Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Burma

Bamboo
Bamboo
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Beans (Green, Soy, Yellow)
Beans (Green, Soy, Yellow)
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Bricks
Bricks
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Garments
Garments
Child Labor Icon
Jade
Jade
Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Palm Thatch
Palm Thatch
Forced Labor Icon
Rice
Rice
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Rubber
Rubber
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Rubies
Rubies
Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Sesame
Sesame
Forced Labor Icon
Shrimp
Shrimp
Forced Labor Icon
Sugarcane
Sugarcane
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Sunflowers
Sunflowers
Forced Labor Icon
Teak
Teak
Child Labor Icon
Forced Child Labor Icon
Forced Labor Icon
Burma
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

No Advancement – Efforts Made But Complicit in Forced Child Labor

In 2020, Burma is receiving an assessment of no advancement. Despite limited initiatives to address child labor, Burma is assessed as having made no advancement because it demonstrated a practice of being complicit in the use of forced child labor in more than isolated incidents. The military continued to work with international organizations to end recruitment of children for combat roles and implement a policy of releasing child soldiers. Despite this, the national military continued to force civilians, including the use of at least 700 children, to work in non-combat roles as porters, cleaners, cooks, and agricultural laborers in the conflict areas, including Rahkine, during the reporting period. Otherwise, the government made efforts by ratifying ILO C.138, implementing the National Complaints Mechanism for Forced Labor, and approving the National Action Plan on Preventing Grievous Injuries and Sexual Abuse on Children in Armed Conflicts (2020–2021). Children in Burma are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in recruitment of children for use in armed conflict and in commercial sexual exploitation, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. The vulnerability of Rohingya children to the worst forms of child labor remained high as many continued to be denied access to education and livelihoods through government restrictions on their movement. Penalties for recruitment and use of children by the military or for the military’s use of civilian populations for forced labor are not sufficient for the seriousness of the crime, and the government did not publish information on criminal law enforcement efforts to investigate, prosecute, and convict cases involving many of the worst forms of child labor. On February 1, 2021, the Burma military launched a coup and seized control of the state. The return of a military regime and the resulting instability may severely impact the ability of the Government of Burma to fully engage in combating the worst forms of child labor throughout the country. However, the findings in this report relate to the reporting period of January–December 2020 and do not cover the potential impacts of the military coup.

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