Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports


2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Maldives made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. In February 2020, the government enacted a new Child Rights Protection Act that criminalizes child labor below the age of 16 and child exploitation, including the use of children to sell drugs. The government also enacted a new Education Act in November 2020 that provides for free public education. During the reporting period, the government reported 335 incidents of commercial sexual exploitation involving children, of which 120 cases resulted in prosecution, and 65 incidents of children being used in illicit activities, including drug trafficking, of which 20 cases were prosecuted. The government also increased the labor inspectorate budget from $572,984 to $929,457. However, although research is limited, there is evidence that children in Maldives are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including forced labor in domestic work and commercial sexual exploitation, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. The government has not identified specific hazardous occupations or activities that are prohibited for children, and the law does not sufficiently prohibit the commercial sexual exploitation of children. Moreover, the government does not have a policy or program to address all relevant worst forms of child labor in the country.

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