Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports


2022 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2022, Mauritius made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. In January 2022, the government enacted three laws, the Children's Act 2020, the Children's Court Act 2020, and the Child Sex Offenders Register Act 2020, aimed at reinforcing the legal framework on the protection of children. The three laws intended to harmonize Mauritius' domestic laws with the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child and the African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child. The government also increased its number of labor inspectors from 109 in 2021 to 164 in 2022 and adopted a 2022–2026 national action plan to combat human trafficking, with support from the International Organization of Migration. However, some children in Mauritius are subjected to commercial sexual exploitation and illicit activities, including selling drugs. Children also engage in child labor in construction and street vending. The government should consider implementing policies and social programs to improve the standard of care and availability of housing for victims of child commercial sexual exploitation. In addition, the police are in need of sufficient human resources, training in child-sensitive interview techniques, and adequate procedural mechanisms for investigation of child labor crimes, such as those involving commercial sexual exploitation. In addition, gaps remain in the implementation of key policies and social programs related to child labor, including the worst forms of child labor.

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