alignment, and presence of surface defects, using dial indicators, gauges, calipers, and rules. Trains new workers in preparing plaster batches to specified consistency, handling and storing dies and molds to avoid surface damages, and verifying dimensions with aid of precision instruments. Assists workers in solving problems in casting and finishing products with aid of blocks, trimming knives, hand scrapers, and wet sponges. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

777.261-010 MODEL MAKER I (any industry)

    Constructs scale model of objects: Builds and molds models, using clay, metal, wood, fiberglass, other substance, depending on industry for which model is constructed, such as ship and boat building or automobile manufacturing.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.281-010 CONCRETE SCULPTOR (concrete prod.)

    Constructs models and molds for use in casting concrete garden furniture and statuary: Constructs metal armature for use as framework to support figure while modeling. Shapes model, following drawings or pictures, by modeling clay with hands and handtools. Brushes successive coats of rubber paint on clay model to form cast. Covers cast with layers of fiberglass to form shield. Cuts hardened fiberglass shield in sections with hand or power tools and removes shield from model. Removes rubber cast from clay model by peeling or cutting into sections. Reassembles sections of fiberglass shield around rubber cast and fills cast with concrete.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.281-014 MODEL MAKER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: modeler; patternmaker

    Constructs model of particular piece of ware to be used in casting molds: Forms model by carving it from plaster or from clay or both, or by shaping material with hands as it revolves on spinning table [THROWER (pottery & porc.)], or by shaving it with steel cutting tools as it revolves [TURNER (pottery & porc.)].
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.281-018 PATTERNMAKER, PLASTER (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: loft patternmaker; model maker, plaster and plastic; patternmaker, plaster and plastic

    Plans, lays out, and constructs master full-scale models, forms, mockups, check jigs, and plaster patterns for casting master tooling used in manufacturing aeronautical and aerospace products, utilizing knowledge of plaster patternmaking, metal forming, and foundry practices and procedures, using precision instruments, tools, and equipment: Studies engineering tool design data, loft information, and blueprints to determine sequence of operations and to develop layout for constructing master model. Lays out, locates, and aligns steel skeletons and master contour templates on surface table or other base structure to form model frame, using precision measuring instruments and devices, such as micrometers, calipers, and transit. Forms plaster over template frame and hand finishes plaster to peripheral dimensions of contour templates, using scrapers, fairing tools, and other handtools. Verifies finished dimensions of master model, using precision instruments. Scribes butt, water, and station lines on master model to establish location points, reference lines, and contours for subsequent pattern casting. Casts plaster pattern (splash) from sections of master model, and recasts pattern to produce working patterns of contour templates, check templates, and related tooling. May fabricate master patterns, jigs, templates, or mockups from materials other than plaster, such as wax, plastic, and fiberglass. May cut out and fabricate flat contour templates from engineering or loft information.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

777.361-010 EAR-MOLD LABORATORY TECHNICIAN (plastic prod.)

    Makes wax pattern of ear and molds plastic impression of ear for use in hearing aids, using handtools, grinder, and polishing wheels: Forms red designing wax into shape of ear, using spatulas, brushes, and gas burner. Mixes ingredients to make plaster and pours it over wax pattern to form plaster mold of ear. Removes plaster mold from wax pattern. Mixes ingredients to make plastic compound and pours it into plaster mold to form impression of ear. Applies hot and cold water and air to mold to harden plastic liquid in cavity of mold. Removes rough casting of ear from mold. Grinds and polishes casting to obtain plastic ear impression, using electric grinder and polishing wheels. Examines impression for blemishes, and places it in box for shipment.
GOE: 05.05.11 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.381-010 MODEL MAKER, FIBERGLASS (concrete prod.)

    Makes fiberglass model or molds for casting concrete products: Brushes wax on model to prevent adhesion of fiberglass. Lays up fiberglass on top of model to form mold, building layers of resin and fiberglass around model for smooth, hard finish. Constructs and repairs wooden molds, using carpenter tools.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

777.381-014 MODEL-AND-MOLD MAKER (brick & tile)

    Forms plaster models from drawings or blueprints, and constructs molds from model to cast brick or tile products: Mixes water and powder or catalytic compound, and clay, according to specifications, to form plaster. Places plaster on worktable. Cuts, shapes, and finishes plaster according to model specifications, using knife, strips of wood, and fingers. Pours measured amount of plaster into wooden mold form. Coats dry model with soap solution to facilitate removal. Places model into wet plaster to form hand of mold. Removes model from hardened half mold and repeats process to form completed mold.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

777.381-018 MODEL-AND-MOLD MAKER, PLASTER (concrete prod.)

    Makes plaster models or molds for casting concrete products, such as cornices, panels, and grave markers: Lays out profile of product on sheet metal, following working drawings or blueprints. Cuts out template of profile, using hand shears, and nails template to wood guide, to make modeling frame. Mixes water and plaster to required consistency in tub, using paddle. Brushes liquid soap on modeling frame to prevent adhesion of plaster. Scoops up mixed plaster and places it on modeling frame. Builds up layers of plaster and reinforcing hemp, allowing time for hardening between layers, and pushes template across built up material to remove excess plaster and form model or mold to required dimensions. Cuts off sections of hardened model or mold, using saw. Lays out sections to form mold pattern and cements sections together with burnt shellac. Fills joints or defects with plaster and smooths plaster with hands and molding tools. May make sectional mold impressions of existing models. ay make molds or models of clay. May be designated according to specialty as Model Maker, Plaster (concrete prod.); Mold Maker, Plaster (concrete prod.).
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.381-022 MOLD MAKER II (jewelry-silver.)

    Fabricates plaster molds from models of jewelry articles and trophy figurines preparatory to casting metal molds: Presses one side of model into clay. Builds up clay around exposed half of model to retain plaster. Mixes plaster powder with water and pours it around exposed half of model to form mold. Allows plaster to set and removes clay and model from plaster mold. Brushes loose particles from mold and applies shellac to preserve mold and to prevent absorption of moisture. Covers surfaces of mold with dry bone powder to prevent shellacked surface from sticking in sand mold.
GOE: 06.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.381-034 PLASTER MOLDER I (foundry) alternate titles: patternmaker, pressure cast

    Lays out parting line on patterns and casts plaster molds according to blueprints, sketches, and oral instructions, applying knowledge of metal characteristics, pattern contours, and pouring procedures: Locates and scribes parting line on wood, metal, or plastic patterns, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, square, depth gauge, and straightedge. Mixes plaster powder and water according to standard formula. Places cope and drag (upper and lower half of flask) on molding table. Pours liquid plaster into drag and positions pattern in plaster up to parting line. Removes excess plaster, using straightedge, and allows mold to harden. Places cope on completed drag, and makes depressions in plaster around drag pattern to ensure accurate joining of mold halves for casting. Brushes parting agent on surfaces of mold, pattern, and flask and pours liquid plaster into cope. Separates cope and drag after specified time and removes pattern. Repairs cracks and broken edges of molds, using molder's handtools, such as spoon, trowel, and slick. Removes excess plaster from molds, using knife or bandsaw. Joins cope and drag sections of mold together by aligning them in flask and pouring liquid plaster over them. May cut gates and risers into baked mold. May position cores in drag and assemble mold. May pour molten metal into molds, using hand ladle.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.381-038 PLASTER-PATTERN CASTER (machine tools) alternate titles: loft patternmaker

    Casts and finishes plaster patterns used in making precision sand molds for dies, tools, and machine parts, according to specifications: Constructs boxlike enclosure around part to be cast, filling in cracks and openings with clay. Lubricates surface with parting agent that prevents plaster from sticking to part. Mixes plaster and pours it into enclosure. Reinforces plaster with hemp fiber and small steel rods or heavy wire. Removes hardened plaster cast from enclosure. Patches broken edges and fractures, using clay or plaster. Trims plaster pattern to tolerance by scraping and shaping plaster surfaces by hand following blueprint, using flat metal scrapers. Verifies dimensions, using measuring instruments, such as calipers, vernier gauge, and protractor. Makes identifying marks on pattern with crayon, inked rubber stamps, or pointed tool. Shellacs finished surfaces to harden and smooth them.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

777.381-042 RELIEF-MAP MODELER (any industry) alternate titles: three-dimensional-map modeler

    Makes plaster relief-map models from which molds are prepared to produce duplicate scale models of land forms: Mixes plaster, water, and retarder in container. Punches holes in map's surface, using stippler or scorer so that plaster will adhere. Pours plaster over sea-level contour map, and spreads it evenly over surface with brush or spatula. Covers drainage, river, and city lines with transparent media or leaves border without plaster to preserve lines. Builds mound or elevation of plaster around spot elevation pins, leaving pinhead exposed. Observes printed lines indicating contour planes, and consults reference map to ascertain number, elevations, and shapes of contours to be built up with plaster. Pours and spreads plaster on contour planes of successively higher elevations. Fills with plaster angles formed by contour planes at two successive elevations to achieve natural and realistic surface appearance. Removes excess plaster and smooths surface of model with file and sandpaper.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

777.381-046 SAND TESTER (foundry) alternate titles: sand technologist

    Tests sand to determine its usability for making sand molds or cores: Collects samples of sand mixes and compresses sand into sample piece, using specimen sand rammer. Determines properties of sand samples, such as moisture content, permeability, compression and shear strength, clay content, and sand-grain size and distribution, using sand-test equipment, such as moisture teller, permeability meter, sand-strength tester, and sieve set. May perform similar tests on ladle lining refractories. May test quality of incoming materials, such as cereal or core oils to be used in sand mixes by mixing and testing sand samples.
GOE: 06.01.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

777.684-010 FORM MAKER, PLASTER (plastic prod.) alternate titles: molder; slusher

    Casts plaster patterns used in shaping plastic or plastic-impregnated materials: Brushes inside of mold sections with lubricant, and bolts sections together. Mixes specified amounts of plaster and water in mixing machine. Pours plaster into mold and positions mold in machine that rolls mold to distribute mixture evenly and facilitate drying. Repeats operation, after each layer of plaster has set, to build casting to specified thickness. Removes bolts from mold and pries sections apart, using bar. Removes fins and flanges from pattern, using scraper. Fills bubble holes and smooths uneven surfaces with wet plaster. Places pattern in drying room to cure. May coat pattern with sealing lacquer.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

777.684-014 MOLD MAKER (nonmet. min.)

