Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports


2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Practices that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, Somalia made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Ministry of Labor and Social Affairs established a Labor Inspectorate and hired and trained 35 labor inspectors. The government also created an Office for the Senior Advisor on Child Labor to lead the drafting and implementation of a National Action Plan to address the worst forms of child labor. Following nationwide school closures to contain the COVID-19 pandemic, the Ministry of Education worked with UNICEF to educate 141,816 children via Internet, television, and radio platforms. However, despite new initiatives to address child labor, Somalia is receiving an assessment of minimal advancement because it continued a practice that delayed advancement in eliminating the worst forms of child labor. During the reporting period, there is evidence that federal and state security forces, as well as clan militias and al-Shabaab, continued to recruit and use children in armed conflict, in violation of national law. Children in Somalia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in armed conflict. Children also perform dangerous tasks in street work. Somali laws do not criminally prohibit child trafficking for labor, commercial sexual exploitation, or the recruitment of children by non-state armed groups.

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