Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

North Macedonia

North Macedonia
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, North Macedonia made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The parliament implemented changes to the existing Labor Law, which provided additional protections for children under the age of 15, and those who have not completed compulsory education. In addition, the Ministry of Education and Science implemented a new law that requires the hiring of educational mediators with the goal of removing barriers to education for Roma children. The government also increased the enrollment of children from vulnerable groups in primary school by accommodating first time and returnee students, and providing scholarships to vulnerable children. However, children in North Macedonia engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. The law’s minimum age protections do not apply to children who are self-employed or working outside formal employment relationships. Local police entities have also demonstrated a lack of knowledge on handling cases pertaining to trafficking in persons. Moreover, the government has not adopted a policy to address all worst forms of child labor, with the exception of child trafficking.

Want this report plus over a thousand pages of research in the palm of
your hand? Download ILAB's Sweat & Toil App today!