    Constructs molds used for casting plaster objects, such as ashtrays, plaques, figurines, and statuary, using wet plaster, treated fiberglass, or liquid rubber: Covers model of object from which mold is to be made with lubricant to prevent mold from sticking to model. Immerses portion of model in container of wet plaster to make half of mold and allows plaster to harden. Immerses other half of model to complete mold. Makes section of fiberglass mold by covering portion of model with layers of fiberglass treated to harden when allowed to set. Allows fiberglass to harden and repeats process, covering other portions of model until mold is complete. Sprays liquid rubber over model to make rubber mold, using spray gun. Allows rubber to harden and pulls model from rubber mold. Removes mold sections of plaster or fiberglass mold form. Bores holes in edges of sections of mold for insertion of bolts to hold sections together, using power drill, or binds sections together with cord. Smooths surfaces of mold, using scraping tool and sandpaper.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

777.684-018 MOLD MAKER (pottery & porc.) alternate titles: block and case maker; blocker; caser

    Casts plaster block molds, case molds, and working molds used in forming pottery ware, using models, clay, and plaster: Places model in clay with upper half of model exposed. Brushes soap solution on exposed half of model. Places wooden form around model or builds up wooden box sides. Mixes plaster and pours it over exposed half of model to form one half of block mold. Allows plaster to harden, removes wooden box sides, and turns mold over, leaving model in plaster mold. Removes clay, smooths surface of mold, using knife and scrapers and applies soap solution. Replaces box sides around mold and pours in plaster to form other half of block mold. Casts case mold in similar manner, using block mold as pattern.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 78


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with fabricating and repairing sand, stone, clay, and glass products.

779.131-010 SUPERVISOR I (nonmet. min.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in molding, casting, and finishing plaster statuary, plaques, and other art objects. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

779.281-010 CLAY MODELER (any industry)

    Molds full-sized or scale models of products, such as automobiles, automobile parts, television sets, radios, washers, refrigerators, caskets, or boats from clay following artist's sketches or from verbal instructions: Builds rough lumber form to fit around model or centers preformed lath-covered wood frame on grid platform. Kneads clay into slots between laths so clay will adhere to frame. Molds clay by hand to approximate shape. Pulls sheet aluminum forming tool over surface of clay to shape areas that have constant cross sections. Shapes sculptured surfaces, using various types of sculptor's tools and scrapers. Verifies uniformity and smoothness of curved surfaces with splines and sweeps. Scrapes clay from high areas and builds up and smooths low areas to attain desired shape. Cuts cardboard templates for use as guides to shape symmetrical sections. Takes measurements from completed half of model and duplicates them on unfinished half to make both sides symmetrical. Covers bumpers, lights, door handles, and other parts with aluminum foil to simulate chrome or colored glass.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

779.381-010 GLAZIER, STAINED GLASS (glass products) alternate titles: glazier artist

    Selects and cuts colored glass for use in stained-glass windows in churches, memorials, and residences, following original pattern: Selects bits of glass of color, thickness, and texture that will yield color shade shown in original design. Selects and places one piece of glass over another (double-plating) if exact color cannot be found. Cuts glass according to various shapes of pattern pieces, using glasscutter. Assembles glass, according to design, and solders joints of lead stripping between glass pieces. May reinforce with steel rods. Repairs stained glass windows by replacing broken glass and straightening buckled sections. Repairs stained glass lamp shades by replacing broken glass and soldering joints of lead stripping. When assembling glass between lead strippings only, may be designated Joiner (glass prod.).
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

779.381-014 MOSAIC WORKER (glass products; nonmet. min.)

    Cuts, shapes, and sets blocks of colored glass, enamel, marble, or ceramic tile for installation on walls, ceilings, or panels or for use as table tops or decorative screens, according to specifications: Brushes glue over surface of manila paper on which sections of design have been drawn in reverse, according to full-size drawings and tile charts. Selects color and type of tile specified for section according to tile charts. Cuts or breaks tile to shape and size, using hand-cutters and hammer. Positions tile, finished-side down, on glue-covered paper, using fingers or tweezers. Applies completed tile sections to surface previously covered with mastic cement and removes manila paper. Applies colored cement grout to seal joints of tile after section has been installed and washes surface with damp cloth. May apply tile to wall, ceiling, or panels on which design has been drawn.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

779.381-018 REPAIRER, ART OBJECTS (any industry)

    Repairs and restores objects of art, such as figurines and vases made of antique or fine porcelain, glass, or semiprecious stone: Fits together broken or otherwise marred pieces with wires and glue or other adhesive. Refinishes surfaces with lacquer or paint. Restores decorative patterns by repainting blemished lines or creating new designs.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

779.381-022 TRACER (construction; stonework) alternate titles: decorator

    Lays out or traces lettering and designs on surface of marble and granite to prepare stone for cutting, using any of following methods: Positions stone on bench, stool, or floor with aid of other workers, hoist, or crane. (1) Lays paper bearing lettering and design on stone, centers paper and traces outline with stylus. (2) Lays out lettering with drafting instruments and sketches designs freehand, working to specifications. (3) Centers and pastes paper bearing lettering and design on face of stone.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

779.387-010 FINAL INSPECTOR (glass products)

    Inspects defective glass or mirrors to determine salvageability: Examines glass or mirrors to determine extent of defect and routes product for repair, cutting to smaller size, or stripping of silver and paint. Writes replacement tickets for glass or mirror to be cut down or stripped. Marks area of mirror to be salvaged, using crayon or wax pencil. Measures mirror or glass to determine footage loss, using ruler. Records number of glass or mirror pieces replaced, type of glass and defect, size, and footage loss. May examine damaged mirrors returned by customers. May buff mirrors to remove scratches and surface defects, using portable buffing wheel and polishing compound.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

779.387-014 INSPECTOR I (concrete prod.)

    Inspects finished plaster wallboard for conformance to specifications: Inspects sides, edges, and ends of wallbaord for surface defects. Measures length, width, and thickness, using rule and micrometer. Weighs sample on scale. Tests sample for hardness by penetrating board edge with knife. Cuts across board surface and observes peel-back of surface paper. Measures unabsorbed moisture in board, using moisture sensitive meter. Records quantity of board produced and number and types of rejects. May test hardness of wallboard, using hardness meter.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

779.584-010 PATTERNMAKER (glass products)

    Lays out and cuts pattern pieces for stained-glass windows: Places cartoon (full-size working drawing) over pattern paper and traces $T3cutlines,$T1 using stylus, to transfer cartoon to paper. Cuts out pattern pieces, using double-bladed pattern shears. Marks pattern part to indicate relative location in design, using pencil.
GOE: 06.02.31 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

779.681-010 MICA SPLITTER (mine & quarry) alternate titles: splitter

    Splits mica to sheets of specified dimensions and trims defects from mica sheets, using knife: Measures thickness of mica sheets, using dial or caliper-type micrometer, to determine amount of mica to remove. Locates cleavage plane in mica and inserts point of knife between layers. Peels layers of mica from sheets to reduce thickness of sheets. Gauges mica sheets with micrometer to determine amount of mica to remove and to verify thickness of split sheets. Examines mica for defects, such as stains, cracks, or scale and trims defects, using knife. Deposits mica sheets into containers according to size and rejects sheets that fail to meet thickness specifications. Compares mica to templates of parts being produced and deposits mica in container according to part. May measure length of sheets with rule and trim excess mica from sheets, using scissors or knife. May rub edges of mica sheets over sandpaper-covered portion of worktable to locate cleavages in sheets.
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

779.684-010 CEMENT FITTINGS MAKER (concrete prod.)

