Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Cambodia

Alcoholic Beverages
Alcoholic Beverages
Child Labor Icon
Bovines
Bovines
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Bricks
Bricks
Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Fish
Fish
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Manioc/Cassava
Manioc/Cassava
Child Labor Icon
Meat
Meat
Child Labor Icon
Rubber
Rubber
Child Labor Icon
Salt
Salt
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Shrimp
Shrimp
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Sugarcane
Sugarcane
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Textiles
Textiles
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Timber
Timber
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Tobacco
Tobacco
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Cambodia
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Minimal Advancement – Efforts Made but Continued Practice that Delayed Advancement

In 2020, Cambodia made minimal advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The government passed new prakas—ministry-level regulations—creating an annual public service fee for enterprises in specific sectors that will pay for announced inspections by the Ministry of Labor and Vocational Training in 2021. In an effort to address the rapid increase of cases related to the online sexual exploitation of children in the country, the Cambodian National Council for Children created a working group to strengthen local governance and provide parents information on how to monitor their child's online activity. However, despite new initiatives to address child labor, Cambodia is assessed as having made only minimal advancement because it continued practices that delayed advancement to eliminate child labor. The government failed to take active measures to investigate, prosecute, convict, and sentence public officials who participate in or facilitate the worst forms of child labor, including commercial sexual exploitation of children and debt-based forced labor in brick kilns. In addition, judges were reported to have accepted bribes in return for dismissal of charges, acquittal, and reduced sentencing for individuals committing such crimes, especially for those with alleged ties to the government; this made children more vulnerable to child labor. Children in Cambodia are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking, and in forced labor in brickmaking. Insufficient resources hamper the labor inspectorate's capacity to enforce child labor laws, especially in rural areas where a majority of child laborers work. In addition, continuing challenges in accessing basic education and the absence of a compulsory education requirement increase children's vulnerability to involvement in the worst forms of child labor.

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