Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Mozambique

Tobacco
Tobacco
Child Labor Icon
Mozambique
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Mozambique made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government passed a new 2020–2024 Five Year Plan, which emphasizes eliminating child labor, and published the number of labor inspectors for the first time since 2017. The government also enacted a new Penal Code, which includes prohibitions on human trafficking, child prostitution, and the use of children in pornography. In addition, Provincial and District National Reference Groups were trained on human trafficking laws, the identification and protection of victims, prevention of unsafe child migration and on how to report cases of human trafficking. However, children in Mozambique are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced domestic work, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also engage in dangerous tasks in the production of tobacco. In addition, the established minimum age for work is not in compliance with international labor standards because it does not extend to informal employment. Lastly, existing programs are insufficient to fully address the extent of the child labor problem in Mozambique.

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