United States Department of Labor
Office of Administrative Law Judges Law Library

Note: The DOT was created by the Employment and Training Administration, and was last updated in 1991. It has been replaced by the O*NET.



187.167-230 to 199.682-010

    This category includes occupations concerned with the theoretical or practical aspects of such fields of human endeavor as art, science, engineering, education, medicine, law, business relations, and administrative, managerial, and technical work. Most of these occupations require substantial educational preparation (usually at the university, junior college, or technical institute level).

187.167-230 MANAGER, RECREATION FACILITY (amuse. & rec.)

    Manages recreation facilities, such as tennis courts, golf courses, or arcade, and coordinates activities of workers engaged in providing services of facility: Determines work activities necessary to operate facility, hires workers, and assigns specific tasks and work hours, accordingly. Initiates projects, such as promotional mailing or telephone campaigns, to acquaint public with activities of facility. Discusses fees of facility with interested persons. Registers patrons and explains rules and regulations. Confers with patrons to resolve grievances. Hires workers, such as carpenters, plumbers, and electricians, to make needed facility repairs. aintains financial records. Collects coins from arcade machines. Purchases items such as golf balls, tennis balls, and paper supplies.
GOE: 11.11.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

187.167-234 DIRECTOR, COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION (nonprofit org.) alternate titles: community planning director, community chest; director, council of social agencies; director, federated fund; director, united fund; executive, community planning

    Directs activities of organization to coordinate functions of various community health and welfare programs: Organizes and develops planning program to ascertain community requirements and problems in specific fields of welfare work, and to determine agency responsibility for administering program. Surveys functions of member agencies to avoid duplication of efforts and recommends curtailment, extension, modification, or initiation of services. Advises health and welfare agencies in planning and providing services based on community surveys and analyses. Reviews estimated budgets of member agencies. Prepares and releases reports, studies, and publications to promote public understanding of and support for community programs. May recruit and train volunteer workers. May organize and direct campaign for solicitation of funds. ay visit agency sites to evaluate effectiveness of services provided.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 80

187.167-238 RECREATION SUPERVISOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: area supervisor; district director; recreation specialist

    Coordinates activities of paid and volunteer recreation service personnel in public department, voluntary agency, or similar type facility, such as community centers or swimming pools: Develops and promotes recreation program, including music, dance, arts and crafts, cultural arts, nature study, swimming, social recreation and games, or camping. Adapts recreation programs to meet needs of individual agency or institution, such as hospital, armed services, institution for children or aged, settlement house, or penal institution. Introduces new program activities, equipment, and materials to staff. Trains personnel and evaluates performance. Interprets recreation service to public and participates in community meetings and organizational planning. May work in team with administrative or other professional personnel, such as those engaged in medicine, social work, nursing, psychology, and therapy, to ensure that recreation is well balanced, coordinated, and integrated with special services.
GOE: 11.07.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 80


    This group includes managerial occupations concerned with federal, state, local, and international government activities, such as the legislative, judicial, and administrative functions, as well as government owned and operated business enterprises.

188.117-010 APPRENTICESHIP CONSULTANT (government ser.) alternate titles: area representative

    Directs and coordinates apprenticeship training programs in accord with state and federal policies and standards: Interprets and clarifies state and federal policies governing apprenticeship training programs, and provides information and assistance to trainees and labor and management representatives. Visits establishments to ensure that existing programs conform with training standards, investigates discrepancies, and submits progress reports. Suggests operational methods to improve existing programs, to adapt programs to production needs, to develop new training programs, and to recruit and select trainees. Negotiates with labor and management representatives to resolve training problems and to promote establishment of effective new programs. Reviews and evaluates requests for training programs and investigates establishments to ascertain if facilities, supervision, and training methods meet government standards. Evaluates training programs to determine eligibility for application of veterans benefits. May assist in resolving labor relations issues relating to training programs, such as wages, hours, supervision, and bargaining agreements.
GOE: 11.07.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-014 BUSINESS-ENTERPRISE OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: area specialist

    Plans and directs self-employment rehabilitation programs for handicapped persons throughout state or region: Interviews handicapped applicants to determine suitable job or business consistent with applicant's experience, training, aptitude, and physical limitations. Accepts or recommends acceptance of suitable candidates. Develops training methods and trains handicapped persons in operation of business, according to knowledge of retail merchandising principles and techniques. Plans desirable locations for enterprises, considering available facilities, traffic volume, fixtures and equipment costs, and character of business. Negotiates lease or donation of space with property owners and other interested parties. Establishes statistical and accounting procedures to evaluate productivity of business and success of proprietor. Coordinates activities with religious, charitable, and other agencies carrying out related programs to benefit handicapped persons. Prepares public information materials explaining program for radio, television, and printed media and presents lectures to interested groups to increase public awareness of handicapped citizens' problems. Confers with state purchasing officials to obtain fixtures and initial stock for retail operations at most favorable prices available. Supervises activities of VENDING-STAND SUPERVISORS (government ser.) within territory assigned. May confer with contractors and inspect construction of retail stands for conformity with contract provisions.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

188.117-018 CHIEF, FISHERY DIVISION (government ser.)

    Directs state fish conservation program for benefit of sport and commercial fishing interests, consistent with state policy and accepted principles of game management: Directs activities of personnel engaged in conducting fish count, managing hatcheries, stocking streams, destroying superfluous or undesirable fish, and enforcing restrictions governing sport and commercial fishing. Modifies regulations on size, species, length of fishing season, acceptable fishing practices, and other considerations according to fluctuations in fish population. Organizes programs to correct unfavorable conditions, such as water pollution, silting of streams, excessive mortality of given species of fish, and diversion of waterways. Delivers speeches, writes articles, and prepares other informational material to explain conservation principles and acquaint public with fishing regulations. Recommends changes in legislation and administrative procedures as necessary to maintain conservation activities consistent with current needs. Prepares or directs preparation of budget requests covering staff and equipment requirements.
GOE: 03.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-022 CIVIL PREPAREDNESS OFFICER (government ser.)

    Coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing for or combating disaster situations and negotiates with civic and professional leaders to develop and implement survival plans in accord with local needs and state and federal policies: Directs marking and stocking of radiation shelters to meet specified standards. Obtains cooperation of property owners, civic leaders, and professional groups in providing facilities and services for emergency preparedness. Confers with business and governmental representatives to assist in local emergency planning. Reviews emergency plans to coordinate with changes in state or federal policies and military technology. Addresses interested civic, social, and religious groups to stimulate awareness of emergency preparedness activities. Directs inspection and inventory of emergency supplies and equipment and requisitions needed materials or arranges for equipment maintenance. May assist in providing warnings and survival information to communities before, during, and after community emergencies. May direct activities of headquarters technical, clerical, and administrative staffs and assign paid or volunteer workers to duty during simulated or actual emergencies. May review and recommend alterations in local emergency planning to coordinate with changes in economic character of community or region. May be designated according to specific function as Civil Preparedness Operations Officer (government ser.); Civil Preparedness Radiological Officer (government ser.); Civil Preparedness Supply Specialist (government ser.); Director, Civil Preparedness Warden (government ser.); Shelter Management Officer (government ser.). May assume responsibility for local, regional, or state civil preparedness or emergency activities and be designated Director, Civil Preparedness (government ser.). May plan and coordinate procedures for meeting civil preparedness emergencies in industrial establishments and be designated Civil Preparedness Coordinator (profess. & kin.). Workers involved in these and other civil preparedness activities may be identified by different titles according to classifications used by local or national authorities.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    Directs conservation of natural resources within state and negotiates with interested parties to promote maximum utilization of resources consistent with public interest: Initiates conservation programs according to accepted principles and familiarity with characteristics of natural resources and economy of state. Establishes standards for resource depletion, such as annual oil production quotas or limitations on extraction of iron ore deposits. Negotiates with mining interests, petroleum production companies, and other parties to promote conservation principles, encourage technological advancement, and stimulate efficient exploitation of resources. Delivers speeches and participates in discussions with representatives of government, labor, and industry to resolve problems related to conservation and economic development. Participates in establishment and implementation of rehabilitation programs for workers affected by changing technology or loss of markets. Supervises and coordinates, through subordinates, activities of workers engaged in preparing reports, statistics, and other data on departmental activities. May be designated according to resource involved as Commissioner, Iron Range Resources And Rehabilitation (government ser.).
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-030 COMMISSIONER, PUBLIC WORKS (government ser.) alternate titles: public-works commissioner

    Directs and coordinates activities of city departments of public works and utilities: Confers with officials responsible for street and building construction and maintenance, and for supplying water, power, sanitation, or other services to coordinate use of human resources and equipment and to consolidate purchasing requests. Reviews preliminary budgets and adjusts items for conformance to anticipated needs. Attends city council meetings to present budgets, activity reports, and plans for future activities. Confers with suppliers and sellers and places orders for equipment, materials, and supplies. May hire, promote, and discipline employees of departments supervised.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-034 DIRECTOR, AERONAUTICS COMMISSION (government ser.)

    Directs activities of state commission or department of aeronautics: Authorizes airport construction and expansion, and inspection of state aircraft and facilities, and regulation of aviation activities under state control. Formulates policies and work programs. Recommends and drafts rules, regulations, and statutes governing aeronautics in state. Coordinates activities of commission or department with private organizations and other government units to ensure effective aviation programs.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-038 DIRECTOR, AGRICULTURAL SERVICES (government ser.)

    Administers state agricultural program: Develops and coordinates programs for producing and marketing commodities, such as livestock, grain, dairy products, and produce. Interprets and enforces laws, rules, and regulations governing agricultural commodities. Directs programs, such as weights and measures, inspection of grain and livestock facilities, and processing, packaging, and distribution of agricultural products to ensure compliance with federal and state regulations. Conducts hearings to determine violations and penalties. Represents agency at meetings, conventions, and other forums to promote program objectives. Prepares and releases reports, studies, and other publications relating to marketing trends and program accomplishments. Develops and directs training program for staff personnel.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-042 DIRECTOR, ARTS-AND-HUMANITIES COUNCIL (government ser.)

    Administers program to promote visual and performing arts and humanities: Plans, organizes, and executes creative arts program under authority of governing board. Negotiates contracts and agreements with federal and state agencies and other cultural organizations for funding and implementation of programs. Establishes statewide councils and provides guidance in obtaining grants, initiating local projects, and disseminating cultural information. Exchanges ideas through seminars, conferences, and other forums and media to accomplish program objectives.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-046 DIRECTOR, COMPLIANCE (government ser.)

    Directs human relations program: Plans, organizes, and executes compliance programs in areas of employment, housing, and education under authority of federal, state, or local discriminatory legislation. Establishes and coordinates activities of local community relations committees. Conducts investigations to resolve complaints and report violations for adjudication. Plans informational programs to stimulate and maintain community interest and support. Cooperates with local, state, and federal governmental units and other organizations in identifying needs and providing assistance in enforcement of statutes.
GOE: 11.10.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.117-050 DIRECTOR, CONSUMER AFFAIRS (government ser.)

    Administers consumer affairs program: Plans and implements policies and procedures governing program. Develops and conducts program to inform public of departmental objectives. Conducts investigations and cooperates with federal, state, and local agencies, business community, and private organizations to resolve violations of consumer protection laws. Advocates consumer interests before legislative body, regulatory agencies, and other judicial forums. Recommends changes in legislation affecting consumer protection. Directs hiring, training, and evaluation of staff personnel.
GOE: 11.10.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-054 DIRECTOR, CORRECTIONAL AGENCY (government ser.)

    Administers state correction program, such as parole, probation, work release, or custodial care: Organizes, develops, and executes departmental policies in accordance with state and federal regulations and under direction of governing board. Establishes cooperative agreements with other state agencies and criminal justice department to plan and promote rehabilitative programs and projects. Investigates complaints or incidents to resolve inmate grievances. Coordinates staff activities, such as fiscal, management, training, and other supportive services. Establishes system of records and reports. Testifies at legislative or other hearings to recommend changes in existing statutes.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R6 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-058 DIRECTOR, COUNCIL ON AGING (government ser.) alternate titles: regional coordinator for aging

    Directs local or statewide services to promote understanding and resolution of senior citizens' problems: Plans and directs surveys and research studies of such problems as health needs and employment difficulties of older persons. Evaluates findings to formulate policies and techniques for improving adjustment of older citizens. Promotes establishment of or directs local programs and services, such as clinics and hobby groups. Coordinates programs of government, charitable, and religious organizations to avoid duplication. Prepares and distributes public information materials dealing with group problems. Delivers speeches and participates in discussions with community leaders and other interested parties to promote objectives of program. Recommends changes in legislation and public policy to promote interests of aged.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 80

188.117-062 DIRECTOR, FIELD REPRESENTATIVES (government ser.)

    Administers educational and job training programs for veterans of armed services, as established by government regulations, and directs activities of field representatives: Develops and presents reports concerning activities, expenses, budget, new or revised government statutes and rulings, and other items affecting program. Evaluates curriculums, and reviews and approves or rejects applications of schools, establishments, or individuals offering educational or training facilities. Determines eligibility of veterans to receive education or training. Confers with government agencies on problems and other matters relating to program. Interprets regulatory or administrative decisions to execute legal requirements, establishes guides for making decisions in field, and assigns work load to subordinates.
GOE: 11.07.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-066 DIRECTOR, LABOR STANDARDS (government ser.)

    Directs labor standards program: Establishes operational procedures and guidelines for enforcing statutes and regulations governing minimum wage, working hours and conditions, employment of minors, and licensing of private employment agencies. Effects liaison with federal agencies to coordinate activities and avoid duplication of effort. Mediates disputes and violations of laws. Conducts research projects to establish standards and proposes legislative changes to implement findings. Develops and directs training program for staff in licensing, inspection, and investigative functions.
GOE: 11.10.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-070 DIRECTOR, LAW ENFORCEMENT (government ser.)

    Administers state law enforcement program: Plans and organizes program for units of local and State agencies concerned with law enforcement, criminal justice, corrections, juvenile delinquency, and rehabilitation. Develops and coordinates training program for staff and law enforcement personnel. Promotes community acceptance of crime and delinquency programs through news and other media. Coordinates reporting activities of local and state cooperating agencies.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.117-074 DIRECTOR, LICENSING AND REGISTRATION (government ser.)

    Administers state program for licensing motorists and motor vehicles: Formulates procedures and guidelines for examining and licensing drivers and registering vehicles in accordance with statutes, rules, and regulations. Coordinates departmental activities, such as clerical, inspection, licensing, registration, and insurance and financial liability. Recommends legislative changes in vehicle and driver license laws. Directs compilation of statistics, such as accidents, fatalities and injuries, and driver characteristics. Directs investigations to resolve problems, such as financial responsibility, license revocations, and related matters. Confers with other state or federal agencies to coordinate safety and other traffic programs.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-078 DIRECTOR, EMPLOYMENT SERVICES (government ser.)

    Administers employment service program: Plans and executes policies and procedures to provide statewide employment services under authority of federal and state regulations. Coordinates local office operations with staff services, such as counseling, testing, job analysis, farm placement, recruitment and staff training, and human resource development to achieve program objectives. Negotiates agreements with other state agencies to provide assistance in cooperative projects. Reviews operating reports to determine effectiveness of program. Attends conferences with government officials, employers, labor leaders, and other parties to secure assistance in formulating policies for new or ongoing programs.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-082 DIRECTOR, MEDICAL FACILITIES SECTION (government ser.)

    Administers activities of state department of hospital licensing and construction: Directs inspection of public and private hospitals, nursing homes, diagnostic centers and similar facilities in operation or under construction. Recommends or disapproves licensing in accord with findings, state laws, and established policy. Prepares and coordinates state plan for construction of medical facilities, in accordance with demonstrated need, available funds, and availability of medical service personnel. Prepares and enforces standards for operation of medical facilities. Confers with medical service personnel, representative of local medical societies, and other interested parties to implement policies and programs in accordance with public interest. ay administer activities of state-operated clinics and hospitals.
GOE: 11.10.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-086 DIRECTOR, MERIT SYSTEM (government ser.)

    Directs administration of statewide merit system qualifying examinations: Formulates policies and procedures on recruitment, testing, placement, classification, and salary administration. Confers with school officials and superintendents of public buildings to arrange for space to conduct examinations. Verifies applicability and authenticity of examination and inventories examination materials to prevent errors and unauthorized use. Effects liaison with public officials, employee groups, and general public to promote program objectives. May proctor examinations and participate in oral interviews with applicants.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

188.117-090 DIRECTOR, REVENUE (government ser.)

    Administers state revenue program for collection of taxes, such as income, inheritance, gasoline, and sales: Devises and implements policies and procedures for collecting taxes and auditing accounts in compliance with state statutory regulations. Schedules and holds hearings to resolve delinquency and other tax violations. Reviews reports and prepares revenue estimates for legislative budgetary action. Disseminates tax information to public, using radio, television, and other media.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R6 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-094 DIRECTOR, UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE (government ser.)

    Administers unemployment insurance program: Interprets policies, rules, and regulations under authority of governing commission and federal and state legislation. Plans and coordinates staff activities, such as maintenance of records of employer contributions, employee wages, benefit payment, administrative expenditures, and related matters. Directs investigations of employer liability, payroll records, and employee coverage. Prepares and releases operating reports. Attends conferences with government officials, employers, labor leaders, and other parties to promote support for program objectives. Recommends changes in legislation affecting program.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-098 DISTRICT CUSTOMS DIRECTOR (government ser.)

    Directs and coordinates administrative activities of customs collection district and negotiates with interested parties to enforce federal customs laws and collections: Prepares, reviews, and submits reports of district's activities to customs office and other government agencies. Represents Bureau of Customs in meetings with individuals, representatives of private industry, government agencies, and in court. Recommends and approves personnel appointments, promotions, transfers, and reassignments within district. Directs submission of customs receipts and preparation of accounts as required by law and procedures of Bureau.
GOE: 11.10.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-102 ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT COORDINATOR (government ser.)

    Directs economic development planning activities for city, state, or region: Negotiates with industry representatives to encourage location in area. Directs activities, such as research, analysis, and evaluation of technical information to determine feasibility and economic impact of proposed expansions and developments. Confers with governmental officials to effect changes in local policies or ordinances discouraging effective development.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-106 FOREIGN-SERVICE OFFICER (government ser.)

    Represents interests of United States Government and Nationals by conducting relations with foreign nations and international organizations; protecting and advancing political, economic, and commercial interests overseas; and rendering personal services to Americans abroad and to foreign nationals traveling to the United States: Manages and administers diplomatic or consular post abroad. Conveys views of U.S. Government to host government. Reports political and other developments in host country to superior or Secretary of State. Analyzes basic economic data, trends, and developments in host country or region. Advances trade by alerting U.S. business personnel to potential foreign trade and investment opportunities. Provides medical, legal, familial, and traveling advice and assistance to U.S. citizens. Issues passports to Americans and visas to foreigners wishing to enter the United States. Offers notarial services and assistance on benefit programs to Americans and eligible foreigners. Determines eligibility of persons to be documented as U.S. citizens. Takes testimony abroad for use in U.S. Courts. May negotiate agreements between host and United States Government. May recommend how American policy can help improve foreign economic conditions. May coordinate American economic assistance programs. May serve in Washington, D.C. as counterpart to outstationed colleagues, relating foreign service administrative needs to Department of State or United States Information Agency. May disseminate information overseas about the United States and its policies by engaging in cultural and educational interaction through United States Information Agency. ay be designated according to basic field of specialization as Administrative Officer (government ser.); Commercial Officer (government ser.); Consular Officer (government ser.); Cultural Affairs Officer (government ser.); Diplomatic Officer (government ser.); Economic Officer (government ser.). ay be designated: Information Officer (government ser.); Political Officer (government ser.); Public Affairs Officer (government ser.).
GOE: 11.09.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-110 HOUSING-MANAGEMENT OFFICER (government ser.)

    Directs and coordinates activities concerned with providing advice and technical assistance to housing authorities and evaluating housing management programs: Develops policy and standards for guidance of local housing organizations in establishing and maintaining uniformity in operation of housing projects. Studies operation of housing projects, notes trends and needs, and evaluates efficiency of housing programs. Prepares regulations, procedures, and instructions for operation of housing projects based on analysis of operations. Approves or disapproves requests for waivers to policies, standards, and procedures. Consults with and advises housing personnel of public and private groups concerning needed improvements in housing operations. Advises and assists MANAGERS, HOUSING PROJECT (profess. & kin.) and staffs of local housing authorities concerning problems, such as eliminating excess costs, improving livability features and maintenance care of dwelling units, making more effective use of project facilities and community services, and promoting satisfactory relationships among tenants, housing project personnel, public officials, and private agencies. Leads public meetings and serves on committees to stimulate efforts of national, local, and private housing agencies and to emphasize housing needs of military personnel and low-income families.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-114 MANAGER, CITY (government ser.) alternate titles: manager, county; manager, town

    Directs and coordinates administration of city or county government in accordance with policies determined by city council or other authorized elected officials: Appoints department heads and staffs as provided by state laws or local ordinances. Supervises activities of departments performing functions such as collection and disbursement of taxes, law enforcement, maintenance of public health, construction of public works, and purchase of supplies and equipment. Prepares annual budget and submits estimates to authorized elected officials for approval. Plans for future development of urban and nonurban areas to provide for population growth and expansion of public services. May recommend zoning regulation controlling location and development of residential and commercial areas [URBAN PLANNER (profess. & kin.)]. May perform duties of one or more city or county officials as designated by local laws.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-118 POLICE COMMISSIONER I (government ser.)

    Administers municipal police department: Participates in decisions of Board to purchase supplies and equipment; to administer funds and care for property of department; to set number and salary of officers and employees of department; to modify classification standards of service; to hear and act on charges of incompetence, disobedience, and dishonesty filed against members of force; to appoint, assign to duty, or transfer members of force; to establish rules and regulations for department; and to perform other necessary functions. Receives and acts upon recommendations of officers in service and of committees appointed by board to whom implementation of board responsibilities may be delegated.
GOE: 04.01.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-122 PROPERTY-UTILIZATION OFFICER (government ser.) alternate titles: business-service officer; manager, surplus property

    Coordinates property procurement and maintenance activities, and negotiates with representatives to effect property transfers and sales, rental, and leasing contracts for government agency: Reviews property-related data, such as inventories, budgets, planning reports, vendor brochures, and excess property and property request reports, to obtain information on property status, needs, and availability. Writes, fills out, and reviews bids, contract specifications, purchase orders and estimates, and transfer forms to effect property transactions. Contacts vendors and potential users, and inspects and inventories acquired and transferred property through visits to government installations and vendor sites. Negotiates and confers with administrators, vendors, or users to effect agreement on property transfer details, such as price, model, packaging, transportation, land boundaries, or building layout. Authorizes expenditures within specified limits for purchases of supplies and equipment, equipment repair and maintenance, and alterations to premises. Fills government agency or other qualifying organization requests from surplus inventories, considering factors such as donation criteria, actual needs, and justification. Prepares plans, standards, and specifications for building and equipment maintenance, repair, and inspection. May be designated according to property involved as Real-Estate-Utilization Officer (government ser.); State-Surplus-Commodity-And-Property Representative (government ser.).
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-126 WELFARE DIRECTOR (government ser.) alternate titles: director of social services

    Directs administration of public welfare program in county or city, in conformity with policies of welfare board and availability of funds: Consults with members of welfare board to plan activities and expenditures. Coordinates, directly or through subordinates, activities of staff engaged in investigating and counseling welfare claimants and in processing welfare claims. Participates in discussions with community leaders and other interested parties to improve conditions of welfare recipients and to coordinate public assistance programs with efforts of religious and charitable organizations. Coordinates distribution of government surplus commodities in conformity with federal standards. Prepares welfare budget and adjusts welfare services in accordance with available funds. In smaller communities may interview welfare recipients, assist them in resolving personal or financial problems, and perform related activities [CASEWORKER (social ser.)]. May be designated according to jurisdiction as County Director, Welfare (government ser.).
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.117-130 COURT ADMINISTRATOR (government ser.)