    Casts concrete pipe sections to mold fittings, performing combination of following duties: Tamps concrete into steel molds and smooths edges, using trowel, to cast elbows, lids, or traps. Places fittings on pallets or shelves to harden and adheres hardened sections to complete assembly. Dips hardened sections into grout (liquid cement) to facilitate waterproofing. Divides pipe sections, using saw, trowel, or hammer to form Y-shapes or T-shapes and seals joints with grout. Transports finished fittings to yard, using handtruck. ixes grout and concrete. Cleans and lubricates molds. May prepare production records.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

779.684-014 CONCRETE-PIPE MAKER (concrete prod.) alternate titles: poured-pipe maker

    Casts concrete pipes and manhole covers, performing any combination of following duties: Moves overhead crane to position steel mold sections reinforcing cage on pallet, and to insert mold core and pouring plate. Fastens mold sections together, using wrenches to tighten screw clamps and bolts and nuts. Positions manhole form into side of reinforcing cage and fastens manhole form with tie wire to provide side hole in manhole casting. Inserts pins through apertures in mold to form holes in casting for insertion of hoisting bar. Brushes or sprays mold and core with oil to prevent concrete from adhering. Positions concrete-filled pouring bucket over pouring plate on top of mold, using hoist. Strikes trip bar of bucket to release concrete onto pouring plate and into mold. Bolts pneumatic vibrator to mold, using wrench, and starts vibrator to settle concrete in mold; or presses switch to start vibrator and holds internal vibrator with worm drive tube submerged in concrete to compress concrete poured in mold. Places steam hoses inside filled mold, lowers curing box over mold with hoist or covers mold with canvas, and turns valves to admit steam to cure concrete. Dismantles mold and core after concrete has cured. Inserts and cements metal ladder rungs into precast holes inside manholes.
GOE: 06.04.32 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

779.684-018 FETTLER (brick & tile) alternate titles: tile edger

    Grinds and sands ceramic products, such as clay slabs, refractory tiles, ceramic tiles, and bisque tiles to remove defects, press marks, or rough spots: Grinds, brushes, or scrapes surface of ceramic product to remove rough spots, press marks, and defects, using power grinder and wire or stiff brush. Smooths (fettles) edges and surface of product, using sandpaper or handstone. Discards broken or poorly pressed tile. Stacks ceramic tile or clay slates in specified pattern on boards, plates, trays, or in saggers. May measure dimensions of tile for conformance to specifications, using gauge. May tend machine that automatically fettles tile.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

779.684-022 GLASS CUTTER, OVAL OR CIRCULAR (glass mfg.)

    Cuts sheet glass into oval or circular shapes, using cutting table equipped with manually guided cutting tool suspended above surface of glass: Adjusts cutter to produce specified shape and guides cutting tool, mounted on steel rod, over glass to score and cut surface.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-026 GLASS-LINED TANK REPAIRER (beverage) alternate titles: tank refinisher

    Patches fractured glass linings of steel tanks used for storing beer: Crawls inside tank and locates fractured lining areas. Melts fractured area, using propane torch. Removes melted material with burning knife. Heats and dries cleaned area. Heats patching material in bucket to specified temperature and consistency, using torch. Applies hot liquid patching material with paint brush. Smooths material after it has set, using torch.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-030 INSPECTOR-REPAIRER, SANDSTONE (stonework)

    Examines and repairs sandstone table and counter tops, using handtools: Examines and feels sandstone for defects, such as flaking or bubbles in paint, pits, cracks, and chipped areas, and for variations in surface texture. Sands top and edges of stone, using fine grit abrasive paper. Fills cracks and holes with stone cement to level of stone surface or to match corner or edge of stone, using spatula. Applies flame of propane torch to defective painted area to ensure adhesion of stone cement to painted surface. Reads blueprint specifications and verifies dimensions and location of holes in table and counter tops, using tape and micrometer.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: V GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-034 LEVEL-VIAL SEALER (cutlery-hrdwr.) alternate titles: capper

    Rotates tips of alcohol-filled glass vials to be used in levels against pinpoint gas flame to melt glass and seal hole in tip. Taps sealed vials on wooden block to see if they will break.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

779.684-038 MIRROR SPECIALIST (glass products; wood prod., nec)

    Performs any combination of following tasks involved in mirror production: Loads and unloads conveyors and feeds and off bears machines, such as washers, polishers, bevelers, edgers, and seamers. Cleans mirrors by hand with powdered pumice. Cuts fiberboard or plywood to size for mirror backs, using table saw. Rivets clips and hangers on fiberboard backs, using riveting machine. Drills holes in glass and unframed mirrors to accommodate bolts, screws, and cords, using single-spindle drilling machine. Folds prescored cartons and pads over form, inserts mirror, and closes and staples carton. Cuts lumber and assembles pieces to form boxes or crates, using handtools and power tools. Packs mirrors in excelsior-filled crates and labels and addresses them, using stencil. May install and fasten mirrors into prepared frames by nailing and gluing wood blocks to frames around back of mirror and tacking wood or cardboard backs to blocks.
GOE: 06.04.08 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-042 PIPE FINISHER (brick & tile) alternate titles: corrugator; finisher

    Finishes socket or spigot ends of green sewer pipe, using handtools: Aligns pipe on roller conveyor, bench, or stand. Trims socket, using hand or machine trimmers. Smooths inside and outside of barrel and overlap of spigot, using handtools, sponges, and water. Shines light inside of barrel and examines interior to detect defects or blisters. Bursts blisters with knife and patches defective area with clay. Coats outside of socket with grease, oil, or water to retard drying process, using hand applicator or swab.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-046 PLASTER MAKER (nonmet. min.) alternate titles: caster

    Casts plaster art objects, such as statuary and plaques, using flexible molds: Assembles mold that consists of inner shell and outer casing. Mixes specified proportions of water and plaster, by hand or using mechanical mixer, and pours mixture into rubber mold. Shakes and squeezes mold to eliminate air bubbles, and smooths plaster mixture at mouth of mold, with spatula. Flexes mold to remove casting, when plaster has set. Places casting in oven to dry. May be designated according to object cast as Plaque Maker (nonmet. min.).
GOE: 06.02.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

779.684-050 PLASTIC MOLDER (fabrication, nec)

    Constructs plastic segments of mannequins and display forms, using molds, liquid plastic, and glass fiber cloth: Brushes paste wax onto inside surfaces of mold halves to facilitate removal of molded form. Inserts aluminum fitting block corresponding to segment of form being constructed into recess of mold. Brushes coat of liquid plastic onto inside surfaces of mold halves. Lays strips of glass fiber mesh on surface of mold cavity and fastens ends of strips to inside projections of fitting blocks. Brushes liquid resin adhesive over glass fiber strips. Builds up form to specified thickness with alternate layers of glass fiber strips and adhesive. Sprinkles chopped glass fiber particles on built-up area and applies final coat of liquid adhesive. Clamps halves of mold together and places it on rack to dry. Removes dried form from mold and places it on rack for finishing.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-054 SECOND CUTTER (glass mfg.) alternate titles: glass breaker; glass cutter, hand

    Cuts glass sheets by hand to reduce sheets to specified dimensions or eliminate blemishes: Examines sheet of glass for defects, such as breaks, chips, scratches, and blisters. Scores kerf on glass surface, using T-square and cutting tool. Breaks scored sheet into specified sizes by use of pincers or by snapping kerf over crossbar. Places defective glass in cullet (waste glass) bin. Measures and scores glass sheet into standard size plates, using ruler and glass-cutting wheel or splitter (diamond cutting tool). Breaks off plates and places them on racks. Works as member of two-person team when cutting at discharge end of lehr. May be designated according to work area as Lehr Cutter (glass mfg.); Warehouse Cutter (glass mfg.).
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.684-058 STONE REPAIRER (stonework) alternate titles: sticker

    Mends broken marble slabs to restore them to usable condition, using either of following methods: (1) Cleans broken surfaces with wire brush. Heats surfaces with gas torch. Smears shellac evenly over heated surfaces from stick while playing torch flame on stick to thoroughly melt shellac. Presses broken surfaces of slabs tightly together and wipes surplus shellac from joint. Clamps sections together and allows shellac to dry. May drill holes into opposing surfaces of broken slab sections with drill press or portable electric drill and join broken slab sections with dowel pins in addition to shellac. (2) Lays broken grooved sections of slab wrong side up on bench and fits them together. Heats marble along groove with blowtorch. Inserts sulfur-coated steel rod to completely fill groove (sulfur expands during cooling to lock rod in groove). Scrapes off excess sulfur and allows joint to set.
GOE: 05.10.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

779.687-010 BREAKER (glass products) alternate titles: glass breaker

    Breaks excess glass from glass stock along lines cut by GLASS CUTTER (any industry), using notched tool, glass pinchers, or pliers, to form products, such as watch crystals, meter dials, goggle lenses, or mirrors.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

779.687-014 CARTRIDGE LOADER (elec. equip.)

    Fills cartridge cores of heating units with cement and holds them against motor-operated vibrating shaft to pack cement. Places cores in containers preparatory to further processing.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

779.687-018 GLASS-BULB SILVERER (glass products)

    Coats interiors of ornamental glass balls with silvering solution: Pours solution into balls through small openings. Holds stopper over openings and shakes balls until interior surfaces are covered. Pours surplus silvering solution out of balls.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: S GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

779.687-022 INSPECTOR, GLASS OR MIRROR (glass products) alternate titles: face cleaner; glass inspector; mirror inspector

    Inspects glass or mirrors to detect imperfections, such as scratches, seeds (sandholes), chips, or cracks: Examines glass or mirror at discharge end of glass washing and drying machine or silvering range, or places glass or mirror on padded table under light. Turns glass or mirror in circular motion to inspect both sides. Wipes gloved hand over glass or mirror to remove dust. Marks defects with crayon or wax pencil. May move glass or mirror onto skids or conveyors. May keep record of rejections, type of defects, and footage loss. ay glue labels onto mirrors.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

779.687-026 MICA INSPECTOR (mine & quarry) alternate titles: inspector

    Inspects articles formed from mica for defects, such as spots, streaks, scratches, and cracks: Spreads articles over illuminated table and scans them for defects, or places articles on bed of microscope, using tweezers or pneumatic lifting device, and examines articles through microscope to detect defects not visible to naked eye. Rejects defective articles. Packs high quality or optical grade mica in protective paper or envelopes and packs parts in plastic boxes.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

779.687-030 MICA SIZER (mine & quarry)

    Splits built-up mica washer rods into washers of specified thickness, using rod splitter: Positions built-up mica washer rod on work surface and pulls lever to press rod against sharp edged cutting blade to cut off washers of specified thickness.
GOE: 06.04.30 STRENGTH: S GED: R2 M2 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

779.687-034 STOCK SHEETS CLEANER-INSPECTOR (glass products)

    Cleans, inspects, and polishes stock sheets (large mirrors): Places stock sheets on vertical tabletop and depresses pedal to move tabletop to flat position. Cleans and inspects mirror and removes surface scratches, using portable scratch polishing wheel. Measures mirror with ruler and records size. Cuts defective edges from mirror with glasscutter. Glues label on mirror. Packs mirror in shipping crate.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

779.687-038 WAXER (glass products) alternate titles: glass-etcher helper

    Brushes coat of wax on glass speedometer and radio dials, leaving stenciled numbers and figures free for etching.
GOE: 06.04.33 STRENGTH: S GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77


    This division includes occupations concerned with laying out, marking, and cutting materials; hand-sewing or machine-sewing parts of mass-produced products, such as drapes, slip covers, sheets, pillowcases, and ready-to-wear apparel; fitting and stitching made-to-measure garments and accessories; hand knitting complete garments, garment parts, or accessories; hand weaving and embroidering to embellish or repair garments and accessories; fabricating footwear, except molded rubber and plastics; and other activities concerned with fabricating or repairing garments, canvas goods, house furnishings, and related products.


