Malawi Social Cash Transfer Programme (SCTP) Impact Evaluation

Randomized controlled trial impact evaluations of national social protection programs in Malawi
Project Duration
December 2014
December 2022
Funding and Year

Our impact evaluation projects use “gold standard” quantitative techniques to evaluate the impact of interventions on reducing child labor, forced labor, and human trafficking—part of a broader ILAB effort to build rigorous evidence on what works to secure and protect the rights of children and adults. Such evaluations support our partner governments’ evidence-based policymaking efforts and help identify proven strategies to inform ILAB’s future investments in class-leading global programs to combat child labor and forced labor.

The Problem

The Government of Malawi’s the Malawi Social Cash TransferWith an estimated 168 million children engaged in child labor and nearly 25 million victims of forced labor worldwide, it is critical that scarce resources are used strategically to support effective and efficient programs.  However, gaps in the evidence base mean that more rigorous research is needed to understand how to best protect the rights of these children and adults.

Our Strategy

In 2012-2013, an impact evaluation involving 3,500 households was integrated into a scale-up of the SCTP with funding from a consortium including UNICEF, KfW, EU and 3IE. The research funded by ILAB added a suite of child labor questions to a follow-up survey and analyzed the data to understand the impacts of the SCTP on child labor. The quantitative survey was supplemented with an ‘embedded’ qualitative study to understand how and why the cash affects time-use, child labor and schooling.


All publications by UNICEF can be found on their website, with access to our Zambia, Malawi, and Tanzania findings.

United Nations World Food Program (WFP)
Implementing Partners:
Malawi Ministry of Finance, Economic Planning and Development (MoFEPD), Malawi Ministry of Gender, Children, Disability and Social Welfare, UNICEF Malawi
Contact Information:
(202) 693-4843 / Office of Child Labor, Forced Labor, and Human Trafficking (OCFT)
Child Labor
Impact evaluation