Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Ghana

Bovines
Bovines
Child Labor Icon
Cocoa
Cocoa
Child Labor Icon
Fish
Fish
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Gold
Gold
Child Labor Icon
Rice
Rice
Child Labor Icon
Textiles
Textiles
Child Labor Icon
Tilapia (Fish)
Tilapia (Fish)
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Ghana
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2021, Ghana made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government developed a Public-Private Partnership framework to address child labor in the cocoa industry. The government also drafted a new national plan of action to eliminate human trafficking, and the Ministry of Gender, Children, and Social Protection developed a communications strategy to guide outreach efforts on human trafficking issues for the years 2022–2026. However, children in Ghana are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in fishing and cocoa production and harvesting. Prohibitions related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children do not meet international standards because, while Ghana does criminally prohibit the use, procuring, and offering of a child for electronic performances, the law does not extend to live performances. The law also does not prohibit the use of children for illicit activities, including for the production and trafficking of drugs. In addition, the government has not acceded to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child's Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography. Lastly, resource constraints severely limited the government's ability to adequately enforce labor laws and implement social programs during the reporting period.

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