Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Rwanda

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Rwanda
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Rwanda made moderate advancement in efforts to combat the worst forms of child labor. The government passed a new education law that incorporates provisions to address barriers to education for girls and children with disabilities. Rwanda also released two child labor studies measuring child labor prevalence in specific districts across the country and continued to significantly increase its number of labor inspections, including child labor inspections. In addition, the government centralized its child rights protection efforts with the creation of the National Child Development Agency. Rwanda also began implementing a new labor procedure manual that provides guidance to local authorities on roles and responsibilities for child labor law enforcement. Although Rwanda made meaningful efforts across all relevant areas during the reporting period, reports indicate that government officials have detained children subjected to commercial sexual exploitation and forced street begging in transit centers intended for individuals demonstrating so-called deviant behaviors, in which children often experience physical abuse. Children in Rwanda are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced domestic work, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also perform dangerous tasks in mining, including carrying heavy loads. The number of labor inspectors does not meet the International Labor Organization's technical advice for the size of the workforce. Finally, social programs do not address all relevant sectors in which child labor is present.

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