Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Ghana

Cocoa
Cocoa
Child Labor Icon
Fish
Fish
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Gold
Gold
Child Labor Icon
Tilapia (Fish)
Tilapia (Fish)
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Ghana
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Ghana made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Ministry of Employment and Labor Relation’s Child Labor Unit developed an Inter-Sectoral Standard Operating Procedure for child protection and family welfare, which provides a framework of agreed standards and procedures for stakeholders. In addition, the government opened a new shelter for child trafficking victims, significantly increased investigations and convictions of child labor crimes, and launched a training of trainers course for labor inspectors. However, children in Ghana are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in fishing and cocoa production and harvesting, each sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Prohibitions related to the commercial sexual exploitation of children do not meet international standards as the use of children in pornographic performances is not criminally prohibited, and the law also does not prohibit the use of children for illicit activities, including for the production and trafficking of drugs. In addition, the government has not acceded to the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child's Optional Protocol on the Sale of Children, Child Prostitution and Child Pornography, and resource constraints severely limited the government's ability to adequately enforce labor laws and implement social programs during the reporting period.

Want this report plus over a thousand pages of research in the palm of
your hand? Download ILAB's Sweat & Toil App today!