    Administers nonjudicial functions of court: Coordinates activities such as jury selection, notification, and utilization, case scheduling and tracking, personnel assignment, and space and equipment allocation to accomplish orderly processing of court cases. Investigates problems that affect case flow and recommends or implements corrective measures. Compiles and analyzes data on court activity to monitor management performance and prepare activity reports. Conducts research to analyze current and alternative personnel, facilities, and data management systems and consults with judicial staff of court to evaluate findings and recommendations. May oversee accounting of revenues and expenditures and prepare and justify budget. May resolve questions and complaints raised by court personnel, attorneys, and members of other organizations and public.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

188.117-134 DIRECTOR, REGULATORY AGENCY (government ser.)

    Directs agency, division, or major function of agency or division charged with investigating regulated activities to assure compliance with federal, state, or municipal laws: Interprets and clarifies federal, state, or municipal laws. Represents agency at meetings, conventions, and other forums to promote and explain agency objectives. Consults with other governmental agencies, business community, and private organizations to resolve problems. Plans and directs surveys and research studies to ensure effective program operation and to establish or modify standards. Recommends changes in legislation and administrative procedures to reflect technological and ecological changes and public sentiment. Confers with legislative liaison individuals or committees to develop legislative bills involving inspection procedures and to obtain wording for proposed inspection codes. Prepares or directs preparation and release of reports, studies, and other publications relating to program trends and accomplishments. Reviews and evaluates work of MANAGER, REGULATED PROGRAM (government ser.) 168.167-090 through conversations, meetings, and reports. Prepares or directs preparation of budget requests. May be required to testify in court or before control or review board. May be designated according to function or agency administered as Administrator, Pesticide (government ser.); Administrator, Structural Pest Control (government ser.); Agricultural Commodity Grading Supervisor (government ser.); Director, Reactor Projects (government ser.); Director, Transportation Utilities Regulation (government ser.); Director, Weights And Measures (government ser.); Manager For Health, Safety, And Environment (government ser.); Petroleum Products Inspection Supervisor (government ser.).
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

188.137-010 SUPERVISOR (government ser.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of personnel engaged in carrying out departmental objectives in unit of governmental agency, utilizing knowledge of agency purposes, rules, regulations, procedures, and practices: Reviews unit's work load, schedules, personnel assignments, status of on-going work, projects, and available personnel for work assignment in order to plan unit activities. Assigns specific duties to personnel, such as enforcing of agency rules and regulations or government laws and codes; conducting investigations or research; writing technical, informative, or operational reports and papers; or working on special projects, considering individual's knowledge and experience. Reviews reports, papers, and other records prepared by personnel for clarity, completeness, accuracy, and conformance with agency policies. Routes approved reports and records to superior for action. Coordinates work activities of unit with other units, sections, or agencies to prevent delays in actions required or to improve services to public. Plans and conducts, or arranges for, indoctrination and training of personnel. Approves leave requests, evaluates personnel performance, and initiates disciplinary actions. Interviews job applicants on eligibility lists and prepares individual recommendations for consideration by superior. ay be designated according to agency unit supervised or purpose of unit.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 80

188.167-010 APPRAISER (government ser.) alternate titles: deputy assessor

    Appraises real and personal property to determine fair value and assesses taxes in accordance with prescribed schedules: Inspects property and considers factors such as current market value, location of property, and building or replacement costs to make property appraisal. Computes amount of tax to be levied, using applicable tax tables, and writes reports of determinations for public record. May interpret laws, formulate policies, and direct activities of assessment office. May be designated according to type of property assessed as Appraiser, Aircraft (government ser.); Appraiser, Auditor (government ser.); Appraiser, Boats And Marine (government ser.); Appraiser, Buildings (government ser.); Appraiser, Land (government ser.); Appraiser, Oil And Water (government ser.); Appraiser, Personal Property (government ser.); Appraiser, Real Estate (government ser.); Appraiser, Timber (government ser.).
GOE: 11.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-014 ASSESSOR-COLLECTOR, IRRIGATION TAX (government ser.) alternate titles: appraiser, irrigation tax

    Directs activities of workers engaged in assessing and collecting property tax levies for operation and maintenance of irrigation system: Supervises and participates with workers in determining value of municipal and rural properties within irrigation district. Directs activities of clerical workers engaged in preparing tax bills, collecting taxes, and keeping tax rolls, maps, and records of taxes levied and paid. Authorizes addition of penalties on delinquent tax accounts. Draws up and issues certificate of sale in favor of water district to satisfy unpaid taxes. Interviews property owners to resolve complaints, and answer questions concerning taxes and appraisal values.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-018 CHIEF WARDEN (government ser.)

    Coordinates activities of FISH AND GAME WARDENS (government ser.) and other personnel within state or conservation district: Determines effectiveness of training administered by others, according to review of personnel records and supervisory evaluations. Coordinates special enforcement campaigns, such as rabies control activities and investigations into cause of excessive fish mortality. Assigns personnel to enforcement territories or to aid other divisions in seasonal conservation activities. Prepares public information materials, delivers speeches, and confers with representatives of sports groups to promote conservation activities. Answers correspondence concerning enforcement or other activities. Keeps records of hunting accidents, drownings, hunting law violations, and related data. Prepares budget for submission to state legislature.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

188.167-022 DIRECTOR OF VITAL STATISTICS (government ser.) alternate titles: chief of vital statistics

    Directs collection, recording, and tabulation of vital statistics and implementation of special statistical studies required by state government: Directs activities of workers engaged in compiling statistical data, such as births, deaths, marriages, incidence of various diseases, and supplementary material. Formulates procedures for converting raw data into statistical form, according to knowledge of accepted statistical analysis procedures. Conducts special studies on request from legislative officials, private organizations, and other interested groups, by defining dimensions of study, size of statistical sampling, data collection procedures, and methods of presenting findings. Develops and implements, through subordinates, procedures for registration and certification of births, marriages, and similar occurrences in communities throughout state.
GOE: 11.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-026 DIRECTOR, CLASSIFICATION AND TREATMENT (government ser.) alternate titles: assignment officer; correctional officer

    Directs prison rehabilitation programs and assignment of inmates under direction of DIRECTOR, INSTITUTION (any industry): Plans and coordinates programs for providing educational, recreational, and spiritual services; supplying medical, dental, and psychiatric treatment; and meeting other needs of inmates in conformity with established policies of correctional institution. Administers and scores intelligence, aptitude, and other standard tests to evaluate inmates' suitability for rehabilitation. Reviews case reports of prisoners to recommend parole, vocational training, transfer, psychiatric treatment, custody status, or other disposition according to findings. Directs workers engaged in maintenance of inmate records. Confers with other members of prison staff to coordinate all program activities in conformity with prison routine and security requirements. Prepares and delivers speeches to promote understanding of prison services and characteristics of offenders.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Directs administration of state financial responsibility law requiring deposit of surety bonds by uninsured motorists involved in highway accidents: Coordinates activities of personnel engaged in compiling and analyzing personal injury and property damage reports and related data to determine applicability of law and amount of surety deposit required for compliance. Formulates or interprets regulations and policies for implementation by staff and to supply information to attorneys and litigants in accident cases. Coordinates activities of workers engaged in preparing receipts for surety deposits, making disbursements and refunds, and forwarding deposits to appropriate state office. Notifies motor vehicle licensing officials of motorists' failure to meet requirements of law to facilitate license revocation or other official action. Recommends changes in law to remove inequities and maintain surety requirements consistent with trends in accident statistics and jury damage awards.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

188.167-034 DIRECTOR, SAFETY COUNCIL (government ser.)

    Directs activities of State Highway Safety Council to promote driver education and safety of roads and vehicles: Directs workers engaged in compilation of traffic safety statistics, such as fatalities and injuries, causes of accidents, and characteristics of drivers involved in accidents. Evaluates statistics according to accepted statistical analysis procedures and formulates plans for improving driver education and highway engineering. Prepares or directs workers engaged in preparation of pamphlets, advertisements, radio commercials, and other educational materials concerned with highway safety. Delivers speeches and participates in public forums and broadcasts to educate motorists in safety habits. Confers with officials of other departments, such as state police and highway engineering and with national safety leaders to coordinate program activities. Recommends changes in legislation and highway user regulations to improve safety conditions.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-038 DIRECTOR, SECURITIES AND REAL ESTATE (government ser.)

    Directs activities of state department governing securities and real estate transactions: Interprets laws regarding transactions and recommends action by law enforcement agencies or appropriate state board. Investigates applications for registration of securities sales. Investigates complaints of fraudulent or irregular transactions and recommends legal action if necessary. Prepares agenda and participates in meetings with Securities Commission and Board of Real Estate Examiners to discuss pending cases and present or future problems. Directs workers engaged in publishing manuals, bulletins, and reports for information of dealers, brokers, and public. Conducts educational classes and approves written examinations required of applicants for registration and licenses.
GOE: 11.10.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-042 DIRECTOR, STATE-ASSESSED PROPERTIES (government ser.)

    Directs local or statewide program of real estate and property assessment equalization to facilitate adjustments in tax base and rates resulting from changes in property values: Devises procedures for compiling, computing, and analyzing valuation data according to knowledge of statistical principles and accepted valuation theories [VALUATION ENGINEER (profess. & kin.)]. Assigns APPRAISERS (government ser.) to interview industrial, commercial, and residential property owners and inspect properties in prescribed areas to obtain current valuation data. Directs personnel engaged in assembling and analyzing data into statistical groupings to facilitate comparisons with previous assessments. Prepares or directs preparation of reports and graphs to illustrate findings. Derives assessment equalization factors from computed data according to accepted valuation principles and knowledge of real estate market relationships. Allocates expected revenue among state tax districts according to computations and departmental regulations. Recommends changes in valuation procedures, tax rates, and tax policy to appropriate officials. Represents tax commission at meetings of boards of equalization, at tax appeal hearings, and in court.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-046 DISTRICT CUSTOMS DIRECTOR, DEPUTY (government ser.)

    Directs and coordinates activities of customs collection district personnel and cooperates with officials of other government agencies to enforce federal customs laws and collections, under supervision of DISTRICT CUSTOMS DIRECTOR (government ser.): Dictates correspondence and prepares or verifies district reports. Answers inquiries of confidential or technical nature. Confers with officials of other government agencies to effect mutual cooperation in enforcement activities. Reviews civil case reports on customs violations to determine disposition. Schedules training and work assignments. Serves as consultant to DISTRICT CUSTOMS DIRECTOR (government ser.).
GOE: 11.10.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-050 ELECTION ASSISTANT (government ser.) alternate titles: election supervisor

    Directs compliance with official election procedures throughout state and recommends procedural changes to improve efficiency and equity of voting: Participates in training election workers and advising local election officials prior to elections. Directs workers engaged in printing ballots and conducting of censuses, elections, and referendums. Studies election laws in other states and jurisdictions to recommend changes in procedures governing registration, filing, voting, reporting, and other requirements. Alters official legislative procedures as manual recommendations are accepted by legislature.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-054 FEDERAL AID COORDINATOR (government ser.)

    Coordinates project activities to ensure administrative efficiency and compliance with federal laws, regulations, and standards and directs disbursement of federal funds and administration of federal projects to implement fish and wildlife conservation programs in state: Analyzes conservation problems and needs in state to recommend or authorize establishment of conservation programs. Confers with conservation officials to provide coordination of project and liaison between federal and state authorities. Reviews accounting records and authorizes reimbursement of project funds to state. Prepares budget estimates for activities and projects.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-058 MANAGER, OFFICE (government ser.)

    Manages local, district, or regional office of governmental agency or department to provide public or other individuals with designated services, or implement laws, codes, programs, or policies prescribed by legislative bodies: Reviews official directives and correspondence to ascertain such data as changes prescribed in agency programs, policies, and procedures, and new assignments or responsibilities delegated to office. Confers with subordinate supervisory personnel and reads staff reports and records to obtain data, such as status of on-going work or projects, cases and investigations pending, indications of probable conclusions, and projected completion dates. Plans office activities and work projects and assigns unit supervisory personnel responsibility for carrying out and completing specific projects and duties. Coordinates activities of various office units in order to provide designated functions or services with minimum delay and optimum efficiency and accuracy. Informs supervisory personnel of changes or interpretations of laws, codes, programs, policies, or procedures. Conducts staff meetings for dissemination of pertinent information. Trains and evaluates performance of supervisory personnel and reviews performance reports prepared on staff. Prepares reports on office activities required by agency. May be designated according to type of office and agency or department managed or by type of work performed by office staff.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 79

188.167-062 PARK SUPERINTENDENT (government ser.) alternate titles: supervisory park ranger

    Coordinates activities of PARK RANGERS (government ser.) and other workers engaged in development, protection, and utilization of national, state, or regional park: Tours areas to assess development possibilities and determine maintenance needs. Prepares estimates of costs to plan and provide or improve fish and wildlife protection, recreation, and visitor safety. Selects, trains, and supervises PARK RANGERS (government ser.). Directs workers engaged in rescue activities and fire suppression in park area. Investigates accidents, vandalism, theft, poaching, and other violations and presents evidence before court or designated legal authority. Answers letters of inquiry and addresses visitors and civic organizations to inform public of park regulations and available recreational facilities, and to point out historical, and scenic features of park. Prepares reports of area activities. May maintain records of attendance, permits issued, and monies received.
GOE: 04.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-066 POSTMASTER (government ser.)

    Coordinates activities of workers engaged in postal and related work in assigned post office: Organizes and supervises directly, or through subordinates, such activities as processing incoming and outgoing mail; issuing and cashing money orders; selling stamps, bonds and certificates; and collecting box rents to ensure efficient service to patrons. Resolves customer complaints and informs public of postal laws and regulations. Confers with suppliers to obtain bids for proposed purchases, requisitions supplies, and disburses funds as specified by law. Prepares and submits detailed and summary reports of post office activities to designated superior. Selects, trains, and evaluates performance of employees and prepares work schedules. May perform or participate in post office activities depending on size of post office. ay plan and implement labor relations program. May confer with employees to negotiate labor disputes.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-070 RELOCATION COMMISSIONER (government ser.) alternate titles: commissioner of relocation services

    Directs relocation program to assist individuals and businesses affected by condemnation proceedings necessary to public improvement programs, such as highway or flood-control projects: Confers with individuals and businesses to ascertain necessary action. Analyzes housing data to determine availability, values, trends, and existing rental and zoning patterns. Coordinates plans to effect relocation of homes, businesses, or other property affected by improvement. Prepares program budget. May arrange moving of houses, fences, and other improvements. May arrange drilling of wells and construction of foundations for affected residents.
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 79

188.167-074 REVENUE OFFICER (government ser.)

    Investigates and collects delinquent federal taxes and secures delinquent tax returns from individuals or business firms according to prescribed laws and regulations: Investigates delinquent tax cases referred by agency investigators, as well as leads found in newspapers, trade journals, and public stockbroker records. Confers with individuals or business representatives by telephone, correspondence, or in person to determine amount of delinquent taxes and enforce collection. Examines and analyzes tax assets and liabilities to determine solution for resolving tax problem. Selects appropriate remedy for delinquent taxes when necessary, such as part-payment agreements, offers of compromise, or seizure and sale of property. Directs service of legal documents, such as subpoenas, warrants, notices of assessment, and garnishments. Recommends criminal prosecutions and civil penalties when necessary. Writes reports of determinations and actions taken for departmental files. (Workers who examine and audit tax records to determine tax liabilities are defined under title REVENUE AGENT (government ser.).
GOE: 11.10.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-078 ROADS SUPERVISOR (government ser.)

    Directs construction and maintenance of roads or streets within jurisdiction: Assures that work is in conformity with federal and state standards, accepted principles of design and engineering, and available funds. Addresses meetings of realtors, citizens, members of financial community, and other interested parties to explain plans and activities of department.
GOE: 05.02.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-082 SECRETARY OF STATE (government ser.)

    Directs and coordinates activities of Secretary of State office to assist Executive and Legislative Branches of State Government under authority of state statutory and constitutional provisions: Directs activities of workers engaged in preserving records of official acts performed by Governor and Legislative bodies. Directs distribution of laws, resolutions, and other official state documents. Examines corporate articles or corporate statements of qualification to approve or disallow petitions for incorporation, amendments to corporate articles, dissolutions, and agreements of merger or consolidation. Administers Uniform Commercial Code to protect secured interest of retail merchants and lending institutions. Approves licensing of notaries public. Receives for processing, recording, and filing documents, such as deeds to state lands, claims to fraternal names and insignia, manuscripts, oaths of office, organization and boundaries of public districts, administrative rules and regulations adopted by state agencies, and statements of trust receipt financing. Directs activities involved in preserving historical documents and public records in state archives. May interpret and enforce election laws. May tabulate and certify accuracy of election returns.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-086 SECTIONAL CENTER MANAGER, POSTAL SERVICE (government ser.)

    Directs and coordinates operational, management, and supportive services of associate post offices within district area known as sectional center: Plans and implements facility programs in accordance with regional and national policy and to meet established objectives for providing efficient and effective postal services. Approves operating budgets of associate post offices. Directs such supportive services as personnel administration, finance, safety, and plant and vehicle maintenance. Participates in selecting, training, and removing POSTMASTERS (government ser.) and top level management of associate postal units. Provides postal information to news media, business representatives, and local governmental agencies. ay direct and coordinate operations of various sectional centers within a district and be designated District Manager, Postal Service (government ser.).
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-090 SPECIAL AGENT, CUSTOMS (government ser.) alternate titles: criminal investigator, customs

    Investigates persons, common carriers, and merchandise, arriving in or departing from the United States, to protect government and business interests and prevent irregular or prohibited importing and exporting: Develops sources of information to complete investigations of customs violations. Examines private and public records, interrogates and investigates persons, and uses technical and scientific devices to establish facts, verify data, and secure legal evidence. Determines investigative and arrest or seizure techniques to be used and directs activities of assisting agents. Analyzes and assembles facts and evidence. Seizes contraband, vehicles, and air or sea craft suspected of carrying smuggled merchandise. Arrests violators of customs and related laws. Institutes civil and criminal prosecutions. Investigates applications for duty refunds. Petitions for remission or mitigation of penalties. Testifies in administrative and judicial proceedings. Coordinates activities with other federal or state agencies to enforce customs and related laws. May be required to carry weapon.
GOE: 04.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77


    Directs and coordinates vocational work programs in governmental correctional institution: Confers with administrative and supervisory staff of prison to schedule work programs consistent with security regulations, maintenance needs, and established vocational policy. Interviews and assigns inmates to vocational rehabilitation programs or work details in conformity with their education, previous skills, and available facilities of institution. Plans production assignments to meet output requirements and vocational instruction schedule. Establishes production standards and plans layout according to capacity of equipment, qualifications of staff, and procurement specifications of customers for prison-made products. Inspects equipment and facilities to recommend maintenance and replacement of obsolete machinery. Inventories and requisitions supplies to maintain efficient production. May prepare design drawings for production, according to customer specifications. May negotiate with purchasers to conclude contracts for manufactured products. May evaluate adequacy of vocational instruction and recommend changes in established curriculum, policies, and standards.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-098 SUPERINTENDENT, SANITATION (government ser.) alternate titles: director, sanitation bureau

    Plans and directs establishment of collection routes and assignment of personnel and equipment: Coordinates activities of workers concerned with sewage treatment, recycling or incineration plants, and landfill activities of disposal sites. Conducts field inspections to evaluate efficiency of sanitation program and to determine that residents are adhering to regulations. Notifies individuals of violations and initiates actions to obtain compliance with regulations. Supervises workers engaged in investigation of complaints and collection of delinquent accounts, where user assessments are imposed. Supervises persons engaged in preparation of cost and operational reports and compiles budget estimates for review and approval of authorities. Confers with engineering and other technical personnel to advise and assist in development, design, and installation of sanitation facilities. Prepares material such as handbills or press releases to keep public informed of changes in regulations. May direct one phase of sanitation services, as recycling, incineration, or sewage treatment, and be designated Superintendent, Refuse Disposal (government ser.); Superintendent, Sewage-Treatment (government ser.).
GOE: 05.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-102 TRAFFIC-SAFETY ADMINISTRATOR (government ser.)

    Directs traffic-safety program of municipality in accord with accident and traffic data compiled by subordinates. Plans and directs safety campaigns and coordinates activities of auxiliaries such as volunteer school-crossing personnel and motorist groups pledged to safety. Administers tests to determine driving proficiency and attitude of municipal employees. Keeps files of accident reports and maps accident locations to facilitate corrective measures.
GOE: 11.07.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

188.167-106 UNCLAIMED PROPERTY OFFICER (government ser.)

    Directs activities of state unclaimed property disposal office: Directs, through subordinates, search for owners of unclaimed property, such as abandoned automobiles, cash, or property of deceased individuals leaving no known heirs. Receives and directs processing of recovery claims, according to results of investigation or other evidence of ownership. Authorizes deposit of unclaimed property in trust fund or arranges for public auctions, depending upon nature of property.
GOE: 11.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

188.167-110 PLANNER, PROGRAM SERVICES (government ser.)

    Conducts studies, prepares reports, and advises public and private sector administrators on feasibility, cost-effectiveness, and regulatory conformance of proposals for special projects or ongoing programs in such fields as transportation, conservation, or health care: Consults with administrators or planning councils to discuss overall intent of programs or projects, and determines broad guidelines for studies, utilizing knowledge of subject area, research techniques, and regulatory limitations. Reviews and evaluates materials provided with proposals, such as environmental impact statements, construction specifications, or budget or staffing estimates, to determine additional data requirements. Conducts field investigations, economic or public opinion surveys, demographic studies, or other research to gather required information. Organizes data from all sources, using statistical methods to ensure validity of materials. Evaluates information to determine feasibility of proposals or to identify factors requiring amendment. Develops alternate plans for program or project, incorporating recommendations, for review of officials. Maintains collection of socioeconomic, environmental, and regulatory data related to agency functions, for use by planning and administrative personnel in government and private sectors. Reviews plans and proposals submitted by other governmental planning commissions or private organizations to assist in formulation of overall plans for region.
GOE: 11.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

188.217-010 COMMISSIONER OF CONCILIATION (government ser.)

    Conducts conference of employer and employee representatives to analyze and resolve labor disputes, as directed by federal government: Contacts parties in labor controversy and arranges meeting. Compiles all information on disagreement and determines points at issue, according to knowledge of labor, business, and government responsibilities under law and precedent. Attempts reconciliation of opposing claims and demands by ascertaining and exposing facts, by suggesting concessions, or by proposing adoption of new procedures. Prepares reports of cases, findings, and recommendations for resolving issues.
GOE: 11.04.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77


    This group includes miscellaneous managers and officials, not elsewhere classified.

189.117-010 ASSOCIATION EXECUTIVE (profess. & kin.)

