Bosnia and Herzegovina
In 2016, Bosnia and Herzegovina made a moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Government of the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina amended the Criminal Code to criminalize all forms of human trafficking within its jurisdiction, thereby harmonizing the law with the rest of the country. Trainings were also held for labor inspectors on human trafficking identification and the national referral mechanism. In addition, the Government funded 16 NGOs to implement programs to address human trafficking. However, children in Bosnia and Herzegovina perform dangerous tasks in street work. Children also engage in the worst forms of child labor, including in commercial sexual exploitation as a result of human trafficking. The Government lacks a mechanism to coordinate its efforts to address child labor, including its worst forms. In addition, the minimum age protections in the Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina, Republika Srpska, and Brčko District labor codes do not apply to children who are self-employed or working outside formal employment relationships. Although forced begging is a problem in the country, labor inspectors do not have jurisdiction to investigate forced begging cases, and training is needed for law enforcement and the judiciary, particularly on how to properly identify and prosecute cases involving child begging.
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