Child Labor and Forced Labor Reports

Bhutan

Bhutan
2020 Findings on the Worst Forms of Child Labor:

Moderate Advancement

In 2020, Bhutan made moderate advancement in efforts to eliminate the worst forms of child labor. During the reporting period, the Bhutanese Parliament passed the Penal Code (Amendment) Act of Bhutan 2021, which amended the legal definition of human trafficking to make the legislation consistent with international standards for adults, but it still includes the necessity of force, fraud, or coercion in child trafficking cases. The National Commission for Women and Children developed an internal Child Safeguarding and Protection Policy to promote and protect children from abuse and exploitation. However, although research is limited, there is evidence that children in Bhutan are subjected to the worst forms of child labor, including in forced domestic work, sometimes as a result of human trafficking. Bhutan’s minimum age for work is inconsistent with international standards, and education is not compulsory. The government has not adopted a national policy to address child labor, including its worst forms. The government did not publicly release information on its labor law enforcement and criminal law enforcement efforts.

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