    Directs and coordinates activities of professional or trade association in accordance with established policies to further achievement of goals, objectives, and standards of profession or association: Directs research surveys, compilation, and analysis of factors, such as average income, benefits, standards, and common problems of profession, for presentation to association committees for action. Confers with officers to ensure that membership roster is current and complete and that members receive equal treatment regarding services and information provided by Board. Directs or participates in preparation of educational and informative materials for presentation to membership or public in newsletters, magazines, news releases, or on radio or television. Provides information and technical assistance to members, clients of members, or public, relating to business operations. Represents association in negotiations with representatives of government, business, labor, and other organizations, and holds news conferences, delivers speeches, and appears before legislative bodies to present association's viewpoints and encourage acceptance of goals and objectives. Oversees finances of Board of Directors, including preparation of long range forecast and monthly and annual budget reports. Plans, develops, and implements new programs and ideas, and confers with committee leaders to evaluate services and recommend methods to promote and increase membership involvement. Directs and coordinates association functions, such as conventions, exhibits, or local or regional workshops, to present membership with committee proposals on goals or objectives, familiarize membership or public with new technology or products, and increase public acceptance of membership objectives. Prepares and updates procedural manual. ay conduct investigations on members' professional ethics, competence, or conduct, or financial responsibility of members to enforce quasi-legal standards of membership. May visit members' businesses to maintain goodwill, to encourage greater participation in organization activities, and to offer assistance to businesses experiencing reverses. May be designated according to area of responsibility or activity directed as Director Of Publications (profess. & kin.); Executive Secretary (profess. & kin.); Membership Secretary (profess. & kin.); Representative, Government Relations (profess. & kin.); Research Director (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 11.05.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 88

189.117-014 DIRECTOR, RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT (any industry) alternate titles: manager, product development; manager, research and development; manufacturing engineer, chief

    Directs and coordinates research and development activities for organizational products, services, or ideologies: Plans and formulates aspects of research and development proposals, such as objective or purpose of project, applications that can be utilized from findings, costs of project, and equipment and human resource requirements. Reviews and analyzes proposals submitted to determine if benefits derived and possible applications justify expenditures. Approves and submits proposals considered feasible to management for consideration and allocation of funds or allocates funds from department budget. Develops and implements methods and procedures for monitoring projects, such as preparation of records of expenditures and research findings, progress reports, and staff conferences, in order to inform management of current status of each project. May recruit, hire, and train department staff, evaluate staff performance, and develop goals and objectives for staff. May negotiate contracts with consulting firms to perform research studies. May specialize in one type of research and be designated Director, Marketing Research and Analysis (profess. & kin); Director, Product Research and Development (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 05.01.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 88

189.117-018 MANAGER, CUSTOMER TECHNICAL SERVICES (profess. & kin.)

    Directs and coordinates activities of department in manufacturing establishment concerned with providing customers technical services in conjunction with marketing activities: Coordinates technical liaison services between management, production department, sales department, and customers with newly developed techniques or practices in processing company products, and to inform customers of new types, specifications, and end-uses of products. Confers with production department managers to assist in specific classification of products from quality assurance position, report on new product or process technology of competitors, and to discuss new specifications required by customers. Directs investigation of customer complaints regarding quality, tolerances, specifications, and delivered condition of products. Records, analyzes, and informs concerned personnel of production quality assurance, and sales departments of status and disposition of customer complaints and claims. Negotiates settlement of claims, for which company is responsible, within limits prescribed by management. May survey potential markets for increasing sales.
GOE: 05.02.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

189.117-022 MANAGER, INDUSTRIAL ORGANIZATION (any industry) alternate titles: general manager, industrial organization; manager, general; plant superintendent, industrial organization

    Directs and coordinates activities of industrial organization to obtain optimum efficiency and economy of operations and maximize profits: Plans and develops organization policies and goals, and implements goals through subordinate administrative personnel. Coordinates activities of divisions or departments, such as operating, manufacturing, engineering, planning, sales, maintenance, or research and development, to effect operational efficiency and economy. Directs and coordinates promotion of products manufactured or services performed to develop new markets, increase share of market, and obtain competitive position in industry. Analyzes division or department budget requests to identify areas in which reductions can be made, and allocates operating budget. Confers with administrative personnel, and reviews activity, operating, and sales reports to determine changes in programs or operations required. Directs preparation of directives to division or department administrator outlining policy, program, or operations changes to be implemented. Promotes organization in industry, manufacturing or trade associations. Workers are usually identified according to industry in which employed, such as petroleum production or refining, iron and steel, electrical equipment; type of organization, such as air, rail, motor or water transportation; or type of product, such as paper, chemical, or plastics products.
GOE: 11.05.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

189.117-026 PRESIDENT (any industry)

    Plans, develops, and establishes policies and objectives of business organization in accordance with board directives and corporation charter: Confers with company officials to plan business objectives, to develop organizational policies to coordinate functions and operations between divisions and departments, and to establish responsibilities and procedures for attaining objectives. Reviews activity reports and financial statements to determine progress and status in attaining objectives and revises objectives and plans in accordance with current conditions. Directs and coordinates formulation of financial programs to provide funding for new or continuing operations to maximize returns on investments, and to increase productivity. Plans and develops industrial, labor, and public relations policies designed to improve company's image and relations with customers, employees, stockholders, and public. Evaluates performance of executives for compliance with established policies and objectives of firm and contributions in attaining objectives. May preside over board of directors. May serve as chairman of committees, such as management, executive, engineering, and sales.
GOE: 11.05.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

189.117-030 PROJECT DIRECTOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: project manager

    Plans, directs, and coordinates activities of designated project to ensure that goals or objectives of project are accomplished within prescribed time frame and funding parameters: Reviews project proposal or plan to determine time frame, funding limitations, procedures for accomplishing project, staffing requirements, and allotment of available resources to various phases of project. Establishes work plan and staffing for each phase of project, and arranges for recruitment or assignment of project personnel. Confers with project staff to outline workplan and to assign duties, responsibilities, and scope of authority. Directs and coordinates activities of project personnel to ensure project progresses on schedule and within prescribed budget. Reviews status reports prepared by project personnel and modifies schedules or plans as required. Prepares project reports for management, client, or others. Confers with project personnel to provide technical advice and to resolve problems. May coordinate project activities with activities of government regulatory or other governmental agencies. See PROJECT ENGINEER (profess. & kin.) 019.167-014 for engineering projects.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 81

189.117-034 VICE PRESIDENT (any industry)

    Directs and coordinates activities of one or more departments, such as engineering, operations, or sales, or major division of business organization, and aids chief administrative officer in formulating and administering organization policies: Participates in formulating and administering company policies and developing long range goals and objectives. Directs and coordinates activities of department or division for which responsibility is delegated to further attainment of goals and objectives. Reviews analyses of activities, costs, operations, and forecast data to determine department or division progress toward stated goals and objectives. Confers with chief administrative officer and other administrative personnel to review achievements and discuss required changes in goals or objectives resulting from current status and conditions. ay perform duties of PRESIDENT (any industry) 189.117-026 during absence. May serve as member of management committees on special studies.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 88


    Directs activities of information systems group engaged in designing, developing, implementing, and maintaining worldwide integrated finance and accounting system utilized by multinational organization: Studies and analyzes general plan proposal, confers with corporate officials to obtain details of general plan, and obtains systems requirements from corporate and international accounting and management personnel to compile raw data for plan development. Develops methods and procedures for project accomplishment, applying knowledge of foreign monetary and tax systems and international accounting conventions. Prepares specifications documenting systems and project requirements, including time frame, staffing, activity schedule, and methods and procedures. Interprets international finance and accounting policies and procedures to provide coding assistance to others engaged in systems design and coding. Oversees entering of source data and programs into computer, analyzes output to identify existence and nature of problems, and orders indicated corrections to design or program. Writes procedures manuals for users, reflecting and adapting individual accounting conventions and monetary and tax systems into overall integrated system. Prepares training plan and trains user staff prior to implementation of system. Edits and audits financial and accounting reports to identify problems in installed system and initiates corrective measures.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

189.117-042 DIRECTOR, QUALITY ASSURANCE (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: director, product assurance

    Participates, as member of management team, in formulating and establishing organizational policies and operating procedures for company and develops, implements, and coordinates, through support staff and lower echelon managers, product assurance program to prevent or eliminate defects in new or existing products: Analyzes, evaluates, and presents information concerning factors, such as business situations, production capabilities, manufacturing problems, economic trends, and design and development of new products for consideration by other members of management team. Suggests and debates alternative methods and procedures in solving problems and meeting changing market opportunities. Cooperates with other top management personnel in formulating and establishing company policies, operating procedures, and goals. Develops initial and subsequent modifications of product assurance program to delineate areas of responsibility, personnel requirements, and operational procedures within program, according to and consistent with company goals and policies. Evaluates contents of reports from product assurance program department heads and confers with top management personnel preparatory to formulating fiscal budget for product assurance program. Conducts management meetings with product assurance program department heads to establish, delineate, and review program organizational policies, to coordinate functions and operations between departments, and to establish responsibilities and procedures for attaining objectives. Reviews technical problems and procedures of departments and recommends solutions to problems or changes in procedures. Visits and confers with representatives of material and component vendors to obtain information related to supply quality, capacity of vendor to meet orders, and vendor quality standards. Confers with engineers about quality assurance of new products designed and manufactured products on market to rectify problems. Reviews technical publications, articles, and abstracts to stay abreast of technical developments in industry.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

189.117-046 MANAGER, BAKERY (bakery products)

    Directs and coordinates activities involved with production, sale, and distribution of bakery products: Determines variety and quantity of bakery products to be produced, according to orders and sales projections. Develops budget for bakery operation, utilizing experience and knowledge of current market conditions. Directs sales activities, following standard business practices. Plans product distribution to customers, and negotiates with suppliers to arrange purchase and delivery of bakery supplies. Implements, through subordinate managerial personnel, policies to utilize human resources, machines, and materials productively. Hires and discharges employees. May train subordinates in all phases of bakery activities. May manage bakery that produces only specialty products, such as bagels or pastries. May manage bakery that sells products to general public. May prepare bakery products.
GOE: 11.05.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

189.157-010 BUSINESS-OPPORTUNITY-AND-PROPERTY-INVESTMENT BROKER (business ser.; real estate) alternate titles: business investor; property investor

    Buys and sells business enterprises or investment property on speculative or commission basis: Reviews trade journals, business opportunity advertisements, or other publications to ascertain business enterprises or investment property up for sale. Investigates financial rating of business, customer appeal for type of merchandise, and desirability of location for type of business, or condition and location of investment property. Estimates cost of improving business or property and potential market value to determine resale value. Purchases business or property on speculative basis or on commission basis for client. Repairs, remodels, or redecorates building; purchases competitive merchandise; and installs sound management practices to improve value of property or business acquisition. Contacts prospective clients through newspaper advertisements or mailing lists. Describes to client selling points of property or business, emphasizing such factors as improvements made and profit potential. Sells business or property to buyer and makes arrangements for escrow and title change. Must be licensed by state.
GOE: 08.01.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

189.167-010 CONSULTANT (profess. & kin.)

    Consults with client to define need or problem, conducts studies and surveys to obtain data, and analyzes data to advise on or recommend solution, utilizing knowledge of theory, principles, or technology of specific discipline or field of specialization: Consults with client to ascertain and define need or problem area, and determine scope of investigation required to obtain solution. Conducts study or survey on need or problem to obtain data required for solution. Analyzes data to determine solution, such as installation of alternate methods and procedures, changes in processing methods and practices, modification of machines or equipment, or redesign of products or services. Advises client on alternate methods of solving need or problem, or recommends specific solution. May negotiate contract for consulting service. May specialize in providing consulting service to government in field of specialization. May be designated according to field of specialization such as engineering or science discipline, economics, education, labor, or in specialized field of work as health services, social services, or investment services.
GOE: 11.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

189.167-014 DIRECTOR, SERVICE (retail trade) alternate titles: manager, operating and occupancy; superintendent, nonselling; superintendent, operating

    Directs operating and nonselling services, such as building maintenance, warehousing, and payroll, in department store: Controls expenditures for items, such as remodeling and repairing of building, upkeep of elevators and air-conditioning system, and repairing electrical system. Arranges for storage and display space for new merchandise. Acts as liaison for trucking company that delivers merchandise to customers. May hire and train new employees.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

189.167-018 MANAGEMENT TRAINEE (any industry)

    Performs assigned duties, under direction of experienced personnel, to gain knowledge and experience required for promotion to management positions: Receives training and performs duties in several departments, such as credit, customer relations, accounting, or sales, to become familiar with line and staff functions, operations, management viewpoints, and company policies and practices that affect each phase of business. Observes experienced workers to acquire knowledge of methods, procedures, and standards required for performance of departmental duties. Workers are usually trained in functions and operations of related departments to facilitate subsequent transferability between departments and to provide greater promotional opportunities. May be required to attend company-sponsored training classes.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 87

189.167-022 MANAGER, DEPARTMENT (any industry) alternate titles: department head; superintendent

    Directs and coordinates, through subordinate supervisors, department activities in commercial, industrial, or service establishment: Reviews and analyzes reports, records, and directives, and confers with supervisors to obtain data required for planning department activities, such as new commitments, status of work in progress, and problems encountered. Assigns, or delegates responsibility for, specified work or functional activities and disseminates policy to supervisors. Gives work directions, resolves problems, prepares schedules, and sets deadlines to ensure timely completion of work. Coordinates activities of department with related activities of other departments to ensure efficiency and economy. Monitors and analyzes costs and prepares budget, using computer. Prepares reports and records on department activities for management, using computer. Evaluates current procedures and practices for accomplishing department objectives to develop and implement improved procedures and practices. May initiate or authorize employee hire, promotion, discharge, or transfer. Workers are designated according to functions, activities, or type of department managed.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

189.167-026 MEMBERSHIP DIRECTOR (profess. & kin.)

    Organizes chapters of fraternal society, lodge, or similar organization and surveys conditions in branches already established: Contacts interested parties to present aims and ideals of organization. Coordinates group efforts in petitioning parent organization for charter and recognition. Advises societies or lodges having financial, organizational, and membership problems.
GOE: 11.09.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

189.167-030 PROGRAM MANAGER (profess. & kin.)

    Manages program to ensure that implementation and prescribed activities are carried out in accordance with specified objectives: Plans and develops methods and procedures for implementing program, directs and coordinates program activities, and exercises control over personnel responsible for specific functions or phases of program. Selects personnel according to knowledge and experience in area with which program is concerned, such as social or public welfare, education, economics, or public relations. Confers with staff to explain program and individual responsibilities for functions and phases of program. Directs and coordinates personally, or through subordinate managerial personnel, activities concerned with implementation and carrying out objectives of program. Reviews reports and records of activities to ensure progress is being accomplished toward specified program objective and modifies or changes methodology as required to redirect activities and attain objectives. Prepares program reports for superiors. Controls expenditures in accordance with budget allocations. May specialize in managing governmental programs set up by legislative body or directive and be designated Manager, Governmental Program (government ser.).
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

189.167-034 SECURITY OFFICER (any industry)

    Plans and establishes security procedures for company engaged in manufacturing products or processing data or material for federal government: Studies federal security regulations and restrictions relative to company operations. Directs activities of personnel in developing company security measures which comply with federal regulations. Consults with local, district, or other federal representatives for interpretation or application of particular regulations applying to company operations. Prepares security manual outlining and establishing measures and procedures for handling, storing, safekeeping, and destroying classified records and documents, and for granting company personnel or visitors access to classified material or entry into restricted areas. Directs and coordinates activities of personnel in revising or updating security measures due to new or revised regulations. May request deviations from restrictive regulations that interfere with normal operations. May interview and hire applicants to fill security guard vacancies.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 82


    Directs and coordinates, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities concerned with handling and storing ammunition, rockets, mines, and other explosive components at ammunition supply depot or arsenal: Reviews invoices and requisitions to plan work activities. Prepares schedules for storing incoming and issuing ammunition specifying magazine or bunker number for storing each type of ammunition, quantity to store in bunker or magazine, and numerical order of bunkers or magazines from which to issue requisitioned ammunition. Enforces, through subordinate personnel, worker compliance with established safety regulations, and method and procedures for handling and storing each type of ammunition. Inspects bunkers and magazines to ensure that automatic safeguards and control instrumentation are operative and security measures are in force. Prepares reports and correspondence and directs clerical personnel in typing reports and record keeping activities.
GOE: 05.02.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

189.167-042 SUPERINTENDENT, LABOR UTILIZATION (any industry)

    Directs and coordinates activities concerned with utilization and work of labor pool in industrial establishment: Inspects plant buildings, structures, and grounds and reviews human resource requests from other departments for workers to perform such work as cleaning tanks, digging ditches, or assisting craft workers, in order to plan labor pool utilization and establish priorities, projects, and schedules. Confers with subordinate supervisory personnel on status of on-going projects and number of workers required in order to determine allocation and assignment of human resources in labor pool. Assigns supervisory personnel and workers to perform work requested, complete on-going projects, or to assist craft workers, considering such factors as priority of project or work, type of work, and available human resources in labor pool. Inspects projects to ensure work performed meets standards and that workers are observing established safety rules and regulations for type of work being performed. Reassigns workers to meet unforeseen emergencies or work requests. Prepares activity reports on utilization of labor pool human resources, status of projects, and workers assigned work with other departments.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

189.167-046 SUPERINTENDENT, MAINTENANCE (any industry)

    Directs and coordinates, through subordinate supervisory personnel, activities of workers engaged in repair, maintenance, and installation of machines, tools, and equipment, and in maintenance of buildings, grounds, and utility systems of mill, industrial plant, or other establishment: Reviews job orders to determine work priorities. Schedules repair, maintenance, and installation of machines, tools, and equipment to ensure continuous production operations. Coordinates activities of workers fabricating or modifying machines, tools, or equipment to manufacture new products or improve existing products. Directs maintenance activities on utility systems to provide continuous supply of heat, steam, electric power, gas, or air required for operations. Develops preventive maintenance program in conjunction with engineering and maintenance staff. Reviews production, quality control, and maintenance reports and statistics to plan and modify maintenance activities. Inspects operating machines and equipment for conformance with operational standards. Plans, develops, and implements new methods and procedures designed to improve operations, minimize operating costs, and effect greater utilization of labor and materials. Reviews new product plans and discusses equipment needs and modifications with design engineers. Requisitions tools, equipment, and supplies required for operations. Directs training and indoctrination of workers to improve work performance and acquaint workers with company policies and procedures. Confers with management, engineering, and quality control personnel to resolve maintenance problems and recommend measures to improve operations and conditions of machines and equipment. May confer with workers' representatives to resolve grievances. May perform supervisory functions in establishments where subordinate supervisory personnel are not utilized. ay prepare department budget and monitor expenditure of funds in budget.
GOE: 05.05.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

189.167-050 SUPERINTENDENT, PLANT PROTECTION (any industry) alternate titles: protection chief, industrial plant; security manager

    Directs personnel involved in establishing, promoting, and maintaining firm's security and property-protection programs: Establishes and supervises through subordinates, operational procedures for activities, such as fire prevention and firefighting, traffic control, guarding and patrolling physical property, orienting and monitoring of personnel involved with classified information, and investigation of accidents and criminal acts. Confers with representatives of management to formulate policies, determine need for programs, and coordinate programs with plant activities. Confers with representatives of local government to ensure cooperation and coordination of plant activities with law enforcement and firefighting agencies. ay direct activities of workers involved in industrial safety programs. May direct activities of workers engaged in performing building maintenance and janitorial services.
GOE: 11.05.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

189.167-054 SECURITY CONSULTANT (business ser.; personal ser.)

    Plans, directs, and oversees implementation of comprehensive security systems for protection of individuals and homes, and business, commercial, and industrial organizations, and investigates various crimes against client: Inspects premises to determine security needs. Studies physical conditions, observes activities, and confers with client's staff to obtain data regarding internal operations. Analyzes compiled data and plans and directs installation of electronic security systems, such as closed circuit surveillance, entry controls, burglar alarms, ultrasonic motion detectors, electric eyes, and outdoor perimeter and microwave alarms. Directs installation and checks operation of electronic security equipment. Plans and directs personal security and safety of individual, family, or group for contracted period. Provides bulletproof limousine and bodyguards to ensure client protection during trips and outings. Suggests wearing bulletproof vest when appropriate. Plans and reviews client travel itinerary, mode of transportation, and accommodations. Travels with client and directs security operations. Investigates crimes committed against client, such as fraud, robbery, arson, and patent infringement. Reviews personnel records of client staff and conducts background investigation of selected members to obtain personal histories, character references, and financial status. Conducts or directs surveillance of suspects and premises to apprehend culprits. Notifies client of security weaknesses and implements procedures for handling, storing, safekeeping, and destroying classified materials. Reports criminal information to authorities and testifies in court.
GOE: 04.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

189.267-010 FIELD REPRESENTATIVE (profess. & kin.)

    Reviews and evaluates program operations of national or state affiliated or nonaffiliated social service agency or organization, or community group to provide assistance and services in achieving goals: Interprets standards and program goals of national or state agency to assist local boards, committees, groups, or agencies in establishing program goals and standards. Confers with community councils to advise members on matters relating to program. Evaluates capabilities of local or community agencies or groups to achieve goals, considering such factors as administration and program finances, facilities and personnel staffing, and changing community needs. Prepares reports to inform national or state agency on conditions in local agencies or organizations and developing trends in local communities. May organize or conduct training or staff development programs. May organize regional meetings. May plan or conduct studies or surveys of local agency operation. May assist communities in establishing new local affiliates or programs. May confer with field representatives of other national agencies.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77


    This division includes miscellaneous occupations concerned with professional, technical, and managerial work.


    This group includes occupations, not elsewhere classified, concerned with representing clients in business operations; and determining value, quantity, or quality of a product, property, or object. Included are those classified in one group as both agents and appraisers.

191.117-010 ARTIST'S MANAGER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: artist's representative; artist consultant; personal agent; personal manager; talent agent

    Manages affairs of entertainers by participating in negotiations with agents and others concerning contracts and business matters affecting clients' interests, and advises clients on career development and advancement: Represents client in negotiations with officials of unions, motion picture or television studios, theatrical productions, or entertainment house, for favorable contracts and financial fees to be received for engagements. Advises client concerning contracts, wardrobe, and effective presentation of act, according to knowledge of show business. Procures services of professional personnel in particular phase of show business to create or design format of original act, or prepare special material for new act to advance client's career. anages business details of tours and engagements, such as obtaining reservations for transportation and hotel accommodations, and making disbursements for road expenses. Represents client in public contacts, such as handling fan mail, telephone inquiries, and requests for personal appearances. ay audition new talent for representation purposes. May procure bookings for clients.
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.117-014 BOOKING MANAGER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: booker; booking agent

    Books performers, theatrical or ballet productions, variety or nightclub acts, concert or lecture series, trade shows, or other popular or classical attractions for entertainment in various establishments, such as theaters, showplaces, clubs, or halls: Schedules attractions for season, considering such factors as entertainment policy, budget, and tastes of patrons of particular establishment represented. Negotiates with booking representatives or producers of attractions to arrange terms of contract, play dates, and fees to be paid for engagements. Auditions new talent. Arranges for billing in accordance with contract agreement. Books motion pictures for exhibit into theater chains or independent houses. Selects and rents pictures to be exhibited on basis of potential box-office sales, cast of players, advertising allotment allowed by distributor, and similar factors. May specialize in in-house bookings and be designated according to establishment as Concert Or Lecture Hall Manager (amuse. & rec.); Showplace Manager (amuse. & rec.). May specialize in independent bookings and be designated according to type of talent or of entertainment package represented and placed as Artists' Booking Representative (amuse. & rec.); Theatrical Variety Agent (amuse. & rec.). May specialize in rental and distribution of motion pictures and be designated Film Booker (amuse. & rec.). May represent popular or rock musical groups only and be designated Band Booker (amuse. & rec.). When sponsoring, managing, and producing an entertainment, may be designated Impresario (amuse. & rec.).
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

191.117-018 BUSINESS MANAGER (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: business agent

    Manages financial affairs of entertainers and negotiates with agents and representatives for contracts and appearances: Negotiates with officials of unions, motion picture or television studios, stage productions, or entertainment houses for contracts and financial return to be received for engagements. Promotes client's interests by advising on income, investments, taxes, legal, and other financial matters. Provides liaison between client and representatives concerning contractual rights and obligations to settle contracts. Summarizes statements on periodic basis concerning client's investments, property, and financial status.
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.117-022 CIRCUS AGENT (amuse. & rec.)

