Most Common Occupations for Women in the Labor Force

 

 

Most Common Occupations for Women in the Labor Force
Occupation Number of Women
Registered nurses 2,092,489
Secretaries and administrative assistants 2,060,289
Elementary and middle school teachers 1,933,074
Managers, all other 1,363,147
Customer service representatives 1,196,513
First-line supervisors of retail sales workers 1,177,835
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 1,071,789
Accountants and auditors 1,014,827
Office clerks, general 734,622
First-line supervisors of office and administrative support workers 729,985
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 723,342
Cashiers 722,609
Maids and housekeeping cleaners 658,932
Retail salespersons 644,453
Receptionists and information clerks 617,205
Social workers 586,871
Personal care aides 575,766
Financial managers 554,104
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 529,740
Human resources workers 511,606
Childcare workers 504,569
Education administrators 500,325
Waiters and waitresses 479,263
Medical and health services managers 456,984

Occupations with the Largest Share of Women Workers

 

Occupations with the Largest Share of Women Workers
Occupation Percentage of Women in Occupation
Preschool and kindergarten teachers 97.2
Secretaries and administrative assistants 94.1
Childcare workers 93.9
Dental assistants 92.4
Medical assistants 91.3
Medical records and health information technicians 91.1
Hairdressers, hairstylists, and cosmetologists 89.7
Receptionists and information clerks 89.3
Billing and posting clerks 88.4
Nurse practitioners 88.1
Payroll and timekeeping clerks 88.1
Dietitians and nutritionists 88.0
Occupational therapists 88.0
Registered nurses 87.3
Teacher assistants 87.1
Licensed practical and licensed vocational nurses 86.7
Nursing, psychiatric, and home health aides 86.1
Bookkeeping, accounting, and auditing clerks 85.8
Tellers 85.8
Special education teachers 85.6
Phlebotomists 84.9
Paralegals and legal assistants 84.7
Word processors and typists 84.7
Maids and housekeeping cleaners 83.7
Miscellaneous personal appearance workers 82.9

Occupations with the Smallest Share of Women Workers

 

 

Occupations with the Smallest Share of Women Workers
Occupation Percentage of Women in Occupation
Carpenters 1.9
Automotive service technicians and mechanics 2.0
Electricians 2.0
Construction laborers 2.9
First-line supervisors of construction trades and extraction workers 2.9
Industrial and refractory machinery mechanics 3.0
Maintenance and repair workers, general 3.4
Machinists 3.7
Firefighters 3.9
Other installation, maintenance, and repair workers, including wind turbine service technicians 4.6
Grounds maintenance workers 4.7
Painters, construction and maintenance 5.2
Welding, soldering, and brazing workers 5.2
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers 5.3
First-line supervisors of mechanics, installers, and repairers 7.2
Computer network architects 7.5
Industrial truck and tractor operators 7.5
Construction managers 7.9
Computer control programmers and operators 8.3
Mechanical engineers 8.6
Electrical and electronics engineers 9.1
Painting workers 9.8
Architectural and engineering managers 10.1
Radio and telecommunications equipment installers and repairers 10.7
Computer, automated teller, and office machine repairers 11.0

Occupations with the Highest Median Earnings Among Women

 

 

Occupations with the Highest Median Earnings Among Women
Occupation Highest Median Earnings Among Women
Physicians and surgeons 171,880
Nurse anesthetists 160,297
Dentists 126,690
Pharmacists 120,173
Architectural and engineering managers 119,843
Chief executives 111,236
Lawyers 106,837
Optometrists 102,375
Actuaries 101,188
Nurse practitioners 100,914
Computer network architects 100,349
Physician assistants 97,549
Economists 95,737
Computer and information systems managers 95,341
Chemical engineers 94,071
Software developers, applications and systems software 92,304
Aerospace engineers 92,065
Electrical and electronics engineers 88,576
Information security analysts 87,850
Veterinarians 86,815
Engineers, all other 84,891
Mechanical engineers 82,148
Computer programmers 82,140
Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers 80,238
Management analysts 79,410

Occupations with the Lowest Median Earnings Among Women

 

 

Occupations with the Lowest Median Earnings Among Women
Occupation Lowest Median Earnings Among Women
Counter attendants, cafeteria, food concession, and coffee shop 19,286
Dishwashers 20,381
Miscellaneous agricultural workers 20,397
Dining room and cafeteria attendants and bartender helpers 20,399
Combined food preparation and serving workers, including fast food 20,592
Graders and sorters, agricultural products 20,630
Food preparation workers 20,652
Laundry and dry-cleaning workers 20,764
Cooks 20,975
Waiters and waitresses 21,419
Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials 21,459
Childcare workers 21,465
Cashiers 21,471
Maids and housekeeping cleaners 21,634
Teacher assistants 22,140
Sewing machine operators 22,522
Janitors and building cleaners 23,143
Packers and packagers, hand 23,333
Personal care aides 23,357
Hotel, motel, and resort desk clerks 23,610
Food servers, nonrestaurant 23,698
Miscellaneous personal appearance workers 24,266
Nonfarm animal caretakers 24,522
Butchers and other meat, poultry, and fish processing workers 24,581
Miscellaneous entertainment attendants and related workers 24,777

Occupations with the Largest Gender Earnings Gap

 

 

Occupations with the Largest Gender Earnings Gap
Occupation Women's earnings as a percentage of men's earnings
Financial specialists, all other 49.2
Securities, commodities, and financial services sales agents 61.1
Financial clerks, all other 61.5
Credit authorizers, checkers, and clerks 63.9
Judges, magistrates, and other judicial workers 64.4
Financial managers 64.9
Personal financial advisors 65.8
Prepress technicians and workers 66.1
Tax preparers 66.8
Parts salespersons 67.4
Production, planning, and expediting clerks 67.5
Credit counselors and loan officers 67.7
Natural sciences managers 68.6
Inspectors, testers, sorters, samplers, and weighers 68.7
Retail salespersons 69.2
First-line supervisors of housekeeping and janitorial workers 69.3
Insurance sales agents 69.5
Machinists 69.8
Appraisers and assessors of real estate 70.1
Pressers, textile, garment, and related materials 70.1
Construction and building inspectors 70.2
Sales and related workers, all other 70.3
Food batchmakers 70.5
Physicians and surgeons 70.7
Driver/sales workers and truck drivers 70.8

Women's Earnings as a Share of Men’s Across the Occupational Distribution

 

 

Women's Earnings as a Share of Men’s Across the Occupational Distribution
Category Percentage
Less than 70% 6%
70.0%-74.9% 10%
75.0%-79.9% 14%
80.0%-84.9% 17%
85.0%-89.9% 25%
90.0%-94.9% 17%
95.0%-99.9% 9%
100.0% or higher 3%

Percentage of science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) workers who are women

 

 

Year STEM Engineers Computer occupations Mathematics occupations Life and physical scientists Social scientists
1970 7 3 15 15 14 17
1980 14 8 26 36 21 36
1990 23 12 34 41 27 51
2000 25 12 30 44 33 48
2010 26 14 27 47 39 56
2018 26 16 25 48 45 60