Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Cabo Verde

Cabo Verde
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Cabo Verde made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The National Assembly approved a draft law on Crimes of Aggression and Sexual Abuse Against Children and Adolescents, which increases penalties for sexual assault, including in cases of commercial sexual exploitation, sexting, and child sex tourism. The Observatory for Monitoring and Rapid Identification of Situations of Trafficking in Persons also developed internal procedures and a list of priorities related to human trafficking, including child trafficking. Furthermore, the government extended compulsory, tuition-free education through the 12th grade. However, children in Cabo Verde are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Children also perform dangerous tasks in agriculture. Law enforcement officials often lack the necessary resources to conduct thorough investigations, and communication among enforcement agencies is limited. In addition, social programs to assist children involved in agriculture and domestic work are not sufficient to address the scope of the problem.

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