Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Malawi

Tea
Tea
Child Labor Icon
Tobacco
Tobacco
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Malawi
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Malawi made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government brought into force the International Labor Organization 2014 Protocol to the Forced Labor Convention and the 2001 Safety and Health in Agricultural Convention, which increase protections against forced labor and child labor in agriculture, respectively. The government also adopted an updated National Action Plan on the Elimination of Child Labor, established district-level coordinating committees to improve responses to child trafficking at the local level, and, with the support of the International Labor Organization, launched a 4-year initiative to address decent work deficits in the tobacco sector, including elimination of child labor. In addition, criminal law enforcement officers increased the number of investigations, prosecutions, and convictions related to the worst forms of child labor. However, children in Malawi are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in the harvesting of tobacco and in commercial sexual exploitation, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Although the government made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, minimum age laws do not meet international standards because protections do not extend to children working in private homes and non-commercial farms. Prohibitions related to the use of children for illicit activities also do not meet international standards. Moreover, gaps continue to exist in labor law enforcement related to child labor, including financial resource allocation.

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