Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

São Tomé and Príncipe

São Tomé and Príncipe
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2021, São Tomé and Príncipe made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government provided training for all labor inspectors on issues related to the COVID-19 pandemic, with a focus on the 2019 Labor Code. Additional training was also provided by the International Labor Organization, including the module "Labor Inspection in Fighting Against Child Labor." Moreover, in July 2021, funding for the Family Program increased from $10 million to $18 million, raising the number of program participants from 3,500 to 16,000. The distribution of these funds will continue for a period of 9 months, providing stipends twice a month for the poorest families. However, children in São Tomé and Príncipe are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation. Children also perform dangerous tasks in agriculture. The Labor Code does not apply to children working outside of a formal labor relationship, such as children who are self-employed. Moreover, limited financial resources hampered law enforcement efforts, and criminal law enforcement did not take actions to address child labor during the reporting period. In addition, policies addressing the worst forms of child labor do not exist.

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