Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Mozambique

Tobacco
Tobacco
Child Labor Icon
Mozambique
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, Mozambique made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government approved an update to new Penal Code, which includes prohibitions on human trafficking, child prostitution, and the use of children in pornography. Numerous trafficking in persons trainings were conducted throughout the country for border police officers, social service providers, judges, and investigators. In addition, Provincial and District National Reference Groups were trained on available referral mechanisms and social protection services for children and victims of human trafficking, and the drafting of the National Action Plan on Trafficking in Persons was finalized. Nearly 5,000 awareness-raising events were also organized throughout all of Mozambique's 11 provinces on human trafficking, the worst forms of child labor, and the commercial sexual exploitation of children. However, children in Mozambique engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced domestic work. Children also perform dangerous tasks in the production of tobacco. Although Mozambique made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, the established minimum age for work is not in compliance with international labor standards because it does not extend to informal employment. In addition, a coordination mechanism to address child labor is lacking and existing programs are insufficient to fully address the extent of the problem in Mozambique.

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