Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Georgia

Georgia
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Georgia made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government adopted amendments to the Labor Code that expanded and clarified the roles and duties of the Labor Inspectorate. The government also implemented its new Code on the Rights of the Child beginning in June. In addition, the Healthcare Minister approved a decree that defines hazardous work and light work, as well as lists occupations prohibited for children under 18. In spite of challenges posed by the COVID-19 pandemic, the government made notable efforts to directly address child labor and trafficking in persons, while initiating a number of programs to provide increased support to vulnerable populations. However, children in Georgia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced begging, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also engage in child labor in agriculture. Although the government made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, the labor law governing the minimum age for work does not meet the international standard because it does not apply to informal work. In addition, the Criminal Code does not explicitly prohibit the use of children in illicit activities. Furthermore, the compulsory education age leaves children who are 15 years of age vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor, because they are not required to be in school but are not legally permitted to work full time.

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