Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

North Macedonia

North Macedonia
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, North Macedonia made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Ministry of Education and Science continued to hire additional educational mediators with the goal of removing barriers to education for the most vulnerable populations, including Roma children. Parliament also amended the Law on Labor Relations to increase fines on employers that fail to provide adequate protections to workers under age 18. In addition, the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy developed Action Plan 2020–2022 in accordance with the National Strategy to Protect Children from All Forms of Abuse. However, children in North Macedonia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced begging and commercial sexual exploitation, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. The law’s minimum age protections do not apply to children who are self-employed or working outside formal employment relationships. Additionally, the government has not adopted a policy to address all worst forms of child labor.

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