TABLE OF CONTENTS
Paragraph and Subject Page Date Trans. No.
Chapter 2-500 Establishing Covered Employment
Table of Contents. . . . . . . . i 01/14 14-01
1 Purpose and Scope. . . . . . . . 1 01/14 14-01
2 Facility Coverage. . . . . . . . 1 01/14 14-01
3 Comparing Initial Claimed
Employment to the Covered
Facilities Database. . . . . . 5 01/14 14-01
4 Matching Claimed Employment. . . 5 01/14 14-01
5 Verification of Employment . . . 6 01/14 14-01
6 Employment Pathways Overview
Document (EPOD). . . . . . . . . 7 01/14 14-01
7 Using the Oak Ridge Institute
for Science and Education (ORISE)
Database . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 01/14 14-01
8 Contacting the Department of
Energy (DOE) and use of the
Secure Electronic Record Transfer
(SERT). . . . . . . . . . . . . 10 01/14 14-01
9 Contacting Corporate Verifiers . 15 01/14 14-01
the Social Security
Administration (SSA) . . . . . 16 01/14 14-01
11 Center for Construction Research
and Training (CPWR). . . . . . . 19 01/14 14-01
12 Other Employment Evidence. . . . 23 01/14 14-01
13 Subcontractor Employment . . . . 26 01/14 14-01
14 Researcher Employment at DOE
Facilities . . . . . . . . . . 28 01/14 14-01
15 Employees of Federal or State
Governments. . . . . . . . . . 29 01/14 14-01
16 Evaluating Evidence to Verify
Employment . . . . . . . . . . 30 01/14 14-01
17 Developing Non-Covered
Employment . . . . . . . . . . 31 01/14 14-01
18 Additions or Modifications to
Facility Status. . . . . . . . 31 01/14 14-01
19 Special Circumstances. . . . . . 35 01/14 14-01
1 Form EE-5, Employment Verification . . 01/14 14-01
2 SSA-581 Forms (Authorization to
Obtain Earnings Data from the Social
Security Administration) . . . . . . 01/14 14-01
3 Telephone Contact Information for
Inquiries to SSA . . . . . . . . . . 01/14 14-01
4 Sample Subcontractor Employment Memo 01/14 14-01
1. Purpose and Scope. The EEOICPA lays out a set of employment criteria which must be satisfied before a claim can be considered for compensability. These criteria, taken together, form the basis of covered employment. This section of the EEOICPA Procedure Manual provides the guidance to be followed by the Claims Examiner (CE) for gathering and evaluating evidence to determine whether the criteria for covered employment are satisfied under the EEOICPA.
a. OWCP Imaging System (OIS). Anyone undertaking development action with regard to a claim is to ensure that documents generated or received during the evaluation process are properly maintained either in a physical case file or, when appropriate, bronzed/scanned into the OIS. When developing a claim with an imaged component, it is essential that the assigned CE take the appropriate steps to bronze all outgoing documents (including second requests) and to scan any records received. This guidance applies to any of the procedures described throughout this chapter.
2. Facility Coverage. The EEOICPA provides facility definitions that serve as the basis for determining covered employment. The following summaries provide a general definition of each type of facility covered:
a. Atomic Weapons Employer (AWE) Facilities. An AWE facility means a facility, owned by an atomic weapons employer that is or was used to process or produce, for use by the United States, material that emitted radiation and was used in the production of an atomic weapon, excluding uranium mining or milling. Coverage at the facility may be further extended after the period of processing or production of radioactive material for use in a weapon, if there is a finding in a National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) report on residual radioactive contamination that the potential exists for residual radioactive contamination at that facility. This is known as the “residual radiation period.” AWE facilities are designated by the Department of Energy (DOE).
(1) Coverage extends only to the employees who worked directly for the AWE at the facility. Contractor or subcontractor services provided on-site or off-site for an AWE are not covered. Additionally, coverage is not provided for those employees of wholly-owned subsidiaries of AWE employers.
(2) Atomic weapons employees are covered under Part B of the EEOICPA for cancer only. No coverage is afforded these employees under Part E.
(3) Designating additional AWE facilities is the responsibility of the DOE; however, applicable time frames for AWE production activities at a particular facility are determined by the Department of Labor (DOL).
(4) Determinations as to whether an AWE facility has a period of residual radioactive contamination, and the length of that period, are the responsibility of the NIOSH. Periodic reports are issued listing affected sites. Facilities with residual radioactive contamination are covered as AWE facilities even if there is a change in the owner or operator of the facility. During the period of residual radiation, employees of subsequent owners or operators of the AWE facility are also defined as AWE employees and are afforded the same coverage under the EEOICPA. If there is a question regarding subsequent owners or operators of AWE facilities, it should be referred to the National Office for evaluation.
b. Beryllium Vendor (Be Vendor) Facilities. Be Vendor facilities are companies which are either named in the Act, or the DOE has determined that they processed or produced beryllium for sale to, or use by, the DOE. The Act identifies several beryllium vendors by corporate name, and these are known as statutory beryllium vendors. Any employee of a statutory beryllium vendor who worked for the vendor during periods when the company was engaged in activities related to the production or processing of beryllium for sale to or use by the DOE, has covered employment, regardless of work location. Other beryllium vendors, which are location-specific, were designated by the DOE through publication in the Federal Register. The final list of designated beryllium vendors was issued on December 27, 2002.
(1) Beryllium vendor coverage extends to direct employees of the vendor, its contractors or subcontractors, and to any Federal employee who may have been exposed to beryllium at a facility owned, operated, or occupied by the vendor.
(2) Coverage for beryllium vendor employment is limited to those benefits available under Part B of the EEOICPA for beryllium sensitivity and chronic beryllium disease.
c. DOE Facilities. A DOE facility means any building, structure, or premise, including the grounds upon which such building, structure, or premise is located, in which operations are, or have been, conducted by, or on behalf of the DOE (except for buildings, structures, premises, grounds, or operations covered by Executive Order 12344, dated February 1, 1982, pertaining to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program), and with regard to which the DOE has or had either (A) a proprietary interest; or (B) entered into a contract with an entity to provide management and operation, management and integration, environmental remediation services, construction, or maintenance services.
(1) The extent of benefits available to those who worked at DOE facilities is dependent upon the type of employment, specifically whether the employee was a DOE federal employee or an employee of a DOE contractor or subcontractor. Under Part B, coverage extends to both DOE federal employees and contractor or subcontractors employees working at the site, while under Part E coverage is only extended to contractor or subcontractor employees.
