Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Bosnia and Herzegovina

Bosnia and Herzegovina
2021 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2021, Bosnia and Herzegovina made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. The Republika Srpska National Assembly adopted amendments to its Criminal Code to include three new categories of exploitation—servitude, forced begging, and additional forms of sexual exploitation—and introduced higher penalties for trafficking children. Additionally, the Bosnia and Herzegovina Council of Ministers adopted a national-level action plan to facilitate implementation of the Strategy to Suppress Trafficking in Human Beings in Bosnia and Herzegovina (2020–2023). However, children in Bosnia and Herzegovina are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced begging. Social programs dedicated to assisting children involved in forced begging do not have adequate resources, and representatives from the Ministries of Labor are not included in the National Anti-Trafficking Strike Force, which limits coordination efforts. Furthermore, laws on the minimum age for work do not meet international standards because they do not apply to children who are self-employed or working outside of formal employment relationships.

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