    This group includes occupations concerned with upholstering such products as furniture, automobile seats, and caskets, and forming, stuffing, and assembling padding, mattresses, and bedsprings.


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in spreading, marking, cutting, and sewing fabric used in upholstered furniture: Inspects processed parts to verify dimensions, color, quantity, and style against work order or sample. Trains employees in operations. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May be designated according to specialty as Supervisor, Cutting Department (furniture); Supervisor, Sewing Department (furniture).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 79

780.131-014 SUPERVISOR, UPHOLSTERY DEPARTMENT (any industry)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in padding, covering, trimming, or renovating upholstered articles, such as furniture, mattresses, or vehicle seats: Reviews production schedules and computes amounts of padding, fabric, and supplies necessary to achieve production. Assigns workers to stations according to workers' abilities and qualifications. Observes workers performing duties and interprets drawings, sketches, and work orders for workers based on knowledge of upholstery methods, style, and design of articles. Analyzes inventories of fabrics and materials to determine production costs and estimates. Inspects upholstered articles to verify conformance to customer's order or company standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title.
GOE: 06.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 79

780.134-010 SUPERVISOR, COVERING AND LINING (fabrication, nec)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in covering and lining caskets: Inspects caskets for exposed edges of material, faulty lining installation, fit of casket top after covering, and overall appearance, to determine conformance to company standards. Demonstrates procedures to train new employees in lining and covering caskets. Performs duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title. May cut cloth, using hand shears.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

780.134-014 SUPERVISOR, SPRING-UP (furniture)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in cutting and installing webbing and springs in chair and sofa frames and cushions prior to upholstering. Examines frames and cushions at work stations to ensure specified materials are being used and work meets manufacturing standards. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 78


    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in padding and covering assembled spring units to make finished mattresses and box springs: Schedules flow of cotton and sisal through $T3garnett machines$T1 for cleaning and felting. Directs workers in covering of spring unit with sisal pad and in box-filling and closing, tape- and roll-edging, and tufting. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) aster Title. May set up machines. May be designated according to department as Supervisor, Border Department (furniture); Supervisor, Cutting-And-Sewing Room (furniture); Supervisor, Finishing Department (furniture).
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L2 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

780.381-010 AUTOMOBILE UPHOLSTERER (automotive ser.)

    Repairs or replaces upholstery in automobiles, buses, and trucks: Removes old upholstery from seats and door panels of vehicle. Measures new padding and covering materials, and cuts them to required dimensions, using knife or shears. Adjusts or replaces seat springs and ties them in place. Sews covering material together, using sewing machine. Fits covering to seat frame and secures it with glue and tacks. Repairs or replaces convertible tops. Refurbishes interiors of streetcars and buses by replacing cushions, drapes, and floor coverings. May be designated according to specialty as Body Trimmer (automotive ser.); Bus Upholsterer (automotive ser.); Top Installer (automotive ser.).
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

780.381-014 AUTOMOBILE-UPHOLSTERER APPRENTICE (automotive ser.) alternate titles: passenger-car-upholsterer apprentice; upholsterer apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

780.381-018 FURNITURE UPHOLSTERER (any industry) alternate titles: upholsterer

    Repairs and rebuilds upholstered furniture, using handtools and knowledge of fabrics and upholstery methods: Removes covering, webbing, and padding from seat, arms, back, and sides of workpiece, using tack puller, chisel, and mallet. Removes defective springs by cutting cords or wires that hold them in place. Replaces webbing and springs or reties springs [SPRINGER (furniture) 780.684-106]. Measures and cuts new covering material [CUTTER, MACHINE (any industry) I 781.684-014]. Installs material on inside of arms, back, and seat, and over outside back and arms of wooden frame. Tacks or sews ornamental trim, such as braid and buttons, to cover or frame [UPHOLSTERY TRIMMER (furniture) 780.684-126]. May operate sewing machine to seam cushions and join various sections of covering material. May repair wooden frame of workpiece. May refinish wooden surfaces [FURNITURE FINISHER (woodworking) 763.381-010]. May upholster cornices and be designated Cornice Upholsterer (any industry). May repair seats, carpets, curtains, mattresses, and window shades of railroad coaches and sleeping cars and be designated Upholsterer (r.r. trans.).
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

780.381-022 FURNITURE-UPHOLSTERER APPRENTICE (any industry) alternate titles: upholsterer apprentice

    Performs duties as described under APPRENTICE (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

780.381-026 UPHOLSTERER, LIMOUSINE AND HEARSE (auto. mfg.)

    Upholsters interior of limousine and hearse bodies, performing any combination of following duties: Selects and cuts material to specifications, using shears and pattern. Sews material together, using sewing machine. Installs padding, and fastens and sews covering material in place in body of vehicle. May fasten interior and exterior trim to vehicle body. May design new patterns.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 90

780.381-030 PAD HAND (leather prod.) alternate titles: pad cutter and assembler

    Cuts, assembles, and joins fabrics, leather, or other materials to form cushioned seat of saddle: Positions pattern on material and cuts material, using knife or scissors. Positions padding, such as cotton batting, foam rubber, or mohair between covers. Sews edges of covers to form pad, using needle and thread. Inserts pad between leather covers of saddle seat and sews edges of covers to form cushioned seat.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

780.381-034 SLIPCOVER CUTTER (retail trade; tex. prod., nec)

    Cuts material for slipcovers according to size and shape of furniture to match patterns and ensure economical use of material: Reads order to determine type and amount of material required, and obtains materials from stockroom. Determines from experience and knowledge of materials approximate yardage necessary to cover furniture, allowing for shrinkage and stitching. Measures, drapes, and smooths material, wrong-side-out, over sections of furniture to ensure most economical use and to serve as guide in matching shades, colors, and designs in cloth. Determines cutting lines by pinning or marking fabric, using shape of furniture as outline. Cuts fabric along marked lines. Pins cut pieces together and fits assembled unit over furniture, making adjustments with pins to attain required fitting. Wraps fitted pieces together and delivers to shop for sewing. Records amount of time required for each assignment. May visit customer's home to cut material for slipcovers. May cut material for draperies. May cut out slipcover parts from patterns, using rotary knife.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

780.381-038 UPHOLSTERER, INSIDE (furniture)

    Upholsters inside sections of chairs and sofas, utilizing knowledge of upholstery materials and methods: Lifts frame of article and places it on workbench. Tacks material along front rail, outside and inside arms, and onto top outside back. Places padding and material over seat springs and tacks material onto frame to complete seat upholstery. Repeats operation to upholster arms. Places and shapes layers of padding over inside back and tacks material to complete inside upholstery of article. May use grooved foam rubber padding and work excess material into grooves to produce channeled effect and secure material with buttons, using needle, thread, and cotton. May cover burlap with horsehair and cover it with muslin to prepare article for tufting. May cut openings in muslin and push horsehair away from opening and secure it with buttons to create tufting effect.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 79

780.384-010 AUTOMOBILE-SEAT-COVER-AND-CONVERTIBLE-TOP INSTALLER (automotive ser.) alternate titles: automobile-upholstery-trim installer; top-and-seat-cover fitter

    Fits and installs automobile seat covers and convertible-top: Examines standard pattern or removes automobile seat or top and measures it to determine amount of cover material required. Cuts material, using shears, and places it on pattern or pins it to seat or top frame. Marks material with chalk to indicate where it is to be sewed, reinforced, and decorated. Secures completed covers, using tacks, staples, and pliers. May operate sewing machine.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

780.384-014 UPHOLSTERER (aircraft mfg.)

