Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Pakistan

Bricks
Bricks
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Carpets
Carpets
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Coal
Coal
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Cotton
Cotton
Forced Labor Icon
Glass Bangles
Glass Bangles
Child Labor Icon
Leather
Leather
Child Labor Icon
Sugarcane
Sugarcane
Forced Labor Icon
Surgical Instruments
Surgical Instruments
Child Labor Icon
Wheat
Wheat
Forced Labor Icon
Pakistan
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, Pakistan made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. Punjab Province adopted the Punjab Domestic Workers Act of 2019, which prohibits children under age 15 from working in any domestic service capacity. The Pakistan National Assembly also passed the Islamabad Capital Territory Prohibition of Employment of Children Act. In addition, the Islamabad Capital Territory established its Child Protection Advisory Board, and the Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan provincial labor departments earmarked specific funds from their budgets to conduct child labor surveys. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province also established a dedicated child labor unit. Children in Pakistan are engaged in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation and domestic work, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also engage in forced labor in brick kilns and agriculture. The federal government and Balochistan Province have not established a minimum age for work or hazardous work in compliance with international standards. In addition, provincial labor inspectorates do not receive sufficient resources to adequately enforce laws prohibiting child labor, and the federal and provincial governments failed to publish data on their efforts to enforce criminal or labor laws related to child labor. Further, police corruption, particularly the taking of bribes from suspected perpetrators to ignore child labor crimes and lack of willingness to conduct investigations, hindered Pakistan's ability to address the problem throughout the country.

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