Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Kazakhstan

Cotton
Cotton
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Forced Labor Icon
Kazakhstan
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Kazakhstan made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government approved additional funding for increasing the number of shelters for victims of human trafficking, including child victims, improved the bidding process through which shelter providers apply for government funding, and extended funding awards from 1 to 3 years. In addition, the Ministry of Labor and Social Protection added forced labor indicators to labor inspection checklists, and updated labor inspectors' job descriptions to include detection and referral of potential forced labor cases to law enforcement. However, children in Kazakhstan are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also engage in child labor in markets. The government lacks current, comprehensive, and detailed research on child labor, including in cotton production. In addition, labor inspections of small enterprises are permitted only in cases that pose a mass threat to life and health, law and social order, or national security.

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