    Lays out, fabricates, and assembles aircraft upholstery, insulation, soundproofing, and interior trim items from assorted materials, according to specifications, using handtools, power tools, machines, and shop equipment: Stacks, aligns, and smooths materials on cutting table. Draws cutting lines on materials, such as leather, fabric, rubber, cork, fiberglass, and plastic, following patterns, templates, sketches, or blueprints, using chalk, pencil, paint, or other method. Cuts along marked lines, using power cutters, scissors, knives, or shears. Drills or punches holes in material. Sews, staples, glues, and cements materials to assemble upholstery or trim items, using handtools, power tools, machines, and equipment. Attaches snap fasteners, grommets, buckles, cords, and other accessories to upholstery or trim items, using handtools or equipment. Attaches binding or applies solutions to edges of cut material to prevent raveling. Hand sews buttons, hooks, or other fasteners onto fabric. Covers aircraft parts, such as tubing and duct work, with specified materials.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 87

780.587-010 SORTER, UPHOLSTERY PARTS (furniture) alternate titles: bundler; upholstery bundler; upholstery handler

    Collects, sorts, counts, and bundles upholstery parts in furniture sewing department: Collects parts and carries parts to worktable. Sorts, counts, and stacks parts according to color, quantity, material, and part-number specifications on work ticket. arks identifying number on top part in stack, using chalk. Copies color, quantity, material, and part number from work ticket onto production report form, using pen or pencil. Ties stacked parts into bundle, using string [PACKAGER, HAND (any industry) 920.587-018]. Carries bundled parts to storage area and places bundles in bins or on shelves according to part number.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

780.682-010 SEWING-MACHINE OPERATOR (furniture) alternate titles: tick sewer

    Operates sewing machine to join mattress parts, such as covers. May be designated according to part joined as Cover Assembler (furniture). Performs duties as described under SEWING-MACHINE OPERATOR, REGULAR EQUIPMENT (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

780.682-014 SLIP-COVER SEWER (tex. prod., nec)

    Operates sewing machine to join parts, stitch piping or welt to seams, and stitch pleats to form slip covers: Guides parts under machine needle to join them. Positions piping or welt on seam and guides under machine needle to strengthen and decorate covers. Folds pleats in covers, using ruler to measure width and distance between pleats, and guides them under machine needle to stitch pleats. Performs duties as described under SEWING-MACHINE OPERATOR, REGULAR EQUIPMENT (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

780.682-018 UPHOLSTERY SEWER (any industry)

    Operates sewing machine to join cut fabric parts to fabricate upholstery coverings for aircraft, automobile, boat, household, and railroad furnishings: ay sew pull bands into seams of upholstery parts. May sew welts or false pleats into upholstered furniture covers and be designated Welt Sewer (furniture). May sew cord into fabric to make boxpleats and be designated Boxing-Machine Operator (furniture). May be designated according to section or part seamed as Cover Maker (furniture); Cushion Closer (furniture; tex. prod., nec); Cushion Maker (furniture) II. Performs duties as described under SEWING-MACHINE OPERATOR, REGULAR EQUIPMENT (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 79

780.684-010 BACK PADDER (furniture) alternate titles: upholsterer helper

    Assembles padded wooden backs for metal chairs, performing any combination of following duties: Joins padding material, such as wood fiber or cotton, to wooden backplate, using hand stapler or staple gun. Inserts end of padded backplate in stretched cover and depresses pedal to lower ram that forces entire padded plate into cover. Inserts and aligns cardboard strips between cover edges and bottom edge of backplate. Staples cover edges and cardboard strips to backplate. Trims excess material from cover edges with scissors. Burns holes through cover to coincide with predrilled holes in backplate, using heated handtool. Inserts tubular metal frame supports into holes and joins to backplate, using hammer or pneumatic screwdriver.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-014 BAND-TOP MAKER (furniture) alternate titles: band-top assembler

    Assembles and rivets metal strips into rectangular latticework used in construction of bedsprings: Lays specified number of long bands on worktable, evenly spaced and parallel. Inserts rivets and rivet collars through holes in bands. Lays cross bands over long bands, lining up holes with protruding rivet shanks. Strikes shanks with hammer to flatten rivets and secure bands together, forming lattice.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-018 BOX-SPRING MAKER I (furniture)

    Assembles, upholsters, or repairs box springs, using handtools: Fastens coil springs to slats of wood frame, using hammer and nails or stapler. Clips edge-wire to border coils with metal clips and pliers and interlaces coils with twine to secure springs in position. Measures and cuts padding and upholstering fabric, using tape measure and scissors or knife. Spreads materials over coils and staples them to frame to upholster box spring.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-022 BOX-SPRING MAKER II (furniture)

    Staples padding and fabric on coil spring units to upholster box springs: Spreads padding over springs and tucks it in corners of assembly. Places fabric over padding, pulls it to obtain smooth surface, and staples fabric to wood frame, using stapling hammer. Nails fabric handles to frame and tacks dust cloth to bottom of frame, using hammer. May compress spring assembly to facilitate stapling of fabric to frame, using hydraulic or air press.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-026 CASKET COVERER (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: casket trimmer

    Fits and glues fabric covering to outside of casket body, top frame, and top panel: Brushes glue over sides and ends of casket body, top frame, and top panel. Spreads fabric over glued surface, pulling, pressing, and smoothing cover over casket surfaces. Trims excess fabric at corners. Folds edge of cover under bottom and glues, tacks, or staples it to bottom. Tacks or glues trimming material over seams and exposed edges. Cuts and glues paper cover to bottom of casket. May attach hinges to fasten top frame to body. May attach top panel to top frame with screws. May be designated according to part of casket covered as Body Coverer (fabrication, nec); Cap Coverer (fabrication, nec); Panel Coverer (fabrication, nec); Top Coverer (fabrication, nec); Top-Frame Coverer (fabrication, nec).
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-030 CASKET LINER (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: casket upholsterer

    Pads and lines inside of bodies and tops of caskets: Spreads layer of excelsior evenly over bottom of casket and spreads layer of cotton over excelsior. Cuts cloth from supply roll, using hand shears, and tacks or staples cloth over bottom padding. Pads and covers sides and ends of casket with cotton and crepe. Staples or tacks lining over padding. Tacks or staples prepared lining into top panel or cuts or drapes lining material into top, depending on casket style. May attach handles and supporting hardware. May fit and glue fabric to inside of casket cover body to fashion designs onto head panels.
GOE: 06.02.22 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

780.684-034 CHAIR UPHOLSTERER (furniture) alternate titles: chair trimmer

    Upholsters chairs having no springs: Cuts out and molds padding material in place on arms, seats, or backs, and covers padding with cotton wadding. Stretches and tacks or staples canvas, burlap, or denim over wadding, leaving opening for further filling. Molds and packs wadding under cover, using hands or rod to eliminate lumps. Closes opening with tacks when packing is completed. Stretches precut upholstery covering over covered padding and tacks it in place. Sews or glues trimming over tacks and raw edges of upholstery. May glue foam cushions to particleboard backing to form seat cushions for chairs. ay glue upholstery material onto shaped foam to make cushions for upholstered furniture.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

780.684-038 COTTON DISPATCHER (furniture)

    Tears or cuts cotton wadding or cushioning material to specified size or shape for use in padding upholstered furniture or slip seats: Measures specified length on cotton roll of width and thickness indicated on work ticket and tears cotton apart or places form over wadding and cuts around form. Cuts edging to required length.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-042 CRUSHER (fabrication, nec) alternate titles: smocker

    Crushes (puffs) cloth to form three-dimensional geometric patterns for fancy linings in caskets: Lays material on female crushing die and fits male crushing die or crushing rod over material and into depression of female die. Steams material on crushing board to set shape, using steam hose. Removes male dies or crushing rods. Brushes or sprays glue onto screen and presses backing material against screen. Lays backing material on raised portion of facing material on crushing board. Wipes cloth over backing material to stick fabrics together. Removes and hangs finished article to dry. May sew linings and pillows.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-046 CUSHION BUILDER (furniture) alternate titles: upholsterer

    Secures padding over cushion springs, previously tied into metal frames to form furniture cushions: Places padding on springs and frame. Fastens padding in place, using needle and cord. Sews inner covering of cotton material and outer covering over padded frame. Routes padded cushion to other workers for final sewing.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-054 CUSHION MAKER I (furniture) alternate titles: cushion assembler; cushion filler; cushion-mat maker; cushion stuffer; machine stuffer, automatic

    Fills cushion covers with moss, hair, kapok, down, foam cushions, or spring units, using any of following methods: (1) Stuffs loose fibers, layers of material, or foam cushions into cover with hands. Beats cushions with hands to smooth out lumps. (2) Places layers of cotton wadding or foam cushions in forming box of stuffing machine, or tears and cuts wadding, covers cushion-spring assembly and places wrapped spring assembly in box. Lowers top of forming box and pushes lever or turns handwheel to close side panels and compress cushioning material. Slips cover over open end of forming box and depresses pedal to eject cushioning material into cover. (3) Dumps down, kapok, or other fibers into hopper of blower. Holds end of cushion cover over spout of blower and starts blower to fill cover. Weighs cushion and adds or removes material to obtain cushion of specified weight. May sew ends of cushion covers after filling, using needle and thread or power sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 79

780.684-058 EDGE ROLLER (furniture)

    Installs and pads first covering on upholstered pieces, such as armrests and chair seats not equipped with springs, to prepare piece for final covering. Spreads cotton, kapok, or moss padding evenly over part. Draws and tacks covering of canvas, burlap, or denim tightly over padding, using upholstery tacks and hammer.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-062 FABRICATOR, FOAM RUBBER (any industry) alternate titles: assembler; cementer; foam fabricator

    Cuts and assembles padded articles, such as mattresses or cushions, from molded foam rubber sheets, pads, or scrap: Positions and measures or marks pattern outline on foam rubber piece, using tape measure and crayon or pencil. Cuts around measurement or pattern outline, using electric knife or bandsaw. May place two identical pieces together, brush cement along edge, and press edges of pieces together to form cushion or mattress. May cement strips around edges of assembled pieces and over seams to provide smooth finish and reinforce seams. May staple spring assembly to wood frame and leno or sisal cloth to top of springs to form box-spring unit.
GOE: 06.04.29 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-066 FILLER (tex. prod., nec) alternate titles: stuffer

