Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

India

Bidis (Hand-Rolled Cigarettes)
Bidis (Hand-Rolled Cigarettes)
Child Labor Icon
Brassware
Brassware
Child Labor Icon
Bricks
Bricks
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Carpets
Carpets
Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Cotton
Cotton
Child Labor Icon
Cottonseed (Hybrid)
Cottonseed (Hybrid)
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Embellished Textiles
Embellished Textiles
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Fireworks
Fireworks
Child Labor Icon
Footwear
Footwear
Child Labor Icon
Garments
Garments
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Gems
Gems
Child Labor Icon
Glass Bangles
Glass Bangles
Child Labor Icon
Incense (Agarbatti)
Incense (Agarbatti)
Child Labor Icon
Leather Goods
Leather Goods
Child Labor Icon
Locks
Locks
Child Labor Icon
Matches
Matches
Child Labor Icon
Mica
Mica
Child Labor Icon
Rice
Rice
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
sandstone
Sandstone
Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Silk Fabric
Silk Fabric
Child Labor Icon
Silk Thread
Silk Thread
Child Labor Icon
Soccer Balls
Soccer Balls
Child Labor Icon
Stones
Stones
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Sugarcane
Sugarcane
Child Labor Icon
Thread/Yarn
Thread/Yarn
Child Labor Icon
India
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, India made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government began digitizing the records of shelter homes throughout the country; shut down 539 illegal shelter homes in Maharashtra, Jharkand, Karnataka, Uttar Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh; and convicted a Bihar shelter owner and 18 others of sex trafficking 44 girls from a shelter. In addition, the National Child Labor Project Scheme rescued from child labor and rehabilitated 66,169 children in 2018–2019, up from 47,635 during 2017–2018. The government enacted the Protection Of Children From Sexual Offences (Amendment) Act, which includes new penalties for perpetrators of the worst forms of child labor, and approved a Memorandum of Understanding with the Government of Burma on enhancing bilateral cooperation for the prevention of trafficking in persons. Furthermore, the Tamil Nadu State Government issued standard operating procedures to support efforts to eradicate the bonded labor system in the state by 2021. However, children in India engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced labor producing garments and quarrying stones. Children also perform dangerous tasks in the production of thread and yarn. Although the government made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, 1,300 of India's approximately 9,000 government-run, government-funded shelters that house children continued to lack official registration from the government, allowing them to operate with little or no oversight and putting children at risk for exploitation, including commercial sexual exploitation. In addition, despite the identification of grievous abuses – including child trafficking of residents – found in over 100 government-funded and/or government-run shelters in Bihar state in 2018 and additional instances identified in other states in 2019, the government only prosecuted and convicted individuals in one of these cases in 2019. Hazardous work prohibitions do not include all occupations in which children work for long periods of time in unsafe and unhealthy environments, and penalties for employing children are insufficient to deter violations.

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