Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Papua New Guinea

Papua New Guinea
2022 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement

In 2022, Papua New Guinea made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. During the reporting period, the government reintroduced the Government Tuition Fee Subsidy Policy, which pledges to cover 100 percent of school fees for students. However, children in Papua New Guinea are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also perform dangerous tasks in mining and deep-sea fishing. Papua New Guinea's hazardous work prohibitions do not comply with international standards because they allow children ages 16 and older to engage in hazardous work, which is below the international standard of 18 years old. Papua New Guinea also does not have laws that sufficiently protect children from commercial sexual exploitation because using, procuring, and offering a child for pornographic performances are not criminally prohibited. Papua New Guinea also does not have sufficient prohibitions against child trafficking because the law requires that threats, the use of force, or coercion be established for the crime of child trafficking. Moreover, although exact funding levels are unknown, the labor inspectorate does not have sufficient resources to adequately enforce Papua New Guinea's labor laws, including sufficient trainings for labor inspectors.

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