Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Mozambique

Tobacco
Tobacco
Child Labor Icon
Mozambique
2018 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2018, Mozambique made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government amended the Law on the National System of Education, raising the compulsory education age to 15. The government also drafted a revision to the Labor Law establishing 15 as the minimum age for work and eliminating the exception that allows children as young as age 12 to work. Furthermore, the Attorney General's Office significantly increased its training capacity and expanded training for law enforcement officers, including a series of workshops for journalists focusing on victim identification and reporting methods that ensure victim safety and improve the government's ability to prosecute human trafficking cases. However, children in Mozambique engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced domestic work. Children also perform dangerous tasks in the production of tobacco. Labor inspectors do not receive sufficient training, and the government lacks both the appropriate resources to enforce child labor laws and a coordination mechanism to address child labor. In addition, existing programs are insufficient to fully address the extent of the problem in Mozambique.

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