(2) The definition of the DOE includes its predecessor agencies including:
(a) Manhattan Engineer District (MED)(August 13, 1942-December 31, 1946)
(b) Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)(January 1, 1947 – January 18, 1975)
(c) Energy Research and Development Administration (ERDA)(January 19, 1975– September 31, 1977)
(d) Department of Energy (October 1, 1977 – present)
(3) Designations of DOE facilities or changes in DOE facility time frames are the responsibility of the DOL. Further information regarding how the DOL assesses claims for DOE facility status is discussed later in this chapter.
d. Remediation Employment. At many AWE facilities, there is a DOE period of remediation designated some time after the years of active processing ended. When a facility is designated as a DOE facility for remediation only, in order to have covered employment at that location, the employee must have been employed by the contractor performing the remediation work. Any such remediation workers are eligible for the full range of benefits under both Parts B and E of the EEOICPA.
e. Facilities with multiple designations. Many facilities covered under the EEOICPA have multiple designations. There can exist any combination of AWE, Beryllium Vendor, and DOE facility designations at the same facility. For those instances in which an employee works at such a facility during periods separately designated for different facility types, the employee will have eligibility for every category for which he/she has verified employment.
f. RECA Section 5. This is a special category of employment that involves miners, millers and ore transporters at uranium mining facilities. For the purposes of this chapter, RECA Section 5 employees are not addressed. For information regarding the handling of these claims, please refer to Chapter 2-1100 of the EEOICPA Procedure Manual.
3. Comparing initial claimed employment to the covered facilities database. The first step the CE takes in assessing covered employment is determining which claimed employment listed on the EE-3 Employment History form corresponds with a covered AWE, Be Vendor, or DOE facility. The CE does this by comparing what is written on the EE-3 with the facilities identified on the DOE EEOICPA Covered Facilities Database. The link to access this database can be found on the DEEOIC website. It can also be found in the EPOD.
When performing the comparison between the claimed employment and the facility database, the CE must be diligent in assessing the evidence. While in many instances employment at a particular location or facility will be obvious, in other situations it may not. Evidence presented by a claimant must be examined against the database to assist in determining the location where employment occurred. In some situations, the claimant may use various words, phrases or other descriptors to identify a work location. Moreover, the CE must be mindful that often the name of a facility is different from the employer name provided by the claimant. Given these realities, the CE must cross reference the data provided by the claimant with the information in the facility database. This can involve searching by facility name, state or location, or key word. The “Find this Keyword” search feature is particularly helpful, as it is the broadest possible way to look for potential covered employment based on claimant statements.
Certain employers should be screened out of the review process if it is clearly discernable that there is no affiliation with the atomic weapons industry. For example, employment as a clerk at a shoe store or cashier at a department store would not require action on the part of the CE as part of the review for potentially covered employment.
4. Matching claimed employment. The outcome of the initial employment facility screening will result in either part or all of the claimed employment having possibly occurred at a covered facility, or none of the claimed employment being linked to a facility. In any instance where all claimed periods of employment are linked to a location identified on the facility database, the CE is to proceed to employment verification as discussed later in this chapter. Alternatively, if the CE is only able to match a portion of the claimed employment to a facility listed in the facility database, or there is no match found, action must be taken to communicate the findings to the claimant. The CE is to contact the claimant to notify him or her as to what claimed employment may form the basis of a claim, and what does not appear to be linked to a covered facility. The claimant is afforded the opportunity to provide clarifying evidence. The process for this action is further discussed in paragraphs 16 and 17 of this chapter. It should be noted that this development may occur concurrently with other actions being taken in conjunction with the claim, such as requests for additional medical or factual evidence.
When there is sufficient evidence to conclude that employment might have occurred at a covered facility, the CE proceeds with verification of employment as described later in this chapter. If the claimant does not respond to the inquiry, or does not provide any type of clarifying evidence, the CE may proceed with adjudication of the claim based upon the evidence of record. If there is no match between any claimed employment and a covered facility, the CE may proceed to deny the claim. In any instance where claimed employment is not verified, the CE is to explain the situation clearly in the recommended decision to the claimant.
5. Verification of Employment. Once matches are established between claimed employment and a covered facility, the next step is employment verification. Employment verification is the process by which the CE establishes the factual accuracy of the claimed employment history. The CE has to collect evidence to establish that:
a. The employer qualifies for consideration under the law as an AWE, Be Vendor, DOE, or DOE contractor or subcontractor.
b. The employee worked for the claimed employer.
c. The employee performed duties at that covered AWE, Be Vendor or DOE facility.
The process of employment verification is recognized as a difficult and challenging hurdle in many cases. Because the atomic weapons program dates back to the early 1940s, and with the large number of public and private organizations involved, the high level of security involved, and the sheer scope of the industrial process, locating pertinent individual employment records can be difficult. Moreover, it is also a reality that records may be missing, degraded, lost, or destroyed. This imperfect situation presents particular challenges to the CE when attempting to establish the factual accuracy of claimed employment.
As the statute allows latitude in the assessment of evidence, it is not necessary for the CE to collect evidence that establishes that the claimed employment is proven beyond a reasonable doubt, but merely that a reasoned basis exists to conclude that the employment occurred as alleged. This ensures that the claimant receives favorable treatment during the employment verification process. Once the CE has conducted an examination of the available factual evidence in support of the claimed employment, he or she must decide whether a sufficient basis exists to verify that each of the three elements of covered employment (5a, b and c above) is satisfied.
Furthermore, in matching claimed employment to covered employment, the CE is to be mindful that there are numerous classes in the Special Exposure Cohort (SEC), described in Chapter 2-0600 of the EEOICPA Procedure Manual. It is important that the CE always consult the most current list of SEC classes so that claims that contain evidence that meet a SEC class definition are promptly adjudicated, without overdevelopment of covered employment.
6. Employment Pathways Overview Document(EPOD). The EPOD is a document that has been created to assist the CEs in identifying the appropriate pathway(s) to be taken as part of the employment verification process. This document lists every facility published in the Federal Register that is covered under the Act (except RECA facilities) and provides an outline of the identified methods for verifying claimed employment at each location. The EPOD is available on the shared drive in the Employment Verification Folder within the Policies and Procedures Folder. It is also available in the Procedure Manual folder containing this chapter.
The pathways listed in the EPOD are not intended to provide an exhaustive list of means for verifying employment at a facility, but rather represent what constitutes best practices for verifying employment given the programmatic experience gained since passage of the Act in 2000. The CE should locate the facility(ies) identified on the Form EE-3 in the EPOD and ascertain the programmatic implications based upon the claimed employment.
Specifically, the EPOD identifies which methods, or combinations thereof, are appropriate to pursue for verification of covered employment in the most expeditious manner possible. The recommended sequence for utilizing resources is described in items 6 through 12 of this chapter.
If the EPOD is silent on verification at a facility, the CE is to utilize Social Security Records (Paragraph 10, below) and “other employment evidence” (Paragraph 12, below).
The facilities in the EPOD are listed alphabetically by state. On the first page of the EPOD there is a list of states and, for those states with a large number of facilities, there are additional letters after the state name. These letters provide a rough index of the facilities in that state. The state names and letters allow the user to navigate through the document. For example, to navigate to South Carolina, the user places the cursor on South Carolina and presses “Ctrl + left click” at the same time and the utility will jump to South Carolina. Alternatively, if a user wants to view the S-50 plant in Tennessee, the most expeditious method would be to move the curser over the letter “S” after Tennessee and then press “Ctrl + left click” at the same time and the utility will jump to S-50.
