Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Mali

Cotton
Cotton
Child Labor Icon
Gold
Gold
Child Labor Icon
Rice
Rice
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Mali
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Practice that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, Mali made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. Mali took steps to prevent children from being recruited and used by the Malian Armed Forces, issuing orders prohibiting the use of children under the age of 15 and banning children from military camps. Mali also enacted a decree permitting the implementation of the mining code, which prohibits child labor in artisanal gold mines. In addition, the government published data on its labor law enforcement efforts, including the number of labor inspections conducted and violations identified. However, despite new initiatives to address child labor, Mali is assessed as having made only minimal advancement because it implemented a practice that delays advancement to eliminate child labor. The government provided support to non-state armed groups that recruited and used child soldiers in Mali. Children in Mali are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in hereditary slavery and in armed conflict. Children also engage in dangerous tasks in agriculture, particularly in the production of cotton and rice, and in artisanal gold mining. Although Mali's 2012 Trafficking in Persons Law criminalizes trafficking for the purpose of slavery, it does not more broadly criminalize the act of slavery; Malian law also does not explicitly prohibit using, procuring, or offering children for illicit activities, and allows children under the age of 18 to be penalized as a direct result of forced recruitment by armed groups. In addition, resource constraints severely limited the Malian authorities’ ability to fully implement the National Plan to Combat Child Labor, and social and rehabilitation services for victims of the worst forms of child labor remain inadequate.

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