Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Mongolia

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Mongolia
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2021, Mongolia made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. Through the United States-Mongolia Child Protection Compact Partnership, the government formed a Multi-Disciplinary Taskforce of more than 18 governmental and non-governmental organizations to address human trafficking. It also revised its Labor Law to set the minimum age for work at 15 and the minimum age for light work at 13. In addition, the National Statistical Committee, in cooperation with International Labor Organization Mongolia, started collecting information for a national‐level survey on child labor. However, children in Mongolia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation. Children also engage in dangerous tasks in mining and horse jockeying. Mongolia's Revised Labor Law allows for unannounced inspections, but only in the formal work sector, which may impede the enforcement of child labor laws. Mongolia also lacks sustained training opportunities for child protection officers and labor inspectors. In addition, the government did not provide full information on its criminal law enforcement efforts, including information on training for criminal investigators and the number of prosecutions initiated, for inclusion in this report.

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