    Fills pillows, cushions, and comforters with down, kapok, wool, or other filler, using filling machine: Ties or holds opening of cover around discharge tube of filling machine and presses button to start blower that sucks filling into cover. Estimates amount of filler blown into cover by either timing blower or weighing articles. Stuffs filling into open end of cover, using metal rod. May stuff covers by hand. May be designated according to article filled as Cushion Filler (tex. prod., nec); Pillow Filler (tex. prod., nec); Sleeping-Bag Filler (tex. prod., nec); or according to kind of filler used as Down Filler (tex. prod., nec).
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-070 MATTRESS FINISHER (furniture) alternate titles: finisher, hand; stitcher, hand

    Tufts and stitches mattresses to finish them: Measures and marks off tufting points on both sides of mattress with rule and crayon. Threads cotton tufts or tufting buttons and sews through mattress to tie them to tufts or buttons on under side. Stitches mattress border (boxing) to side padding to stiffen mattress edge and prevent sagging through displacement of padding. Gathers corners of padding to shape and to stitch rolled edge and preserve box-like shape of mattress. May tend equipment, such as tape-edge, roll-edge, or tufting machines. May be designated by specific function or specialty as Roll-Edge Stitcher, Hand (furniture); Side-Stitcher (furniture).
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-074 MATTRESS MAKER (furniture)

    Pads and covers innerspring assemblies to form mattresses: Cuts cover material, using electric cutting knife and scissors, and spreads and staples burlap, leno, or sisal cloth to both sides of innerspring assemblies. Spreads padding over sides of innerspring and tends tape-edge machine that sews cover over padding. Tufts mattresses by hand or by tending machine to hold padding in place. Sews roll edges on mattress by hand or by machine.
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

780.684-078 PADDER, CUSHION (furniture) alternate titles: seat padder

    Assembles seat pads, backrest pads, and arm covers for metal chairs, using pneumatic press and handtools: Positions specified material, such as cotton, foam-rubber padding, or precut leather, on base of pneumatic press. Depresses pedal or pushes handle to lower press onto materials. Draws wire through passage around edge of material and twists ends of wire together to tighten covering, using pliers. Hammers upholstery clips through covering to fasten edge to bottom of frame. Removes excess covering with scissors. Releases pedal or pulls handle to raise press. May assemble backrest pads or arm covers, using pliers, scissors, glue, and wire.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-082 PANEL COVERER, METAL FURNITURE (furniture) alternate titles: side-piece coverer

    Covers sheet metal sections of furniture with precut cotton padding and upholstery materials, such as fabric, leather, or plastic: Selects sheet metal panel, padding, and upholstery material according to work ticket. Coats surface of panel with glue, using brush or spray gun. Positions and presses padding on panel and trims excess cotton from edge, using scissors. Positions upholstery material over padding and pulls material taut to remove wrinkles. Presses edges of upholstery material onto prongs protruding from back of panel and bends prongs to secure material, using hammer. Trims excess material from edges with scissors. May be designated according to type of panel padded as Back-Panel Padder (furniture); Inside-Panel Padder (furniture); Side-Panel Padder (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-086 PANEL MAKER (furniture) alternate titles: panel coverer

    Pads and covers panels for use in upholstered furniture: Places precut felt or cotton batting over cardboard or wood panel and stretches covering material over padding. Staples edges of material to back of panel so that material is tight, smooth, and even. May sew edging on panels, using sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-090 POCKETED-SPRING ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: racker

    Sews together sections of pocketed coil springs to assemble innersprings for mattresses: Cuts sections of uniform length from chain of pocketed coils with shears, and spreads specified number in layer across pegs of vertical rack. Sews fabric of pocket sections together (length and width of assembly), using needle and thread. Turns assembly over and repeats process.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-094 SLIP-SEAT COVERER (furniture)

    Pads and covers slip-seats (removable chair seats), using one of following methods: (1) Places padding on wooden panel, stretches cover over padding, and tacks or staples edges of cover to panel. (2) Inserts foam rubber cushion in cover and tacks or staples cushion to wooden backing panel. (3) Places cover, right side down, on form under air press. Lays padding, fiber filling, and backing panel over cover. Opens valve to lower press against backing panel to compress assembly. Cuts excess padding and filler from panel, using shears. Draws edges of cover over panel and tacks or staples edge to panel. May staple, tack, or paste material content tag to backing panel.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-098 SPRING ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: coil placer; coil-spring assembler

    Assembles and fastens coil springs in wire frames to form box spring units for beds or chairs: Lays bed of crossed wiring in jig and clinches or wires coil springs to wiring. Fastens tops of coils together with tie wires or metal clips. Clips edge wire to tops of outside coil springs, using clipping tool. Cuts protruding ends of wires, using pliers. May staple springs to wooden frame individually or as assembled unit, using stapler. May attach channel-shaped rim to top coils of bedsprings by crimping edges of channel together over wire, using handtools. May be designated according to type of spring as Bedspring Assembler (furniture); Chair-Spring Assembler (furniture); Cushion-Spring Assembler (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.684-102 SPRING CLIPPER (furniture)

    Cuts and clips spring to form assembly units of specified size and shape: Cuts spring assembly units, using wire cutters. Fits units together, according to specifications, using $T3clinching tool.$T1 Clinches border wire to spring assembly to reinforce unit.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-106 SPRINGER (furniture) alternate titles: hand-tier; spring setter; spring tacker; spring tier; spring upholsterer

    Installs webbing and springs in furniture frames preparatory to upholstering: Tacks or staples ends of webbing strips to side of frame, using tack hammer or staple gun. Stretches webbing across frame with $T3webbing stretcher$T1 and tacks ends to opposite side of frame. Tacks strips to back of frame and weaves them through crosspieces to cover opening. Cuts webbing overlap with hand shears. Positions coil springs on webbing and fastens spring to webbing with needle and twine or with metal clips, using $T3clinching tool.$T1 Tacks twine to edges of frame opening and laces and ties twine to springs to stabilize and secure them in place. Cuts burlap or canvas to cover springs, places cover on springs, and tacks to edges of frame. May install zigzag or no-sag springs in backs of sofa and chair frames, using metal clips and hammer. May tack metal support strap on frame, using hammer. May fasten border wire to springs, using metal clips or by twisting crimp wire around border wire and top of spring. May cover frame opening by attaching web-fabric panels to frame with small springs. May sew heavy paper over border wire, using needle and stitching twine to soften edge.
GOE: 06.02.32 STRENGTH: H GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 79


    Repairs assembly and operational defects in convertible-sofa bedsprings preparatory to framing and upholstering: Examines unit for missing parts, and tightens loose rivets with pneumatic riveting gun. Places mattress in unit, pulls unit open and pushes it closed to test ease of operation. Adjusts pivot bolts and straightens connecting rods and brackets, using handtools. Rubs rough surfaces and joints with thinner and solvent to remove excess paint and grease and minimize friction.
GOE: 06.02.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

780.684-114 TRIMMING ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: cover assembler

    Selects upholstery trimmings, such as gimp, braid, or fringe, to match material used for covering furniture. Cuts off amount required to complete upholstering of each furniture unit.
GOE: 06.02.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-118 UPHOLSTERER, OUTSIDE (furniture)

    Upholsters outside sections of furniture such as chairs and sofas, utilizing knowledge of upholstery procedures: Tacks cardboard, padding, and upholstery material to top, side, and bottom rails of outside arms, fitting and shaping materials to obtain specified contour. Tacks covering material to top, bottom, and side rails of back frame and sews upholstery covering edges onto inside back and outside arm coverings with needle and thread to complete upholstery of furniture piece. Tacks cover to bottom rails to enclose bottom area. Attaches trimming material, such as gimp, braid, binding, skirts, and panels to upholstered frames, using glue, staples, nails, or tacks. May screw leg units to frame.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L2 SVP: 5 DLU: 79

780.684-122 UPHOLSTERY REPAIRER (furniture)

    Repairs or replaces damaged or defective upholstery on chairs or sofas: Examines upholstery to locate defects. Sews tears or rips with needle and thread. Pulls tacks or staples from defective upholstery, using hammer or pliers, and removes upholstery from frame. Tacks, sews, or staples replacement upholstery to frame. May cut covering from bolt of cloth, using part removed as pattern, or may carry defective parts to cutters to have replacement parts cut to specifications.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

780.684-126 UPHOLSTERY TRIMMER (furniture) alternate titles: gimp tacker

    Attaches gimp, braid, binding, skirts, or other trimming material to upholstered frames, following instruction on work ticket, using glue, staples, nails, or tacks.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 79

780.684-130 WEBBING TACKER (furniture)

    Stretches and tacks or staples webbing to underside of couch or chair frames to provide foundation for springs: Stretches and tacks or staples specified number of webbing pieces to sides of frame. Secures ends of other pieces to end of frame. Weaves pieces lengthwise through crosspieces and stretches and secures them to other end of frame until opening is covered with interlaced webbing.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.684-134 UPHOLSTERER, ASSEMBLY LINE (furniture)

