Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

North Macedonia

North Macedonia
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2021, North Macedonia made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Labor Inspectorate received an increased budget to improve hiring capacity, and there was a marked increase in the number of worksite inspections over the course of the year. In addition, the government adopted the National Action Plan Against Trafficking in Persons and Illegal Migration (2021–2025) and an accompanying operational plan for the 2021–2022 period, both addressing the unique needs of children and other populations considered to be most at risk for trafficking in persons. The government also adopted the Employment and Social Policy Reform Program with the goal of creating new initiatives focused on poverty reduction and social inclusion for the country's most vulnerable populations. However, children in North Macedonia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and in forced begging. The law’s minimum age protections do not apply to children who are self-employed or working outside formal employment relationships. Additionally, the government has not adopted a policy to address all worst forms of child labor.

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