    Plans and arranges route of circus for following season, coordinating date and location schedules: Obtains information about facilities of new locations to determine feasibility of presenting show. Consults with circus officials to arrange route and obtain approval of tour. Schedules dates of performance for each location, taking into consideration length of travel time to transport circus from one location to another, climatic conditions, budget, and previous year's attendance records. Rearranges tour in event of unexpected occurrences.
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.117-026 JOCKEY AGENT (amuse. & rec.)

    Represents riders of race horses in negotiations with owners to arrange for riding engagements at racetrack: Contacts riders to ascertain races and dates they are available for hire. Confers with owners of horses scheduled to race to inform them of riders available. Negotiates with owners for riding fees. Records name of owner, horse, date, and number of race in engagement book. Notifies riders of contracted engagements, and terms agreed on. Notifies riders to report to owner for briefing on horse's temperament and behavior, and other riding instructions. Collects hiring fees from riders.
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

191.117-030 LEASE BUYER (mine & quarry; petrol. & gas) alternate titles: leaser

    Contacts landowners and representatives of other oil or coal producing firms to negotiate agreements, such as leases, options, and royalty contracts covering oil or coal exploration, drilling, and producing activities in specified oil or coal fields: Discusses and draws up unitization agreements (pooling oil and gas production from wells located in same field with other oil producers). Discusses land leases and options and royalty payments with landowners and obtains signatures to documents. Applies knowledge of company policies and local, state, and federal laws relating to petroleum or coal leases to prepare agreements. May examine abstracts to verify clearance of title to oil or coal properties and write purchase orders and bank checks to satisfy requirements of leases, agreements, and contracts [TITLE CLERK (petrol. & gas; petrol. refin.; pipe lines)].
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.117-034 LITERARY AGENT (business ser.) alternate titles: author's agent; writer's representative

    Markets clients' manuscripts to editors, publishers, and other buyers: Reads and appraises manuscripts and suggests revisions. Contacts prospective purchaser of material, basing selection upon knowledge of market and specific content of manuscript. Negotiates contract between publisher and client. Usually works on commission basis.
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.117-038 MANAGER, TOURING PRODUCTION (amuse. & rec.) alternate titles: manager, theatrical production; manager, touring

    Travels with and manages business affairs of theatrical company on tour: Completes various arrangements, such as contracting union agreements, hiring stage hands, and procuring legal permits for performance. Approves budgetary items for advertising and promotional purposes. Audits box-office receipts and files accounting statements according to legal requirements. May compile payroll records and distribute paychecks. When coordinating business affairs of first touring company on road, may be designated Company Manager (amuse. & rec.). When managing second and third road show companies, may be designated Road Manager (amuse. & rec.).
GOE: 11.11.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Negotiates permits with property owners to allow prospecting, surveying, and testing for petroleum and gas deposits: Searches public records to determine legal ownerships of proposed exploration sites. Precedes prospecting party to area and interviews local authorities and landowners to determine legal and highway regulations and to draw up trespass agreements. Draws sketches of prospecting locations and terrain to be traversed. Drives stakes in ground to indicate locations of shot holes and recording instruments for use in surveying land and conducting seismic, magnetic, and gravity tests.
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

191.117-046 RIGHT-OF-WAY AGENT (any industry) alternate titles: claims agent, right-of-way; permit agent

    Negotiates with property owners and public officials to secure purchase or lease of land and right-of-way for utility lines, pipelines, and other construction projects: Determines roads, bridges, and utility systems that must be maintained during construction. Negotiates with landholders for access routes and restoration of roads and surfaces. May examine public records to determine ownership and property rights. May be required to know property law.
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.117-050 RIGHT-OF-WAY SUPERVISOR (any industry) alternate titles: supervisor, permits, easements, and right-of-way

    Coordinates activities of field agents and contacts property owners and public officials to obtain permits and easements or to purchase right-of-way for utility lines, pipelines, and other construction projects: Directs activities involved in search of city and county records to ascertain ownership of properties, and disposition of rights along streets, alleys, and highways. Interprets company policy for RIGHT-OF-WAY AGENTS (any industry) regarding purchase of property, or payments and terms of agreements for permits and easements to install facilities on property belonging to other parties. Purchases or directs acquisition of right-of-way or obtaining permits, licenses, and agreements. Settles claims for property or crop damage resulting from construction activities. Releases information to public regarding right-of-way agreements and arranges for modification or release of existing agreements. May direct activities of surveying crews in surveying right-of-way and lines for new construction.
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

191.157-010 PAWNBROKER (retail trade)

    Estimates pawn or pledge value of articles, such as jewelry, cameras, and musical instruments, and lends money to customer: Examines article to determine condition and worth. Weighs gold or silver articles on coin scales or employs acid tests to determine carat content and purity to verify value of articles. Inspects diamonds and other gems for flaws and color, using loupe (magnifying glass). Assigns pledge value to article based on knowledge of values or listing of wholesale prices. Rejects articles in unsatisfactory condition or having no pledge value. Issues pledge tickets and keeps record of loans. Computes interest when pledges are redeemed or extended. Sells unredeemed pledged items. May examine customer's identification and record thumbprints for police reports. May testify in court proceedings involving stolen merchandise.
GOE: 08.01.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

191.167-010 ADVANCE AGENT (amuse. & rec.)

    Coordinates business and promotional activities concerned with production of entertainment in advance of touring theatrical company, circus, road show, motion picture, or other attraction: Inspects performance location and reports condition, and if stage presentation, inspects equipment and accommodations of theatre, such as size of stage, seating capacity, and number of dressing rooms. Completes business details, such as advance sale of tickets and lodging for members of touring group. Purchases advertising space or spot announcements in newspapers, radio and television, and other media. Distributes posters, signs, and other displays to stimulate interest in coming attraction and promote box-office sales [PUBLIC-RELATIONS REPRESENTATIVE (profess. & kin.)].
GOE: 11.12.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.167-014 CLAIM AGENT (petrol. & gas; pipe lines)

    Interviews property holders and adjusts damage claims resulting from activities connected with prospecting, drilling, and production of oil and gas, and laying of pipelines on private property: Examines titles to property to determine their validity and acts as company agent in transactions with property owners. Investigates and assesses damage to crops, fences, and other properties, and negotiates claim settlements with property owners. Collects and prepares evidence to support contested damage claims in courts.
GOE: 11.12.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R6 M3 L6 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.167-018 LOCATION MANAGER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Arranges for leasing of suitable property for use as location for television or motion picture production: Confers with production or unit manager and DIRECTOR, TELEVISION (radio-tv broad.) or DIRECTOR, MOTION PICTURE (motion picture) regarding scenic backgrounds, terrain, and other topographical details of locations required for photographing exterior scenes. Searches files for pictures or descriptions of suitable locations or seeks new locations. Contacts property owners and local officials to arrange leasing and use of public and private property, rental of housing facilities, hiring of extras, and to obtain sanction for production activities. Arranges for transportation of troupe to location.
GOE: 11.12.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

191.167-022 SERVICE REPRESENTATIVE (auto. mfg.)

    Investigates dealer's claims for reimbursement of defective automotive parts: Reviews claims for labor or material adjustments with automobile dealer, examines parts claimed to be defective, and approves or disapproves dealer's claim. Assists dealers in handling unsettled claims by consulting with service personnel or customers. Prepares reports showing volume, types, and disposition of claims handled, or settlement allowed. May train dealers or service personnel in service operations or construction of products. May study dealers' organizational needs and advise them on matters, such as parts, tools, equipment, and personnel needed to handle service volume. May contact customers to survey customer satisfaction with purchase of new motor vehicle.
GOE: 11.12.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 90

191.267-010 APPRAISER, REAL ESTATE (real estate)

    Appraises improved or unimproved real property to determine value for purchase, sale, investment, mortgage, or loan purposes: Interviews persons familiar with property and immediate surroundings, such as contractors, home owners, and other realtors to obtain pertinent information. Inspects property for construction, condition, and functional design and takes property measurements. Considers factors, such as depreciation, reproduction costs, value comparison of similar property, and income potential, when computing final estimation of property value. Considers location and trends or impending changes that could influence future value of property. Searches public records for transactions, such as sales, leases, and assessments. Photographs interiors and exteriors of property, to assist in estimating property value, to substantiate findings, and to complete appraisal report. Prepares written report, utilizing data collected and submits report to corroborate value established. May direct activities of appraisers. May evaluate staff job performance and recommend measures to improve performance according to establishment policies and procedures.
GOE: 11.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

191.287-010 APPRAISER (any industry)

    Appraises merchandise, fixtures, machinery, and equipment of business firms to ascertain values for such purposes as approval of loans, issuance of insurance policies, disposition of estates, and liquidation of assets of bankrupt firms: Examines items and estimates their wholesale or auction-sale values, basing estimate on knowledge of equipment or goods, current market values, and industrial and economic trends. Prepares and submits reports of estimates to clients, such as insurance firms, lending agencies, government offices, creditors, courts, or attorneys.
GOE: 11.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

191.287-014 APPRAISER, ART (profess. & kin.)

    Examines works of art, such as paintings, sculpture, and antiques, to determine their authenticity and value: Examines work for color values, style of brushstroke, esthetic correctness, and other characteristics, to establish art period or identify artist. Judges authenticity and value, based on knowledge of art history, materials employed, techniques of individual artists, and current market. May illuminate work with quartz light to determine whether discoloration is present. May x ray painting and perform chemical tests on paint sample to detect forgery or to authenticate work. May specialize in particular categories of art or in specific types of artistic articles appraised.
GOE: 01.02.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

191.367-010 PERSONAL PROPERTY ASSESSOR (government ser.) alternate titles: deputy assessor

    Prepares lists of personal property owned by householders and merchants in assigned area to facilitate tax assessment, showing number and estimated value of taxable items designated in regulations.
GOE: 11.06.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with receiving and transmitting communications, using radiotelegraph or radiotelephone equipment, in accordance with government regulations. Must be federally licensed.

193.162-010 AIR-TRAFFIC COORDINATOR (government ser.)

    Coordinates movement of air traffic between altitude sectors and control centers to provide maximum separation and safety for aircraft: Maintains radio and telephone contact with AIR-TRAFFIC COORDINATORS (government ser.) in adjoining control centers. Relays information regarding air traffic by radio to AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROL SPECIALIST, TOWER (government ser.) and AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROL SPECIALIST, STATION (government ser.), monitoring each sector, for transmittal to AIRPLANE PILOT, COMMERCIAL (air trans.). Relays information, such as altitude, expected time of arrival, and course. Determines procedure and time for altitude changes to prevent collisions and excessive traffic buildup in flight sector. Completes daily activity report.
GOE: 05.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

193.162-014 AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROL SPECIALIST, STATION (government ser.)

    Receives and transmits flight plans, meteorological, navigational, and other information in air traffic control station to perform preflight and emergency service for airplane pilots: Accepts flight plans from pilots in person or by telephone and reviews them for completeness. Routes plans for operating under instrument flight rules to control center and for operating under visual flight rules to station in vicinity of destination airport, using radio, teletype, radiotelephone, radiotelegraph, telephone, or interphone. Provides meteorological, navigational, and other information to pilots during flight, using radio. Relays traffic control and other instructions concerned with aircraft safety to pilots. Radios such information as identifying landmarks, beacons, and available landing fields to pilots in flight. Maintains file of plans for operating under visual flight rules until completion of flight, and contacts facilities along route of flight to secure information on overdue aircraft. Reports lost aircraft to control center for rescue or local emergency services. onitors such radio aids to navigation as range stations, fan markers, and voice communication facilities, and notifies air personnel of availability of these facilities. Maintains written records of messages transmitted and received.
GOE: 05.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 81

193.162-018 AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROL SPECIALIST, TOWER (government ser.) alternate titles: airport-control operator; control-tower-radio operator; flight-control-tower operator

    Controls air traffic on and within vicinity of airport according to established procedures and policies to prevent collisions and to minimize delays arising from traffic congestion: Answers radio calls from arriving and departing aircraft and issues landing and take-off instructions and information, such as runway to use, wind velocity and direction, visibility, taxiing instructions, and pertinent data on other aircraft operating in vicinity. Transfers control of departing flights to and accepts control of arriving flights from air traffic control center, using telephone or interphone. Alerts airport emergency crew and other designated personnel by radio or telephone when airplanes are having flight difficulties. Pushes buttons or pulls switches to control airport floodlights and boundary, runway, and hazard lights. Scans control panel to ascertain that lights are functioning. Operates radio and monitors radarscope to control aircraft operating in vicinity of airport. Receives cross-country flight plans and transmits them to air traffic control center. Signals aircraft flying under visual flight rules, using electric signal light or flags. May control cross-runway traffic by radio directions to guards or maintenance vehicles. May keep written record of messages received from aircraft. May control traffic within designated sector of airspace between centers and beyond airport control tower area and be designated Air-Traffic-Control Specialist, Center (government ser.).
GOE: 05.03.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 81

193.162-022 AIRLINE-RADIO OPERATOR, CHIEF (air trans.; business ser.) alternate titles: senior radio operator; watch supervisor

    Coordinates activities of AIRLINE-RADIO OPERATORS (air trans.; business ser.) in maintaining radio communications with aircraft and other ground stations: Establishes and maintains standards of operation by periodic inspections of equipment and tests of AIRLINE-RADIO OPERATORS (air trans.; business ser.) Periodically reviews company and Federal Aviation Authority regulations regarding radio communications. Assigns personnel to individual jobs. Coordinates radio searches for overdue or lost airplanes. Inspects radio reports. akes emergency repairs to equipment or gives instructions for such repairs. Examines and operates new equipment prior to installation in airport radio stations.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

193.167-010 CHIEF CONTROLLER (government ser.) alternate titles: air-traffic-control supervisor

    Coordinates activities of and supervises personnel engaged in operation of air traffic control tower, station, or center: Interprets Federal Aviation Agency directives and places them into effect. Adapts procedures to deal with problems or situations not covered by established procedures or policies. Organizes and conducts on-the-job training of AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROL SPECIALIST, STATION (government ser.); AIR-TRAFFIC-CONTROL SPECIALIST, TOWER (government ser.). Directs radio searches for overdue or lost aircraft. Inspects radio equipment for frequency adjustments and reviews records and reports for clarity and completeness. May be designated according to control activity supervised as Chief Controller, Center (government ser.); Chief Controller, Station (government ser.); Chief Controller, Tower (government ser.).
GOE: 05.03.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

193.167-014 FIELD SUPERVISOR, BROADCAST (radio-tv broad.)

    Coordinates activities of FIELD ENGINEERS (radio-tv broad.) in installing, testing, and operating portable field equipment used to broadcast programs or events from points distant from studio: Assigns FIELD ENGINEERS (radio-tv broad.) with audio and relay equipment to various field pick-up points, to test equipment prior to broadcast. Directs workers in maintaining field transmission equipment in operating order.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

193.167-018 SUPERINTENDENT, RADIO COMMUNICATIONS (government ser.) alternate titles: commanding officer, radio division communications officer

    Directs and coordinates various activities of personnel engaged in installing and maintaining municipal emergency and business radio communications equipment, and in operating police, fire, or other municipal radio transmitters: Ensures that government regulations concerning installation and operation of municipal radio stations are complied with. Participates in operation, testing, and development of all types of police, fire, or other municipal communication systems. Submits required reports to designated authorities concerning communications equipment status, such as nature of business transacted over radio station, character of radio repairs made or needed, and general condition of municipal communications system. Confers with municipal authorities for approval of major capital investments needed in establishing and maintaining system. Cooperates with fire, weather station, and civil defense authorities to originate or relay emergency messages. In communities where equipment is used primarily for police broadcasts, may be a police officer and be designated according to rank as Radio-Division Captain (government ser.); Radio-Division Lieutenant (government ser.).
GOE: 05.02.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

193.262-010 AIRLINE-RADIO OPERATOR (air trans.; business ser.)

    Transmits and receives messages between station and aircraft or other ground stations by radiotelephone: Sends meteorological data to aircraft by radiotelephone. Relays by telegraphic typewriter to DISPATCHER (air trans.) transmissions from aircraft, such as number of passengers aboard, estimated time of arrival, mechanical condition of plane, and requests for repairs. Relays instructions of air traffic control centers to airplane when communication fails. akes connections between telephone and radio equipment to permit direct communication between DISPATCHER (air trans.) and airplane. Must be licensed by Federal Communications Commission.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

193.262-014 DISPATCHER (government ser.)

    Operates radio and telephone equipment to receive reports and requests from firefighting crews, fire-lookout stations, and mobile units, and relays information or orders to officials concerned. Maintains communications log and maps location of fires, men, and equipment from field reports. May organize and direct activities of firefighting crew.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

193.262-018 FIELD ENGINEER (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: field technician

    Installs and operates portable field transmission equipment to broadcast programs or events originating at points distant from studio: Determines availability of telephone wire facilities for use in making connections between microphones, amplifier, telephone line, and auxiliary power supply to relay broadcast to master control. Sets up, tests, and operates microwave transmitter to broadcast program in absence of telephone wire system. Conducts broadcast from field. Must be licensed by Federal Communications Commission. May perform duties of RECORDING ENGINEER (recording; radio-tv broad.) 194.362-010; ANNOUNCER (radio-tv broad.) 159.147-010. May be designated Microwave Engineer (radio-tv broad.) when restricted to operating microwave transmitter.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

193.262-022 RADIO OFFICER (water trans.) alternate titles: radio operator

    Operates and maintains radiotelegraph and radiotelephone equipment and accessories aboard ship: Turns on power to activate generator, and throws switches to cut in transmitters and antennas. Turns dials to obtain sending frequency and volume. Receives and transmits messages following procedure prescribed by federal regulations. Maintains log of messages transmitted and received. Monitors emergency frequency for ship and distress calls. Performs minor repairs and adjustments on ships' radio equipment and lifeboat radios. Charges batteries. May perform minor repairs to radar, loran, auto-alarm, and gyrocompass systems. May copy broadcast schedules, such as Merfox (U.S. Navy broadcast), Mercast (weather information and navigational hazards), and news (wire-press). Must be licensed by Federal Communications Commission as Radiotelegraph Operator and Radiotelephone Operator, and by U.S. Coast Guard as Radio Officer.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

193.262-026 RADIO STATION OPERATOR (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: radio operator, ground

    Operates radio and associated test equipment at aircraft factory radio station to transmit and receive information during flight testing and delivery of aircraft: Communicates with TEST PILOT (aircraft mfg.) 196.263-042, engineering personnel, and others during flight testing to relay information. Observes aircraft prior to landing or takeoff and advises plane crew of observations. Maintains station log and other flight test records. May dispatch firetrucks, emergency equipment, and personnel during test flights. May operate radar and specialized test equipment during flight testing or preflight checkout to assist engineers in evaluating aircraft or equipment.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 87

193.262-030 RADIOTELEGRAPH OPERATOR (tel. & tel.) alternate titles: cw operator; radiotelegraphist

    Operates and keeps in repair equipment used in radiotelegraph communications: Watches frequency lights on receiver to ascertain if station is being called. Snaps toggle switch that sets receiver to frequency when call is indicated. Opens circuit and manipulates key to acknowledge call. Listens to telegraph signal, types message on form, and relays it to addressee by telephone or teletype. Manipulates key to call ships or stations by code, and to send messages after acknowledgment. Monitors emergency frequency for distress calls, and Conelrad (civil defense circuit) as required by regulations. Performs routine repairs and maintenance, such as changing tubes, resistors, and transmitters. Is required to have Radiotelegraph License issued by Federal Communications Commission.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

193.262-034 RADIOTELEPHONE OPERATOR (any industry) alternate titles: phone-circuit operator; radiophone operator; radiotelephone-technical operator

    Operates and keeps in repair radiotelephone transmitter and receiving equipment for commercial communication: Throws switches to cut in power to stages of transmitter. Cuts in antennas and connects transmitting and receiving equipment into telephone system. Turns controls to adjust voice volume and modulation, and to set transmitter on specified frequency. Conducts routine tests and repairs transmitting equipment, using electronic testing equipment, handtools, and power tools, to maintain communication system in operative condition. ust hold Radiotelephone Operator's License issued by Federal Communications Commission.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

193.262-038 TRANSMITTER OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: transmitter engineer

    Operates and maintains radio transmitter to broadcast radio and television programs: Moves switches to cut in power to units and stages of transmitter. Monitors lights on console panel to ascertain that components are operative and that transmitter is ready to emit signal. Turns controls to set transmitter on FM, AM, or TV frequency assigned by Federal Communications Commission. Monitors signal emission and spurious radiations outside of licensed transmission frequency to ensure signal is not infringing on frequencies assigned other stations. Notifies broadcast studio when ready to transmit. Observes indicators and adjusts controls to maintain constant sound modulation and ensure that transmitted signal is sharp and clear. aintains log of programs transmitted as required by Federal Communications Commission. Tests components of malfunctioning transmitter to diagnose trouble, using test equipment, such as oscilloscope, voltmeters, and ammeters. Disassembles and repairs equipment, using handtools [RADIO ECHANIC (any industry) 823.261-018]. May converse with studio personnel to determine cause of equipment failure and to solve problem. May operate microwave transmitter and receiver to receive or send programs to or from other broadcast stations. Must possess license issued by Federal Communications Commission.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

193.362-010 PHOTORADIO OPERATOR (print. & pub.; tel. & tel.) alternate titles: facsimile operator; radio-photo technician; telephoto engineer

    Operates electronic equipment to transmit and receive radio photographs and repairs equipment: Mounts photographs or printed matter on cylinder and secures with gripper bar. Turns dials to set frequency controls. Starts equipment that scans material and converts light and dark areas into electrical impulses for transmission. Communicates with receiving operator to give and receive instructions for transmission. Positions negative on cylinder, sets controls, and listens for signals to receive transmission. Develops negatives, prints photographs, and keeps log of transmissions. Maintains and repairs electronic equipment, such as wire circuits, dials, and gauges, using schematic diagram, handtools, and test instruments. Reruns transmission when photograph is substandard. May send or receive Morse code messages when voice communication is not possible. May transmit and receive news photographs, using automated telephoto equipment. ay be required to hold Federal Communications Commission operator's license.
GOE: 07.04.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

193.362-014 RADIO-INTELLIGENCE OPERATOR (government ser.)

