Women in Apprenticeships and Nontraditional Occupations in the United States: Apprenticeship Evidence-Building Portfolio
Key takeaways include:
• Women remain underrepresented in apprenticeships, despite their numbers increasing over time. Childcare and harassment are among the top barriers to retention of women in registered apprenticeship programs.
• The share of women apprentices was lower than men's share for the age group 16 to 34 but was higher than men’s share for the age groups older than 35 years old, including 5 percent of women apprentices ages 55 and older.
• Pre-apprenticeship programs include a larger share of women than in apprenticeship programs. This suggests that pre-apprenticeships may provide a more open and representative pathway for women to access apprenticeship and employment in non-traditional occupations.
Continued areas of focus in the descriptive study include the following:
• The different training models used by grantees to deliver pre-apprenticeship, apprenticeship, and non-traditional occupational training programs to women.
• The strategies used to recruit and retain women from historically underrepresented communities.
• The engagement of grant partners.
• Promising practices that emerged during the COVID-19 pandemic.