In 2016, Costa Rica made a significant advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The National Institute of Statistics and Census conducted the National Household Survey, which contained a child labor module. The Ministry of Labor and Social Security launched a scholarship program with the Joint Institute for Social Aid to cover educational expenses for children engaged in child labor and signed agreements with El Salvador and Guatemala to work together to eradicate child labor in their countries. However, children in Costa Rica perform dangerous tasks in agriculture. Children also engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Existing social programs are insufficient to reach all child laborers, and resources for the Government’s child labor law enforcement agencies are inadequate.
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