Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Eritrea

Eritrea
2018 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

No Advancement – Efforts Made But Complicit in Forced Child Labor

In 2018, Eritrea is receiving an assessment of no advancement. Although Eritrea made some efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor, government officials were complicit in the use of forced child labor in agriculture and military training. The government conducted 985 labor inspections during the year and provided education services to 8,575 out-of-school children in rural and remote areas. However, Eritrea is receiving this assessment because it continued to force students in grade 12, some of whom are under the age of 18, to participate in military training elements of the government’s compulsory national service program, as well as forced agricultural labor. Evidence collected suggests that the national program called Maetot, in which children engage in compulsory labor in agricultural, environmental, and hygiene-related public works projects, did not take place during the reporting period due to financial constraints preventing implementation. However, Maetot remains an integral component of the government's national service framework. The government does not make law enforcement data publicly available and national laws and regulations do not identify hazardous occupations or activities prohibited for children. In addition, the government does not have a mechanism to coordinate its efforts to address the worst forms of child labor.

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