7. Using the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) database. The database was developed by ORISE (the institute) as part of its mission to study the health and mortality of the DOE contractor work force. The database formed an important component of health studies, as it identified a significant portion of the population that was the subject of these health studies. This database is instrumental in verifying covered employment for some employees. For every EEOICPA-covered facility for which there is some employment data in ORISE, the EPOD will indicate “ORISE – yes.” When this occurs, the CE conducts an ORISE search in ECS (Refer to the Employment Path Instructions document in the ECS procedures folder found on the shared drive). If there is no mention of ORISE in the EPOD for the facility, the CE proceeds to the next recommended method for verifying employment noted in the facility description in the EPOD or in this chapter.
a. ORISE categorizes information in two sections, Employee Name and Employment. The Employee Name section identifies the employee’s last name, first name, and middle initial. The employment section contains five columns of information. The first column entitled “Facility” lists all the facilities or employers (for which data exists in ORISE) where the employee worked. The second column indicates whether the employee was hired or terminated, followed by columns showing the hire/termination date, Job Title, and Badge No. ORISE was not created for the purpose of adjudicating claims, so information may be incomplete.
b. When using ORISE to assist with the adjudication of claims, the CE must consider the context of the information. For example, there may be data in ORISE confirming that an employee worked at a facility in 1949, but the CE must ensure that the covered time period for this facility includes 1949. Additionally, for many employees, the information in ORISE is incomplete. For example, for some employees the database may show the employee’s name and facility, but does not include specific hire and termination dates. If this is the case, the CE develops hire and termination dates using alternate methods described in paragraphs 8 through 12 in this chapter.
Note: There may be instances when the ORISE database returns search results showing “SSA Records Only.” This was used as an indicator by DOE, in the early days of the epidemiologic studies, to identify facilities for which requests were sent to SSA for information. This note has no impact on the processing of claims under the EEOICPA and was merely part of the DOE operations in the mid 1980s.
c. If the information from the ORISE database is used to verify any portion of employment, a copy of the ORISE employment results must be placed in the case file. The ORISE results are used as affirmation of employment.
d. The absence of data from ORISE may not be used as the basis for stating that an employee did NOT work at a given facility either for the entire time period claimed or for portions of claimed employment.
e. There are some employers and/or facilities in ORISE that are not covered under the EEOICPA. The CE needs to carefully review the ORISE results for any non-covered employers. For example, the Puget Sound Shipyard, for which ORISE ascribed the acronym PSSY, is contained in ORISE, but is not covered under the EEOICPA. In the event that ORISE “confirms” such non-covered employment, it does not render such employment as covered. If an employer is not covered, no degree of verification that a person worked there will serve to extend EEOICPA coverage to that facility. All decisions on adding facilities are made by the National Office through the process described in paragraphs 17 and 18 of this chapter.
8. Contacting DOE and using the Secure Electronic Record Transfer system (SERT). Requests for employment verification from the DOE are no longer handled through the United States Postal Service (USPS). Rather, requests will be sent by the DOL, and responses from the DOE will be received, electronically via the SERT system. The SERT is a DOE-hosted environment where the DOL and the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) send and receive records and data in a secure manner.
When claimed employment cannot be verified in ORISE, the CE uses Form EE-5, found in Exhibit 1 of this chapter (it is also located in the Forms folder under Policies and Procedures on the shared drive), to obtain employment information. To determine whether the claimed employment is such that an EE-5 referral to the DOE is appropriate, the CE looks up the name of the facility(ies) and/or employers in the EPOD. If there is a notation in the EPOD indicating “EE-5 and DAR: SERT” for that facility, the CE proceeds with the EE-5 procedures specified in this paragraph.
a. EE-5. The CE completes the top portion of the EE-5 by providing the employee name, SSN, claimed employer, and name of the claimed facility(ies). Note that only one completed EE-5 form per claimant request for employment verification is necessary. All claimed facilities can and should be listed on the single EE-5.
In some cases employees traveled to other DOE facilities to work and are considered “visitors” on site. As such, employment records verifying that the employee worked for that facility may not exist. However, there may be records establishing that he/she was on site. It has been found that the Document Acquisition Request (DAR) (the process by which the DO gathers DOE work records on specific employees) records, have been useful in establishing that the employee was on site. Therefore, under these circumstances, it is appropriate to request DAR records without the need for the EE-5 employment verification process. Refer to paragraph ‘i’ below on requesting DAR records.
b. Submitting the request to the DOE via the SERT. To prepare a request for employment verification, the CE scans the EE-1 or EE-2, as appropriate, the EE-3, and the EE-5 forms as an Adobe PDF file and saves it to his/her computer. The completed package is then submitted to the DOE via the SERT. The SERT system contains a listing of the DOE POCs and DOE Operations Offices which are managed and maintained in the SERT system.
The CE will access the SERT, create a record request for the employee, upload the PDF package, and send the request to the appropriate DOE Operations Office(s). The SERT has the functionality to allow for the selection of multiple operations offices in cases where requests are to be directed to multiple facilities. The CE (requester) may also enter additional information in the ‘Comments’ section of the SERT that may be useful to the recipient (DOE) of the request. The field is also used for the DOE to respond directly back to the DOL in response to comments.
Refer to the SERT user guide, found in the SERT folder under Policies and Procedures on the shared drive, for detailed instructions on electronically submitting the request for employment verification to the DOE and use of the ‘Comments’ field. The SERT user guide is also available in the SERT under the ‘Help’ tab.
c. Once the request has been sent through the SERT, the CE places a copy of the request in the case file. The CE then updates the “Correspondence” section of ECS, documenting that the request has been sent to the DOE for employment verification.
d. Subcontractor employment indicated. Where subcontractor employment is indicated, the CE reviews the EE-3 and makes a preliminary determination as to whether the employee is claiming DOE subcontractor employment. If so, the CE notes this in the ‘Comments’ section of the SERT and requests any information the DOE might have to help substantiate that the company was hired by the DOE, or a DOE contractor, to provide a service on-site during the time period when the employment is claimed. Questions regarding subcontractor employment are referred to the same operations’ office(s) as the EE-5 package.
e. Response from the DOE. The CE will be notified via email when the DOE has the documents ready to be downloaded. The CE accesses the SERT, selects the applicable EE-5, downloads the file to his/her computer, and includes a copy of the response in the case file. The CE then updates ECS to reflect that records have been received from the DOE.
f. Upon receipt of an EE-5 from the DOE via the SERT, the CE reviews it for completeness. The DOE is responsible for selecting one of three options provided on the form and attaching any relevant information. In addition, the DOE representative completing the form must certify its accuracy. The CE returns any form that does not meet these requirements to the DOE for correction. The three options available to the DOE and the appropriate procedural responses are as follows:
(1) For any of the claimed employment in which the DOE selects “Option 1 – Verified Employment,” the CE accepts this time period as verified and no further action needs to be taken to establish this fact.
