Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Mongolia

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Mongolia
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Law that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, Mongolia made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government launched the Child Protection Compact Partnership, signed between the Governments of Mongolia and the United States, to combat child labor in the country. The General Agency for Specialized Inspection also conducted three large-scale child labor and protection issue surveys. Furthermore, the government's stimulus package included a five-fold increase for the Children's Money Program—which offsets costs related to food, schooling, and clothing—to mitigate the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. However, despite new initiatives to address child labor, Mongolia is receiving an assessment of minimal advancement because it continued a regression in law that delayed advancement to eliminate child labor. During the reporting period, the government did not permit the labor inspectorate to conduct unannounced inspections, which may have impeded the enforcement of child labor laws. Children in Mongolia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation. Children also engage in dangerous tasks in mining and horse jockeying. Some Mongolian legal statutes do not meet international standards, including that the minimum age for work does not apply to children in the informal sector or to those who are self-employed. In addition, laws do not establish criminal penalties for forced labor or slavery, the use of children in prostitution, or the use, procurement, or offering of a child for the production and trafficking of drugs.

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