    Controls equipment to intercept, locate, identify, and record radio transmissions of enemy or potential enemy: Tunes receiver over assigned frequency band. Obtains bearings on source of transmission, using electronic direction-finding equipment. Informs location plotters of bearings obtained to locate and identify station. Monitors stations, records intercepted transmissions, and forwards transcripts for decoding. May operate sound-recording equipment to preserve broadcast for analysis by other intelligence personnel.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    Operates electronic monitoring and related equipment to detect electronic emissions: Conducts continuous search and monitoring of assigned portions of radio frequency spectrum, using special search or monitoring equipment. Observes video presentations or listens to signal to determine primary characteristics of monitored signals. Operates cameras to photograph signals. Operates recorders to record signals. Determines azimuth from which signal originated, using direction finder procedures. Determines accurately and rapidly parameters, directional bearing, and point of origin of electronic data recorded on photographic film and magnetic tape through operation of technical laboratory analysis equipment, such as electronic parameter display consoles, oscilloscope, electronic counters and sorters, X-Y plotters, sonographs, visographs, brush recorders, video and audio playback units, complex viewers, visual projectors, and associated analog and digital equipment.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with recording, transcribing, reproducing and regulating quality of voice, music, and other sounds by use of electronic equipment. Includes occupations concerned with motion picture film, video tape, and phonograph record production. Occupations concerned with radio and television broadcasting must be federally licensed. Occupations concerned with creating and editing sound and visual effects are found in Group 962. Cutting and splicing of film and videotape are included in Group 976.

194.062-010 TELEVISION TECHNICIAN (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: production assistant; production technician

    Performs any combination of following duties to record and transmit broadcasts: Operates studio and mini-television (portable, shoulder-mounted) cameras [CAMERA OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) 143.062-022]. Controls console to regulate transmission of television scenes [VIDEO OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) 194.282-010]. Produces educational and training films and video tapes [COMMUNICATIONS TECHNICIAN (education) 962.362-010]. Sets up and controls television production equipment, such as cameras [CAMERA OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.)], lights [LIGHT TECHNICIAN (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) 962.362-014], microphones and microphone booms [MICROPHONE-BOOM OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) 962.384-010], and recording equipment [RECORDIST (motion picture) 962.382-010], in studio and at locations outside of studio, to record or transmit broadcasts. Performs preventive and minor equipment maintenance, using work tools. Maintains log to record equipment usage and location of equipment. May perform duties of other related occupations depending upon specific production needs of individual airwave or closed-circuit station where workers must be able to set up and operate equipment.
GOE: 01.02.03 STRENGTH: H GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

194.122-010 ACCESS COORDINATOR, CABLE TELEVISION (radio-tv broad.)

    Instructs trainees in use of equipment; and operates equipment, such as camera, sound mixer, and videotape deck, to film events, to copy/edit graphics, voice, and music onto videotape, for broadcast on cable television: Determines time and day of class and plans outline of material to be covered. Distributes manuals, and instructs and demonstrates to trainees, care, setup and operation of equipment, such as tripods, microphones and portable camera. Prepares and administers written and practical tests to test trainees' knowledge. Determines equipment required to film event, and sets up and operates equipment, such as lights and portable camera to film event. Prepares script of filmed event. Loads videotape deck with videotape and instructs assistant to read script. Sets recording level, and records verbal description of event onto videotape, using videotaping equipment. Reviews videotape of filmed event, using videotaping equipment, to determine quality of video and color. Observes scales in video and color monitors and operates controls to adjust video and color levels. Enters written information about filmed event into graphic equipment. Plays musical selection, using stereo equipment, and adjusts controls to improve clarity and balance music. Sets $T3inpoints$T1 and $T3outpoints$T1 for graphics, voice, and music. Records graphics, voice, and music onto videotape, using audio/video equipment. Observes monitors to verify that video, voice, and music are synchronized during editing/copying process. Reviews assembled videotape, using videotaping equipment, to discern quality of video and audio signals, and operates controls to clarify and adjust video and audio signals. Edits manuals and schedules programs. May prepare report outlining past programs and future programs to be aired, and contents of programs.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: H GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

194.162-010 PROGRAM DIRECTOR, CABLE TELEVISION (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: production supervisor

    Directs and coordinates activities of workers engaged in selection and production of cable television programs, and operates equipment to film events, and to copy/edit graphics, voice, and music onto videotape: Interviews and hires workers. Instructs workers in operation and maintenance of equipment, such as cameras and microphones, or directs instruction of workers through subordinate personnel. Gives work directives, resolves problems, interprets policies and procedures and prepares work schedules. Initiates disciplinary action for rules infractions and terminates workers. Contacts talent (entertainers) and companies to determine interest in program(s) and interest in supplying prizes to audience participants. Writes script and rehearses script with talent. Coordinates audio work, music, camera work and script to produce show. Operates equipment, such as camera, sound mixer, and videotape deck, to film events, and to edit/copy graphics, voice and music onto videotape. Performs public relations duties, such as contacting school personnel to discuss company's internship program for students, and prepares press releases for newspapers, indicating company trends and direction. Prepares and monitors budget to verify expenditures stay within budgetary restrictions. Prepares forms for government agencies and contract renewal. Prepares invoices and bills customers for services rendered. May operate broadcast equipment to transmit program to viewing audience.
GOE: 05.02.04 STRENGTH: H GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 88

194.262-010 AUDIO OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: audio engineer; audio technician; sound engineer, audio control

    Controls audio equipment to regulate volume level and quality of sound during television broadcasts, according to script and instructions of DIRECTOR, TECHNICAL (radio-tv broad.) 962.162-010: Places microphones or directs worker in placing microphones in locations that ensure quality of sound reproduction. Cuts microphones in, and blends output of individual microphones by adjusting volume, fader, and mixer controls. Monitors audio signals by earphone, loudspeaker, and by observing dials on control panel to verify quality of sound reproduction. Sets keys, switches, and dials to synchronize sound with picture presentation. Obtains tapes, records, and themes from library according to program schedule. Operates turntables and tape recording machines to reproduce music and audio sounds for specific programs. May direct adjustment of acoustical curtains and blinds within studio.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

194.262-014 SOUND CONTROLLER (amuse. & rec.)

    Operates sound-mixing board to control output of voices, music, and previously taped sound effects during stage performances: Analyzes script of dialog, music, and sound effects as applied to particular scene to determine sound requirements. Confers with producing personnel concerning microphone placement, special sound effects, cues, and acoustical characteristics of theater. Locates sound-mixing board backstage or in theater control room. Arranges microphones in theater to achieve best sound pickup. Moves control to turn microphones on or off and adjusts volume, fader, and mixer controls to blend output of individual microphones. Listens to overall effect on monitor loudspeaker and observes dials on control panel to verify suitability of sounds. May modify design of sound equipment used. May operate record and electrical transcription turntables to supply musical selections and other sound material.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

194.262-018 SOUND MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.; recording) alternate titles: board operator; mixer operator; music mixer; studio engineer; studio technician

    Operates console to regulate volume level and quality of sound during filming of motion picture, phonograph recording session, or television and radio productions: Determines acoustics of recording studio and adjusts controls to specified levels. Directs installation of microphones and amplifiers for use in sound pickup. Turns knobs and dials on console while recording to cut microphones in and out, and to blend output of individual microphones to obtain balance between music, dialog, and sound effects. Instructs performers to project voices for pickup by microphones. Copies and edits recordings, using recording and editing equipment. May test machines and equipment, using electronic testing equipment, such as ohm and voltage meters, to detect defects. May repair and replace audio amplifier parts.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

194.262-022 MASTER CONTROL OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: master control engineer

    Sets up, controls and monitors television broadcasting equipment to transmit television programs and station breaks to viewing audience: Reads television programming log to ascertain name of program or station break, and at what time program or station break is scheduled to air. Verifies voice-over recording, using tape equipment, and informs supervisor of inconsistencies. Loads videotape equipment with videotapes containing program or station break or presses button on switching equipment to access videotape equipment. Subtracts $T3preroll$T1 time from on-air time to determine at what time to begin preroll. Turns video and color monitors on and presses button to start videotape equipment. Observes scales in video and color monitors and turns knobs to set video and color levels to specifications. Turns knob to set audio level to specification. Observes clock, and presses buttons on switching equipment to begin preroll and to transmit program or station break to viewing audience. Observes on-air monitor to ascertain problems with transmission, such as loss of audio or video signals, and presses buttons to access and transmit technical difficulties sign or station identification to viewing audience. Presses buttons to access voice-over recording indicating nature of problem, name of station or name of next scheduled program. Troubleshoots equipment and observes lights on transmitter control panel to determine cause and area of problem and informs engineering personnel of transmission problems. Records onto television programming log actual time program or station break was aired. Prepares report describing problems encountered during transmission of program or station break and reason for problems. May control transmitting equipment to route television program to affiliated station. ay take and record transmitter readings onto transmitter log. May be required to hold license issued by Federal Communications Commission.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

194.282-010 VIDEO OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: camera control operator; color-television console monitor; video engineer

    Controls video console to regulate transmission of television scenes, including test patterns and filmed and live black-and-white or color telecast: Views action on television monitor and sets switches and observes dials on console to control framing, contrast, brilliance, color balance, and fidelity of image being transmitted. Monitors on-air programs to ensure technical quality of broadcast. Previews upcoming program to determine that signal is functioning and that program will be ready for transmission at required time. May maintain log on studio-to-transmitter microwave link.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 88

194.362-010 RECORDING ENGINEER (radio-tv broad.; recording) alternate titles: sound recording technician

    Operates disk or tape recording machine to record music, dialog, or sound effects of phonograph recording sessions, radio broadcasts, television shows, training courses, or conferences, or to transfer transcribed material to sound-recording medium: Threads tape through recording device or places blank disk on turntable. Moves lever to regulate speed of turntable. Places cutting stylus on record. Examines grooves during cutting by stylus to determine if grooves are level, using microscope. Turns knobs on cutting arm to shift or adjust weight of stylus and cause grooves to be cut evenly. Starts recording machine and moves switches to open microphone and tune in live or recorded programs. Listens through earphone to detect imperfections of recording machines or extraneous noises emanating from recording studio or production stage. Observes dials, mounted on machine, to ensure that volume level and intensity remain within specified limits. Removes filled reel or completed recordings from machine and attaches identifying labels. Keeps record of recordings in logbook. May service and repair recording machines and allied equipment. May be designated according to type of machine used as Disk-Recording-Machine Operator (radio-tv broad.; recording); Tape-Recording-Machine Operator (radio-tv broad.; recording). When transcribing to disk used in production of phonograph records, may be designated Dubbing-Machine Operator (recording). When recording live television programs in monochrome or color on magnetic tape is designated Videotape-Recording Engineer (radio-tv broad.).
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

194.362-014 RERECORDING MIXER (motion picture; radio-tv broad.)

    Operates console to synchronize and equalize prerecorded dialog, music, and sound effects with action of motion picture or television production: Reads script and dupe sheets of film and tape or video tape to learn sequence of speaking parts, music, and sound effects to be synchronized and integrated in film or tape or video tape. Informs DUBBING-MACHINE OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) 962.665-010 to load sound tracks onto dubbing machine and MOTION-PICTURE PROJECTIONIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture) 960.362-010 to place film in projector. Operates console to control starting and stopping of projector and dubbing machine. Observes film or video tape projected onto screen, listens to sound over loud speakers, and turns knobs on panel of console to balance intensity and volume. Informs OTION-PICTURE PROJECTIONIST (amuse. & rec.; motion picture) to project film onto screen. Observes projection and listens to determine that sound is synchronized and equalized with action on film.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 87

194.362-018 TELECINE OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.)

    Controls equipment, such as tape recording and playback units, film projectors, and slide projectors in television broadcasting studio, synchronizing equipment with program content and activities of other technical personnel to maintain prescribed professional programming standards. Threads film or tape through equipment and inserts slides in slide projector. Installs, adjusts, and repairs equipment to facilitate uninterrupted service during broadcast.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

194.362-022 TECHNICIAN, NEWS GATHERING (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: technician-photographer/editor

    Locates news events, and sets up and controls field transmission equipment to record or transmit news events to television station: Drives vehicle to locate news events, such as fire or public rally, or receives information over two-way radio and scanner about location of news events. Turns power supply and monitors on, and activates air compressor to raise mast. Selects channel for transmission of audio and video signals. Converses with station operator, using two-way radio, while controlling lever to align antennae with receiving dish to obtain clearest signal for transmission of news event to station. Lays electrical cord and audio and video cables between vehicle, microphone, camera, and REPORTER (print. & pub.; radio-tv broad.) 131.262-018, or person being interviewed, to allow for receiving of off-air signal and transmission of audio and video signals to station. Observes scale in video monitor and sets video level to specifications. Sets audio level to specifications. Observes monitor and transmission light, and converses with station operator, using two-way radio, to verify transmission of news event to station, and makes adjustments to equipment. Records news event onto videotape, using recording equipment, during transmission of news event to studio, or receives videotape from CAMERA OPERATOR (motion picture; radio-tv broad.) 143.062-022 and makes dub, using recording equipment. Records information, such as location and news events recorded or transmitted to station, onto log. Is required to hold license issued by Federal Communications Commission.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

194.381-010 TECHNICAL TESTING ENGINEER (motion picture) alternate titles: sound installation worker

    Tests and adjusts optical, electrical, and audio-frequency equipment used to transmit, record, and reproduce sounds on motion picture set: Inspects sound circuit patch cords to ensure flow of current from sound stage to recording equipment. Tests sound circuits and equipment, such as light valves, galvanometers, microphones, and magnetic recording heads to verify standard operating condition; using portable testing instruments. Replaces defective components and wiring and adjusts equipment to correct defects, using handtools.
GOE: 05.10.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

194.382-010 SECTION-PLOTTER OPERATOR (petrol. & gas) alternate titles: playback operator

    Operates electronically controlled sound reproducing and photographic equipment (section plotter) to record seismic waves from magnetic tape recordings of explosions reflected or refracted from subsurface strata: Starts equipment and moves controls to align adjacent recordings uniformly on positive photographic film, following tracings of wave form shown on indicator. Verifies identification data on magnetic tape container to ensure specified order of sound reproduction. Clamps magnetic tape around drum of sound reproducer, starts machine, and observes wave form on oscillograph to detect malfunctions. May develop and print photographic recordings in darkroom. May test circuits, resistors, transistors, and related equipment parts, using schematic drawings, wiring diagrams, and electronic test equipment. May replace defective parts and repair faulty connections, using soldering iron.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

194.382-014 TAPE TRANSFERRER (radio-tv broad.; recording) alternate titles: tape duplicator

    Operates machines to reproduce tape recordings from master tapes (original tape recording): Consults charts to determine amount of tape needed, considering running time of master tape. Positions master tape in master-reproducing machine and mounts blank tape on spindle of tape-recording machine. Threads tapes through machines. Interconnects and starts machines to record selection on blank tape. Stops machines and reverses tape in recording machine to record second selection on reverse side of tape. Operates recording machine to play back reproduced recording to test quality of reproduced sound.
GOE: 05.10.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

194.382-018 VIDEOTAPE OPERATOR (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: studio technician-video operator; videotape engineer

    Sets up and operates videotaping equipment to record and play back television programs, applying knowledge of videotaping equipment operation: Reads television programming log to ascertain program to be recorded or program to be aired. Selects source, such as satellite or studio, from which program will be recorded, and selects videotaping equipment on which program will be recorded. Observes monitor to verify that station is on-air, and informs supervisor if station not on-air. Cleans videotape path to remove contaminants that would affect quality of recording or playback, and mounts videotape onto videotaping equipment. Sets audio level, and records test pattern and program onto videotape, using videotaping equipment. Verifies quality of recording, using videotape equipment, and informs designated personnel of quality of recording. Inspects tape for defective ends, removes defective end, using cutting tool, and mounts videotape onto videotaping equipment to play back program. Starts videotaping equipment and turns video and color monitors on to verify setting of video and color levels. Observes scales in video and color monitors and operates controls to adjust video and color levels. Cues program, using videotaping equipment, and places videotaping equipment in remote control mode for use by other operator. May operate videotaping equipment to dub and edit tapes. May wire audio and video patch bays (socketed equipment that allows for transfer of audio and video signals between different pieces of equipment, via cables). May set up videotaping equipment to play station breaks. May set up film equipment to play program. May make minor repairs to equipment.
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M2 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 89

194.387-010 QUALITY-CONTROL INSPECTOR (recording) alternate titles: matrix inspector; mother tester

    Inspects metal phonograph record $T3mothers$T1 for surface defects, using optical and sound-reproducing equipment: Places matrix on turntable and measures grooved surface and width of grooves in matrix, using ruler and calibrated microscope. Places tone arm on matrix and starts sound-reproducing machine. Listens for defects in matrix, such as pops and ticks, and observes meter that indicates surface noise and sound level. Stops machine and locates defects in matrix, using microscope and magnifying glass. Marks location of defects with bar soap and returns matrix for repair. Notes reasons for rejection on worksheet. Listens to repaired matrices to ensure that defects have been eliminated.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L2 SVP: 4 DLU: 77

194.387-014 RECORD TESTER (recording)

    Inspects and tests sample phonograph records, using optical instruments and audio equipment: Inspects record for defects, such as bumps, stains, or scratches. Compares number imprinted on record with serial number on label to ensure correct labeling. Places record on turntable and guides calibrated microscope over revolving record, observing movement of off-center line of record, to determine if groove centering is within specified tolerances. Plays record on sound-producing equipment, listening for defects, such as pops, ticks, or distortion, and to verify that selections on record conform to printed label. Notes defects and returns record to pressing department.
GOE: 06.03.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 4 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with rendering assistance to individuals and groups with problems, such as poverty, illness, family maladjustment, antisocial behavior, financial mismanagement, limited recreation opportunities, and inadequate housing.

195.107-010 CASEWORKER (social ser.) alternate titles: community placement worker; intake worker; social service worker

    Counsels and aids individuals and families requiring assistance of social service agency: Interviews clients with problems, such as personal and family adjustments, finances, employment, food, clothing, housing, and physical and mental impairments to determine nature and degree of problem. Secures information, such as medical, psychological, and social factors contributing to client's situation, and evaluates these and client's capacities. Counsels client individually, in family, or in other small groups regarding plans for meeting needs, and aids client to mobilize inner capacities and environmental resources to improve social functioning. Helps client to modify attitudes and patterns of behavior by increasing understanding of self, personal problems, and client's part in creating them. Refers clients to community resources and other organizations. Compiles records and prepares reports. Reviews service plan and performs follow-up to determine quantity and quality of service provided client and status of client's case. Accesses and records client and community resource information, manually or using computer equipped with keyboard, to input and retrieve information. May secure supplementary information, such as employment, medical records, or school reports. May specialize in providing, monitoring, and evaluating services provided to older adults. May determine client's eligibility for financial assistance. May work in collaboration with other professional disciplines. May be required to visit clients in their homes or in institutions. Usually required to have knowledge and skill in case work method acquired through degree program at school of social work. May be required to possess state license or certificate. When rendering advisory services to agencies, groups, or individuals, may be designated Social-Work Consultant, Casework (social ser.). May aid parents with child rearing problems and children and youth with difficulties in social adjustments [CASEWORKER, CHILD WELFARE (social ser.) 195.107-014].
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

195.107-014 CASEWORKER, CHILD WELFARE (social ser.)

    Aids parents with child rearing problems and children and youth with difficulties in social adjustments: Investigates home conditions to protect children from harmful environment. Evaluates children's physical and psychological makeup to determine needs. Refers child and parent or guardian to community resources according to needs of child. Evaluates foster home environmental factors and personal characteristics of adoption applicants to determine suitability of foster home and adoption applicants. Places and is responsible for children and their well-being in foster or adoptive homes, institutions, and medical treatment centers. Counsels children and parents, guardians, foster parents, or institution staff, concerning adjustment to foster home situation, plans for child's care, interactional behavior modifications needed, or rehabilitation. Places children in adoptive homes and counsels adoptive parents pending legal adoption. Provides service to unmarried parents, including care during pregnancy and planning for child. Arranges for day care or homemaker service. Employed in establishments such as child placement (foster care or adoption), protective service, or institution. Maintains case history records and reports. Usually required to have knowledge and skill in casework methods acquired through degree program at school of social work. May specialize in specific area of child-directed casework and be designated according to work performed as Caseworker, Child Placement (social ser.); Caseworker, Protective Services (social ser.). May interview clients for purpose of screening to determine eligibility for agency services and be designated Caseworker, Intake (social ser.).
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

195.107-018 CASEWORKER, FAMILY (social ser.) alternate titles: family counselor

    Aids individuals and families having problems concerning family relationships or other aspects of their social functioning affecting unity of family and welfare of community: Counsels clients on problems, such as unsatisfactory relationships between marriage partners or between parents and children; unwed parenthood; home management; work adjustment; vocational training; need for financial assistance; care of the ill, handicapped, or aged, care of other family members at time of physical or mental illness; desertion of parent; or difficulties encountered in travel or stabilization in new community. Helps clients to use agency's services, such as homemaker, or day care, and other community resources. In a public assistance or voluntary agency ascertains client's eligibility for financial assistance and determines amount of grant and assumes responsibility for services rendered. May assist travelers, runaways of any age, migrants, transients, refugees, repatriated Americans, and problem families drifting from community to community, encountering difficulty in traveling or needing help toward stabilization. Employed in organizations, such as public assistance, family service, Travelers Aid, and American Red Cross Home Service. Usually required to have knowledge and skill in casework methods acquired through degree program at school of social work.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

195.107-022 SOCIAL GROUP WORKER (social ser.)