(2) If the DOE selects “Option 2 – No verification is possible, but other pertinent evidence exists,” this indicates that the DOE has some information on the employee, generally suggesting that the individual was on site or somehow associated with the facility, but the information is insufficient for the DOE to provide verification. If Option 2 is selected, the CE develops the case further for employment as outlined in this chapter.
(3) If the DOE selects “Option 3 – No evidence exists in regard to the claimed employment,” it indicates that the DOE has no evidence at all regarding the claimed employment. If Option 3 is selected, the CE develops the case further for employment as outlined in this chapter.
g. Timeframes. If the CE does not receive a response from the DOE within 30 days of the initial submission, the CE accesses the SERT system, enters the claimant’s information, locates and selects the request for employment verification, and sends a reminder notification to the DOE operations office. Note: an email is automatically sent to the DOE PoC. A memo is not necessary, since the SERT system maintains the requestor’s or CE’s contact information and the initial request. The CE places the notification in the case file. The CE then updates ECS to document that a Reminder Notification letter was sent (see ECS procedures for instructions). If the DOE is ultimately unable to verify employment, the CE is to utilize other procedures as outlined in this chapter.
h. No Response from the DOE. If the CE does not receive a response from the DOE within 60 days from the initial request, additional development is necessary.
(1) Contact the DOE by telephone. If no response is received, the CE contacts the appropriate Operations Office by telephone or emails the DOE PoC and inquires about the request for employment verification. The CE asks the contact person whether a response to employment verification will be forthcoming. If the DOE responds via telephone that they have no records to verify employment, the CE documents this in the case file with a memo outlining the DOE’s response. This serves as the “EE-5” for purposes of a DOE response. The telephone call must also be documented in the “Phone Calls” tab of ECS.
(2) Contact the claimant. If, after 60 days there is no response from the DOE, the CE contacts the claimant for additional employment information. In cases where a response from DOE is received indicating that no records are available, the CE may contact the claimant for additional employment information immediately. In this case, the CE does not wait for 60 days to lapse.
i. DAR Process. For cases involving DOE contractor employees, the CE makes a request to the DOE for records useful for developing information regarding toxic exposures. Although DAR records are predominately used in the adjudication of the toxic exposure component of Part E cases, DAR records can also contribute to the evidence of covered employment, especially in cases involving DOE subcontractor employment or employees who are on official travel from one DOE facility to another and considered by the DOE to be “visiting” on site. DAR records can include site medical records, job descriptions, radiological records, incident or accident reports, and others. In the past, requests for DAR records were made of the DOE once employment was confirmed. However, with the implementation of the SERT system, DAR requests are conducted at the same time as the EE-5, employment verification request. In situations where DAR records are needed, the district office staff should include the request for those records in the EE-5 package that is submitted to the DOE through the SERT system. For more details on the DAR process, refer to Chapter 2-0700 of the EEOICPA Procedure Manual.
j. Dosimetry Records. It is general program policy for NIOSH to obtain dosimetry records from DOE as part of the dose reconstruction process. The dosimetry records become associated with the file when the district office receives the NIOSH’s dose reconstruction report. Nevertheless, in cases where dose records may be useful for confirming that an individual was on-site, or was monitored for radiation exposure, the CE may request such records from the DOE as part of employment development.
9. Contacting Corporate Verifiers. Many of the facilities designated under the EEOICPA are operated by private companies and neither the DOE nor any of its predecessors have possession of the employment or personnel records. These companies are referred to as corporate verifiers. Many of these companies are still in business, or have been bought by other companies that have retained records of past employees. Several of the companies that still retain relevant employee records have agreed to provide employment verification for purposes of adjudicating claims under the EEOICPA. For each facility that has been identified as having a corporate verifier, the EPOD provides the name and contact information for the corporate verifier. The CE is to follow the instructions listed in the EPOD to obtain such employment information. General procedures for handling corporate verifiers include:
a. It is not necessary for the CE to submit a copy of documentation from the case file to the corporate verifier. Instead, a cover letter providing the details of the request is to be submitted. In most cases, the cover letter includes the employee’s name, the case identification number (or the full SSN if required by the corporate verifier), date of birth, employer name, and the dates of claimed employment.
b. Upon receipt of response from the corporate verifier, the CE reviews it to determine if it is sufficient to verify the claimed period of employment. If the corporate verifier affirms the entire period of employment being claimed, the CE accepts the period as factual. The CE is to obtain the verification from corporate verifiers in writing. While employment verification can be initiated through a phone call, there must be documentation from the verifier in the case file to substantiate a finding of covered employment. If the corporate verifier is unable to substantiate the claimed period of employment, or can only substantiate a portion of it, the CE will need to request additional information from other sources. The CE can proceed with a request to the Social Security Administration (SSA) for information as described in item 10 of this chapter, and should also ask the claimant for additional information, as outlined in item 12 of this chapter, as appropriate.
c. If verification is for beryllium sensitivity or chronic beryllium disease (CBD), the CE need not verify all employment, only enough employment sufficient to substantiate the exposure at any time during a covered time period. For additional information regarding development of beryllium claims, refer to Chapter 2-1000 of the EEOICPA Procedure Manual.
d. Corporate verifiers sometimes change. If a CE learns of a change in contact information or locates new contact information, this information should be sent to the National Office Employment Contact in the Branch of Policy.
10. Verifying Employment through the Social Security Administration (SSA). The SSA records provide a history of quarterly wages and earnings for each company the employee worked for during the course of his/her career. Absent confirmation of employment through ORISE, the DOE, or a corporate verifier, the CE requests additional information from the SSA. Also, for those facilities for which the EPOD does not provide any suggested employment verification pathway, the CE requests records from the SSA by following the procedures outlined below:
a. Obtain a release from the claimant. Once the CE determines that the SSA information is required to verify employment, the CE prepares a letter to the claimant for his or her release of SSA information. The claimant is advised that additional employment verification is necessary. A Form SSA-581, “Authorization to Obtain Earnings Data from SSA,” should be enclosed (Exhibit 2. Note: There are 5 Forms in the attachment. Each one is specific to the individual District Offices/CE2 Unit. These forms are also located on the shared drive in the Forms folder under Policies and Procedures). The following information is required on the SSA-581:
(1) For Employee Claims: The employee or the CE completes the following sections of the SSA-581: name; social security number; date of birth of employee; and other name(s) used. The employee or his or her authorized representative must also fill in his or her address/daytime telephone number and sign and date the form.
(2) For Survivor Claims: The survivor or CE completes the following sections of the SSA-581 form: name of social security number holder (employee); employee’s social security number; date of employee’s birth; date of employee’s death; and other name(s) used. The survivor writes in his or her address/daytime telephone number; indicates the appropriate box and shows relationship; signs and dates the form and prints his or her name in the requested space.
