Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Thailand

Fish
Fish
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Garments
Garments
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Forced Child Labor Icon
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Pornography
Pornography
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Shrimp
Shrimp
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Forced Child Labor Icon
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Sugarcane
Sugarcane
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Thailand
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, Thailand made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government increased its total number of labor inspections by six percent, and it worked to ensure migrant students educated at Migrant Learning Centers receive a government accredited certificate to allow them to pursue additional educational opportunities in Thailand or back in their native countries. The Ministry of Education issued a new regulation that allows non-Thai children to enroll in the formal school system and ensures that these children have access to free education and health services. The government also published the first nationally representative survey of working children in Thai. Thailand was also the first country in Asia to ratify ILO Convention 188, which came into force in January; Thailand also passed the 2019 Fishery Workers Protection Act and drafted regulations in the high-risk fishing sector. However, children in Thailand are engaged in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children, including those under 12, also participate in Muay Thai competitions, an area of hazardous work in which there is evidence of serious head injuries. Although the government made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, it does not meet the international standard for the minimum age for work because the law does not grant protections to children working outside a formal employment relationship. Enforcement of child labor laws remains a challenge due to an insufficient number of inspectors and resources to physically inspect remote workplaces in informal sectors.

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