In 2016, Moldova made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Government adopted Law No. 207, which increases penalties for the use of children in the worst forms of child labor. It passed the Action Plan to Support the Roma People, which includes the goals of inclusive education and combating discrimination of the Roma, an ethnic minority group whose children are particularly vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor. In addition, the Government and the International Labor Organization established a Decent Work Country Program to strengthen available statistics on child labor and improve the effectiveness of the labor inspectorate. However, children in Moldova engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and in agriculture. Funding for the State Labor Inspectorate was not sufficient, and the inspectorate’s efforts to enforce child labor laws were hindered by barriers to conducting unannounced inspections. Furthermore, the judicial system failed to ensure that perpetrators of crimes related to the worst forms of child labor were properly convicted and sentenced according to the law.
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