The CE explains to the survivor that he or she must provide proof of the employee’s death and his or her relationship to the employee. Proof of death includes: a copy of the death certificate, mortuary or interment record, or court-issued document. Proof of relationship includes: marriage certificate, birth certificate, adoption papers, or other court-issued document(s). The SSA requires that these documents be submitted in order to process requests from survivors.
b. Timeframes on the SSA-581. The CE completes the form with the years deemed necessary to verify employment and/or establish wage loss on the “Periods Requested” line. The CE identifies this time period by reviewing the EE-3 and all the related documentation in the file, as well as a review of ECS.
In the box entitled, “Requesting Organization’s Information,” the CE signs the section, “Signature of Organization Official,” and provides the district office toll free telephone and fax numbers.
The CE must ensure that the upper right hand corner of the form allocated for “Requesting Organization” indicates the correct district office where the SSA’s response should be sent.
c. Once the claimant’s release has been obtained, the CE prepares a package for SSA referral. The package to the SSA includes a cover letter requesting the SSA to perform an earnings search on the named employee. Attached to the cover letter is Form SSA-581, which indicates the name of the employee, employee SSN, and the years of employment to be researched. Upon release of the package to the SSA, the CE will update ECS as appropriate.
d. The original (signed) SSA-581 and supporting documents (if the request is submitted by a survivor) must be submitted via United Parcel Service (UPS) to the SSA, Division of Business Services, at the following address:
Social Security Administration
Division of Business Services
PO Box 33011
Baltimore, MD 21290-3011
e. Following submission of a Form SSA-581, the CE (or designee) is responsible for determining if the SSA has received the earnings request (Form SSA-581), and for obtaining a status update on the employment verification request.
(1) If there has been no response from the SSA within thirty (30) calendar days of the date of the submission to the SSA, the CE calls to obtain a status update. The telephone call should be documented in ECS. If the SSA indicates that no SSA-581 Form has been received, the CE must resubmit the form. Otherwise, the CE obtains the status and monitors for further follow-up.
(2) Inquiries to the SSA are made by calling one of six phone numbers (Modules), depending upon the last four digits of the relevant SSN (Exhibit 3). When calling the SSA, the following information should be available to expedite the inquiry:
· SSA-issued job number (e.g. 8001, 8169, and 9100). The four-digit job number appears in the “Requesting organization” section of the SSA-581 form.
· Name of your organization.
· A copy of the SSA-581 or earnings statement in question.
· The full SSN of the number holder (employee), or the control number from the earnings statement.
(3) In response to the SSA-581, the SSA provides a statement of earnings, known as an SSA-L460. If the CE does not receive a completed SSA-L460 within thirty (30) days of the first inquiry call to the SSA (the 60th day), the CE follows-up with a call to determine the status of the request and proceeds as necessary. It should be noted that if the signature date on the SSA-581 is more than 60 days old when the SSA receives it, it will likely be returned for submission of a new form. In such instances, it will be necessary to obtain a newly signed SSA-581 from the claimant and resubmit the form to the SSA as outlined above.
f. Response from the SSA. The CE documents receipt of the SSA response in ECS. Depending upon the response from the SSA and the circumstances of the employment, the CE does one of three things: The CE either accepts the period of employment as verified; develops for additional information, such as work location or the other elements needed for subcontractor employment, as appropriate; or denies the claimed period of employment. Should the SSA fail to submit an SSA-L460 after following-up within the established procedures, the CE is to proceed with claim adjudication based upon the evidence contained in the case record.
11. CPWR. The Center for Construction Research and Training, formerly known as the Center to Protect Workers’ Rights (CPWR) and which continues to utilize the acronym CPWR, is a research, development, and training arm of the Building and Construction Trades Department (BCTD) of the American Federation of Labor-Congress of Industrial Organizations (AFL-CIO). The DEEOIC has contracted with the CPWR to maintain a database of contractor/subcontractor employers at certain DOE facilities.
a. Web-accessible database. To substantiate the existence of a contract between the DOE and a contractor, the CPWR has created a web-accessible database which the CE can use in identifying and confirming the existence of contractor or subcontractor employers at certain covered facilities. Facilities for which the CPWR has contractor and subcontractor information have been identified in the EPOD as “CPWR.” If the CE determines that the claimed employment involves subcontractor employment at a facility in which the EPOD indicates “CPWR has contractor/subcontractor information,” the CE first reviews the EE-5, the DAR request, and any material received from the DOE. If this information is insufficient for a finding of covered employment, the CE reviews the CPWR database for any information linking the claimed employer to the claimed DOE facility, by following these instructions:
(1) The CE goes to www.btcomp.org. A log-on screen appears. Each district office has been assigned one original user name and password.
(2) Upon access to the web site, a disclaimer notes that the database is a general information resource tool. It does not contain all of the documents that relate to DOE contractors and/or subcontractors. However, the DEEOIC considers the information available in the database to be accurate and correct. Once the CE accepts the disclaimer, the database opens into basic search mode. The database allows various ways to search for information: by subcontractor name; by site; or by scrolling down the subcontractor master list.
(3) To search by contractor/subcontractor name, the CE enters the name of the company identified in the evidence from the case record. The company name may be the current recognized employer name, an acronym for the employer, or a previous version of the name. The CE searches the database using various combinations of spellings or any known aliases for the employer name. This increases the likelihood of a positive outcome and reduces the number of false negative results. For example, if a CE enters the name “Bowles Construction Company,” the database returns a negative result. However, if the CE enters “Bowles” or “Bowles Construction,” the employer appears in the return.
(4) To search by site, i.e. covered facility, the CE clicks on the list box labeled “by site” on the left hand side of the screen and selects the facility for which he or she is seeking contractor or subcontractor information. This returns all employers known by the CPWR linked to that facility. It may be necessary for the CE to scroll down to view all named employers. To view detail for a named employer, the CE merely needs to access the “view” link under the options category. In some instances, a contractor or subcontractor name might be linked to multiple covered facilities. In these instances, the detailed return for the employer is separated into sections by covered site.
(5) The CE may also search the comprehensive listing (master list) of all contractor employers listed in the database which appears if no name or site search criteria are applied, or if the option “show all” is selected. A unique document identification (Doc Id) has been assigned to each contractual finding. The Doc Id is used by the CPWR as a means of tracking. The Doc Id can also be used to search BtComp if it is known.
(6) After the CE has accessed the database and conducted appropriate research to locate a contractor/subcontractor, the CE documents the case file. In the case of a positive result, the CE prints a copy of the screen for file inclusion. The printout must show all the results of the database search, including the employer name; site name; contractual relationship indicator; dates verified; type of work performed; a description of evidence; document ID; and date of database update. Generally, this information must be printed using a “landscape” print mode setting. The printout should also list the date of the database search, the date of the latest update of a facility, and any of the pertinent facts. If no results are found from a database search, the CE completes a “Memorandum to the File,” noting the lack of information in the database for the claimed contractor/subcontractor. The memorandum is dated and signed by the CE and added to the case file.
