Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Zambia

Cattle
Cattle
Child Labor Icon
Cotton
Cotton
Child Labor Icon
Gems
Gems
Child Labor Icon
Stones
Stones
Child Labor Icon
Tobacco
Tobacco
Child Labor Icon
Zambia
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, Zambia made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government increased the number of prosecutions for crimes related to the worst forms of child labor and expanded the powers of the labor inspectorate to assess penalties for labor violations. The government also established a new National Coordinating Committee for Children to enhance responses on child protection issues, including child trafficking, sexual exploitation of children, and child labor. However, children in Zambia engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in agriculture and commercial sexual exploitation, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also perform dangerous tasks in agriculture. The Education Act does not specify a compulsory education age, and human trafficking laws are discordant with international standards because they require threats, the use of force, or coercion to establish the crime of child trafficking. In addition, labor inspectors lack sufficient financial and human resources to enforce child labor laws.

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