    Develops program content, organizes, and leads activities planned to enhance social development of individual members and accomplishment of group goals: Interviews individual members to assess social and emotional capabilities and plans group composition in relation to personal and social compatibility of members. Selects program appropriate to particular group goals, level of development, needs, capacities, and interests of group members. Involves members in planning and assuming responsibility for activities. Helps members through group experience to develop attitudes and social skills for improved family relations and community responsibility. May secure supplementary information, such as medical records and school reports. ay work in collaboration with other professional disciplines. Refers members, when indicated, to community resources and other organizations. Employed in agencies, such as community center, settlement house, youth serving organization, institution for children or aged, hospital, or penal institution. Usually required to have skills acquired through degree program at school of social work.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77


    Works through community action programs to ameliorate social conditions tending to cause juvenile delinquency and provides counseling and guidance to juveniles: Aids civil authorities to plan urban, suburban, and rural development to ensure provisions for meeting social needs of youth. Works with individuals and groups in danger of becoming delinquent, through individual and group guidance and through use of community resources. Refers juveniles to community agencies, such as settlement houses, child guidance clinics, and health clinics, for mental, physical, and social rehabilitation. Works closely with law enforcement agencies, schools, employers, health, welfare, and recreation agencies. Usually attached to public agency.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 80

195.107-030 SOCIAL WORKER, MEDICAL (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: social worker, clinical; social worker, health services

    Assists patients and their families with personal and environmental difficulties which predispose illness or interfere with obtaining maximum benefits from medical care: Works in close collaboration with physicians and other health care personnel in patient evaluation and treatment to further their understanding of significant social and emotional factors underlying patient's health problem. Helps patient and family through individual or group conferences to understand, accept, and follow medical recommendations. Provides service planned to restore patient to optimum social and health adjustment within patient's capacity. Utilizes community resources to assist patient to resume life in community or to learn to live within limits of disability. Prepares patient histories, service plans, and reports. Participates in planning for improving health services by interpreting social factors pertinent to development of program. Provides general direction and supervision to workers engaged in clinic home service program activities. Works in general hospitals, clinics, rehabilitation centers, drug and alcohol abuse centers, or related health programs. May be employed as consultant in other agencies. Usually required to have knowledge and skill in casework methods acquired through degree program at school of social work.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

195.107-034 SOCIAL WORKER, PSYCHIATRIC (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: social worker, clinical; social worker, mental

    Provides psychiatric social work assistance to mentally or emotionally disturbed patients of hospitals, clinics, and other medical centers, and to their families, collaborating with psychiatric and allied team in diagnosis and treatment plan: Investigates case situations and presents information to PSYCHIATRIST (medical ser.) 070.107-014 and PSYCHOLOGIST, CLINICAL (profess. & kin.) 045.107-022 and other members of health team, on patient's family and social background pertinent to diagnosis and treatment. Helps patients to respond constructively to treatment and assist in adjustment leading to and following discharge. Interprets psychiatric treatment to patient's family and helps to reduce fear and other attitudes obstructing acceptance of psychiatric care and continuation of treatment. Serves as link between patient, psychiatric agency, and community. May work directly in treatment relationship with patients, individually or in groups, in consultation with PSYCHIATRIST (medical ser.). May refer patient or patient's family to other community resources. Usually required to have knowledge and skill in casework methods acquired through degree program at school of social work.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 78

195.107-038 SOCIAL WORKER, SCHOOL (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: home and school visitor; school adjustment counselor; visiting teacher

    Aids students with behavioral, mental, emotional or physical problems: Counsels students whose behavior, school progress, or mental or physical handicap or condition indicates need for assistance. Consults with parents, teachers, and other school personnel to determine causes of problems and effect solutions. Arranges for medical, psychiatric, and other tests and examinations that may disclose causes of difficulties and indicate remedial measures. Attempts to alter attitudes and behavior of parents and teachers that cause or aggravate problems. Recommends change of class or school, special tutoring, or other treatment to effect remedy. Serves as liaison between student, home, school, and community resources, such as family service agencies, child guidance clinics, courts, protective services, doctors, and clergy members. Serves as consultant to school personnel regarding students or situations which are not referred for direct service. May lead group counseling sessions to enhance social development of individual members and provide peer support in areas such as grief, stress, or chemical dependency. Usually required to have knowledge and skill in casework methods acquired through degree program at school of social work and certification by state department of education.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 81


    Provides casework services for inmates of penal or correctional institution: Interviews inmate and confers with attorneys, judges, and probation officers to compile social history reflecting such factors as nature and extent of inmate's criminality and current and prospective social problems. Analyzes collected data and develops and initiates treatment plan. Interviews inmate and consults with employees of institution, such as supervisory personnel, CLINICAL PSYCHOLOGIST (profess. & kin.) 045.107-022, and CLERGY MEMBER (profess. & kin.) 120.107-010, to evaluate inmate's social progress, and counsels inmate concerning perceived problems. Reports inmate's progress and makes recommendations to parole officials. Assists inmate with matters concerning detainers, sentences in other jurisdictions, and writs. Confers with inmate's family to identify family needs prior to inmate's release. Occasionally conducts collective counseling for small groups of inmates. Lectures groups of newly admitted inmates to inform them of institution rules and regulations.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

195.107-046 PROBATION-AND-PAROLE OFFICER (profess. & kin.)

    Counsels juvenile or adult offenders in activities related to legal conditions of probation or parole: Confers with offender, legal representatives, family, and other concerned persons, and reviews documents pertaining to legal and social history of offender to conduct prehearing or presentencing investigations and to formulate rehabilitation plan. Compiles reports, testifies in court, and makes recommendations concerning conditional release or institutionalization of offender. Informs offender or guardian of legal requirements of conditional release, such as visits to office, restitution payments, or educational and employment stipulations. Counsels offender and family or guardian, helps offender to secure education and employment, arranges custodial care, and refers offender to social resources of community to aid in rehabilitation. Evaluates offender's progress on follow-up basis including visits to home, school, and place of employment. Secures remedial action by court if necessary. May be employed by correctional institution, parole board, courts system, or separate agency serving court. May specialize in working with either juvenile or adult offenders. May specialize in working with offenders on probation and be designated Probation Officer (profess. & kin.). May specialize in working with offenders on parole and be designated Parole Officer (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

195.117-010 ADMINISTRATOR, SOCIAL WELFARE (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: director, social welfare; executive secretary, social welfare; general secretary, social welfare

    Directs agency or major function of public or voluntary organization providing services in social welfare field to individuals, groups, or community: Works with board of directors and committees to establish policies and programs and administers such programs. Determines policies and defines scope of services to be rendered within legislative regulations for public welfare agency functioning without board of directors. Assumes responsibility for development and administration of standards and procedures related to personnel, including staff development, budget, and physical facilities. Interprets agency purpose and program to community. Establishes and maintains relationships with other agencies and organizations in community toward meeting community needs and services. Prepares, distributes, and maintains variety of reports. Inspects agency operations and facilities to ensure agency meets standards and procedures criteria. ay direct or coordinate fund raising, public relations, and fact finding or research activities. Employed in settings such as child welfare, community welfare councils, family casework, youth serving agencies, health organizations, informal education, and recreation, including scouting and Y's, public welfare, and fund raising. May work in specific area of social welfare and be designated Director, Child Support Enforcement Program (profess. & kin.); Director, Community Center (profess. & kin.); Director, Social Service (profess. & kin.); Director, Rehabilitation Program (profess. & kin.); Director, Mental Health Agency (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 80

195.137-010 CASEWORK SUPERVISOR (social ser.) alternate titles: case supervisor; social work unit supervisor

    Supervises and coordinates activities of social-service-agency staff and volunteers, and students of school of social work: Assigns caseloads and related duties, and coordinates activities of staff in providing counseling services to assist clients with problems of emergency or crisis nature. Assists agency staff members through individual and group conferences in analyzing case problems and in improving their diagnostic and helping skills. Reviews case records and evaluates performance of staff members and recommends indicated action. Participates in developing and implementing agency administrative policy. Counsels clients individually or in groups on planned or experimental basis and in emergencies. Trains new employees in areas such as agency policy, department procedures, and agency or government regulations. Provides in-service training for experienced workers in areas such as new policies, procedures, and regulations. Represents agency in community or in interagency activities. May conduct or direct staff development programs. May train workers is use of computer. Employed in areas such as child welfare, community welfare councils, family casework, youth services, senior citizen services, health services, public welfare, probation and parole, housing relocation, education, and rehabilitation. Usually required to have master's degree from school of social work.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 80

195.164-010 GROUP WORKER (social ser.)

    Organizes and leads groups, such as senior citizens, children, and street gangs, in activities that meet interests of individual members: Develops recreational, physical education, and cultural programs for various age groups. Demonstrates and instructs participants in activities, such as active sports, group dances and games, arts, crafts, and dramatics. Organizes current-events discussion groups, conducts consumer problem surveys, and performs similar activities to stimulate interest in civic responsibility. Promotes group work concept of enabling members to develop their own program activities through encouragement and leadership of membership discussions. Consults with other community resources regarding specific individuals, and makes referral when indicated. Keeps records. May recruit, train, and supervise paid staff and volunteers. Employed in settings, such as community center, neighborhood or settlement house, hospital, institution for children or aged, youth centers, and housing projects.
GOE: 09.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

195.167-010 COMMUNITY ORGANIZATION WORKER (social ser.) alternate titles: community service consultant; information and referral director; program consultant

    Plans, organizes, and coordinates programs with agencies and groups concerned with social problems of community: Promotes and coordinates activities of agencies, groups, and individuals to meet identified needs. Studies and assesses strength and weakness of existing resources. Interprets needs, programs, and services to agencies, groups, and individuals involved and provides leadership and assistance. Prepares reports and disseminates information. Maintains contact with representatives of other organizations to exchange and update information on resources and services available. May write proposals to obtain government or private funding for projects designed to meet needs of community. May assist in budget preparation and presentation. May assist in raising funds. Works in specialized fields such as housing, urban renewal and redevelopment, and health or in public or voluntary coordinating agency, such as community welfare or health council, or combined fund raising and welfare planning council. Works with special groups such as elderly, financially disadvantaged, juvenile delinquents, or physically or mentally handicapped. Usually required to have degree from school of social work. May direct and coordinate activities of volunteers or practicum students.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 81

195.167-014 COMMUNITY-RELATIONS-AND-SERVICES ADVISOR, PUBLIC HOUSING (social ser.) alternate titles: tenant relations coordinator

    Promotes tenant welfare in low income public housing developments: Initiates and maintains liaison between local housing authority and voluntary and public agencies for development and managements of public housing developments. Facilitates establishment of constructive relationships between tenants and housing management, and among tenants. Secures social services, such as health, welfare, and education programs for improving family and community standards. Provides leadership to tenants in development of group activities, such as adult education and recreation. Refers families with personal problems to community resources. Cooperates with other organizations in development of understanding and interest among voluntary and public agencies participating in long range plans for urban improvement.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

195.167-018 DIRECTOR, CAMP (social ser.)

    Directs activities of recreation or youth work camp: Plans programs of recreational and educational activities. Hires and supervises camp staff. Arranges for required licenses, certificates, and insurance coverage to meet health, safety, and welfare standards for campers and for camp operation. Keeps records regarding finances, personnel actions, enrollments, and program activities related to camp business operations and budget allotments.
GOE: 11.11.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

195.167-022 DIRECTOR, FIELD (social ser.) alternate titles: field director

    Coordinates activities of civilian aids engaged in providing recreational and welfare services to armed forces personnel: Directs staff in planning and arranging recreational activities. Oversees activities of welfare workers in assisting service personnel to solve personal and family problems. May plan and direct organization of specialized services in foreign cities to meet needs of service personnel and dependents stationed abroad.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

195.167-026 DIRECTOR, RECREATION CENTER (social ser.)

    Plans, organizes, and directs comprehensive public and voluntary recreation programs at recreation building, indoor center, playground, playfield, or day camp: Studies and analyzes recreational needs and resources. Oversees and assigns duties to staff. Interprets recreation programs and their philosophy to individuals and groups through personal participation and staff assignments. Schedules maintenance and use of facilities. Coordinates recreation program of host agency, such as settlement house, institution for children or aged, hospital, armed services, or penal institution, with related activity programs of other services or allied agencies. Cooperates with recreation and nonrecreation personnel. Works under direction of RECREATION SUPERVISOR (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 11.11.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

195.167-038 REHABILITATION CENTER MANAGER (government ser.)

    Coordinates activities and provides for physical and emotional needs of public-welfare recipients housed in indigent camp: Cooperates with welfare department investigators, psychologists, and physicians in assigning activities to indigents and in providing specialized attention to them in accordance with recommendations. Appoints leaders of activities, such as food preparation and maintenance of grounds, from camp inmates in accord with democratic leadership principles and welfare department policy. Coordinates sanitation, food management, health, education, spiritual counseling, and vocational activity programs in conformity with available facilities, needs of camp inmates, and policy of department. Interviews inmates and arranges with business and community leaders to place them in jobs. Maintains discipline and arbitrates disputes. Arranges for entertainment, such as movies, lectures, and musical programs. Maintains camp records, inventories supplies, and submits requisitions for camp needs.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    Coordinates government programs dealing with prevention and treatment of alcohol and drug abuse problems affecting work performance of employees in private and public sectors of work force: Studies composition of industrial and business communities and state agencies to determine methods of promoting information concerning alcohol and drug abuse prevention and treatment programs to executives and administrators in industry and government. Confers with management personnel to explain purpose and benefits of Employee Assistance Program, and attempts to establish programs in establishments, organizations, and agencies. Consults with representatives of Area Service Providers (professionals in health care, counseling, and other special services) to develop participation in prevention and treatment programs. Instructs personnel in methods of recognizing and identifying employee problems, referring employee to community Area Service Providers, and maintaining records of program-related activities. Consults with management and administrators of participating organizations and Area Service Providers to evaluate progress of program and identify administrative problems. Implements corrective action plan to solve problems. Develops training materials to be used by participating organizations and Area Service Providers. Prepares articles for newspaper and other media to explain purpose of program. Lectures and participates in workshops, radio and television interviews, community meetings, and other organizational functions to promote acceptance and support of program. Prepares grant proposals and reports for submission to department supervisor.
GOE: 11.07.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

195.227-010 PROGRAM AIDE, GROUP WORK (social ser.) alternate titles: group leader

    Leads group work activities, as directed by agency program staff: Receives instructions from PROGRAM DIRECTOR, GROUP WORK (profess. & kin.) 187.117-046 or GROUP WORKER (social ser.) 195.164-010 prior to initiating therapeutic group activities. Plans program details to meet needs and interests of individual members. Interests participants in various activities, such as arts and crafts and dramatics. Demonstrates techniques for active sports, group dances, and games. Helps develop new skills and interests. May work with part-time or volunteer staff. Works for social service agencies, such as community center, neighborhood house, settlement house, hospital, geriatric residential center, and health care facility.
GOE: 10.02.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

195.227-014 RECREATION LEADER (social ser.)

    Conducts recreation activities with assigned groups in public department of voluntary agency: Organizes, promotes, and develops interest in activities, such as arts and crafts, sports, games, music, dramatics, social recreation, camping, and hobbies. Cooperates with other staff members in conducting community wide events and works with neighborhood groups to determine recreation interests and needs of persons of all ages. Works under close supervision of RECREATION SUPERVISOR (profess. & kin.) 187.167-238. Cooperates with recreation and nonrecreation personnel when in agency setting, such as settlement house, institution for children or aged, hospital, armed services, or penal institution.
GOE: 09.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 81

195.227-018 TEACHER, HOME THERAPY (social ser.) alternate titles: child development specialist; development disability specialist; infant educator; parent trainer

    Instructs parent of mentally- and physically-handicapped children in therapy techniques and behavior modification: Observes and plays with child and confers with child's parents and other professionals periodically to obtain information relating to child's mental and physical development. Evaluates child's responses to determine levels of child's physical and mental development. Determines parent's ability to comprehend and apply therapeutic and behavior modification techniques and parent's social and emotional needs to formulate teaching plan. Develops individual teaching plan covering self-help, motor, social, cognitive, and language skills development for parents to implement in home. Instructs parents individually or in groups in behavior modification, physical development, language development, and conceptual learning exercises and activities. Revises teaching plan to correspond with child's rate of development. Counsels parents and organizes groups of parents in similar situations to provide social and emotional support for parents. Refers parents and child to social service agencies and facilities for additional services and financial assistance. Consults and coordinates plans with other professionals. Teaches preschool subjects, such as limited vocabulary sign language and color recognition, to children capable of learning such subjects.
GOE: 10.02.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

195.267-010 ELIGIBILITY WORKER (government ser.)

    Interviews applicants or recipients to determine eligibility for public assistance: Interprets and explains rules and regulations governing eligibility and grants, methods of payment, and legal rights to applicant or recipient. Records and evaluates personal and financial data obtained from applicant or recipient to determine initial or continuing eligibility, according to departmental directives. Initiates procedures to grant, modify, deny, or terminate eligibility and grants for various aid programs, such as public welfare, employment, and medical assistance. Authorizes amount of grants, based on determination of eligibility for amount of money payments, food stamps, medical care, or other general assistance. Identifies need for social services, and makes referrals to various agencies and community resources available. Prepares regular and special reports as required, and submits individual recommendations for consideration by supervisor. Prepares and keeps records of assigned cases.
GOE: 07.01.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    Investigates financial assets, properties, and resources of hospitalized retarded and brain-damaged clients to protect financial interests and provide reimbursement of hospital costs: Visits and interviews or contacts by mail or telephone relatives, friends, former employers, pension funds, fraternal and veterans organizations and government agencies. Records documentation of financial resources in patient files. Analyzes data accumulated, such as disability allowances, medicare, medicaid, social security pension, dividends, interest, and insurance, and determines ability to pay for hospitalization. Determines additional sources from which reimbursements can be obtained. Prepares reports and enumerates amounts and sources of reimbursements, including public assistance from social agencies in behalf of patients and families. Reviews patients' records to ensure that reimbursements are maintained. Applies for appointment of conservators to financially protect patients with assets over statutory limits and submits names of appointees to courts. Occasionally attends court hearings to protect patient interests.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

195.267-022 CHILD SUPPORT OFFICER (government ser.)

    Investigates and analyzes child welfare cases and initiates administrative action to facilitate enforcement of child support laws: Reviews application for child support received from client and examines case file to determine that divorce decree and court ordered judgment for payment are in order. Interviews client to obtain information, such as relocation of absent parent, amount of child support previously awarded, and names of persons who can act as witnesses to support client's claim for support. Locates absent parent and interviews parent to gather data, such as support award, and discusses case with parent to resolve issues in lieu of filing court proceedings. Contacts friends and relatives of child's parents to verify gathered information about case. Computes amount of child support payments. Prepares file indicating data, such as wage records of accused, witnesses, and blood test results. Confers with prosecuting attorney to prepare court case. Determines type of court jurisdiction, according to facts and circumstances surrounding case, and files court action. Confers with court clerk to obtain arrest warrant and to schedule court date for hearing or trial. Monitors child support payments awarded by court to ensure compliance and enforcement of child support laws. Prepares report of legal acttion taken when delinquency in payments occurs.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 89

195.367-010 CASE AIDE (social ser.) alternate titles: community program aide

    Performs community contact work on simpler aspects of programs or cases and assists in providing services to clients and family members, under close and regular supervision and tutorage of CASEWORKER (social ser.) 195.107-010 or CASEWORK SUPERVISOR (social ser.) 195.137-010. Assists in locating housing for displaced individuals and families. Monitors free, supplementary meal program administered by agencies for children and youth from low-income families to ensure cleanliness of facility and that eligibility guidelines are met for persons receiving meals. Assists elderly clients in preparation of forms, such as tax and rent refund forms. Accompanies elderly clients on visits to social, charitable, and government agencies to assist clients with their problems. Submits to and reviews reports and problems with superior. ay be designated according to clients serviced as Senior Service Aide (social ser.); Youth Nutritional Monitor (social ser.).
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 80

195.367-014 MANAGEMENT AIDE (social ser.)

    Aids residents of public and private housing projects and apartments in relocation and provides information concerning regulations, facilities, and services: Explains rules established by owner or management, such as sanitation and maintenance requirements, and parking regulations. Demonstrates use and care of equipment for tenant use. Informs tenants of facilities, such as laundries and playgrounds. Advises homemakers needing assistance in child care, food, money management, and housekeeping problems. Provides information on location and nature of available community services, such as clinics and recreation centers. Keeps records and prepares reports for owner or management.
GOE: 07.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

195.367-018 COMMUNITY WORKER (government ser.)

    Investigates problems of assigned community and of individuals disadvantaged because of income, age, or other economic or personal handicaps to determine needs: Seeks out, interviews, and assists persons in need of agency services, under direction of professional staff, or refers persons to specific agencies for service. Visits individuals and families in their homes to explain supportive services and resources available to persons needing special assistance. Speaks before neighborhood groups to establish communication and rapport between persons in community and agency, to publicize supportive services available, and to assist in resolving problems facing community concerning housing, urban renewal, education, welfare, unemployment insurance, and crime prevention. Follows up all contacts and prepares and submits reports of activities. May maintain files and records of work activities to provide access to and retrieval of data. May work for police department for purpose of establishing communication between citizens and police officials to promote understanding of functions, purpose, and goals of police in community and assists in resolution of community problems.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

195.367-022 FOOD-MANAGEMENT AIDE (government ser.) alternate titles: nutrition aide

    Advises low-income family members how to plan, budget, shop, prepare balanced meals, and handle and store food, following prescribed standards: Advises clients of advantages of food stamps, how to obtain stamps, and use of stamps during shopping trips. Transports clients to shopping area, using automobile. Observes clients' food selections. Recommends alternate economical and nutritional food choices. Observes and discusses meal preparation. Suggests alternate methods of food preparation. Assists in planning of food budget, utilizing charts and sample budgets. Advises clients on preferred methods of sanitation. Consults with supervisor concerning programs for individual families. Maintains records concerning results of family visits.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 3 DLU: 86

195.367-026 PREPAROLE-COUNSELING AIDE (government ser.)

    Provides individual and group guidance to inmates of correctional facility, who are eligible for parole, and assists in developing vocational and educational plans in preparing inmates for reentry into community life: Conducts inmate orientation sessions to explain programs and resources available to inmates and to induce inmates to join programs. Interviews inmates to record data on individual problems, needs, interests, and attitude. Holds individual and group counseling sessions to discuss programs available that affect inmate's reentry into community life, such as housing and financial aid, veteran's benefits, work release programs, vocational rehabilitation, and job search assistance. Prepares and maintains case folder for each inmate and discusses findings with supervisor to obtain assistance in establishing goals and plan of action for inmates. Conducts followup interview to ascertain inmate progress. Prepares correspondence and applications for medicare, medicaid, veteran benefits, food stamps, and housing. Telephones and corresponds with persons and agencies outside facility to ensure that family and business matters are attended to. Meets with family members at facility to discuss and resolve problems prior to release of inmate. Develops and prepares informational packets for inmate, listing outside agencies and programs that could assist ex-offender upon release.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M2 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86

195.367-030 RECREATION AIDE (social ser.)

    Assists RECREATION LEADER (social ser.) 195.227-014 in conducting recreation activities in community center or other voluntary recreation facility: Arranges chairs, tables, and sporting or exercise equipment in designated rooms or other areas for scheduled group activities, such as banquets, wedding receptions, parties, group meetings, or sports events. Welcomes visitors and answers incoming telephone calls. Notifies patrons of activity schedules and registration requirements. Monitors spectators and participants at sports events to ensure orderly conduct. Receives, stores, and issues sports equipment and supplies. May keep attendance records or scores at sporting events, operate audiovisual equipment, monitor activities of children during recreational trips or tours, or perform other duties as directed by RECREATION LEADER (social ser.) 195.227-014.
GOE: 09.01.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R3 M2 L3 SVP: 2 DLU: 86

195.367-034 SOCIAL-SERVICES AIDE (social ser.)

    Assists professional staff of public social service agency, performing any combination of following tasks: Interviews individuals and family members to compile information on social, educational, criminal, institutional, or drug history. Visits individuals in homes or attends group meetings to provide information on agency services, requirements, and procedures. Provides rudimentary counseling to agency clients. Oversees day-to-day group activities of residents in institution. Meets with youth groups to acquaint them with consequences of delinquent acts. Refers individuals to various public or private agencies for assistance. May care for children in client's home during client's appointments. May accompany handicapped individuals to appointments.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 86


    This group includes occupations concerned with piloting airplanes for the transportation of passengers, freight, and mail, and other purposes, such as crop dusting and the testing of new models; and charting the courses of planes by the use of instruments, charts, celestial observation, and dead reckoning. Must be federally licensed. Includes occupations concerned with the supervision of flight operations and maintenance when a pilot's or navigator's license is required. Includes flight instructors. Ground school instructors are included in Group 099.