(7) The sole purpose of the database is to establish a relationship between a DOE facility and a contractor or subcontractor employer. A positive result may return varying levels of information about an employer linked to a facility. For example, a database return may merely list that a contractor or subcontractor was linked to a particular facility, but not when. Furthermore, the existence of a contract between the company and the DOE could be for a wide range of items or services. Under the EEOICPA, only contracts for services performed on the premises of the DOE facility are covered. Once it is established that a contract existed between a company and the DOE, it is still necessary to establish that the contract was for a covered service, per item 13 of this chapter. In addition to the database results, additional development may be needed independent of the database to ensure that such evidentiary gaps are filled.
(8) If the contractor or subcontractor is not listed in the database, additional development is necessary. The CE is not to assume that a search of the database that does not return any results, establishes that the claimed employer was not a contractor or subcontractor. The CE must use all other resources that may potentially establish a contractual relationship when developing for covered employment.
b. Requests for contractual information. Where BtComp.org fails to return a positive result on a particular contractor or subcontractor, the District Office POC will send a request via email to Miles Fisher (MFisher@cpwr.com) at the CPWR to research documentation supporting a contractual relationship with a DOE facility. (Note: This search will be at a facility level and not at the employee level. There will be no searches conducted for employee records). The request should include the name of the contractor/subcontractor, the name of the trade, the DOE site, and the time period of contracted work. The CPWR will research its records and respond directly to the District Office POC, via email, with its findings within 20 business days of receipt of the request.
c. Requests for supporting documentation. In cases where the CE conducts a search of BtComp, finds positive results, and needs a copy of the supporting documentation, the request for that documentation must be sent by the District Office POC to the National Office, to submit the request to the CPWR. In its request, the District Office must include the BtComp Document-ID number and indicate the reason for the request. Requests of this nature should only be made if the documentation is being used to resolve a discrepancy in the case file, or if the documentation is needed for litigation purposes. The processing of this type of request will be at the discretion of the National Office. The CPWR will respond with a copy of the documentation within 5 business days of the receipt of the request.
d. Forwarding of contractual information. Should a CE obtain documentation during the course of development that substantiates a contractual relationship between a contractor and/or subcontractor and a DOE facility, a copy of that documentation must be forwarded to the CPWR. The documentation is to be sent by the District Office POC via U.S Postal Service to Miles Fisher at CPWR located at 8484 Georgia Avenue, Suite 1000,Silver Spring, Maryland 20910, or scanned and emailed to the POC at CPWR that maintains these records. The CPWR will review the documentation, update BtComp, and retain the documentation in their files.
12. Other Employment Evidence. Evidence of employment by the DOE, a DOE contractor, beryllium vendor, or atomic weapons employer may be made by the submission of any trustworthy contemporaneous records that on their face, or in conjunction with other such records, establish that the employee was so employed, along with the location and time period of such employment. No single document noted in this section is likely to provide all elements needed for a finding of covered employment, but rather each piece of evidence can contribute valuable elements needed to make a finding of covered employment.
Documentation from the following sources may be considered:
a. Records or documents created by any federal government agency (including verified information submitted for security clearance and dosimetry badging), any tribal government or any state, county, city or local government office, agency, department, board or other entity or other public agency or office.
b. Records or documents created as a byproduct of any regularly conducted business activity, or by an entity that acted as a contractor or subcontractor to the DOE.
c. DEEOIC internal resources. The DEEOIC district offices each have gained experience with the facilities covered under this program. In the adjudication of claims, each office will accumulate documentation substantiating various subcontractor relationships. Once such a relationship has been established at a facility for a given time period, the CE can use this information in the adjudication of other cases in which the same subcontractor employment is claimed during the same time period. Therefore, as noted in item 11, any such documentation accumulated during the course of adjudicating a claim that substantiates a contractual relationship with a covered DOE facility, must be forwarded to the CPWR. CPWR will then update the BtComp database based on information substantiated by this documentation.
d. Affidavits or other types of signed statements attesting to the accuracy of a claim. The CE requests that the claimant use the EE-4 Employment History Affidavit to collect statements from knowledgeable parties. Statements provided by way of an affidavit are considered in conjunction with other evidence submitted in support of a claim. Affidavits are considered particularly appropriate as a means of demonstrating that an employee worked at a particular location and are best used with other information, such as SSA records. Affidavits alone are usually insufficient to prove the existence of a contractual relationship between the DOE and a company.
The CE has the discretion to assign probative weight to different affidavits. For example, the CE may find that an affidavit from a former CEO of an employer has significantly more probative value than that of one from a relative who may benefit from an award. The CE must use his or her own judgment to ascertain what weight to give to any given piece of evidence, including affidavits. The CE is to assess the probative value of affidavits by applying these general parameters:
(1) Affiliation of affiant to employee (co-worker vs. family member). Affidavits from co-workers and managers carry more weight than those from family members, as they would be in a better position to provide details about work and less likely to have a financial stake in the outcome of the claim.
(2) Descriptive vs. vague employment information. More detailed affidavits carry more weight than vague, generalized statements because more specific information is more easily corroborated than that which is ambiguous.
(3) First-hand knowledge vs. second-hand knowledge. An affidavit not containing first-hand knowledge has very little probative value, as it is nothing more than hearsay.
(4) Compliments other evidence from file vs. contradictions. When documentation in the file supports portions of an affidavit, the probative value of the remainder of the content of that affidavit is high. In the alternative, when an affidavit is in conflict with other material in the file, its probative value is diminished.
13. Subcontractor Employment. Subcontractor employment at beryllium vendors and DOE facilities is covered under the Act, provided that certain developmental elements are met.
(1) Contractor. An entity engaged in a contractual business arrangement with the DOE to provide services, produce material, or manage operations.
(2) Subcontractor. An entity engaged in a contracted business arrangement with a contractor to provide a service on-site.
(3) Service. In order for an individual working for a subcontractor to be determined to have performed a “service” at a covered facility, the individual must have performed work or labor for the benefit of another within the boundaries of the facility. Examples of workers providing such services include janitors, construction and maintenance workers. The delivery and loading or unloading of goods alone is not a service and is not covered for any occupation, including workers involved in the delivery and loading or unloading of goods for construction and/or maintenance activities.
