Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Gambia, The

2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Regression in Practice that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, The Gambia made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The National Agency Against Trafficking in Persons developed a National Referral Mechanism for victims of human trafficking, and the Gambia Tourism Authority for the Protection of Children trained hotel staff on the commercial sexual exploitation of children. However, despite these initiatives to address child labor, The Gambia is assessed as having made only minimal advancement because it implemented a practice that delays advancement to eliminate child labor. The labor inspectorate suspended inspections in March 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The government has not indicated when labor inspections will resume. Labor inspections are a key tool for identifying child labor violations, and their absence makes children more vulnerable to the worst forms of child labor. Children in The Gambia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and in forced begging. Gaps in the law remain, including that children may commence an apprenticeship at the age of 12. In addition, labor inspectors lack legal authorization to inspect private homes or farms in which children may be working.

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