Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Ukraine

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Ukraine
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Law that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, Ukraine made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. During the reporting period, Ukraine’s Cabinet of Ministers adopted a resolution implementing a risk-based approach to conducting planned inspections, including the use of child labor as one of the criteria for assessing risk. It also implemented measures to address undocumented work, including signing a Memorandum of Understanding on decent work with the International Labor Organization. The number of labor inspectors increased significantly from 2019, and the government reported that all inspections were unannounced. However, despite new initiatives to address child labor, Ukraine is receiving an assessment of minimal advancement because it continues to implement a regression in law that delayed advancement in eliminating the worst forms of child labor. In August 2019, the government issued Cabinet of Ministers Decree No. 823, which requires that businesses receive notification at least 5 working days in advance of an onsite labor inspection where previously no such notification was required. Although unannounced inspections reportedly took place during the reporting period, the decree remains in place. Children in Ukraine are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in the production of pornography. Children also perform dangerous tasks in mining. Children living in the Russia-controlled Donbas region of eastern Ukraine and Russia-occupied Crimea are increasingly vulnerable to exploitation as the government of Ukraine does not have control over these regions and is therefore not able to address the worst forms of child labor due to the ongoing conflict. The government also collected few of the financial penalties imposed for child labor violations and lacked social programs designed to assist children engaged in hazardous work in mining.

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