Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Eswatini

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Eswatini
2019 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2019, Eswatini made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government launched a program with IOM to Strengthen the Coordination Mechanism to Respond to Trafficking in Persons and Ensure Justice and Protection for all Victims of Trafficking in Eswatini. The government also approved and formally launched a new Trafficking in Persons National Strategic Framework and Action Plan. In addition, the government sentenced one individual to 15 years in prison for subjecting a 16 year old to forced labor and arrested a senior government official for the sex trafficking of a minor. However, children in Eswatini engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in forced domestic work and herding livestock. Significant gaps in the legal framework remain, including a lack of legislation regulating the labor conditions under Kuhlehla and other customary practices, and a de facto compulsory education age that does not meet international standards. In addition, minimum age protections do not extend to children engaged in domestic work and agriculture, which does not conform to international standards that require all children to be protected by the minimum age to work.

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