Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Madagascar

Sapphires
Sapphires
Child Labor Icon
Stones
Stones
Child Labor Icon
Vanilla
Vanilla
Child Labor Icon
Mica
Mica
Child Labor Icon
Madagascar
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Madagascar made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. A national task force created to protect children developed an online portal enabling the public to report cases of child exploitation. Meanwhile, the National Bureau to Combat Human Trafficking conducted an assessment of the expired national action plan to combat human trafficking and finalized a new plan during the reporting period. In response to international reporting, the government drafted a national action plan to combat child labor in the mica sector. Finally, Madagascar expanded services provided through support and reintegration programs by creating new support centers in the cities of Toliara and Tolagnaro. Although Madagascar made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas, the government failed to investigate reports of some officials accepting bribes to produce and issue false identity documents to facilitate commercial sexual exploitation of minors.  Children in Madagascar are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in domestic servitude and commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also perform dangerous tasks in the mica mining sector and in agriculture, including in the production of vanilla. Limited resources for the enforcement of child labor laws may impede government efforts to protect children from the worst forms of child labor, and social programs to combat child labor are insufficient to adequately address the extent of the problem.

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