    Upholsters one section of sofa, chair, or furniture frames, using one of following methods: (1) Attaches spring assembly section to seat and back of frame with clips or ties springs with twine and tacks ends of twine to frame. (2) Places padding and covering over seat springs and tacks or staples covering to frame to complete seat upholstering, using tack hammer or powered staple gun. (3) Places padding and covering over inside of arms and tacks or staples covering to frame to complete inside arms. (4) Places layers of padding over inside back, shaping padding to specifications, and tacks or staples covering over padding to make inside back. (5) Tacks or staples cardboard, padding, and upholstery material to top, side, and bottom rails of outside arms, fitting and shaping materials to obtain smooth contour. (6) Tacks or staples covering material to top, bottom, and side rails of back frame, and sews upholstery covering edges to adjoining inside back and outside arm coverings with needle and thread to complete upholstery of furniture piece. (7) Tacks or staples cover to bottom rails to enclose bottom area. May attach trimming material, such as gimp, braid, binding, skirts, and panels to upholstered frames, using glue, staples, nails, or tacks. May screw leg units to frame. ay be designated according to part or pieces upholstered as Arm Maker (furniture); Back aker (furniture); Seat Maker (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 86


    Tends machine that compresses padded spring assemblies and inserts them into prefabricated covers to form mattresses: Spreads precut and weighed cotton bats into compression box of filling machine. Places sisal-covered innerspring assembly on top of batting and spreads cotton batting on top of spring, stuffing excess at ends into springs. Pushes cover over discharge spout and depresses pedal to compress and insert padded spring into cover. ay operate sewing machine to close open end of mattress cover. May build up layers of batting in compression box without innerspring to make crib pads and be designated Crib-Pad Maker (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.20 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.685-014 STUFFING-MACHINE OPERATOR (furniture) alternate titles: pad maker

    Tends machine that cleans and fluffs filling and blows it into prefabricated covers to form mattress or other upholstered pads: Weighs filling material, such as cotton or sisal, to obtain specified weight and dumps into hopper of machine. Places cover over discharge tube and starts machine that cleans, fluffs, and blows filling material into cover. Removes filled cover and closes end, using sewing machine. Places pad on table and strikes it with wood pole to beat and level filling. Turns pad over and repeats process. May fill pad by piling required amount of filling on table and slipping cover over pile. May pad by hand [TUFTER, HAND (furniture) 780.687-050] or by machine [TUFTING-MACHINE OPERATOR (furniture) 687.685-014].
GOE: 06.04.36 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 78

780.685-018 WIRE-BORDER ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: topper

    Tends machine that attaches edge-wire frame to coil spring assemblies with $T3helical springs:$T1 Places spring assembly on table and positions edge wire on top of springs. Inserts helical spring in spinner and depresses pedal to start and control speed of spinner. Guides emerging helical spring so that it joins edge wire and tops of coil springs on ends and sides of assembly. Removes surplus helical spring, using nipper, and crimps end with pliers. Turns and positions assembly to attach edge wire to remaining ends or sides. Turns spring assembly over and repeats process.
GOE: 06.04.20 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.687-010 BORDER MEASURER AND CUTTER (furniture) alternate titles: border measurer

    Winds border fabric around pegs to obtain specified lengths for mattresses and cuts fabric into lengths, using scissors. May sew together ends of border with sewing machine.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 77

780.687-014 CLIPPER AND TURNER (furniture)

    Clips ends of innersprings, using wirecutter and pliers, and turns wires under spring to prevent them from piercing mattress. Cuts excess material from $T3helical springs$T1 and crimps ends around coil spring loops, using pincers.
GOE: 06.04.24 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-018 HASSOCK MAKER (tex. prod., nec)

    Fills sewed hassock covers with precut polyfoam filler: Places filler inside tack (cover) and centers evenly between ends of cover. Places hassock in pleater and draws strings together to pleat and close ends. Attaches buttons to ends of hassock with cord and hook. May stuff filling material, such as cotton, excelsior, or kapok, into hassock cover and compress it under hydraulic press to shape and firm hassock.
GOE: 06.04.34 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-022 INSPECTOR II (furniture)

    Examines mattresses and box springs for defects prior to packaging: Inspects surfaces for puckers, gathers, and irregular corners. Measures length and width of mattress and box spring to ensure conformity with specifications, using tape measure. Cuts loose threads and fabric ends from mattresses meeting standards and removes defective ones from conveyor. May use water on surfaces to shrink puckers, using spray gun.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

780.687-026 MATTRESS STRIPPER (furniture)

    Strips and removes padding from used mattresses preparatory to reconditioning them: Places mattress on table. Cuts tufts or buttons and stitching, using knife or scissors, or rips cover off to open mattress, and removes padding.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

780.687-030 MATTRESS-SPRING ENCASER (furniture) alternate titles: spring encaser

    Covers innerspring assemblies with cotton or sisal fabric to prevent upholstery material from shifting: Spreads precut fabric on table, lays innerspring on fabric, and spreads fabric on top of spring. Draws edges together and sews edges with needle and twine or staples edges together, using hand stapler. Positions sisal on innerspring unit and staples perimeter, using pneumatic staple gun.
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-034 PADDING GLUER (furniture)

    Fastens padded edging to sofa and chair frames prior to upholstering, using glue and $T3clinching tool:$T1 Cuts strips of foam rubber and burlap edging to fit seat edges and armrests of sprung-up chair and sofa frames, using knife. Applies glue to seat edge, armrests and foam rubber strips, using spray gun, and presses surfaces together. Aligns and attaches burlap edging to edges of seats, using clinching tool. Slides sprung-up frames to conveyor and loads frames onto conveyor. Cleans spray gun with solvent and refills glue tank.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-038 SPRING COVERER (furniture)

    Staples or tacks burlap, canvas, denim, or synthetic material over springs in furniture frames prior to upholstering where fabric is not installed by SPRINGER (furniture). Cuts covering material to specified size, using scissors. Sews twine through covering material and around coil springs to stabilize them.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-042 STAPLER, HAND (furniture) alternate titles: sisal operator; wire stitcher, hand

    Staples padding to both sides of innerspring or top of boxspring assemblies: Places spring assembly on table, spreads leno or sisal cloth over top of springs, and staples it to edge wire and tops of spring coils. Spreads padding over cloth, folding edges over edge wire and into coils, and staples it to edge wire. Turns innerspring assembly over and spreads cloth and padding and staples them to assembly. May fasten padding to edge wire, using hog rings and pliers. May hand sew padding to springs. May staple covering to boxsprings, using hydraulic press. May staple coil spring assembly to wood frame and be designated Stapler, Coil Unit (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.22 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-046 STUFFER (tex. prod., nec)

    Stuffs pads and cushions with filling material, such as excelsior, foam rubber, kapok, or cotton, by hand.
GOE: 06.04.23 STRENGTH: L GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 1 DLU: 78

780.687-050 TUFTER, HAND (furniture) alternate titles: button tufter; pad tufter

    Sews and tufts mattresses and pad to hold filling in place: Places mattress or pad in press and moves button to lower press head. Tilts press to upright position. Pushes needle carrying tufting cords through mattress or pad at openings in press head. Ties buttons or knots tufts to cord ends on both sides. Moves button to raise press head and removes mattress or pad.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 77

780.687-054 UPHOLSTERER HELPER (any industry)

    Assists AUTOMOBILE UPHOLSTERER (automotive ser.) or FURNITURE UPHOLSTERER (any industry) to repair and rebuild upholstered furniture or automobile seats: Rips or cuts away worn covering material and padding from frame and pulls tacks from frame, using tack puller. Lifts furniture onto worktable. May remove spots from upholstery, using cleaning fluids. May assist in rebuilding of fabric automobile tops. Performs other duties as described under HELPER (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: H GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 3 DLU: 77

780.687-058 UPHOLSTERY CLEANER (furniture)

    Cleans upholstery on new furniture preparatory to storage or shipping: Inspects spots to ascertain composition, selects solvent, and applies it to spot with cloth or brush. Cleans dust, lint, and cloth scraps from fabric, using airhose or vacuum cleaner. Applies steam to upholstery from steam hose to raise nap, brighten color, and tighten fabric. May smooth upholstery into folds or push padding to corners of cushions and backs with pick. May rub exposed wooden parts with furniture polish. When applying steam to cleaned upholstery, may be designated Steam Cleaner (furniture).
GOE: 06.04.39 STRENGTH: M GED: R2 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 78

780.687-062 BACK TUFTER (furniture)

    Attaches tufting buttons to foam cushions for use in backs of upholstered furniture: Positions cushion on worktable and spreads and smooths upholstery fabric over cushion. Selects matching (color) button, punches button by hand through precut hole in cloth and cushion, and secures button to cushion with spring washer. Forces cloth around button into pleats, using wedge and fingers.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: M GED: R1 M1 L1 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

780.687-066 INSPECTOR I (furniture)

    Inspects wood frames and metal springs of upholstered furniture to ensure assembled parts meet company specifications: Examines wood furniture frames to detect defects, such as loose joints, splits, and warped areas. Marks defects with chalk for repair. Inspects metal springs installed in frames for defects, such as misalignment and faulty attachment to frame. Measures position of springs in frame, using ruler, to ensure assembly is mounted according to specification. Examines fabric covering spring assembly to ensure that fabric is taut and secured to springs.
GOE: 06.03.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

780.687-070 SKIRT PANEL ASSEMBLER (furniture) alternate titles: skirt clipper

    Fastens rigid plastic-coated fabric between upholstery skirt panel and liner, and presses panel for smoothness and shape, using steam iron and presser: Cuts threads joining sewn panels, using scissors. Presses panels right-side out, using hand steam iron. Cuts coated fabric from roll and inserts fabric between panel and liner and staples fabric to parts to impart body to panel prior to final assembly. Presses assembled panel to flatten seams and shape panel, using steam presser. Examines panel to ensure specifications are attained. Places pressed panels in designated area.
GOE: 06.04.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R2 M2 L2 SVP: 3 DLU: 86


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with laying out, marking, cutting, and punching garment, canvas goods, and house furnishing parts from single or multiple layers of material preparatory to piecing up, fitting, and stitching or machine-sewing.