(4) Contract. An agreement to perform a service in exchange for compensation, usually memorialized by a memorandum of understanding, a cooperative agreement, an actual written contract, or any form of written or implied agreement, is considered a contract for the purpose of determining whether an entity is a “DOE contractor.”
b. Standard. Mere presence by the employee on the premises of a facility does not confer covered employment. There are three developmental components that must be met before a determination of covered subcontractor employment can be reached. These elements are:
(1) the claimed period of employment occurred during the covered time frame as alleged; and
(2) a contract to provide “covered services” existed between the claimed subcontractor and a contractor at the facility or the identified vendor (during the covered time frame);and
(3) the employment activities (work or labor) took place on the premises of the covered facility.
c. Subcontractor employment at beryllium vendor facilities. Under the Act, persons providing a service on the premises of beryllium vendors during covered time periods are entitled to the same benefits as employees of the beryllium vendor during those same covered time periods. For some beryllium vendors, the corporate verifier for the vendor at which the subcontractor performed work has records of subcontractor employees and, therefore, in verifying beryllium vendor sub-contractor employment the CE first contacts the corporate verifier for any information he or she has on the individual and his or her subcontractor employer. In those situations in which an employee is alleging beryllium sub-contractor employment and the beryllium vendor is unable to confirm employment, the CE is to use SSA records, affidavits and other evidence as described in this chapter.
d. Subcontractor employment at DOE facilities. Because the DOE generally did not keep records of employees of subcontractors, the CE is faced with particular evidentiary challenges in establishing subcontractor employment. To establish each of the elements needed, it is generally necessary to gather and evaluate documentation from multiple sources, including the DOE, the SSA and the CPWR.
e. Developing subcontractor employment. The CE will likely use an assortment of documentary evidence from different sources to make a finding of covered subcontractor employment. For example, SSA records may show that the employee worked for Sentell Brothers, thus establishing verified earnings. Documentation from the CPWR may show that Sentell Brothers was a subcontractor during the period of verified earnings at K-25, X-20, Y-12 and Oak Ridge in general. The DOE may also provide documentation showing that the employee had a clearance to work at K-25 doing construction or dosimetry badging information specific to K-25. In this situation, the CE has sufficient documentation to make a determination that the employee worked as a K-25 subcontractor employee during the time period for which the earnings, the contractual information, and the presence on the premises requirements are all met.
For all instances in which the CE is required to evaluate potential subcontractor employment, the CE writes a memo to the file delineating every period of claimed subcontractor employment and specifying the evidence in the case file that supports each of the following:
1) the claimed subcontractor was in a contractual relationship with DOE,
2) the subcontract provided a service on the premises of DOE, and
3) the employee was engaged in providing that service on site, including the number of days the employee was engaged in that service.
The memo should also provide an explanation as to why the standard was or was not met (see Exhibit 4 for sample memo).
14. Researcher Employment at DOE Facilities. A DOE contractor employee is also defined as “An individual who is or was in residence at a Department of Energy facility as a researcher for one or more periods aggregating at least 24 months.” In order for an employee to meet the “researcher” provision under the Act, the following criteria must be met:
a. Research. There needs to be probative evidence in the file that the individual was actually performing research on the premises of the DOE facility. Visiting the site, obtaining medical tests on-site, or similar non-work related reasons that people may have for being on-site at a DOE facility, do not qualify under this provision. Evidence useful in documenting that an individual was performing research on-site includes published journal articles, affidavits, or some other documentation affirming that the individual was engaged in research.
b. Living on-site not required. Although some DOE facilities provide dormitory-style accommodations which often house researchers, “in residence” can be satisfied by working “on the premises,” and the individual need not have been living on the premises of the DOE facility.
c. Research can be unpaid. There is no requirement that the researcher is/was paid for the work.
15. Employees of Federal or State governments other than the DOE and its predecessors. Employees of federal and state governments, (other than direct employees of DOE, ERDA, the AEC or MED) can be DOE contractor employees, as outlined in this paragraph.
a. Standard. A civilian employee of a state or federal government agency can be considered a “DOE contractor employee” if
(1) the government agency employing the individual is found to have entered into a contract with the DOE for the accomplishment of one or more services on the premises of that DOE facility that such government agency was not statutorily obligated to perform, and
(2) the DOE compensated the agency for that service.
b. Proof of contract. The district office contacts the federal or state agency directly in an effort to obtain the desired information. The District Director designates an individual in the district office to be responsible for coordinating and contacting federal and state agencies. This approach facilitates better communication with the agencies, especially for agencies that receive numerous requests. The point of contact is to provide copies of contracts and contacts to the National Office for development of a database. The CE should not pressure a state or federal agency to produce employment or contractual records.
c. If the evidence is unclear as to whether employment by a state or federal agency can be determined to be DOE contractor employment using the guidance in this paragraph, the CE obtains clarification from the claimant. The CE reviews any documentation submitted by the claimant and undertakes any additional development necessary to clarify the individual’s employment status. Upon finding that the employee does not meet the definition of a “DOE contractor employee” who worked for a state or federal agency, and where this is the sole employment listed on the Form EE-3, the CE denies the claim. The CE issues a recommended decision denying the claim on the basis that the employment by the state or federal agency does not qualify the claimant as a “DOE contractor employee” as defined in the EEOICPA.
d. Uniformed Members of the Military. A claimant cannot obtain EEOICPA benefits based upon service in the military. If the claimant provides information or identifies himself/herself as military personnel, the CE sends a letter to the claimant stating that uniformed military personnel are ineligible for benefits under the EEOICPA. Only civilian employees who performed services on the premises of DOE facilities, via contracts, are considered DOE contractor employees.
16. Evaluating Evidence to Verify Employment. Once all evidence from appropriate sources has been received, the CE determines if the evidence is sufficient to verify the three components of covered employment listed in item 5 of this chapter. The CE evaluates all evidence carefully in making this determination, and uses discretion regarding documentation that reasonably establishes the presence of the employee at a particular facility during certain periods of time. Additionally, with regard to subcontractor employment, the evidence must reasonably satisfy all the components necessary to establish covered employment. If employment with other state or federal entities is claimed, then all the components discussed in item 15 of this chapter must be fulfilled.
In weighing the evidence submitted in support of covered employment, the CE considers the totality of the evidence and draws reasonable conclusions.
17. Developing non-covered employment. As mentioned in item 4, there will be instances in which the CE is only able to match a portion of the claimed employment to a facility and/or employer listed in the facility database, or there may be no match found. In these instances, the CE communicates this to the claimant. The CE prepares a letter to the claimant explaining which employment is covered under the Act and which is not, including any pertinent dates. A description of what constitutes an AWE, BE Vendor or the DOE (as explained in item 2) should be included in the letter. In the event that the claimant believes some of this non-covered employment should be covered, the CE requests that the claimant supply any pertinent evidence substantiating that the employment should be covered during specific years. Namely, the CE asks the claimant to provide evidence demonstrating that the claimed place of work met the definition of an AWE, BE Vendor or DOE facility during the years the employee worked there. For example, the claimant can be asked to submit evidence such as contractual documents, business reports, internal memos, purchase orders, news articles, affidavits, etc. A period of 30 days is granted to the claimant to submit evidence in support of extending covered employment to additional facilities/employers and/or years.