196.163-010 FLIGHT-OPERATIONS INSPECTOR (government ser.) alternate titles: air-carrier operations inspector

    Conducts examinations and flight tests to determine individual's ability to qualify for aircraft pilot's license. Administers both oral and written examinations to determine applicant's knowledge of flight rules and regulations, communications, and airport landing procedures. Accompanies pilot on check flight to assess flying skill, stability under emergency conditions, and ability to maintain control of aircraft under flying emergencies. Issues pilot's license to individuals meeting standards. Investigates aircraft accidents and complaints to determine cause and responsibility. Prepares accident and flight activity reports. Recommends changes in federal flight rules and regulations based on knowledge of operating conditions, aircraft improvements, and other factors. Observes flight activities of crop dusters, flying schools charter services, private pilots, and other licensed aircraft owners within assigned geographical area to ensure conformance to flight and safety regulations.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

196.163-014 SUPERVISING AIRPLANE PILOT (government ser.)

    Plans, supervises, and participates in activities of personnel engaged in Federal Aviation Administration inflight testing of air navigational aids, air traffic controls, communications equipment, and sites of proposed equipment installations: Schedules and coordinates inflight testing program with ground support crews, air traffic, and military personnel to assure ground tracking, equipment monitoring, and related services. Conducts regularly scheduled and special flights to test equipment under all types of flight conditions including adverse weather, using both manual and automatic controls. Prepares evaluation reports of flight activities and reviews reports prepared by FACILITIES-FLIGHT-CHECK PILOTS (government ser.). Recommends promotion, transfer, and discharge of personnel and authorizes leave. Recommends purchase, repair, or modification of equipment.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

196.167-010 CHIEF PILOT (air trans.) alternate titles: airplane pilot, chief

    Directs operation of flight department of airline: Conducts indoctrination training for new pilots and refresher training for experienced pilots. Reviews reports on pilot performance and forwards reports to Federal Aviation Administration. Discusses operational and personal problems with subordinates to improve morale and efficiency. Studies technical manuals of airplane and equipment manufacturers and government regulations affecting flight operations to ensure that company training manuals adhere to legal requirements and are adapted to type of aircraft in use. Represents company in advisory capacity during contract negotiations with pilots' union. Accompanies flights to observe performance of pilots [CHECK PILOT (air trans.)]. Conducts training classes for flight personnel covering emergency procedures and use of survival equipment. Directs preparation of flight-crew schedules and assignment of personnel. May interview and hire flight personnel. May pilot airplane on scheduled flights.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 9 DLU: 77

196.167-014 NAVIGATOR (air trans.) alternate titles: aerial navigator; airplane navigator

    Locates position and directs course of airplane on international flights, using navigational aids, such as charts, maps, sextant, and slide rule: Establishes position of airplane by use of navigation instruments and charts, celestial observation, or dead reckoning. Directs deviations from course required by weather conditions, such as wind drifts and forecasted atmospheric changes. Utilizes navigation aids, such as radio beams and beacons, when available. Keeps log of flight. Must be licensed by Federal Aviation Administration.
GOE: 05.03.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

196.223-010 INSTRUCTOR, FLYING I (education)

    Instructs student pilots in flight procedures and techniques: Accompanies students on training flights and demonstrates techniques for controlling aircraft during taxiing, takeoff, spins, stalls, turns, and landings. Explains operation of aircraft components, such as rudder, flaps, ailerons, compass, altimeter, and tachometer. May give student proficiency tests at termination of training. Is required to hold Commercial Pilot's Certificate, with Instructor's Rating, issued by Federal Aviation Administration.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

196.223-014 INSTRUCTOR, PILOT (air trans.)

    Trains new and experienced company AIRLINE PILOTS (air trans.) in policy and in use of equipment: Instructs new pilots in company regulations and procedures and trains pilots in operation of types of aircraft used by company. Conducts courses for experienced company pilots to familiarize them with new equipment. May conduct review courses in navigation and meteorology. May make flights to observe performance of pilots [CHECK PILOT (air trans.)]. ust hold Commercial Pilot's Certificate, with Instructor's Rating, issued by Federal Aviation Administration.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

196.263-010 AIRPLANE PILOT (agriculture) alternate titles: aerial-applicator pilot; agricultural-aircraft pilot; aircraft pilot; airplane pilot, crop dusting

    Pilots airplane or helicopter, at low altitudes, over agricultural fields to dust or spray fields with seeds, fertilizers, or pesticides: Pilots aircraft over field, or drives to field, or studies maps to become acquainted with obstacles or hazards, such as air turbulence, hedgerows, and hills, peculiar to particular field. Arranges for warning signals to be posted. Notifies livestock owners to move livestock from property over which harmful material may drift. Signals AIRPLANE-PILOT HELPER (agriculture) 409.667-010 to load aircraft. Pilots aircraft to dust or spray fields with seeds, fertilizers, or pesticides, and observes field markers and flag waved by AIRPLANE-PILOT HELPER (agriculture) on ground to prevent overlaps of application and to ensure coverage of field. May be accompanied by property owner when piloting aircraft to survey field. May specialize in application of pesticides and be designated Pest-Control Pilot (agriculture).
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 81

196.263-014 AIRPLANE PILOT, COMMERCIAL (air trans.) alternate titles: commercial pilot; pilot

    Pilots airplane to transport passengers, mail, or freight, or for other commercial purposes: Reviews ship's papers to ascertain factors, such as load weight, fuel supply, weather conditions, and flight route and schedule. Orders changes in fuel supply, load, route, or schedule to ensure safety of flight. Reads gauges to verify that oil, hydraulic fluid, fuel quantities, and cabin pressure are at prescribed levels prior to starting engines. Starts engines and taxies airplane to runway. Sets brakes, and accelerates engines to verify operational readiness of components, such as superchargers, carburetor-heaters, and controls. Contacts control tower by radio to obtain takeoff clearance and instructions. Releases brakes and moves throttles and hand and foot controls to take off and control airplane in flight. Pilots airplane to destination adhering to flight plan and regulations and procedures of federal government, company, and airport. Logs information, such as time in flight, altitude flown, and fuel consumed. Must hold commercial pilot's certificate issued by Federal Aviation Administration. May instruct students or pilots in operation of aircraft. May be designated according to federal license held as Transport Pilot (air trans.), or type of commercial activity engaged in as Airplane Pilot (air trans.) or Corporate Pilot (air trans.). May be designated Airplane-Patrol Pilot (business ser.) when piloting airplane over pipelines, train tracks, and communications systems to detect and radio location and nature of damage. May be designated Airplane Captain (air trans.) when in command of aircraft and crew or Airplane First-Officer (air trans.) or Copilot (air trans.) when second in command.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 81

196.263-018 AIRPLANE PILOT, PHOTOGRAMMETRY (business ser.)

    Pilots airplane or helicopter at specified altitudes and airspeeds, following designated flight lines, to photograph areas of earth's surface for mapping and other photogrammetric purposes: Sights along pointers (window blocking) on aircraft to topographical landmarks. Adjusts controls to hold aircraft on course, to ensure required overlap with photographs taken on previous flight line, and to select landmark points as guide for next flight line. Observes dials and moves controls to hold aircraft in level flight to eliminate contour errors in photographs caused by forward and lateral tilt of aircraft.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

196.263-022 CHECK PILOT (air trans.)

    Accompanies AIRPLANE CAPTAINS (air trans.) and AIRPLANE FIRST-OFFICERS (air trans.) periodically, to test and review their proficiency: Observes and evaluates pilot knowledge and skills, utilizing such means as technical manuals, check lists, and proficiency tests. Notes compliance with and infringement of company or Federal Aviation Administration flight regulations. Compiles and issues reports on findings to appropriate company and Federal Aviation Administration officials.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

196.263-026 CONTROLLER, REMOTELY-PILOTED VEHICLE (aircraft mfg.)

    Directs flight path of remotely-piloted (drone) photo reconnaissance or target aircraft along predetermined flight course from command center in guide aircraft or ground station: Operates aircraft controls from command center by remote radio and closed circuit video transmission to direct aircraft to take off, follow flight path, and land, utilizing knowledge of aircraft navigation and aircraft flight characteristics. Analyzes performance data and prepares reports covering airframe, guidance, power plant, and mechanical controls of aircraft after ground or flight testing. Confers with engineering, inspecting, and manufacturing personnel concerning success of flight tested aircraft or need for corrective action. May assist with preflight inspection of aircraft. May direct flight path of guided missiles, utilizing remote computerized controls, and be designated Missile-Control Pilot (aircraft mfg.).
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 87

196.263-030 EXECUTIVE PILOT (any industry) alternate titles: company pilot; corporation pilot; private pilot

    Pilots company-owned aircraft to transport company officials or customers, and makes preflight and inflight tests to ensure safety of flight: Files flight plan with airport officials. Obtains weather data and interprets data based on flight plan. Operates radio equipment aboard airplane. May maintain and repair aircraft according to limitations set by A&E license. May represent company on executive level when dealing with business associates, officials, and customers.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

196.263-034 FACILITIES-FLIGHT-CHECK PILOT (government ser.)

    Operates airplane equipped with special radio, radar, and other electronic equipment to conduct in-flight testing of air navigational aids, air traffic controls, and communications equipment, and to evaluate sites of proposed equipment installation: Plans flight activities in accordance with test schedule. Plots flight pattern and files flight plan. Informs crewmembers of flight and test procedures. Coordinates flight activities with ground-support crews and air-traffic control. Operates aircraft over designated area at specified altitudes in all types of weather to determine receptivity and other characteristics of airport-control signal and navigation and communications equipment and systems, such as racon, tacan, scater, and atis. Prepares evaluation reports of each flight. Conducts periodic preflight checks of aircraft to ensure proper maintenance and safe operation.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

196.263-038 HELICOPTER PILOT (any industry)

    Pilots helicopter for purposes such as transporting passengers and cargo: Plans flight, following government and company regulations, and using aeronautical charts and navigation instruments. Inspects helicopter prior to departure to detect leaking hydraulic fluid, inoperative control, low fuel level, or other unsafe condition, following checklist. Pilots helicopter to transport passengers and cargo, conduct search and rescue missions, fight fires, report on traffic conditions, or other purpose. Writes specified information in flight record. May instruct students in operation of helicopter and equipment. Must hold type of pilot's license and certification specified by Federal Aviation Administration for work performed.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 81

196.263-042 TEST PILOT (aircraft mfg.) alternate titles: engineering test pilot

    Pilots new, prototype, experimental, modified, and production aircraft to evaluate factors such as aircraft's airworthiness, performance, systems operation, and design: Inspects or oversees inspection of aircraft prior to flight to ensure aircraft's readiness for flight. Starts and warms engine, listens to engine sounds at various speeds, and monitors instruments to detect malfunctions. Taxies aircraft to test controls, brakes, and shock absorbers. Radios control tower for takeoff instructions, releases brakes, and moves throttles and hand and foot controls to take off and control aircraft in flight. Operates aircraft controls to perform maneuvers, such as stalls, dives, loops, rolls, turns, and speed runs, to test and evaluate stability, control characteristics, and aerodynamic design. Observes recording, measuring, and operating instruments and equipment during test flight to evaluate aircraft's performance. Prepares report of test results and collaborates with engineering personnel to analyze test data. Assists engineers in preparing master flight plans for testing purposes. May provide instructions for adjustments or replacement of parts. May deliver aircraft to designated receiving point. May train customer in operation of aircraft.
GOE: 05.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R5 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 88


    This group includes occupations concerned with managing and operating vessels. Includes occupations concerned with technical supervision of marine operations for a group of vessels; administrative and technical responsibility for the operation, maintenance, and safety of a passenger or cargo vessel; the planning and supervision of operations and maintenance in the deck and engine departments of a vessel; administration of business affairs, such as purchasing, disbursing, and ensuring compliance with customs and immigration regulations, aboard a vessel; and piloting vessels through rivers, straits, and harbors.

197.130-010 ENGINEER (water trans.) alternate titles: marine engineer; mechanic, marine engine

    Supervises and coordinates activities of crew engaged in operating and maintaining propulsion engines and other engines, boilers, deck machinery, and electrical, refrigeration, and sanitary equipment aboard ship: Inspects engines and other equipment and orders crew to repair or replace defective parts. Starts engines to propel ship and regulates engines and power transmission to control speed of ship. Stands engine-room watch during specified periods, observing that required water levels are maintained in boilers, condensers, and evaporators, load on generators is within acceptable limits, and oil and grease cups are kept full. Repairs machinery, using handtools and power tools. Maintains engineering log and bell book (orders for changes in speed and direction of ship). May be required to hold appropriate U.S. Coast Guard license, depending upon tonnage of ship, type of engines, and means of transmitting power to propeller shaft. When more than one ENGINEER (water trans.) is required, may be designated Engineer, Chief (water trans.); Engineer, First Assistant (water trans.); Engineer, Second Assistant (water trans.); Engineer, Third Assistant (water trans.). May be designated according to ship assigned as Barge Engineer (water trans.); Cannery-Tender Engineer (water trans.); Engineer, Fishing Vessel (water trans.); Tugboat Engineer (water trans.). May be designated Cadet Engineer (water trans.) when in training.
GOE: 05.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

197.133-010 CAPTAIN, FISHING VESSEL (fishing & hunt.) alternate titles: skipper

    Commands fishing vessel crew engaged in catching fish and other marine life: Interviews, hires, and gives instructions to crew, and assigns crew to watches and quarters. Plots courses on navigation charts and computes positions, using standard navigation aids, such as compass, sextant, clock, radio fix, and navigation tables. Steers vessel and operates electronic equipment, such as radio, sonic depth finder, and radar. Directs fishing operations, using knowledge of fishing grounds and work load capacities of vessel and crew. Records daily activities in ship's log. May purchase supplies and equipment for boat, such as food, fuel, webbing, rope, and cable. May tow and maneuver fish barges at cannery wharf. May contact buyers and make arrangements for sale of catch. May buy fish for resale and be designated Buy-Boat Operator (fishing & hunt.), or haul fish from other fishing vessels to cannery and be designated Captain, Cannery Tender (fishing & hunt.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.133-014 MASTER, YACHT (water trans.)

    Commands yacht cruising on oceans, bays, lakes, and coastal waters: Sets course of yacht, using navigational aids, such as charts, area plotting sheets, compass, and sextant, and steers yacht to avoid reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to shipping. Determines geographical position of yacht, using loran or azimuths of celestial bodies. Signals passing ships, using whistle, flashing lights, flags, and radio. Calculates landfall (sighting of land), using electronic sounding devices and following contour lines on chart. Approaches land, utilizing aids to navigation, such as lights, lighthouses, and buoys. Relinquishes command of yacht to PILOT, SHIP (water trans.) to guide yacht through hazardous waters. Maintains yacht's log. May be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard for steam or motor yacht according to waters navigated and tonnage of yacht. ay be designated according to waters licensed to navigate as Master, Coastwise Yacht (water trans.); Master, Ocean Yacht (water trans.); or according to yacht commanded as Master, Steam Yacht (water trans.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

197.133-018 MATE, FISHING VESSEL (fishing & hunt.) alternate titles: fishing captain

    Supervises and coordinates activities of crew aboard fishing vessel: Examines fishing gear and life-saving equipment and orders crew to repair or replace defective gear and equipment. Stands watch during specified periods and determines geographical position of vessel upon request of CAPTAIN, FISHING VESSEL (fishing & hunt.), using loran and azimuths of celestial bodies. Directs activities of workers engaged in capture, preservation, stowing, and refrigeration of fish aboard fishing vessel. Assumes command of fishing vessel in event CAPTAIN, FISHING VESSEL (fishing & hunt.) becomes incapacitated. May locate schools of finfish and other marine life by observation from masthead and relay navigating directions to CAPTAIN, FISHING VESSEL (fishing & hunt.). May be required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard.
GOE: 03.04.03 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.133-022 MATE, SHIP (water trans.) alternate titles: ship officer

    Supervises and coordinates activities of crew aboard ship: Inspects holds of ship during loading to ensure that cargo is stowed according to specifications. Examines cargo-handling gear and lifesaving equipment and orders crew to repair or replace defective gear and equipment. Supervises crew engaged in cleaning and maintaining decks, superstructure, and bridge of ship. Stands watch during specified periods and determines geographical position of ship, upon request of MASTER, SHIP (water trans.), using loran and azimuths of celestial bodies. Assumes command of ship in event MASTER, SHIP (water trans.) becomes incapacitated. May be required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard, depending on waters navigated and tonnage of ship. When more than one MATE, SHIP (water trans.) is required, may be designated Mate, Chief (water trans.) (usually on vessels inspected by U.S. Coast Guard); ate, First (water trans.) (usually on uninspected vessels); Mate, Fourth (water trans.); Mate, Second (water trans.); Mate, Third (water trans.). May remain in port to relieve another MATE, SHIP (water trans.) who desires to go ashore while ship is in port and be designated Mate, Relief (water trans.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.133-026 PILOT, SHIP (water trans.)

    Commands ships to steer them into and out of harbors, estuaries, straits, and sounds, and on rivers, lakes, and bays: Directs course and speed of ship on basis of specialized knowledge of local winds, weather, tides, and current. Orders worker at helm to steer ship, and navigates ship to avoid reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to shipping, utilizing aids to navigation, such as lighthouses and buoys. Signals TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.) to berth and unberth ship. Must be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard with limitations indicating class and tonnage of vessels for which license is valid and route and waters that may be piloted. May be designated according to vessel commanded as Pilot, Steam Yacht (water trans.); Pilot, Tank Vessel (water trans.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

197.133-030 TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.)

    Commands tugboat to tow barges and ships into and out of harbors, estuaries, straits, and sounds, and on rivers, lakes, and bays: Signals workers on deck to rig towlines to barges or ship to be towed. Determines course and towing speed on basis of specialized knowledge of local winds, weather, tides, and current. Steers tugboat to push or pull barges to destination and to berth and unberth ships, avoiding reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to shipping, utilizing navigation devices, such as radar, sonic depth finder, compass and sextant and aids to navigation, such as lighthouses and buoys. Directs placement of suction hose or siphon to pump water from hold of barge, and signals workers to repair leak. Is required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

197.133-034 TUGBOAT MATE (water trans.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of crew aboard tugboat: Inspects towing gear and lifesaving equipment, and orders crew to repair or replace defective equipment. Directs activities of crew engaged in rigging towlines to barges or ship to be towed. Supervises crew engaged in cleaning and painting of boat. Stands watch during specified periods, and determines geographical position of boat upon request of TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.), using loran and azimuths of celestial bodies. Steers tugboat, upon request of TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.), to push or pull barges to destination and to berth and unberth ships, avoiding reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to navigation, utilizing navigation devices, such as compass and sextant, and aids to navigation, such as lighthouses and buoys. Assumes command of tugboat in event TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.) becomes incapacitated. Is required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.137-010 DREDGE MATE (water trans.)

    Supervises and coordinates activities of crew aboard dredge (vessel equipped with machinery to excavate under water) used in building of structures in harbors, estuaries, straits, sounds, rivers, lakes, bays, and oceans: Examines dredging gear and lifesaving equipment, and orders crew to repair or replace defective gear and equipment. Stands watch during specified periods, and determines geographical position of ship, upon request of DREDGE CAPTAIN (water trans.), using loran and azimuths of celestial bodies. Directs activities of crew engaged in dredging operations. Assumes command of ship in event DREDGE CAPTAIN (water trans.) becomes incapacitated. Worker required to hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard.
GOE: 05.12.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.161-010 DREDGE CAPTAIN (water trans.) alternate titles: dredge operator; dredge runner

    Commands vessel equipped with machinery for excavating under water to facilitate building structures in harbors, estuaries, straits, sounds, rivers, lakes, bays, and oceans: Sets course of vessel, using navigational aids, such as charts, area plotting sheets, compass, and sextant, and orders worker at helm to steer ship toward excavation site. Determines geographical position of ship, using loran or azimuths of celestial bodies. Directs crew engaged in operating deck winches and lowering dredging equipment. Supervises crew engaged in dredging operations. Verifies depth of excavations to ensure that excavations are made according to requirements. Maintains ship's log. Must be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard for steam, motor, or sail ship according to waters navigated and tonnage of ship.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

197.163-010 FERRYBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.)

    Commands ferryboat to transport passengers, motor vehicles, or freight across lakes, bays, sounds, or rivers: Signals crew to close ferry gates and raise loading ramp, and signals engine room to start engines. Determines course and speed of ferryboat on basis of specialized knowledge of local winds, weather, tides, and current. Steers ferryboat, or orders worker at helm to steer ferryboat toward slip (landing pier) on opposite side of water. Inspects ferryboat to ensure that passengers and crew observe regulations pertaining to safe and efficient operation of ferryboat. Signals engine room to reverse engines, and maneuvers ferryboat into slip. Maintains ferryboat's log. Must hold license issued by U.S. Coast Guard, depending on tonnage of ferryboat and waters crossed.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.163-014 MASTER, PASSENGER BARGE (water trans.) alternate titles: barge captain

    Commands barge to transport passengers on inland waterways, such as estuaries, lakes, bays, sounds, and rivers: Sets course of barge, using navigational aids, such as charts, area plotting sheets, compass, and sextant. Steers or orders crew worker at helm to steer barge and navigates barge to avoid reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to shipping, utilizing aids, such as lights, lighthouses, and buoys. Determines geographical position of barge, using loran and azimuths of celestial bodies. Inspects barge to ensure that passengers and crew observe regulations pertaining to safe and efficient operation of barge. Relinquishes command of barge to PILOT, SHIP (water trans.) to guide barge through hazardous waters. Maintains barge's log. ust be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard for steam or motor barge according to waters navigated and tonnage of barge.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.163-018 MASTER, RIVERBOAT (water trans.) alternate titles: riverboat captain

    Commands riverboat to transport passengers, freight, or other cargo along rivers: Determines course and speed of riverboat on basis of knowledge of winds, weather, tides, and current. Steers riverboat or orders crew worker at helm to steer riverboat and navigates boat to avoid reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to shipping, utilizing aids to navigation, such as lighthouses and buoys. Inspects riverboat to ensure that passengers and crew observe regulations pertaining to safe and efficient operation of riverboat. Relinquishes command of riverboat to PILOT, SHIP (water trans.) to guide riverboat through hazardous waters. aintains riverboat's log. Must be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard for steam or motor riverboat according to waters navigated and tonnage of riverboat.
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

197.167-010 MASTER, SHIP (water trans.) alternate titles: ship's captain

    Commands ship to transport passengers, freight, and other cargo across oceans, bays, lakes, and in coastal waters: Sets course of ship, using navigational aids, such as charts, area plotting sheets, compass, and sextant, and orders crew worker at helm to steer ship. Determines geographical position of ship, using loran or azimuths of celestial bodies. Inspects ship to ensure that crew and passengers observe regulations pertaining to safety and efficient operation of ship. Coordinates activities of crewmembers responsible for signaling devices, such as ship's whistle, flashing lights, flags, and radio, to signal ships in vicinity. Calculates landfall (sighting of land), using electronic sounding devices and following contour lines on chart. Avoids reefs, outlying shoals, and other hazards to shipping, utilizing aids to navigation, such as lights, lighthouses, and buoys. Relinquishes command of ship to PILOT, SHIP (water trans.) to guide ship through hazardous waters. Signals TUGBOAT CAPTAIN (water trans.) to berth ship. Maintains ship's log. ust be licensed by U.S. Coast Guard for steam, motor, or sail ship according to waters navigated and tonnage of ship. May be designated according to waters licensed to navigate as Master, Bays, Sounds, And Lakes (water trans.); Master, Coastal Waters (water trans.); Master, Great Lakes (water trans.); Master, Ocean (water trans.).
GOE: 05.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R6 M6 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

197.167-014 PURSER (water trans.) alternate titles: ship purser

    Coordinates activities of workers aboard ship concerned with shipboard business functions and social activities for passengers: Prepares shipping articles and signs on crew. Maintains payroll records and pays off crews at completion of voyage. Submits passenger and crew sailing lists to governmental agencies as required by regulations. Assists passengers in preparing declarations for customs, arranging for inspections of horticultural items being brought into country, and inspection of documents by immigration authorities. Prepares ship's entrance and clearance papers for foreign ports, and ship's cargo manifests when discharging cargo. Supervises stowage, care, and removal of hold baggage. Arranges for travel and scenic tours at ports of call. Provides banking services and safekeeping of valuables for passengers. Supervises preparing, editing, printing, and distribution of ship's daily newspaper. Plans and conducts games, tournaments, and parties for passengers' enjoyment. May conduct religious services. May provide first aid for passengers and crew.
GOE: 11.11.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 7 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with directing the activities of crews on trains carrying passengers, freight, or mail.