781.131-010 SUPERVISOR, PATTERN MARKING (garment)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in marking, reproducing, and assembling paper garment patterns for use by manufacturers: Observes operations to verify that pattern parts are marked for fabric weave lines, coded to specifications, reproduced clearly, and assembled in specified order. Modifies new patterns, using knowledge of mathematics and pattern-making principles. Determines layout for various pattern sizes to prevent waste and estimates material yardage required. Trains new workers to mark, reproduce, and assemble patterns. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 05.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

781.134-010 SUPERVISOR, CUTTING DEPARTMENT (any industry)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of workers engaged in spreading, marking, and cutting fabrics: Determines quantity and type of material to be cut and cutting patterns or dies to be used, according to cutting orders and design specifications. Directs ARKERS (any industry) I 781.384-014 in positioning patterns or paper markers on lays of cloth to ensure that pattern and weave of parts match when assembled and to minimize waste. Examines cut parts for conformance to outline, notches, and other markings on pattern. Trains workers by demonstrating work methods and techniques and use of spreaders and cutting equipment. Performs other duties as described under SUPERVISOR (any industry) Master Title.
GOE: 06.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

781.287-010 CLOTHING-PATTERN PREPARER (garment) alternate titles: dopster

    Determines style and size of standard patterns and any variations to be used in cutting out made-to-measure clothing: Prepares work order ticket, using previously recorded notations indicating customer's measurements and style and fabric preferences. Designates standard patterns to be used in cutting out each article of clothing. Makes notations on ticket to indicate to MARKER (any industry) I any variations from standard patterns necessary to fit individual customer, utilizing knowledge of pattern-modification techniques.
GOE: 06.02.31 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

781.361-010 ASSISTANT DESIGNER (garment)

    Lays out, marks, and cuts muslin pattern and garment parts for manufacturer of women's sportswear, using design sketch, master pattern, and scissors: Traces outline of specified paperboard pattern onto muslin fabric, and cuts muslin pattern, using scissors. Positions and pins muslin pattern sections onto dressmaker model form for marking of style lines by designer. Removes marked sections from model and traces style lines on pattern, using tracing wheel and carbon paper. Positions and pins garment and muslin patterns onto form for designer to approve that patterns conform in proportion, harmony, and balance to design-sketch concept. Traces and cuts garment fabric parts, following muslin pattern. Advises workers who sew garment parts together on procedures, such as type of stitching, positioning of collars and sleeves on garments, and correcting defects.
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

781.361-014 PATTERNMAKER (furniture; garment; tex. prod., nec)

    Draws and cuts out sets of master patterns for articles, such as garments, parachutes, and upholstery, following sketches, sample articles and design specifications: Examines sketches or sample articles and design specifications to ascertain number, shape, and size of pattern parts and quantity of cloth required to make finished article, using knowledge of manufacturing processes and characteristics of fabrics. Discusses design specifications with designer, when necessary. Draws outlines of parts on paper, using drafting instruments, such as calipers, squares, straight and curved rules, and pencils. Draws details on outlined parts to indicate position of pleats, pockets, buttonholes, and other items. Marks outlined garment parts with lines and notches that serve as guides in joining parts of garment. Cuts out master patterns, using scissors and knife, and marks size and style information on patterns. May draw and cut out sets of patterns of different sizes, following master patterns [PATTERN GRADER-CUTTER (garment) 781.381-022]. May fabricate template from plywood, trace around template with chalk to outline pattern on material, and cut off parts, using power shears [DEVELOPER PROVER, INTERIOR ASSEMBLIES (aircraft mfg.) 693.261-010].
GOE: 05.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 78

781.381-010 CARTOON DESIGNER (tex. prod., nec)

    Lays out and draws embroidery cartoon on pattern paper to form embroidery pattern for emblems, according to specifications: Lays out and draws sketch of cartoon, using drafting instruments, such as triangle, pencils, and crayons. Places customer-approved cartoon in enlarging apparatus. Positions pattern paper on drawing board beneath enlarger and pushes button to illuminate enlarger. Looks through eyepiece of enlarger and traces image of cartoon onto pattern paper to form embroidery pattern. Writes specifications on border of pattern and marks identifying information on outside of pattern, using pencil.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

781.381-018 LEATHER STAMPER (leather prod.) alternate titles: decorator; leather tooler; tooler

    Cuts, stamps, stains, or paints lettering and decorative designs on leather products, such as belts, handbags, luggage, saddles, and novelty items: Draws design and lettering on wet leather with stylus or transfers design by placing pattern or template on leather and pounding with mallet. Cuts outline of design and lettering with knife. Bevels and flares edges of cuts and fills in design and background, using various stamping tools and mallet. ay trim and punch leather pieces and sew them together by hand or machine. May apply various colors and shades of stain to design and background and be designated Spanisher (leather prod.).
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M1 L1 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

781.381-022 PATTERN GRADER-CUTTER (garment)

    Draws and cuts out sets of patterns for specified ranges of garment sizes, grading (increasing or decreasing dimensions) master pattern for each size within set, using either of following methods: (1) Obtains data from charts that specify modifications of master pattern dimensions necessary to produce patterns of various sizes. Positions master pattern on paperboard and drafts reference points on paperboard to modify dimensions of master pattern, according to specification charts, using drafting instruments. Draws lines between reference points, producing outline of graded pattern. (2) Positions master pattern in clamp of grading device and places paperboard under pattern. Turns knobs to set dial indicator at specified size and moves master pattern through series of reference points on paperboard. Marks reference points on paperboard. Draws lines between reference points, producing outline of graded pattern. arks location of notches in graded patterns that serve as guides for joining garment parts. Cuts out graded patterns, using scissors, and marks garment size, sections, and style number on each pattern piece.
GOE: 05.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

781.381-030 SAIL-LAY-OUT WORKER (tex. prod., nec)

    Lays out and draws pattern of sail on floor, following design specifications and dimensions: Calculates dimensions and specifications from sales order and enters data on worksheet. Computes dimensional allowances for draft of sail and stretching of sail cloth, and corrects dimensional specifications of pattern. Draws actual size and shape of sail on floor with chalk, chalkline, and measuring tape. May supervise other workers in shop engaged in cutting, sewing, and finishing cloth to produce complete sail. May lay out and cut sail cloth [SAIL CUTTER (tex. prod., nec)].
GOE: 05.05.15 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L2 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

781.381-034 GRADER MARKER (garment)

    Draws and cuts sets of garment patterns, grading (increasing or decreasing pattern dimensions) master pattern for each set, and draws marker pattern for use in cutting garment material: Receives set of master garment patterns from PATTERNMAKER (furniture; garment; tex. prod., nec) 781.361-014 for grading. Positions paperboard, grading device, and master pattern in specified sequence on worktable to mark reference points that serve as guides for joining garment part and pattern outline. Turns knobs on grading device to set dial indicators at specified settings, utilizing reference chart and reference points on master pattern. Marks reference points on paperboard and draws lines between points to outline pattern. Cuts paperboard along pattern outline, using scissors, and marks each pattern section with information, such as garment style, size, and number. Positions carbon paper, marking paper with printed measurements, and complete paperboard pattern sets on worktable, and arranges patterns on marking paper to minimize waste and to determine material needed to position complete pattern set. Draws outline of patterns on marking paper for use in cutting garment material.
GOE: 05.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

781.384-014 MARKER I (any industry) alternate titles: pattern marker

    Arranges patterns and marks identifying numbers, assembly guidelines, and outline of patterns on lay of cloth, leather, paper, or other materials to facilitate cutting and sewing operations, employing knowledge of marking, cutting, and manufacturing processes to minimize waste: Selects lay of material and patterns according to specifications. Compares pattern with cutting order to verify style of garment, size scale, type and yardage of cloth, and number of garments to be cut. Positions pattern on lay according to type, print, or weave of material, so that parts match when assembled and waste is minimized, using rules and squares as work aids. Outlines patterns on top of materials, using chalk stick, dust bag, crayon, soap, or wax. May mark part size and model number within outlines. May pin marked paper or outlined patterns onto material. May notch, drill, and mark holes in lay to serve as guides for attachment of other parts, using notcher, electric drill, or electric drill equipped with cartridge containing fluorescent marking solution. May be designated according to type of material marked as Canvas Marker (tex. prod., nec), or according to article marked as Dress arker (garment); Hat Marker (hat & cap); Shirt Marker (garment).
GOE: 06.02.31 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 78

781.384-018 SAIL CUTTER (tex. prod., nec)

    Spreads sail cloth over floor pattern and cuts cloth into specified lengths and shapes for subsequent sewing into complete sail: Lays first width of sail cloth over pattern and fastens it into position, using weights or awls. Marks outline of sail on cloth, following pattern and allowing margin of material to overlap for seams. Cuts cloth along outline, using hand shears. Draws seam guidelines on edge of cloth with pencil to mark seam overlap. Spreads succeeding widths of cloth over pattern in specified manner and cuts with hand shears until sail is complete. Draws lines across joints of cloths with pencil as guides to match cloths for assembly. Picks up, marks, and stacks cloths in order of sewing. Lays out and cuts reinforcing patches for sails. Trims sails after machine seaming and creases edges by hand to prepare for machine finishing. May prepare sails for repair by opening seams and cutting out defective cloth or rope with hand shears. May shrink cotton cloths before cutting by soaking in water. May lay out and draw sail patterns on floor [SAIL-LAY-OUT WORKER (tex. prod., nec)].
GOE: 06.02.27 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

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