After appropriate development, the CE decides whether any evidence submitted warrants a referral to the National Office. If the claimant has submitted pertinent evidence in regard to adding a facility/employer and/or years of coverage, the CE prepares a brief memo to the file explaining the circumstances of the situation and requests a review of the case file by the National Office. The CE asks the National Office to make a determination regarding the new evidence of an additional covered facility/employer or years.
18. Additions or modifications to facility status. While the EEOICPA defines what constitutes an AWE, Be Vendor or DOE facility, updates are periodically made to facility designations as new information becomes available. In instances where a claimant submits information in response to the request outlined in item 17, the National Office takes a number of steps outlined in this paragraph to make a determination regarding whether the facility status should be modified. Depending on the facility type, authority rests with either the DOL or the DOE to make modifications. Facility modifications or additions are dependent on the collection of probative evidence satisfying the legal definition of the facility.
(1) Time frame changes relating to specific years of processing at an AWE are the responsibility of the DOL. Evidence must be presented clearly demonstrating that the AWE processed or produced material that emitted radiation and was used in the production of an atomic weapon.
b. Beryllium Vendor. The statutory deadline for adding additional beryllium vendors was December 31, 2002, and therefore no additional beryllium vendors can be designated under the Act.
(1) Time frame changes relating to Be Vendors are the responsibility of the DOL. Evidence must be presented clearly demonstrating that the Be Vendor had a contractual agreement involving beryllium with the DOE, or its predecessors, and that the company is performing/or did perform those beryllium-related contractual tasks in the years to be added to coverage.
c. Department of Energy facility (DOE). Facility or time frame changes relating to DOE facility listings are the responsibility of the DOL. Evidence must be presented clearly demonstrating that the facility meets the definition of a “Department of Energy facility” under the Act. Under the EEOICPA, a DOE facility means any building, structure, or premise, including the grounds upon which such building, structure, or premise is located in which operations are, or have been, conducted by, or on behalf of, the DOE (except for buildings, structures, premises, grounds, or operations covered by Executive Order 12344, dated February 1, 1982, pertaining to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program); and with regard to which the DOE has or had either (A) a proprietary interest; or (B) entered into a contract with an entity to provide management and operation, management and integration, environmental remediation services, construction, or maintenance services.
Interpreting and applying the definition of a DOE facility is within the adjudicatory authority of the DEEOIC. To determine whether a facility is a DOE facility under the Act, certain parameters must be met.
(1) Operations. To show that operations were performed on behalf of the DOE, the evidence must demonstrate that the DOE paid for operations at that location. These operations are not limited to those involving radiation or weapons. Everyday operations such as providing library services in a technical library are sufficient to meet this statutory requirement.
(2) Proprietary Interest. To show that the DOE had a proprietary interest, evidence that the DOE owned the building, structure or premises, such as a deed or affirmative statement from the DOE acknowledging ownership. Proprietary interest can also include instances in which the DOE is contractually permitted a sufficient level of use and control over the property to support a determination that the property constituted a DOE facility. DOE ownership of intellectual property or equipment, regardless of size, does not fulfill the proprietary interest definition. Moreover, DOE permitting, safety oversight, or licensing of work relating to use of radioactive material does not convey propriety interest.
(3) Contracts. To show that the DOE entered into a contract with an entity to provide management and operation, management and integration, environmental remediation services, construction, or maintenance services, the best possible evidence is to produce the contract. Typically, contracts with the DOE or its predecessors identify the contract type on the first page, so in those cases in which contracts are located, it is generally not difficult to discern contract type. The contracts identified in this portion of the law are among the more common and significant contracts used throughout the DOE complex in the following ways:
(a) Management and Operation (M&O) contracts are those contracts that the DOE often had with major companies to manage and operate large DOE facilities, such as Union Carbide and Carbon at K-25 and Y-12.
(b) Management and Integration (M&I) contracts were also used by the DOE to run major DOE sites, but an M&I contractor generally had numerous smaller site contractors for which the M&I’s job was to “integrate” the work of the smaller companies. The Idaho National Laboratory is an example of a DOE facility which has been run from time to time by M&I contract. Companies holding M&O and M&I contracts at DOE facilities are generally considered the “prime contractor” for that facility, though sometimes facilities will change from the M&O model to the M&I model.
(c) Contracts for environmental remediation services, construction, or maintenance services are also common throughout the DOE, but are generally smaller in size than the major M&O’s and M&I’s. Remediation contracts were also utilized by the DOE to clean up radiation at numerous AWE facilities. In these instances the locations are designated as DOE facilities for the period of remediation under the DOE contract and the remediation workers are covered.
(d) Some common types of contracts issued by the DOE that do not meet the statutory definition include research & development, output, and procurement.
19. Special Circumstances. There are some special circumstances regarding eligibility for benefits pertinent to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program and EEOICPA claims from citizens of the Republic of the Marshall Islands, as outlined below.
a. Naval Nuclear Propulsion. As noted in the section above, the statutory definition of a DOE facility specifically excludes, “buildings, structures, premises, grounds, or operations covered by Executive Order No. 12344, dated February 1, 1982 (42 U.S. C. 7158 note) pertaining to the Naval Nuclear Propulsion Program.” As a consequence of this exclusion, the DEEOIC is unable to provide covered employment to those AEC employees and AEC contractors who worked at locations devoted to Naval Nuclear Propulsion operations.
b. Marshall Islands. The DEEOIC has received claims for compensation under the EEOICPA from citizens and nationals of the Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI). The Marshallese base their claims on employment related exposure arising from the United States’ nuclear weapons testing program conducted in the RMI. The DOE facility known as the Pacific Proving Ground was a weapons test site in the South Pacific from 1946 to 1962.
In 1986, the United States and the Marshall Islands terminated their trust territory relationship through enactment of the Compact of Free Association (Compact). The Compact is a comprehensive document encompassing a variety of agreements, including a number of socio-economic, agricultural, and monetary compensation programs. Under the Compact, the RMI became an independent sovereign nation and U.S. laws ceased to apply unless otherwise specified.
For purposes of the administration of the EEOICPA, this Compact has been interpreted as precluding coverage for RMI citizens and nationals. If the CE determines that a claim for benefits is from a citizen or nationals of the Marshall Islands, the CE explains, in the conclusions of law portion of the recommended decision, that there is no provision under the EEOICPA for coverage of claims based upon employment in the RMI by citizens or nationals of the RMI. The CE inserts the following wording in the conclusions of law as a summary of the DEEOIC policy:
Since interpreting the EEOICPA to apply to claims by Republic of the Marshall Islands (RMI) citizens or Nationals based upon employment in the RMI would constitute an invasion of the sovereignty of the RMI, the presumption against applying a statute extraterritorially is invoked. Furthermore, there appears to be no contrary intent by Congress to rebut the presumption and, to the extent that Congress has expressed any intent, its approval of the Compact of Free Association between the United States and the RMI suggests that it did not intend for the EEOICPA to apply extraterritorially in this situation.