Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Chile

Chile
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Chile made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government published Law 21.271, which amended the Labor Code to require that a new list of hazardous activities and occupations for children and adolescents be published by the government, and ratified the International Labor Organization's 2014 Forced Labor Protocol. In addition, the National Prosecutor's Office organized multiple trainings for prosecutors and public health officials related to the protection of rights of child victims of sexual exploitation. The government also established the Tacna-Arica Bi-regional Roundtable to coordinate efforts between the Governments of Chile and Peru to prevent and eradicate child labor in the border area. Under the National Strategy for the Eradication of Child Labor and Protection of Adolescent Workers, the government held conferences, virtual seminars, trainings, and lectures dedicated to fighting child labor. Finally, the Ministry of Labor and Social Welfare published the results of the Child Labor Vulnerability Index, which was designed to measure child labor vulnerability across Chile's 16 regions. However, children in Chile are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also subjected to involvement in the production and trafficking of drugs. Although the government made meaningful efforts in all relevant areas during the reporting period, existing prohibitions related to forced labor do not meet international standards because forced labor is criminally prohibited only when it results from human trafficking. Furthermore, prohibitions related to the use of children for illicit activities do not meet international standards.

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