About the Study

In 2019, the Chief Evaluation Office’s Evaluation Technical Support contract, implemented by Manhattan Strategy Group, partnered with the W.E. Upjohn Institute for Employment Research to conduct a two-part paper series on trends in contingent work and alternative work arrangements in the United States. The analysis describes the characteristics of workers in these arrangements, and the implications of these arrangements for worker outcomes.

This Department of Labor-funded study contributes to the growing labor evidence-base to inform worker protection, labor standards, and workplace-related benefits programs and policies and addresses Department strategic goals and priorities.

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The Department of Labor’s (DOL) Chief Evaluation Office (CEO) sponsors independent evaluations and research, primarily conducted by external, third-party contractors in accordance with the Department of Labor Evaluation Policy. CEO’s research development process includes extensive technical review at the design, data collection and analysis stage, including: external contractor review and OMB review and approval of data collection methods and instruments per the Paperwork Reduction Act (PRA), Institutional Review Board (IRB) review to ensure studies adhere to the highest ethical standards, review by academic peers (e.g., Technical Working Groups), and inputs from relevant DOL agency and program officials and CEO technical staff. Final reports undergo an additional independent expert technical review and a review for Section 508 compliance prior to publication. The resulting reports represent findings from this independent research and do not represent DOL positions or policies.