198.167-010 CONDUCTOR, PASSENGER CAR (r.r. trans.)

    Coordinates activities of train crew engaged in transporting passengers on passenger train: Reads train orders, timetable schedules, and other written instructions received from TRAIN DISPATCHER (r.r. trans.) and discusses contents with LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) and train crew. Compares watch with that of LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to ensure that departure time from station or terminal is in accordance with timetable schedules. Assists passengers to board train. Signals LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to begin train run, using radiotelephone, giving hand signals, or by waving lantern. Collects tickets, fares, or passes from passengers. Answers passengers' questions concerning train rules and regulations and timetable schedules. Announces names of train stations and terminals to passengers. Supervises workers who inspect air brakes, airhoses, couplings, and journal boxes and who regulate air-conditioning, lighting, and heating to ensure safety and comfort to passengers. Assists passengers to get off train at stations or terminals. Prepares reports at end of run to explain accidents, unscheduled stops, or delays.
GOE: 11.11.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

198.167-014 CONDUCTOR, PULLMAN (r.r. trans.) alternate titles: conductor, sleeping car

    Coordinates activities of workers engaged in providing services to passengers of railroad sleeping and lounge cars during trip: Collects tickets and fares from passengers. Supervises workers engaged in providing porter, maid, and meal services. Observes and talks with passengers to ascertain passengers are comfortable, and to answer passenger inquiries. Compiles record of tickets and money received, and destination of and accommodations furnished passengers.
GOE: 09.01.04 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

198.167-018 CONDUCTOR, ROAD FREIGHT (r.r. trans.)

    Coordinates activities of train crew engaged in transporting freight on freight train: Reads train orders, schedules, and other written instructions received from TRAIN DISPATCHER (r.r. trans.) and discusses their contents with LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) and train crew. Inspects couplings and airhoses to ensure that they are securely fastened. Inspects journal boxes to ensure that they are lubricated. Inspects handbrakes on cars to ensure that they are released before train begins to run. Inspects freight cars to ensure that they are securely sealed. Records number of car and corresponding seal number and compares listing with waybill to ensure accuracy of routes and destinations. Compares watch with watch of LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) to ensure that departure time from station or terminal is in accordance with timetable schedules. Signals LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) via radiotelephone or by waving lantern to begin train run. Talks to LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEER (r.r. trans.) and traffic control center personnel via telephone during run to give or receive instructions or information concerning stops, delays, or oncoming trains. Instructs workers to set warning signals in front of and at rear of train during emergency stops to warn oncoming trains. Supervises workers engaged in inspection and maintenance of cars and mechanical equipment during run to ensure that train is operating efficiently and safely. Records time of departures and arrivals at all destinations. Prepares reports at end of run to explain accidents, unscheduled stops, or delays.
GOE: 11.11.03 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 8 DLU: 77


    This group includes occupations concerned with professional, technical, and managerial work, not elsewhere classified.

199.167-010 RADIATION MONITOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: health-physics technician; personnel monitor

    Monitors personnel, plant facilities, and work environment to detect radio-active contamination, using radiation detectors and other instruments: Measures intensity and identifies type of radiation in working areas, using devices, such as beta-gamma survey meter, gamma-background monitor, and alphabeta-gamma counter. Collects air samples to determine airborne concentration of radioactivity, and collects and analyzes monitoring equipment worn by personnel, such as film badges and pocket detection chambers, to measure individual exposure to radiation. Takes smear test of suspected contaminated area by wiping floor with filter paper and placing paper in scaler to obtain contamination count. Informs supervisors when individual exposures and area radiation levels approach maximum permissible limits. Recommends work stoppage in unsafe areas, posts warning signs, and ropes off contaminated areas. Calculates amount of time personnel may be exposed safely to radiation in area, taking into account contamination count and HEALTH PHYSICIST'S (profess. & kin.) determinations concerning exposure limits of personnel. Instructs personnel in radiation safety procedures and demonstrates use of protective clothing and equipment. Monitors time and intensity of exposure of personnel working in radiation-waste disposal areas. Inspects shipments for contamination, using counter, and tags shipments in which radiation count exceeds specifications. May make periodic urinalyses of personnel and notify supervisors when overexposure to radiation is indicated. Logs data, such as status of areas being decontaminated, rate of radiation exposure to personnel, and location and intensity of radioactivity in contaminated areas. Tests detection instruments against standards to ensure their accuracy. May recommend decontamination procedures.
GOE: 05.03.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.167-014 URBAN PLANNER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: city planner; city-planning engineer; land planner; town planner

    Develops comprehensive plans and programs for utilization of land and physical facilities of cities, counties, and metropolitan areas: Compiles and analyzes data on economic, social, and physical factors affecting land use, and prepares or requisitions graphic and narrative reports on data. Confers with local authorities, civic leaders, social scientists, and land planning and development specialists to devise and recommend arrangements of land and physical facilities for residential, commercial, industrial, and community uses. Recommends governmental measures affecting land use, public utilities, community facilities, and housing and transportation to control and guide community development and renewal. May review and evaluate environmental impact reports applying to specified private and public planning projects and programs. When directing activities of planning department, is known as Chief Planner (profess. & kin.); Director, Planning (profess. & kin.). Usually employed by local government jurisdictions, but may work for any level of government, or private consulting firms.
GOE: 11.03.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

199.167-018 ENERGY-CONTROL OFFICER (education)

    Monitors energy use and develops, promotes, implements, and coordinates energy conservation program in county school district facilities: Compiles monthly energy report on consumption of electricity, fuel, oil, coal, LP gas, and water in school facilities, listing units consumed and costs. Sets up energy monitoring devices in school facilities that graphically plot energy usage and temperature changes during extended periods of time. Visits school facilities on regular basis to inspect monitoring devices and utilities usage. Determines areas in which energy conservation measures are needed, and compiles needs-assessment report of all school facilities. Monitors energy usage of extracurricular activities in school facilities. Coordinates energy conservation activities in areas with those of local, state, and federal conservation groups. Recommends energy conservation policies to board of education. Presents lectures on resource conservation at teachers' meetings and to civic groups.
GOE: 05.03.08 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

199.167-022 ENVIRONMENTAL ANALYST (government ser.)

    Directs, develops, and administers state governmental program for assessment of environmental impact of proposed recreational projects: Directs assessment of environmental impact and preparation of impact statements required for final evaluation of proposed actions. Directs identification and analysis of alternative proposals for handling projects in environmentally sensitive manner. Plans for enhancement of environmental setting for each proposed recreational project. Designs and directs special studies to obtain technical environmental information regarding planned projects, contacting and utilizing various sources, such as regional engineering offices, park region laboratories, and other governmental agencies. Prepares and controls budget for functions of impact-statement preparation program. Attends meetings and represents department on subjects related to program.
GOE: 11.05.03 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 8 DLU: 86

199.171-010 PROOF TECHNICIAN (ordnance)

    Test-fires small arms, artillery weapons, ammunition, and bombs to evaluate mechanical performance and ballistic qualities, such as range, accuracy, bursting effect, and armor-piercing ability: Erects heavy weapons and connects electrical fire-control apparatus according to diagrams and written instructions. Positions small arms in holding fixtures and rigs trigger-pulling device. Loads, aims, and fires weapons. Measures gun barrel pressures and computes velocities of projectile. Examines and measures targets to verify accuracy of weapons and ammunition. Refrigerates, heats, or immerses ammunition in water before firing to verify performance under severe temperature and moisture conditions. Keeps records of observations. Prepares aerial bombs for test-dropping and loads bombs into aircraft. May prepare experimental ammunition and bombs and devise firing methods. May direct helpers. May specialize in testing of specific ordnance and be designated according to type of item involved.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.207-010 DIANETIC COUNSELOR (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: dianeticist; scientologist; scientology auditor

    Conducts auditing (counseling) sessions designed to guide clients to emotional well-being by relieving clients from effects of past experiences: Questions client according to prescribed procedures while client is in contact with E-meter (electrometer). Listens to client's responses to questioning and observes indicator needle on meter. Interprets movement of needle to determine effectiveness of auditing, utilizing knowledge of dianetic auditing practice. Compiles notes on client responses during session. May be known by titles which reflect various levels of proficiency and responsibility in Scientology organization.
GOE: 10.01.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.251-010 TESTER, FOOD PRODUCTS (any industry) alternate titles: consultant; director of consumer services; nutrition consultant

    Develops, tests, and promotes various types of food products: Selects recipes from conventional cookbooks, or develops new recipes for company food products. Prepares and cooks food according to recipe to test quality and standardize procedures and ingredients. Evaluates prepared item as to texture, appearance, flavor, and nutritional value. Records amount and kinds of ingredients and various test results. Suggests new products, product improvements, and promotions for company use or for resale to dealers, manufacturers, or other users. Presents food items at demonstration functions to promote desired qualities, nutritional values, and related characteristics. Samples shipments to verify weights, measures, coding data, and other evaluations for product control. Answers consumer mail.
GOE: 05.05.17 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.261-010 TAXIDERMIST (profess. & kin.)

    Prepares, stuffs, and mounts skins of birds or animals in lifelike form: Removes skin from dead body with special knives, scissors, and pliers, taking care to preserve hair and feathers in natural state. Rubs preservative solutions into skin. Forms body foundation by building up on wire foundation with papier mache and adhesive tape, to give natural attitude and show form and muscles of specimen. Covers foundation with skin, using specified adhesive or modeling clay. Affixes eyes, teeth, and claws; dresses feathers, and brushes fur to enhance lifelike appearance of specimen. May mount specimen in case with representations of natural surroundings. ay make plaster cast of specimen to enhance physical details preparatory to making papier mache mold. May dress-out, preserve, or otherwise prepare animal carcasses preparatory to scientific or exhibition purposes.
GOE: 01.06.02 STRENGTH: M GED: R5 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

199.261-014 PARKING ANALYST (government ser.) alternate titles: engineering technician, parking

    Develops plans for construction and utilization of revenue-producing vehicle parking facilities: Plans and conducts comprehensive field surveys to locate sites for new parking facilities. Analyzes factors such as capacity, turnover, rates, and required property changes relative to proposed sites, and prepares maps, graphs, tracings, and diagrams to illustrate findings. Designs parking lot facilities, including spaces, aisles, driveways, lighting, gates, landscaping, cashier booths, storm drains, grades, and paving details, and prepares cost estimates. Evaluates work performed by contractors to verify conformity to specifications. Keeps log of construction projects and prepares final reports. Reports maintenance problems occurring at facilities to supervisor. Prepares replies to public suggestions and complaints.
GOE: 05.03.06 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 86

199.267-010 BALLISTICS EXPERT, FORENSIC (government ser.) alternate titles: firearms expert

    Examines and tests firearms, spent bullets, and related evidence in criminal cases to develop facts useful in apprehension and prosecution of suspects: Examines bullets, bullet fragments, cartridge clips, firearms, and related evidence found at scene of crime or in possession of suspect to identify make and caliber of weapon. Test-fires weapons allegedly used to facilitate microscopic comparison of bullets from test weapon with those discovered at scene of crime. Determines, from knowledge of ballistics theory and standard test procedures, probable angle and distance from which crime weapon was fired, revealing origin of shot. Prepares reports of findings and testifies at inquests, trials, and other hearings to facilitate prosecution or exoneration of suspects on basis of determinations. May perform standardized tests on other articles of evidence, using chemical agents, physical-testing equipment, measuring instruments, and prescribed procedure, to determine relationship of evidence to suspect and to crime. May order and maintain departmental weapons and related equipment. May be designated by rank as Lieutenant, Ballistics (government ser.).
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

199.267-014 CRYPTANALYST (government ser.) alternate titles: cipher expert; cryptographer; secret-code expert

    Analyzes secret coding systems and decodes messages for military, political, or law enforcement agencies or organizations: Examines secret messages for characteristics that reveal coding system employed in message. Analyzes message, using formulas, code books, chemicals, mechanical devices, computers, and knowledge of commonly used coding keys. Decodes entire message and consults books, magazines, government publications, and police files to obtain corroborative evidence. May develop codes or new coding methods.
GOE: 11.08.04 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M5 L5 SVP: 8 DLU: 77

199.267-018 EXAMINATION PROCTOR (government ser.)

    Administers civil service qualifying examinations: Verifies admissions credentials of examinees, maintains order, distributes and collects examination materials, keeps time, and answers questions relative to examination procedures. May participate in oral interviews of candidates. May score examinations, using scoring template or answer sheet.
GOE: 07.01.07 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

199.267-022 EXAMINER, QUESTIONED DOCUMENTS (government ser.) alternate titles: handwriting expert

    Examines handwritten material or other questioned documents to identify author, detect forgery, or determine method used to alter documents: Confers with laboratory specialists, such as chemists and photographers, to determine which scientific processes are necessary to effect analysis. Examines hand or typewritten sample to detect characteristics, such as open loop, quaver, or t-cross peculiar to an individual, using microscope. Measures angle or slant to estimate degree to which letters and lines vary from perpendicular, using protractor. Compares paper specimen with manufacturer's samples to ascertain type and source. Compares photographic blowup of written or typed specimen obtained from separate sources to ascertain similarity or differences. Works in consultative capacity to various agencies or organizations, including police force, and testifies in legal proceedings.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M2 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.267-026 POLYGRAPH EXAMINER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: lie-detection examiner

    Interrogates and screens individuals to detect deception or to verify truthfulness, using polygraph equipment and standard polygraph techniques: Attaches apparatus to individual to measure and record changes in respiration, blood pressure, and electrical resistance of skin as result of perspiration changes. Evaluates reactions to questions of a non-emotional nature. Interprets and diagnoses individual's emotional responses to key questions recorded on graph. Visits morgues, examines scene of crime, or contacts other sources, when assigned to criminal case, to gather information for use in interrogating suspects, witnesses, and other persons. Appears in court as witness on matters relating to polygraph examinations, according to formalized procedures. Prepares reports and keeps records on polygraph examinations. May instruct classes in polygraph interrogation techniques, methods, and uses. When analyzing voice stress charted on moving tape by needle of recording device for deception or truthfulness verification, may be designated Psychological Stress Evaluator (profess. & kin.).
GOE: 02.04.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

199.267-030 TRAFFIC TECHNICIAN (government ser.)

    Conducts field studies to determine traffic volume, speed, effectiveness of signals, adequacy of lighting, and other factors influencing traffic conditions: Analyzes traffic volume and interviews motorists at assigned intersections or other areas where congestion exists or where disproportionate number of accidents have occurred [TRAFFIC CHECKER (government ser.)]. Determines average speed of vehicles, using electrical timing devices or radar equipment. Times stoplight or other delays, using stopwatch. Observes lighting, visibility of signs and pavement markings, location of traffic signals, width of street or roadway, and other considerations affecting traffic conditions. Draws graphs, charts, diagrams, and similar aids to illustrate observations and conclusions. Computes mathematical factors for adjusting timing of traffic signals, speed restrictions, and related data, using standard formulas. Prepares drawings of proposed signal installations or other control devices, using drafting instruments. May prepare statistical studies of traffic conditions. May recommend changes in traffic control devices and regulations on basis of findings.
GOE: 05.03.06 STRENGTH: L GED: R5 M4 L5 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

199.267-034 RESEARCH ASSISTANT II (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: researcher

    Analyzes verbal or statistical data to prepare reports and studies for use by professional workers in variety of areas, such as science, social science, law, medicine, or politics: Searches sources, such as reference works, literature, documents, newspapers, and statistical records, to obtain data on assigned subject. Analyzes and evaluates applicability of collected data. Prepares statistical tabulations, using calculator or computer. Writes reports or presents data in formats such as abstracts, bibliographies, graphs, or maps. May interview individuals to obtain data or draft correspondence to answer inquiries. May be designated Legislative Aide (government ser.) when conducting studies to assist lawmakers.
GOE: 11.08.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R5 M3 L5 SVP: 6 DLU: 87

199.267-038 GRAPHOLOGIST (profess. & kin.)

    Analyzes handwriting to appraise personal characteristics: Obtains handwriting specimen to observe overall appearance of writing and detailed formation of letters. Measures height of letters and slant of writing, using calibrated templates. Observes individual writing strokes to determine unique or distinguishing characteristics, using ruler and low-power magnifying glass or microscope. Evaluates handwriting sample and interprets findings, according to theories of handwriting analysis. May use diagram to plot writing characteristics.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 89

199.281-010 GEMOLOGIST (jewelry-silver.) alternate titles: gem expert

    Examines gemstones, such as jade, sapphires, and rubies, to evaluate their genuineness, quality, and value, utilizing knowledge of gems and market valuations: Examines gem surfaces and internal structure, using polariscope, refractometer, microscope, and other optical instruments, to differentiate between stones, identify rare specimens, or to detect flaws, defects, or peculiarities affecting gem values. Immerses stones in prescribed chemical solutions to determine specific gravities and key properties of gemstones or substitutes, which indicate physical characteristics of stone for gem identification, quality determination, and for appraisal. Grades stones for color, perfection, and quality of cut. Estimates wholesale and retail value of gems, following pricing guides, market fluctuations, and various economic changes that affect distribution of precious stones. May advise customers and others in use of gems to create attractive jewelry items.
GOE: 05.05.14 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 7 DLU: 77

199.361-010 RADIOGRAPHER (any industry) alternate titles: industrial x-ray operator

    Radiographs metal, plastics, concrete, or other materials, such as castings, sample parts, pipes, and structural members for flaws, cracks, or presence of foreign materials, utilizing knowledge of radiography equipment, techniques, and procedures: Aligns object on stand between source of x rays and film or plate; or aligns source of gamma rays, such as cobalt or iridium isotope and film or plate on opposite sides of object, manually or using hand or electric truck, chain hoist, or crane. Masks peripheral areas with lead shields. Selects type of radiation source and type of film, and applies standard mathematical formulas to determine exposure distance and time, considering size, mobility, and strength of radiation sources in relation to density and mobility of object. Verifies radiation intensities, using radiation meters. Adjusts controls of x-ray equipment on console or exposes source of radioactivity to take radiograph. Removes and develops film or plate. Monitors working area, using survey meters, to protect personnel area. May replace radioactive isotope source in containers by manipulating tongs from behind protective lead shield. Marks defects appearing on film and assists in analyzing findings. May specialize in x-ray work and be designated X-Ray Technician (any industry).
GOE: 05.03.05 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 5 DLU: 77

199.364-010 CITY PLANNING AIDE (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: planning assistant

    Compiles data for use by URBAN PLANNER (profess. & kin.) in making planning studies: Summarizes information from maps, reports, field and file investigations, and books. Traces maps and prepares statistical tabulations, computations, charts, and graphs to illustrate planning studies in areas, such as population, transportation, traffic, land use, zoning, proposed subdivisions, and public utilities. Prepares and updates files and records. May answer public inquiries, conduct field interviews and make surveys of traffic flow, parking, housing, educational facilities, recreation, zoning, and other conditions which affect planning studies.
GOE: 11.03.02 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.364-014 SCIENTIFIC HELPER (profess. & kin.) alternate titles: laboratory assistant; research assistant

    Performs duties according to type of research in which supervising scientist is engaged, such as collecting rock samples for study by GEOLOGIST (profess. & kin.) or plant specimens for study by BOTANIST (profess. & kin.). Prepares samples for analysis or examination and performs routine laboratory tests. May participate in field explorations, such as mineralogical or geophysical expeditions. May be designated according to field of scientific research.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R4 M4 L4 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

199.382-010 TELEVISION-SCHEDULE COORDINATOR (radio-tv broad.) alternate titles: log operations coordinator; media coordinator; program schedule clerk

    Enters data, such as program and commercial formats, into computer to prepare daily operations schedules and advance program log for newspapers, magazines, traffic or broadcast department: Provides for clearance and rotation of spot-commercial films and slides for television programs, and performs related clerical duties for DIRECTOR PROGRAM (radio-tv broad.) 184.167-030. May compose courtesy, apology, and stay-tuned announcements, using computer. May review overnight television ratings to determine number of viewers watching television programs containing station promotions.
GOE: 07.05.01 STRENGTH: L GED: R4 M3 L4 SVP: 4 DLU: 89

199.384-010 DECONTAMINATOR (any industry)

    Decontaminates radioactive materials and equipment, using chemical solutions, and sandblasting machine: Reads contamination level, using radiation meter, and sorts contaminated items by size and radiation level, following specifications. Weighs out and mixes chemical solutions in tank according to prescribed formula, and heats solution, using steam hose. Immerses objects, such as pipes, motors, valves, hose, and containers, in solution for specified time, using hoist. Places smaller objects in sandblasting machine, using manipulators or protective gloves, and starts machine to remove greater proportion of contamination and reduce immersion time. Places hot (radioactive) waste, such as sweepings and broken sample bottles, into disposal containers to be processed for land or sea burial. Cleans objects having radiation count under specified amount, using cloth, soap, solvents, wire brush, and buffing wheel. Records type of material and equipment decontaminated and method used. May accompany coffins of waste to disposal area. May monitor radiation-exposed equipment, plant and hospital areas, and materials, using radiation-detector measuring instruments, such as portable gamma survey meter, Geiger counter, and alpha-beta-gamma survey meter. May determine method of decontamination according to size and nature of equipment, and degree of contamination.
GOE: 02.04.01 STRENGTH: M GED: R3 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77


    Operates physiological training devices, such as pressure suits, pressure chamber, parasail equipment, and ejection seats, that simulate flying conditions, to indoctrinate flying personnel to physical and physiological stresses encountered in flight: Interviews trainees to obtain physiological and medical histories to detect evidence of disqualifying conditions, prior to simulated flight. Moves levers, turns knobs, and presses buttons on control panel to regulate gas and airflow, temperature, and barometric pressure in pressure chamber to simulate flying conditions at varying altitudes and speeds. Operates altitude pressure suit control console which adjusts pressure inside flying suits and helmets. Operates parasail training equipment, such as tow reel, tow truck, radio equipment, and meteorological devices. Adjusts seat, harness, and headrest of ejection tower for safety of personnel. Places ammunition in catapult chamber to load catapult for firing. Fires catapult that ejects seat to simulate ejection from aircraft.
GOE: 02.04.02 STRENGTH: S GED: R4 M3 L3 SVP: 6 DLU: 77

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